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Art how to paint on Watercolor painting - Technique - washes.
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A wash is the most used technique in watercolour, from creating skies, to water and anything else you can imagine. Read on for a few simple explanations, how to do's and examples using washes.
Flat Wash – damp paper
First wet the paper. The paint is applied to a sloping surface in slightly overlapping horizontal bands from the top down. Once complete, the wash should be left to dry and even itself out without working back into it.
1. Wet the paper and allow it to dry until the shine has almost gone. Check it from the side.
2. Charge your brush with paint, and starting in the upper left corner touch your brush to the paper and gently pull a straight line of paint to the upper right corner.
3. Refill your brush and start the next stroke at the bottom of the first stroke, overlapping the bead of paint formed at the bottom of the first stroke.
4. At the end, carefully pick up the bead of paint that runs across the bottom using your brush or tissue.
5. Allow it to dry on a slight slant.
Graded Watercolor Wash – damp paper
This requires the pigment to be diluted with more water for each horizontal stroke. The result is a wash that fades out gradually and evenly.
1. Step 1, 2 and 4 as above
2. Step 3, pick up a little more water and start each new stroke overlapping bead.
Two Tone Wash
1. With the 1st color create a graded wash from top to bottom.
2. Allow it to dry.
3. Turn the paper upside down and repeat with the 2nd color. Allow to dry.
Grade the first wash with one color to about half way, then pick up the bead with a second color and grade it to the end.
Glazed Wash(Layering Colour)
Glazing is a similar watercolor technique to a wash, but uses a thin, transparent pigment applied over dry existing washes. Its purpose is to adjust the color and tone of the underlying wash. Transparent pigments such as Rose Madder (or Permanent Rose), Cobalt Blue etc are ideal for glazing as they are stains and can be applied layer after layer to achieve the desired effect. Be sure each layer is thoroughly dry before applying the next.
Granulating paints, such as yellow ochre, Ultramarine Blue should be layered last as they lift easily.
Rules for glazing
· Work from lightest to darkest and opaque to transparent. Opaque pigments do not glaze well. Also, try to use staining pigments for the first layers.
- · Use very little pressure and a soft brush so underlying layers of paint are not disturbed.
- · Each layer of color should dry thoroughly before glazing the next layer over it.
1. Paint 2 separate shapes with your cool red (staining colors) and allow them to dry.
2. Wash lightly over the top of half the first shape with the same color again. VALUE is the lightness or darkness of a color.
3. Wash lightly over the top of the 2nd shape with a different color.
Practice and play and you will soon start to master and enjoy using the wash techniques in your paintings.
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