Silk screen printing
Silk screen printing
Silk screen printing is the process by which a point is pressed through an open design with the aid of squeegee. This open design is actually the cut stencil attached to the screen, which is tightly stretched over the wooden frame.
There are numerous articles which are printed by this process. One fascinating example is the T-shirt, which comes in different designs and attractive colors.
Another typical example is your school T-shirt where the name of the school is printed on it.
Silk screen printing is cheaper. It can also be used on almost any kind of material.
Tools and Materials needed in Silk Screen Printing
1. Silk screen frame - is made of four wooden bars joined together at their corner ends at 90°, resembling like that of an open rectangle.
2. Silk screen - The original kind of screen used in silk screen printing is the "china silk." Due to its scarcity in the market and cost, the material called "organdy" is used with good results.
3. Stencil film - is used in silk screen printing. It could be purchased in art supplies and usually imported from other countries, like Japan. This is translucent or transparent paper coated evenly with a film of lacquer.
4. Squeegee - is a tool used for pressing paint through the cut silk screen stencil. It is made of rubber and inserted into the groove cut made of a wooden handle.
5. Stencil cutter - is a tool used for precise cutting of design or stencil film. However, in the absence of a stencil cutter, an ordinary small knife may be used.
6. Adhesive liquid - is a special solution used for adhering the lacquer stencil film to the silk screen. Lacquer thinner may be used as a substitute.
7. Silk screen paint - is a paint specially made for the purpose. Silk screen paints come in a wide range of colors and in flat or glossy textures.
8. Block-out liquids - is a preparation applied to the parts of the screen, which are not covered by stencil film. This could be purchased in art supply stores and comes in several trademarks. However, paper tapes or masking tapes maybe used as substitutes in the absence of such solution.
9. Cleaning liquids - The most commonly used liquid in cleaning the stencil is water. The frame is placed under the faucet. The water is allowed to pass through the meshes of the screen.