A Hungarian, László Bíró, invented the first viable ball point pen. There were many before him all though they all had faults. The first was an English tanner in the 19c, Loud, I think his name was, his invention was ok for writing on coarse surfaces, like leather, which he wanted, but would not perform effectively on smooth surfaces like writing paper. I'm sure that if you look this up in google you will get a better answer than this. Or are you one of those that just writes questions for the sake of it and are not really interested?