ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Judy Garland - 100 Years of Movie Posters - 91

Updated on August 19, 2016
A Star is Born (1954) Belgian poster
A Star is Born (1954) Belgian poster

A Chronology of Judy Garland Movie Posters 1938-1963.

Judy Garland was born Frances Ethel Gumm in Grand Rapids, Minnesota on June 10th, 1922.

Judy was Oscar Nominated Best Actress for A Star is Born (1954) and Best Supporting Actress for Judgement at Nuremberg (1961). She won a special Oscar in 1940 "For her outstanding performance as a screen juvenile during the past year."

She married director Vincente Minnelli in 1945, her fourth of five marriages. They had a daughter, Liza Minnelli.

Judy Garland died of an "accidental overdose of babriturates" on March 15th, 1969. She was 46.

The Hollywood legend appeared in 32 movies, this hub showcases poster art from 26 of those movies.

Love Finds Andy Harry (1938)
Love Finds Andy Harry (1938)

Love Finds Andy Hardy (1938) Directed by George B. Seitz. 91mins.

Mickey Rooney - Andy Hardy
Judy Garland - Betsy Booth
Lana Turner - Cynthia Potter

Also starring Lewis Stone, Fay Holden, Cecilia Parker and Ann Rutherford.

The fouth of 16 Andy Hardy films starring Mickey Rooney (1920-) and the first of 3 to co-star Judy Garland.

IMDB rating 6.7

The Wizard of Oz (1939)
The Wizard of Oz (1939)
The Wizard of Oz (1939)
The Wizard of Oz (1939)

The Wizard of Oz (1939) Directed by Victor Fleming. 101mins.

Judy Garland - Dorothy Gale
Frank Morgan - Professor Marvel / The Wizard of Oz
Ray Bolger - Hunk / The Scarecrow
Bert Lahr - Zeke / The Cowardly Lion
Jack Haley - Hickory / The Tin Man
Billie Burke - Glinda the Good With of the North
Margaret Hamilton - Miss Gulch / The Wicked Witch of the West

One of cinema's greatest fantasy films and one of Hollywood's best-loved movies.

Based on L. Frank Baum's 'The Wonderful Wizard of Oz', first published in 1900.

Dorothy: Toto, I've a feeling we're not in Kansas any more

The film wasn't a big hit in it's first year, but it was re-released many times over the years increasing it's popularity. Sold to CBS in the mid-50's becoming an annual Xmas event on US TV.

The Wizard of Oz ranks #6 on the AFI's 100 Greatest American Films list.

The Wicked Witch of the West ranked #4 on the AFI's 50 Greatest Villains list.

The song "Over the Rainbow" is #1 on the AFI's 100 Greatest Movie Songs list.

Nominated for 6 Oscars including Best Picture, winning 2 - Best Music (Herbert Stothart) and Best Song ("Over the Rainbow")

Cost $2.7m - Box Office $17.6m (unadjusted for inflation)

IMDB rating 8.2

Babes in Arms (1939)
Babes in Arms (1939)

Babes in Arms (1939) Directed by Busby Berkeley. 94mins.

Mickey Rooney - Mickey Moran
Judy Garland - Patsy Barton

Also starring Charles Winninger, Guy Kibbee, June Preisser, Henry Hull and Margaret Hamilton.

Based on the Broadway musical which opened in 1937.

Garland and Margaret Hamilton had both finished filming The Wizard of Oz a few months earlier.

Nominated for 2 Oscars - Best Actor (Mickey Rooney) and Best Music Score.

IMDB rating 6.5

Andy Hardy Meets Debutante (1940)
Andy Hardy Meets Debutante (1940)

Andy Hardy Meets Debutante (1940) Directed by George B. Seitz. 88mins.

Mickey Rooney - Andy Hardy
Judy Garland - Betsy Booth

Also starring Lewis Stone, Cecilia Parker, Fay Holden and Ann Rutherford.

The 9th Andy Hardy film.

IMDB rating 6.6

Strike Up the Band (1940)
Strike Up the Band (1940)

Strike Up the Band (1940) Directed by Busby Berkeley. 120mins.

Mickey Rooney - Jimmy Connors
Judy Garland - Mary Holden

Also starring June Preisser, William Tracy, Larry Nunn and Paul Whiteman.

One of the biggest hits of 1940.

Nominated for 3 Oscars including Best Music Score and Best Song ("Our Love Affair"), winning 1 - Best Sound.

IMDB rating 6.8

Little Nellie Kelly (1940)
Little Nellie Kelly (1940)

Little Nellie Kelly (1940) Directed by Norman Taurog. 98mins.

Judy Garland - Nellie Noonan Kelly / Little Nellie Kelly

Also starring George Murphy, Charles Winninger, Douglas McPhail, Arthur Shields and Rita Page.

Based on a musical play by George M. Cohan which opened in 1922.

The only film in which Judy Garland dies (as the mother of the title character who is also played by Judy).

IMDB rating 6.5

Ziegfeld Girl (1941)
Ziegfeld Girl (1941)

Ziegfeld Girl (1941) Directed by Robert Z. Leonard & Busby Berkeley. 132mins.

James Stewart - Gilbert Young
Judy Garland - Susan Gallagher
Hedy Lamarr - Sandra Kolter
Lana Turner - Sheila Regan

Also starring Tony Martin, Jackie Cooper, Ian Hunter and Charles Winninger.

Originally intended to be a sequel to The Great Ziegfeld (1936).

Tagline - The triumph that tops "The Great Ziegfeld" is here at last! A pageant of stars and song...girls and grandeur...that opens a world of new show wonders!

IMDB rating 6.7

Life Begins for Andy Hardy (1941)
Life Begins for Andy Hardy (1941)

Life Begins for Andy Hardy (1941) Directed by George B. Seitz. 101mins.

Mickey Rooney - Andy Hardy
Judy Garland - Betsy Booth

Also starring Lewis Stone, Fay Holden and Ann Rutherford.

The 11th Andy Hardy film and the 3rd and last to co-star Judy Garland.

Tagline - Mickey woos! Judy sings! Best Hardy hit yet!

IMDB rating 6.5

Babes on Broadway (1941)
Babes on Broadway (1941)
Babes on Broadway (1941)
Babes on Broadway (1941)

Babes on Broadway (1941) Directed by Busby Berkeley. 118mins.

Mickey Rooney - Tommy Williams
Judy Garland - Penny Morris

Also starring Fay Bainter, Virginia Weidler, Ray McDonald and Richard Quine.

The one where Mickey Rooney does his Carmen Miranda number and they all appear in blackface in the Minstrel show at the big finale.

Oscar Nomination for Best Song ("How About You")

Tagline - The Show That's Out Of This World

IMDB rating 6.7

For Me and My Gal (1942)
For Me and My Gal (1942)

For Me and My Gal (1942) Directed by Busby Berkeley. 104mins.

Judy Garland - Jo Hayden
Gene Kelly - Harry Palmer

Also starring George Murphy, Martha Eggerth, Ben Blue and Stephen McNally.

Gene Kelly's first movie.

Judy Garland and Gene Kelly would make two more films together - The Pirate (1948) and Summer Stock (1950).

Oscar Nomination for Best Scoring of a Musical Picture.

Tagline - Greatest musical show ever to thrill your heart!

IMDB rating 7.0

Presenting Lily Mars (1943)
Presenting Lily Mars (1943)

Presenting Lily Mars (1943) Directed by Norman Taurog. 104mins.

Judy Garland - Lily Mars
Van Heflin - John Thornway

Also starring Fay Bainter, Richard Carlson, Spring Byington and Mártha Eggerth.

Based on the novel by Booth Tarkington.

Tagline - Sing Out the News! It's a Honey of a Show!

IMDB rating 6.7

Girl Crazy (1943)
Girl Crazy (1943)

Girl Crazy (1943) Directed by Norman Taurog & Busby Berkeley. 99mins.

Mickey Rooney - Danny Churchill, Jr.
Judy Garland - Ginger Gray

Also starring Gil Stratton, Robert E. Strickland, Rags Ragland and June Allyson.

Based on the stage musical by George Gershwin, which first opened on Broadway in 1930.

Tagline - The Big Musical with Broadway Flair and a Western Air!

IMDB rating 6.9

Meet Me in St. Louis (1944)
Meet Me in St. Louis (1944)

Meet Me in St. Louis (1944) Directed by Vincente Minnelli. 113mins.

Judy Garland - Esther Smith
Margaret O'Brien - 'Tootie' Smith
Lucille Bremer - Rose Smith
Mary Astor - Mrs. Anna Smith
Leon Ames - Mr. Alonzo Smith
Tom Drake - John Truett

Also starring Marjorie Main, Harry Davenport and June Lockhart.

Meet Me in St. Louis was a huge success becoming MGM's biggest grossing film of the 1940s.

Ranked #10 on the AFI's 100 Greatest Musicals list.

"The Trolley Song" #26 on the AFI's 100 Greatest Movie Songs and "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas" at #76.

Nominated for 4 Oscars - Best Screenplay, Best Cinematography, Best Music Scoring of a Musical Picture and Best Song ("The Trolley Song").

IMDB rating 7.6

The Clock (1945)
The Clock (1945)

The Clock (1945) Directed by Vincente Minnelli. 90mins.

Judy Garland - Alice Maybery
Robert Walker - Joe Allen

Also starring James Gleason, Keenan Wynn and Marshall Thompson.

Based on a short story by Paul Gallico.

Judy Garland's first non-singing movie.

Tagline - Every second a heart-beat.

IMDB rating 7.3

Ziegfeld Follies (1945)
Ziegfeld Follies (1945)

Ziegfeld Follies (1945) Directed by Vincente Minnelli (and others). 110mins.

Fred Astaire - Himself
Lucille Ball - Herself
Judy Garland - Herself
Kathryn Grayson - Herself
Lena Horne - Herself
Gene Kelly - Himself
Red Skelton - J. Newton Numbskull
Esther Williams - Herself
William Powell - Florenz Ziegfeld Jr.

A musical revue filled with famous singers, dancers and entertainers.

William Powell reprises his role as Ziegfeld from The Great Ziegfeld (1936).

Tagline - Greatest Production Since The Birth Of Motion Pictures!

IMDB rating 6.6

The Harvey Girls (1946)
The Harvey Girls (1946)

The Harvey Girls (1946) Directed by George Sidney. 102mins.

Judy Garland - Susan Bradley
John Hodiak - Ned Trent
Ray Bolger - Chris Maule
Angela Lansbury - Em

Also starring Preston Foster, Virginia O'Brien, Marjorie Main, Chill Wills and Cyd Charisse.

Clark Gable was considered for the John Hodiak role.

Cyd Charisse first speaking role.

Nominated for 2 Oscars winning 1 - Best Song (""On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe")

IMDB rating 6.9

Till the Clouds Roll By (1946)
Till the Clouds Roll By (1946)

Till the Clouds Roll By (1946) Directed by Richard Whorf. 132mins.

Robert Walker - Jerome Kern
Judy Garland - Marilyn Miller
Kathryn Grayson - Magnolia Hawks
Frank Sinatra - Himself

Also starring June Allyson, Van Heflin, Lena Horne, Van Johnson, Tony Martin, Dinah Shore, Cyd Charisse and Angela Lansbury.

A stylized biography of composer Jerome Kern.

Contains a 15 minute tribute to the musical "Showboat" with Kathryn Grayson as Magnolia Hawks, she would play the role again in the MGM movie Showboat (1951).

Tagline - The mammoth musical of Jerome Kern's dramatic life story!

IMDB rating 6.4

The Pirate (1948)
The Pirate (1948)

The Pirate (1948) Directed by Vincente Minnelli. 102mins.

Judy Garland - Manuela
Gene Kelly - Serafin

Also starring Walter Slezak, Gladys Cooper, Reginald Owen, George Zucco and The Nicholas Brothers.

Based on a play by S.N. Behrman

The musical cost $3.7m and failed to turn a profit for MGM.

Oscar Nomination Best Scoring of a Musical Picture.

IMDB rating 7.0

Easter Parade (1948)
Easter Parade (1948)

Easter Parade (1948) Directed by Charles Walters. 107mins.

Judy Garland - Hannah Brown
Fred Astaire - Don Hewes

Also starring Peter Lawford, Ann Miller and Jules Munshin.

MGM's biggest hit of 1948.

Gene Kelly was originally meant to star with Judy but broke his ankle before filming began and was replaced by Fred Astaire.

Jules Munshin's movie debut. His most famous role was as one of the three sailors on shore leave in New York in the hit musical On the Town (1949), starring Gene Kelly and Frank Sinatra.

Oscar Winner for Best Scoring of a Musical Picture.

WGA Winner for Best Written American Musical

IMDB rating 7.3

In the Good Old Summertime (1949)
In the Good Old Summertime (1949)

In the Good Old Summertime (1949) Directed by Robert Z. Leonard. 102mins.

Judy Garland - Veronica Fisher
Van Johnson - Andrew Delby Larkin

Also starring S.Z. Sakall, Spring Byington, Clinton Sundberg and Buster Keaton.

Musical remake of the film The Shop Around the Corner (1940).

Frank Sinatra and June Allyson were originally considered for the two leads.

The baby held by Judy Garland and Van Johnson at the end of the film is Judy's daughter, Liza Minnelli.

WGA Nomination for Best Written American Musical.

IMDB rating 7.0

Summer Stock (1950)
Summer Stock (1950)

Summer Stock (1950) Directed by Charles Walters. 108mins.

Judy Garland - Jane Falbury
Gene Kelly - Joe D. Ross

Also starring Eddie Bracken, Gloria DeHaven, Marjorie Main and Phil Silvers.

The end of an era, Judy Garland's last movie for MGM.

The film includes one of Judy's most iconic and fondly remembered musical numbers - "Get Happy".

WGA Nomination for Best Written American Musical

IMDB rating 7.1

A Star is Born (1954)
A Star is Born (1954)

A Star is Born (1954) Directed by George Cukor. 176mins.

Judy Garland - Vicki Lester / Esther Blodgett
James Mason - Norman Maine

Also starring Jack Carson, Charles Bickford, Tommy Noonan and Lucy Marlow.

A big budget Cinemascope remake of the 1937 film which starred Fredric March and Janet Gaynor.

Filming did not go smoothly and the film was re-editied several times.

Cary Grant, Errol Flynn, Stewart Granger and Frank Sinatra were considered to play Norman Maine, they all turned it down.

The studio was desperate to sign Cary Grant but he refused because he was in semi-retirement and didn't want to work with Judy, who he knew was prone at turning up late on set and sometimes didn't turn up at all.

Nominated for 6 Oscars - Best Actress (Judy Garland), Best Actor (James Mason), Best Music Scoring, Best Song ("The Man That Got Away"), Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design.

Golden Globe Award Winner for Best Actress Musical / Comedy (Judy Garland) and Best Actor Musical / Comedy (James Mason).

WGA Nomination for Best Written American Musical.

IMDB rating 7.7

Judgment at Nuremberg (1961)
Judgment at Nuremberg (1961)

Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) Directed by Stanley Kramer. 186mins.

Spencer Tracy - Judge Dan Haywood
Burt Lancaster - Dr. Ernst Janning
Richard Widmark - Col. Tad Lawson
Marlene Dietrich - Mrs. Bertholt
Maximilian Schell - Hans Rolfe
Judy Garland - Irene Hoffman
Montgomery Clift - Rudolph Petersen
William Shatner - Capt. Harrison Byers

Courtroom drama based on real events.

Nuremberg 1948 and the trial of four Nazi judges accused of war crimes and being willing accomplices of Nazi atrocities during WWII.

Judy Garland's first film in 7 years.

Maximilian Schell is the lowest billed Best Actor Oscar winner in film history, his name coming in 5th on the credits listing.

Nominated for 11 Oscars including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor (Spencer Tracy), Best Supporting Actor (Montgomery Clift) and Best Supporting Actress (Judy Garland), winning 2 - Best Screenplay and Best Actor (Maximilian Schell).

Tagline - More than a motion picture...It is an overwhelming experience in human emotion you will never forget!

IMDB rating 8.3

Gay Purr-ee (1962)
Gay Purr-ee (1962)

Gay Purr-ee (1962) Directed by Abe Levitow. 85mins.

Judy Garland - Mewsette (voice)

Also starring the voices of Robert Goulet, Red Buttons, Paul Frees, Hermione Gingold and Mel Blanc.

Animated musical produced by the American animation studio UPA, famous for their Mr. Magoo cartoon shorts.

Set in 1895, France.

Tagline - Vive La Fun!... Vive La Joy!... Vive La Judy!...

IMDB rating 6.6

A Child is Waiting (1963)
A Child is Waiting (1963)

A Child is Waiting (1963) Directed by John Cassavetes. 102mins.

Burt Lancaster - Dr. Matthew Clark
Judy Garland - Jean Hansen

Also starring Gena Rowlands, Steven Hill, Paul Stewart and Lawrence Tierney.

Drama set in a hospital for mentally handicapped children.

Director John Cassavetes clashed with producer Stanley Kramer over the direction the film was taking and was fired.

Cassavetes later disowned the film.

IMDB rating 7.2

I Could Go On Singing (1963)
I Could Go On Singing (1963)

I Could Go On Singing (1963) Directed by Ronald Neame. 100mins.

Judy Garland - Jenny Bowman
Dirk Bogarde - David Donne

Also starring Jack Klugman, Aline MacMahon, Gregory Phillips and Russell Waters.

Musical drama.

Judy Garland's last film.

Two of Judy's children were uncredited extras on the film.

Laurence Olivier was considered for the Dirk Bogarde role.

Tagline - IT'S JUDY! Lighting up the lonely stage in the singing-acting role of her life!

IMDB rating 6.9

The Wizard of Oz (1939) Lobby card
The Wizard of Oz (1939) Lobby card

Judy Garland - Top 20 Highest Rated Movies


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image

      Joseph Moulder aged 23 

      4 years ago

      It's simply no wonder that Miss Piggy who was later cast as Dorothy was

      singing Over The Rainbow at the beginning of The Wizard of Oz medley in

      The Muppets Go To The Movies (1981) while holding Foo-Foo as Toto so

      she would have sung the whole tune the same way Judy Garland's Dorothy

      sang it in the 1939 classic itself with Terry's Toto and would have sung the

      whole song itself if Rowlf hadn't interrupted her and Foo-Foo like that.

    • Steve Lensman profile imageAUTHOR

      Steve Lensman 

      6 years ago from Manchester, England

      Judy Judy Judy! Young Mickey Rooney does need some getting used to but some of those 'barnyard musicals' he made with Judy are quite fun.

      I agree Wizard of Oz looks stunning on Blu-ray, will be viewing it again at Easter. Hey how about watching Easter Parade at Easter? hmm it's worth a try. I'll keep it in mind. :)

      James Mason was great in A Star is Born, one of his best roles, in the scene where he's drunk and accidentally slaps Judy, the scene had to be done over and over again and poor Judy was black and blue by the end of it. I'm sure Mason wasn't meaning to hit her hard... :)

      Binge on Judy, Bruce, it's time.

      Thanks for commenting amigo, always appreciated.

    • Cogerson profile image


      6 years ago from Virginia

      As you know I am not a big musical I have only seen three of the movies in your hub....(1) The Wizard of Oz...which is a classic and I highly recommend the of the best blu-rays out there. (2) Easter Parade....I went on a Fred Astaire binge ...when I saw this one. and (3) Judgement at Nuremberg...which as you stated got an incredible 11 Oscar nominations.

      Looking at the posters in this hub...three movies seem interesting...(1) Zeigfeld Girl....I am a huge James Stewart fan and this is one of the few movies of his that I have not seen and (2) A Child Is Waiting....Burt Lancaster was fresh from his Oscar winning role in Elmer Gantry when he made this one and (3) A Star Is Born.....I have read that James Mason steals the show in that one.

      An interesting look at an actress that I seem to really only know by name ....maybe it is time for a Judy Garland binge.

      Voted up and interesting.

    • Steve Lensman profile imageAUTHOR

      Steve Lensman 

      6 years ago from Manchester, England

      David, JayeWisdom, Geekdom, Mhatter99, thank you for commenting on my tribute to Judy Garland, much appreciated.

      One of Hollywood's greatest stars, in the early 40's she and Mickey Rooney were the biggest box office draws in Hollywood. But she drove the MGM studio chiefs mad by constantly turning up late or staying home with some illness, real or imaginary. Eventually they had to fire her.

      I found a couple of quotes from Judy -

      "I was born at the age of 12 on a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer lot."

      "As for my feelings toward "Over the Rainbow", it's become part of my life. It is so symbolic of all my dreams and wishes that I'm sure that's why people sometimes get tears in their eyes when they hear it."

    • Mhatter99 profile image

      Martin Kloess 

      6 years ago from San Francisco

      Thank you for this.

    • Geekdom profile image


      6 years ago

      I had no idea she worked with Mickey Rooney so much.

    • JayeWisdom profile image

      Jaye Denman 

      6 years ago from Deep South, USA

      Judy Garland started out with a lovely voice at a young age, but the studio system wrecked her life. The studio bosses were giving her diet pills--the equivalent of speed--in her early teens to make her thin. At least no one is forcing Lindsey Lohan to take drugs--she does it to herself. Poor Judy couldn't say no, and I don't think her stage mother would have allowed her to anyway.

      You did a great job with the posters and filmography. Fun to remember them. My mom loved the Andy Hardy films. I liked the musicals.

      Voted Up+


    • UnnamedHarald profile image

      David Hunt 

      6 years ago from Cedar Rapids, Iowa

      I'm afraid Judy Garland never did much for me-- then again, neither did Baum's Oz, which has always struck me as insane and not in a good way, so what do I know. On the other hand, I know Judy was nearly worked to death by the studio system and I felt sorry for what I perceive as a tragic figure in the limelight. My favorite of her movies is Judgment At Nuremberg.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)