The Traditional, Colourful, Indian Art Rangoli (Draw Yourself)
What is a Rangoli?
Rangolis are colourful, decorative designs, drawn on the floor. It is an integral part of the Indian culture and tradition.
Rangolis are made on auspicious occasions, such as weddings and festivals, especially Diwali. Rangolis can be made with colourful sand, flowers, rice flour, turmeric powder and other materials, varying according to different parts of India.
Colorful Rangolis : A cultural tradition of India
India is a country, which loves colours--bright, vibrant and full of life.
India is a multilingual and multicultural country. Despite so much diversity, one thing is common---the spirit and enthusiasm towards life. Indians celebrate each and every moment of life and do it in a grand and colourful way.
The enthusiasm to celebrate every small pleasure, with folk songs, dances and festivals. There might be variation, depending upon the terrain and the availability of resources.
The Rangoli is a traditional folk art of India and is created beautifully, on the floor of homes or courtyards.
- Basically these are bright colourful patterns and designs, which can be made with colourful wheat flour, colourful rice powder, turmeric powder, vermillon, fresh flowers or flower petals. But nowadays even chemical colours are used to make Rangoli designs.
- It is a skill, which is passed on from one generation to the other.
- You can see small Rangolis and very big ones too. The big ones are generally made with many people participating in the drawing of the Rangolis.
The purpose of making Rangolis:
- The main purpose of making the Rangolis is to bring good luck and prosperity, to the members of the family.
- This is the reason, why in many homes, the Rangolis are made early in the morning, before leaving home for job or any other work, which you want to be successfully completed.
- The Rangoli of course has cultural and religious significance attached to it as well. Before starting the daily prayers, the Rangolis are made to welcome the Gods and seek their blessings.
- It is generally made by the lady of the house or young girls and this is considered auspicious.
- In many homes, especially in Southern India, the Rangolis are made everyday and not just on special occasions.
- Marriage ceremonies, special occasions and festivals like Deepavali cannot be complete without making colourful Rangoli.
How to make Rangoli with Rice powder, Colourful powder, Turmeric powder, Flowers
1. Rangolis Made With Turmeric Powder Or Vermilion:
For festivals, weddings and religious purposes, turmeric or 'haldi' powder and vermilion or sindoor is used to make Rangolis.
Simple designs or religious symbols, such as the 'Swastika', the 'Fish', the 'Sun', the 'Moon', the 'Stars', the 'Lotus', the 'Om'symbol etc. are made, either on the floors or on the walls.
Drawing elephants, fish, peacock, birds is considered auspicious. Therefore, these are also drawn by Rangoli makers.
When a wedding is to take place, or a child is born, and even to welcome the new bride or the bridegroom, these auspicious Rangolis are drawn.
2. Rice Powder Rangolis, also known as ‘Alpana’ in some regions of India:
These Rangolis need a little bit of preparation.
Soak half cup of rice in water. After the rice has absorbed the water, drain the water and let it dry for some time. You can even dry it on a tissue paper, if you do not want to wait.
Grind the rice, with the help of a food processor and your Rangoli or Alpana powder is ready.
You can mix some water, if you want to make a wet rice powder Rangoli or dry as per your choice.
Make beautiful designs, with the help of the rice powder.
3. Flower Rangolis:
This kind of Rangoli, as the name suggests is made with flowers.
You may choose different contrasting colours to make a beautiful Rangoli---Bright yellow, red, white, purple, in flowers such as Marigold, Rose, Jasmine, look great.
After making the Rangolis, on the surface of a cup of water, in a flat plate, you must keep sprinkling water as required, to keep the flowers fresh and the Rangoli beautiful. Just as you would do with a flower bouquet in a flower vase.
4. Colouful Powder of Rangoli:
This is the most common one and does not require much preparation. You can get the sand colours at the market and there are lot of colours to choose from.
Just draw a design of your choice and fill in the colours.
Basically Rangoli designs are geometrical patterns. But you do not need your geometrical tools to draw it.
How to draw Rangolis on the floor?
- Making Rangoli designs is very easy. Initially you may find it difficult to draw a design. But those who know a little bit of drawing can do it.
- The basic trick is that, you just have to draw several dots symmetrically and then join them in beautiful shapes of your choice.
- Finally, fill in the colours carefully, so that there is no overlapping, and there is clear demarcation among different colours.
- It is matter of practice, to perfection.
- To start with, one can make small designs, before trying the big or the difficult ones.
- There is no limit to the imagination. People make incredible designs, and drawings, and filling of the colours is so much fun. Because the real enthusiasm lies in getting together with family and friends.
- After all, that is the whole purpose of festivals---to bring happiness and harmony.
The colourful Rangolis truly represent the culture, tradition and diversity of India, The joy of creating beautiful, colourful designs on the floor brightens up the lives of the people.
Easy Rangoli designs, source: YouTube
Have you ever tried drawing RANGOLIS?
Flower Rangoli, source: You tube
Colored powder Rangoli, source: You tube
© 2013 Chitrangada Sharan