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How to Use A Saw Properly? Guides and Ways for Sawing Woods

Updated on June 13, 2014
Saw
Saw | Source

Sawing is one of the most important things that a carpenter must learn. Sawing a wood needs accuracy that will depends on your previous measurements. In order to have a better and easier sawing a saw must be in proper condition with quality standard. It has a taper-ground blade that is finer at the back that the toothed at the end of the saw. Accurate sawing depends on the following condition:

  1. You should have a fine sharp saw that is filed and the teeth are correctly set.
  2. Using the proper type of saw in a specific task or job that will be done.
  3. And mostly, a carpenter must know the best technique in sawing woodwork.

In commencing the work a carpenter must consider and choose the right saw for the right job that he will be working on. There are two types of handsaws:

  1. Ripsaw - used for sawing in the grain of wood.
  2. Crosscut saw – used for cutting across the grain of wood.

These two handsaws are interchangeable in short cuts. Crosscut saw have teeth that is like a sharp pointed knives that can cut either backward or forward in sawing while the ripsaw have teeth that is file straight across in order to cut like small chisels. Both handsaws have an angle of 60 degrees.

Marking

In sawing, marking the exact position of the saw is very important before beginning to saw. Use try square in cutting at the right angles to a straight edge, Use a sharp pencil of knife in marking a thin line. It would also be better if you will continue the line till the edges of the stock which must be supported firmly before sawing.

Lay the stock across two horses and make sure it has the same height. This type of sawing is used in crosscutting. Sawing outside the horse, near to it rather by sawing between horses; On the other hand, rip sawing is best done between supports of two horses.


Types of Saw
Description
 
Keyhole Saw
Perfect in cutting holes in wood and curves
 
Panel Saw
Perfect for cutting small pieces of wood
 
Rip Cut Saw
An aggressive, push stroke handsaw
 
Cross Cut Saw
For rough cutting on wood grains
 
Back Saw
Used for molding, trimming and fine woodcutting
 
Wallboard Saw
Perfect for puncturing through a wallboard or a plasterboard
 
Pruning Saw
Perfect for pruning and cutting green wood.
 
Bow Saw
Used for cutting logs with its crosscut tooth pattern.
 
Hacksaw
Used in metal cutting
 
Japanese Saw
Use for faster cutting power while producing less sawdust
 
Coping Saw
Perfect for cutting intricate patterns on wood.
 
Flooring Saw
Perfect for mid-cutting when replacing floorboards
 

Starting the Cut

In retraining to saw, you must set the heel of the blade on the mark and pull it slowly with the guidance of the left thumb. You must maintain and have the correct angle in crosscutting which is 45 degrees and in ripping is 50 degrees. It is not advice for you to use down stroke for it may cause too much pressure that will splitter the wood on its edges that will cause the saw to jump while sawing. In sawing old lumbers, never forget to extract nails in the path where the saw will be going.

Reference: Basic WoodWorking by Arsenio J. Galauran


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