The Ancient Indian Paintings : Glimpses of Traditional Indian Art and Sculpture
Ancient Paintings, whether Indian or Western, communicate so much about the times, in which they were made, the people, their costumes, their ornaments, their belongings, in fact the whole culture.
It would not be wrong to say that we learn a lot of history and the growth of civilization through these paintings.
Some Ancient Indian Paintings At A Glance
© Chitrangada Sharan Jan. 2014
All Rights Reserved.
- Being an Art lover, I keep on visiting Art Galleries and Art exhibitions.
- As an admirer of Paintings, Indian or Western, I am always fascinated by the way, these paintings communicate so much about the times, in which they were made, the people, their costumes, their ornaments, their belongings, in fact the whole culture.
- It would not be wrong to say that we learn a lot of history and the growth of civilization through them.
The Traditional Indian Paintings:
- The Indian Paintings have a long tradition of excellence.
Some of the earliest paintings were rock paintings, as early as 5500 BC.
- These paintings give great aesthetic pleasure and also provide a continuous sequence of events occurring in succession, which also helps us to understand the earliest civilization and correlate with the past to the present and even to the future.
- The traditional Indian Paintings have evolved over thousands of years and it may be termed as a fusion of various Art, Traditions and the various cultures of India.
- These Paintings truly represent the varied, colorful and vibrant culture of the Indian people, over thousand of years.
- Glimpses of some of the ancient Indian Paintings are shared here. Though there are so many beautiful pieces, I really feel its not fair to showcase them at such a small space.
The Madhbani Paintings
- The MADHUBANI Painting, is practised in the Mithila, region in Bihar state of India.
- These were traditionally done on the mud walls and floors in villages, by the village women.
- This was their unique way of decorating their homes. Natural vegetable colours or powdered rice is used to make them.
- The theme relates to Gods from Indian mythologies or the Nature, the Sun, the Moon, Plants, the Wedding scenes or other celebrations of family.
- Now these paintings are not confined to mud walls, but they are made on Canvas, clothes or dress materials.
- This art has been passed on from one generation to the other.
The Madhubani paintings are art works from the state of Bihar.
- The Tanjore painting is classical Indian Painting, which has its origin in South India, Thanjavur, Tamil Naidu, to be more specific.
- These are known for their elegance, rich colours and attention to details.
- These paintings are done on solid wooden planks. Hindu Gods and Goddesses are beautifully painted in the centre, giving prominence, but the rest of the area is also done beautifully, giving attention to details.
- It is amazing to see, how beautifully the ornaments and costumes are decorated with semi precious stones and a rich golden touch is given with golden foils---so much detailing!
The Tanjore paintings are the traditional art work from Southern India.
- The Mughal Paintings are a unique blend of Indian, Persian and Islamic styles and they were commissioned by Mughal kings to record their work as hunters, conquerors and their dynamic ceremonies.
- These can be seen generally in miniatures or illustrations and had developed during the Mughal period in India.
- The Mughal kings encouraged their artisans for these paintings, which are in red, blue and green colours.
The Rajput Paintings:
- The Rajput paintings depict themes from the the epic Ramayana and Mahabharat, episodes from the life of Krishna, beautiful landscapes etc.
- This style of Indian Paintings emerged from the Rajput kingdoms of Rajasthan state of India.
- These paintings can be seen on palace walls, Inner chambers of the forts and manuscripts.
- They tell a lot about the life and times of Rajputana kings.
- The paintings were generally done in bright colours extracted through natural resources, such as plants and minerals and semi precious gems.
The traditional Indian paintings were basically religious in nature, but they have evolved and one can get a glimpse of the Indian people, their art, culture, ornaments, clothes, their festivals, lifestyle and other things.
This is just a small effort to give an idea of the Indian Paintings and should be read in that spirit only.
I am no historian or an expert in visual Art or Paintings. Just an Art enthusiast, trying to share my experience as a viewer.
© Chitrangada Sharan Jan. 8, 2014
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© 2014 Chitrangada Sharan