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What are the Skills and Practices to be Developed in Marking and Measuring in Doing Woodworks?

Updated on June 13, 2014
Measuring tools via
Measuring tools via | Source

Now that we are already familiar with the uses of tools in woodworking, we are now ready to do some wood works. It is essential to a mechanic or carpenter to know all his/her tools prior to the job he will be doing. Tools must be used properly where it was intended to. In measuring and marking there are some practices that a carpenter must kept in kind. Accurate measurements and marking properly is one of the most important processes to have a good work in the shop.

Below are the following practices and skills that a carpenter must have in order to maintain the quality of their jobs.


  1. The ruler must be put on the end so that the graduation touches the work that is being marked to have an accurate measurement.
  2. It is a good practice if you will not be raising the ruler on and off the board as you are measure a straight line.
  3. Place the ruler across the board at an angle in locating the middle of the board so that a major division coincides with the edges of the board. The midway b/w the two major divisions of the ruler is the middle part of the board.
  4. It is a good idea to think of a measurement as a major fraction subtracted a small fraction in measuring fractions.

Try Square:

  1. Never drop it as the try square is use in accurate measurements.
  2. Using try square as a hammer is not a good idea.
  3. Handle must be held fine against the working surface when squaring the work.
  4. If you have doubts if the try square is not accurate and straight, examine it first by putting the equipment in a straight edge by marking a line across the board. And if it doesn’t match the square is not true.


1. It is used in checking and laying angles and bevels

2. Protractor is used in measuring and laying an angles

marking knife via
marking knife via | Source

Marking with a pencil or a knife:

1. You should be close to the edge and use try square or ruler in marking using a pencil.

2. In cabinet making it is preferred to use a knife and a metal ruler to have accuracy.

3. Pencil is used for ordinary works, use a hard pencil, with sharp and longer mark fo it is better than soft one.

marking with gauge via
marking with gauge via | Source

Marking Gauge:

  1. The gauge spur must be filed to a sharp point and should protrude through the beam about 1/8 in. to make a fine line.
  2. Ruler will be use in checking the setting
  3. In the line where head is being gauged, it must be held firmly against the working edges.
  4. Roll the gauge slightly forward to allow spur to drag and prevent gouging, this must be with a slight angle
  5. Ordinary ruler and a pencil can be used in gauging if you don’t have gauge.

dividers via
dividers via | Source


  1. Thumbscrew must be loosened until the legs are on its place in setting a pair of dividers before tightening it.
  2. In measuring equal distances divider is used.

Have you tried this during you high school days?

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    • KenDeanAgudo profile image

      Kenneth C Agudo 4 years ago from Tiwi, Philippines

      Welcome Sheila, i am glad that i have helped you with this matter for i have just studied this for a quite time. Even in book bidding clamps is use so that it will not move. There is a type of hand tools to grip woods so that it would not move.

    • profile image

      sheilamyers 4 years ago

      Ken: Thanks. Now that you mention it, probably most of the mistakes were from the wood moving as I cut it. I'll have to buy some clamps. Before you say it, I know I need to make sure I buy the right kind so I don't damage the wood when I use them.

    • KenDeanAgudo profile image

      Kenneth C Agudo 4 years ago from Tiwi, Philippines

      hi sheilamyers, that is really true and it happens all the time, it would ery helpful if you use clamp so that the wood will not make unnecessary movement while you cut it. be sure to have strong grip to maintain its position so that you can avoid errors in your outline.

      Just mark it with a pencil and then use clamp. if you will use your dad's adage its okay but it will double the work and time. I really recommend that you use clamp to grip the wood and sharp cutting tools to have a precise cut. Also use rulers appropriately, we cannot just use plasti rulers for wood working.

    • profile image

      sheilamyers 4 years ago

      I find it a lot easier measuring things at work so the piece is cut precisely to the customer's specifications. Maybe it's because I do it all the time or maybe because the plastics are easier to measure and, once set up, a machine does a precision cut of the parts. When it comes to cutting wood, I never seem to be able to get the measurement exactly where I want it and the piece always seems a little too large or a little too small. For the few things I've made, that goes unnoticed by everyone else and didn't make a big difference to the way the project went together. I always measure something a few times to make sure I have the correct measurement from point A to point B, but then when I go to mark the wood, I seem to have the straight edge in the wrong place and the mark is too far one way or the other. How do I hold the straight edge and the pencil when I draw the line so it's where I want it? Do I need the straight edge on my measured mark or the tip of the pencil? Or should I use my dad's adage of cutting it slightly to large and "pounding it into place"?

    • KenDeanAgudo profile image

      Kenneth C Agudo 4 years ago from Tiwi, Philippines

      Thank you Ann1Az2 for stopping by. Your father was right and it is good to know that you are in this type of business so you could really understand this well.

    • Ann1Az2 profile image

      Ann1Az2 4 years ago from Orange, Texas

      Interesting and some of it is a great review. My dad was in the lumber business for years and made furniture and cabinets. He always said to measure twice before cutting and always used a square to make sure his cabinets were plumb. Good hub.