- Arts and Design
How to Crochet - Step Two - Learn to Make The Single Crochet Stitch - Plus Free Beginner Patterns
My step-by-step photo tutorial can help make it easy for you to learn how to make a single crochet stitch; a stitch which is commonly used in crochet patterns, making it an essential basic stitch to know, for making items with crocheting. After you've followed the steps for learning the single crochet, you can practice your newfound knowledge with the easy single crochet square pattern directions that I have given.
To Begin, You Will Need a Starting Chain to Work Into
To follow this tutorial for making a single crochet stitch, you will need to make a starting chain first, so that you have something to make the stitches in. If you do not already know how to make a starting chain, my step-by-step photo tutorial can help you to easily learn how (see crocheted chain how-to link below).
When Working Into a Starting Chain - Step 1
You will be making the first single crochet in the second chain from the hook. This photo illustrates which chain is considered to be the second one (you do not count the chain already on the hook, when determining which chain is the second chain from the hook).
When Working Into a Starting Chain - Steps 2 and 3
When you are making a single crochet in a starting chain, after you have inserted the hook through the top loop of the chain, you will wrap the yarn over the hook and pull that yarn through that loop (these steps are also shown in the steps 2 and 3 photos below).
See steps 4 and 5 below for completing a single crochet that is made into a starting chain.
How to Single Crochet - Steps 1 and 2:
When Working Into Stitches - Steps 1 - 3
The two photos above illustrate the same first steps (that were made in a starting chain) being made in a row of single crochet. When you are making single crochet in stitches (instead of in a starting chain), you will insert the hook under the whole top loop as shown in the photo marked 1. The photo marked as 2. (shown above) shows the yarn being wrapped over the hook.
The photo on the right (marked as 3, to show the third step) shows the single crochet step of pulling the yarn through the stitch.
This step of pulling the yarn loop through the stitch is done the same way, whether you are working into a starting chain or working into a stitch.
Wrap the yarn over the hook again.
Step 5 Photo:
Pull the yarn through both loops on the hook (you have just made one single crochet).
Repeat steps 1 - 5 for each additional single crochet that you wish to make. The row is worked in the direction of right to left, so when you have made a single crochet, you will be making the next single crochet in the next chain or stitch to your left.
A First Pattern - Making Rows of Single Crochet
I've written the directions for this simple square in full words (instead of abbreviating crochet terms) to make it easier for a very beginner to follow. Later, you can learn about crochet abbreviations.
All the crochet knowledge that you will need to make this single crochet square is shown in my tutorial for Learning How to Make a Crocheted Chain and in my Single Crochet tutorial above.
Single Crochet Practice Square Pattern For Very Beginners
About 2 ounces any brand worsted weight yarn, any color (a light color is easiest for a crochet beginner to use because you can see the stitches more easily, as opposed to a very dark color of yarn)
US Size H crochet hook
Leave about five or six inches of yarn before the first loop of your starting chain.
Leave this length hanging while you are crocheting the square. You will weave part of this length in when the square is finished. (This is a good way to secure the end so it won't unravel with use or when the item is washed.) Although you will only be weaving in a few inches of the length that is left at the beginning and end of the square, you will need the extra inches of the yarn end length to be able to navigate the sewing needle through the stitches, while doing the weaving in of the ends.
Starting chain: chain 30.
Row 1: Single crochet in the second chain from the hook, single crochet in each chain across. (There are 29 single crochet in this row.) Chain 1, then turn the work around to start the next row.
Row 2: Single crochet in each single crochet across. (29 single crochet in the row) Chain 1, then turn the work around to start the next row.
Row 3 to about Row 33: Repeat row 2 for each row, until the square is one row away from being as tall as it is wide.
Last Row: Single crochet in each single crochet across. (29 single crochet in the row)
End off, leaving a length of about 5 - 6 inches for the weaving in.
End off (also called fasten off) means to draw the last length of yarn through the loop remaining on the hook. Draw this tight.
Weave in the ends on the back of the square, using a large-eye yarn needle (as shown in the photos below).
How to Weave in Yarn Ends
Step 1: Using a large-eye yarn needle, thread the yarn end through the eye of the needle and weave the needle under stitches for at least two inches (on the back of the crocheted piece, being careful to not have the woven end showing on the front of the crocheted piece). Pull the yarn all the way through.
Step 2: Skipping half of the last stitch woven under, weave back through the same stitches for at least one inch or so. Pull the yarn through. You can weave back again in the other direction, if you want to secure the end even more. Cut the yarn close to the last stitch that was woven under, so the end of the yarn strand will be hidden under this last stitch.
Second Pattern For Beginners
With this pattern, you can learn a few more basics, such as how to skip a stitch, how to follow directions for repeats that are shown between asterisks (*) and can practice making more than one single crochet in a same place.
These basics are shown in my photos below, that go along with the pattern, to give you close looks, making it easier to understand how these crochet techniques are done.
Single Crochet Texture Square Pattern
Materials: About 2 ounces worsted weight yarn, any brand, any color
U.S. Size H crochet hook
How to Skip a Stitch: Pass over the chain or stitch that is to be skipped, without doing anything with it and work into the next chain or stitch that follows the skipped stitch.
When the Pattern Says to Make a Chain 1: Wrap the yarn over the hook and pull the yarn through the loop already on the hook (the same way that you made each chain of the starting chain). After the chain is made, it will be referred to as a chain-1.
Repeats Indicated by * and ** - When the pattern says to repeat the directions between * and **, go back to the * and begin following the directions again that are after the *; keep going until you come to the **.
The Beginning of Row 1 - First 3 Stitches Made, Shown on Photo:
Abbreviations, used on the photos:
ch = chain, sc = single crochet
To Start: Leave about five or six inches of yarn before the first loop of your starting chain (this will be used for weaving in the end later, to secure it).
Starting Chain: chain 30.
Row 1: Single crochet in the second chain from the hook, single crochet in the next chain, * make a chain 1, skip next chain of the starting chain, make one single crochet in each of the next 2 chains of the starting chain ** (refer to the photos).
Repeat the directions between * and ** eight more times to go all the way across the row. At the end of the row, chain 1 (to turn) and turn the square around to start the next row.
The Beginning of Row 1 - First 4 Stitches Made, Shown on Photo (I've Outlined Each Separate Stitch With a Different Color):
The Beginning of Row 1 - First 5 Stitches Made (Each SC is Made in 1 Chain of the Starting Chain):
Row 1 in Progress, Working Along the Starting Chain:
The next photo below shows the beginning of Row 2, with stitches marked on the photo. It can be helpful to refer to this photo, as you begin crocheting Row 2.
Photo - Row 2 in Progress
Row 2: Single crochet in the first single crochet, single crochet in the next single crochet, make a chain 1, * skip next chain-1 of previous row, skip next single crochet, make 2 single crochet all in the next single crochet, make a chain 1 **.
Photo - 2 sc made in next sc:
Repeat the directions between * and ** seven more times, then skip next chain-1 of previous row, make one single crochet in each of the last two single crochet of the row. Then chain 1 (to turn) and turn the square around to start the next row.
Rows 3 - 34 (or until the square is as tall as it is wide): Repeat row 2.
End off, leaving a length of about 5 - 6 inches to weave in. Weave in the ends, using a large-eye yarn needle.
This tutorial and the patterns were written by Sandi Marshall. Photos in the tutorial and patterns photographed by Sandi Marshall, copyright by Sandi Marshall. Per copyright law, do not copy the contents of this page to another web site, blog or elsewhere. Do not distribute by reproduced copy, in any form (even if it would be distributed for free). Instead, you may link to this page or give others the url for this page so that they may come to this tutorial page for themselves. Further info on copyright law can be read at www.copyright.gov