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What is Tunisian Crochet?

Updated on April 7, 2011

I came across Tunisian Crochet late last year and have been mastering the basic stitch by making dishcloths.

What is Tunisian Crochet I hear you cry well it is also known as Afghan crochet, Shepherd knitting, Crochet knit and can be described as a cross between knitting and crochet. The tool you use is a long crochet hook as each row in Tunisian crochet is worked in two rows. The first row picks up lots of stitches and determines the stitch that you are going to create and the second row takes all the stitches off the needle until you are left with just one. The right side of the work is always facing you.

There are four basic stitches that I use and then you can add fancy stitches such as bobbles and of course you can decrease and increase very easily. The four basic stitches are

Simple Stitch – produces a lovely textured finish

Basic Stitch – produces a thicker and more dense stitch than the simple stitch

Knit stitch – to the uninitiated this stitch looks identical to the normal knit stitch in knitting but is so much denser and thicker.

Purl stitch – produces the familiar knobbly look to the piece similar to the purl stitch in knitting.

Practice by making dishcloths

So to practice these stitches I make dishcloths using a size 6.5mm Tunisian crochet hook and cotton(DK) wool. Here is the pattern I made myself; feel free to use it.

-          Create a foundation chain of 30 stitches on to the hook as you would for crochet.

-          First Row; Turn the work and pick up a loop from each of the chains and leave on the hook. The last stitch picked up must be on the end as this then makes a nice edge.

-          Return Row; Now for the second row; Yarn Over(YO) the first stitch on the hook only then *YO and pull through the next two stitches*.

-          Repeat * to * until just one stitch remains on the hook.

-          DO NOT TURN WORK. Tunisian crochet always has the front of the work facing you. Continue with these two rows until the dishcloth is the length you want it. My gauge means I generally do about 30 rows.

-          I finish the work off by doing a double crochet round each of the four sides and then sew in the ends and of course block it.

Dishcloth - Using Tunisian Simple Stitch
Dishcloth - Using Tunisian Simple Stitch

Some videos to help you learn the stitches

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