How to Use Hacksaw, Rip Saw and Crosscut Saw? The Proper Skills and Practices that You Should Learn
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In order to have a nice output you must learn to have a nice input. Like in sawing, learning the basic rules and skills will harness and boost your abilities that will make your work better and increase productivity.
- If possible clamp the work in a vise.
- You must saw near to the vise and commence in file notch.
- Insert the blade into the rame with teeth that points away from the handle.
- Do no overstrain the blade just keep it tight.
- Do not apply too much pressure just enough one.
- Push the saw with a light away of your body and at the same time with the motion of your arm.
- Do not saw too fast just a long steady stroke.
- It is a good practice to have the 40 to 50 maximum cutting strokes.
- Pressure is done on forward strokes by releasing it by a backward stroke by lifting the blade lightly.
- Do not saw too fast with short strokes and heavy drag for it will dull the middle part of the blade.
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11. Start on the opposite stock in case your blade is broken and you change it with a new one, for if the new blade is used to cut where the old blade was broken it will destroy the new blade.
12. Having with the elbow height is the best way in sawing.
13. In angle iron and channel iron sawing, placed the teeth that will engage at the time to avoid catching and breaking the blade.
14. Clamp them flat wise in a vise when sawing thin bars, slightly lowered the blade in sawing in the front in order to prevent vibration and breaking the blade teeth.
15. Clapping the pieces of wood in a thin sheet metal and saw tough wood and metal is needed.
16. Sawing a deep nick in tools steel will ready the cut and clamp it in a vise before you break it with a hammer.
17. In sawing wide slots use two or more blades in a hacksaw frame.
18. Clamp the piece of metal between two pieces of wood if you want to hold it without marring.
These are the following skills and practices that are needed in using a hacksaw. It will make swing easier and faster without any interventions.
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Rip Saw and Crosscut Saw
Ripsaw and crosscut saw are interchangeable for sawing not too long cuts. You can use other one if the other one is not available. But they have some few differences in there characteristics. A ripsaw is used in sawing with the grain; it has edge filed straight teeth across to cut like tiny chisels with teeth in 60 degrees while crosscut is used across the grain with sharp- pointed knives teeth that cuts on both forward and back strokes.
- Make sure that the saw has a sharp with properly filed teeth for a creditable work.
- Grasp the saw with the forefingers that extend along the side.
- Do not grasp the handle too tight, hold it firmly.
- Do not stand too close to the work while sawing.
- In starting to cut, put your left hand and grasp the far edge with the thumb that will serve as your guide in sawing while making two or more backstrokes; and the saw will be lifted up in a forward stroke.
6. Work and saw beside the line of the waste material.
7. Put light pressure accompanied with the use of long, gullible and fine rapid strokes.
8. Make a 45 degree angle in a crosscut saw of its cutting edge while 60 degree angle in ripsaw that will be use in cutting along the grain.
9. Square the blade to the surface, or if not straighten it as you saw.
10. Avoid heavy pressure with quick strokes for it may cause danger in catching the saw and blending the blade.
11. Support the outer board and have steady strokes to avoid splitters in finishing the cut.
This is just some of the practices in using ripsaw and crosscut saw. These skills and reminders will help you cut better using this type of saws.
.Reference: Basic WoodWorking by Arsenio J. Galauran
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