Surrealism is unreal, bizarre, fantastical, and features imagery that conveys a dream-like quality. Surreal paintings are puzzles that might not have literal meaning. Surreal art is not rational.
It transcends everyday reality. Surrealist art is all about the imagination; it is meant to surprise us with unexpected juxtapositions of images. Surrealist artists are free to explore their creativity and interpret their dreams.
It is an attempt to transfer dreams directly to the canvas; to paint what lives in the unconscious mind. Of course, a conscious human being cannot bypass his consciousness entirely since he paints while he is awake.
The Golden Age of Surrealism Art was its first decade: the 1930s. It was said to have died with the Second World War. And yet, it continues today. The word "surreal" means above, beyond, more than real.
Gediminas Pranckevicius is a digital surrealist artist from Vilnius, Lithuania. He also works as a freelance illustrator and concept artist. I could find no other biographical information about this creator of beautiful art who is new on the scene.
Gediminas, using the NVIDIA GeForce 9800 GTX+ graphics card, won $10,000 cash plus other prizes by winning first place in the NVART4-Surrealism Competition in 2009. The piece of art that made him the winner is featured on the page. It is entitled "Time."
Pranckevicius is in the IT'S ART Hall of Fame. He has won an "excellence award" from 3DTOTAL and a CGHUB "Gold Award." If anyone can supply further information about this artist, please let me know. Otherwise, let us just enjoy his work.
Jacek Yerka was born in northern Poland (Torun) in 1952. Both of his parents were amateur artists. He began to draw surreal images as an escape from what he calls "the grey, sometimes horrifying reality" of living behind the Iron Curtain.
Yerka began to make a pretty good living in the 1970s as a poster maker. Today his surreal paintings are displayed around the world at art shows and in art galleries, and hang in art museums in his native Poland where he is considered a national treasure.
Yerka adheres to a meticulous classic Flemish technique. His major influences include Bosch, Breugel, and van Eyck. His art includes imagery from his childhood in the 1950s, as well as from his dreams.
George Grie was born in the Soviet Union in 1962. His neo surrealist art was featured at successful shows around Europe from 1985 to 1995. He then settled in Toronto and became the lead media specialist for IBM.
Grie has become famous for his strong, powerful images of visual paradoxes. There is a stillness, a melancholy, and a dark tonality about his artwork. He uses a photorealistic distinction technique.
Grie creates for us a magical dream-like world of mystic romanticism. He gives us a journey into his subconscious, where we find both tranquility and tension.
Francis Picabia (1879-1953) was born in Paris to a French mother and Spanish father. He studied at the same art academy at which Van Gogh and Toulouse-Lautrec had studied. His early work was influenced by the Impressionist Sisley.
Picabia got into Cubism and became friends with Duchamp. He became one of the people who introduced America to Modern Art. But while in New York, hanging out with Man Ray, drugs and alcohol took a toll of his health.
He lived in Barcelona and then Zurich, where he ventured into Dada art. He was also depressed and suicidal. Upon moving back to Paris, he was befriended by Andre Breton and Gertrude Stein. In Paris he began to paint the surrealist art for which he is most famous.
Rene Magritte (1898-1967) was from Belgium. His father made and sold clothes while his mother made hats. He said he hoped his art would be seen as "Poetic Paintings."
Magritte painting illusionistic pictures that transformed objects into images. His work is witty and thought-provoking. His surrealist art has been described as "Detailed Realism" and "Magic Realism."
He began his artistic career as an Impressionist, moved into Futurism and then Cubism. He was a soldier, a draftsman, and illustrator for posters and advertisements, as well as becoming known for painting nude women.
He moved to Paris with his wife and met Andre Breton. Thus began his career as a surrealist artist. He moved to London and then back to Brussels, where he was quite successful as an art forge.
Magritte described his surreal paintings as "visible images which conceal nothing; they evoke mystery and, indeed, when one sees one of my pictures, one asks oneself this simple question, 'What does that mean?' It does not mean anything, because mystery means nothing either, it is unknowable."
Salvador Dali (1904-1989) is the most famous of all the Surrealist artists. He also might have been the greatest self-promoter in art history. His paintings have been described as "paranoid dreams" that are "distorted and frightening."
Dali was from Catalonia, Spain. He became a skilled draftsman who was noted for being an eccentric dandy. His art was from the start bizarre and striking, and his behavior unusual and grandiose.
His father was a lawyer who, after his wife died, married his wife's sister. Salvador believed he was the reincarnation of his older brother that died at the age of two—eight months before he was born.
Salvador Dali was expelled from the School of Fine Arts in Madrid for stirring up some sort of insurrection. He painted some art that was Cubist and Dadaist before declaring in 1934: "I myself am Surrealism."
Dali loved the art of Picasso and Miro, but his greatest influences were Raphael, Vermeer, and Velazquez. He came to know Sigmund Freud and Coco Chanel before he moved to the United States for eight years in the 1940s, where he re-embraced Catholicism.
In 1947, Salvador Dali underwent an exorcism by a Catholic priest and exorcist. In 1949 he moved back to Catalonia for good. From then on he was fascinated by eggs, holographs, the atom, and DNA. For the rest of his life he was a devout Catholic.
After his beloved wife Gala died in 1982, he lost his will to live and became suicidal. He will be forever known for his long cape and upturned waxed mustache. He once said, "Every morning upon awakening, I experience a supreme pleasure: that of being Salvador Dalí."