5 Kinds of Classical, Ancient Indian Paintings
Some Ancient Indian Paintings At A Glance
Ancient Paintings, whether Indian or Western, communicate so much about the times, in which they were made—the people living in those times, their costumes, their ornaments, their belongings, in fact the whole culture.
It would not be wrong to say that we learn a lot of history and the growth of civilisation through these paintings.
Being an Art lover, I keep on visiting Art Galleries and Art exhibitions.
As an admirer of creative art and architecture, I am always fascinated by the way, these ancient paintings help us, to understand the general history of the period, in which they were made.
The Traditional Indian Paintings:
The Indian Paintings have a long tradition of excellence. Some of the earliest paintings were rock paintings, created as early as 5500 BC.
These paintings give great aesthetic pleasure, and also provide a continuous sequence of events, occurring in succession. This also helps us to understand the earliest civilisation, and correlate with the past, to the present, and even to the future.
The traditional Indian Paintings have evolved over thousands of years, and it may be termed as a fusion of various Art, Traditions and the various cultures of India.
These Paintings truly represent the varied, colourful and vibrant culture of the Indian people, over thousand of years.
Glimpses of some of the ancient Indian Paintings are shared here. Though there are so many beautiful pieces, I really feel its not fair to showcase them at such a small space.
The Madhbani Paintings
- The MADHUBANI Painting, is practised in the Mithila, region in Bihar state of India.
- These were traditionally done on the mud walls and floors in villages, by the village women.
- This was their unique way of decorating their homes. Natural vegetable colours or powdered rice is used to make them.
- The theme relates to the Gods from the Indian mythologies or the Nature, the Sun, the Moon, various plants, the Wedding scenes, or other celebrations of the family.
- Now these paintings are not confined to mud walls, but they are made on the Canvas, clothes or other dress materials.
- This art has been passed on from one generation to the other.
The Madhubani paintings are art works from the state of Bihar.
The Tanjore Paintings
- The Tanjore painting is another classical Indian Painting, which has its origin in South India, Thanjavur, Tamil Naidu, to be more specific.
- These are known for their elegance, rich colours and attention to the details.
- These paintings are done on solid wooden planks. The Hindu Gods and Goddesses are beautifully painted in the centre, giving prominence, but the rest of the area is also done beautifully, giving attention to the details.
- It is amazing to see, how beautifully the ornaments and costumes are decorated with semi precious stones and a rich golden touch is given with the golden foils---so much detailing.
The Tanjore paintings are the traditional art work from Southern India.
The Kalamkari Paintings
- The Kalamkari Paintings has it’s origins in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
- It is generally done on fabric and as the name suggests, is done with a Kalam or pen. Basically it’s a free hand drawing, and only natural dyes or colours are used in these paintings.
- The subject matter of the drawings is heavily influenced by the temples and the Gods and Goddesses. One can find images of temples, sacred objects, auspicios birds and animals, in the Kalamkari paintings.
- The handwork is beautifully done on sarees, dress materials, wall hangings etc.
- In modern times, this is also done digitally.
The Mughal Paintings:
- The Mughal Paintings are the beautiful and unique blend of Indian, Persian and Islamic styles and they were commissioned by the Mughal kings to record their work as hunters, conquerors and their dynamic ceremonies.
- These can be seen generally in miniatures or illustrations and had developed during the The Mughal period in India.
- The Mughal kings encouraged their artisans for these paintings, which are generally in red, blue and green colours.
The Rajput Paintings:
- The Rajput paintings depict themes, from the the epic Ramayana and Mahabharat, episodes from the life of Krishna, beautiful landscapes etc.
- This style of Indian Paintings emerged from the Rajput kingdoms of Rajasthan state of India.
- These paintings can be seen on the palace walls, inner chambers of the forts and manuscripts.
- They tell a lot about the life and times of Rajputana kings.
- The paintings were generally done in bright colours, extracted through natural resources, such as the plants and minerals, and semi precious gems.
The traditional Indian paintings were basically religious in nature, but they have evolved and one can get a glimpse of the Indian people, their art, their culture, their ornaments, their clothes, their festivals, the lifestyle during the times, when they were created and many other things.
For further interesting information about ancient Indian paintings:
How to make Madhubani paintings, source: You tube
Indian paintings, Source: YouTube
© 2014 Chitrangada Sharan