I daresay a blind person could take a picture with a camera of any type - phone camera, SLR, Bolex or even plate camera - with assistance. What would be missing? He/She may not be able to appreciate any creations, whether good or mediocre, and might not know without assistance where his/her optimum view would be. He would have to rely on the judgement of an assistant.
There are technological developments to help the blind to 'see', but the prototype and early production equipment would be out of reach for many in terms of cost. When readily available - look at the production of early mobile/cellphones, computers, colour TV sets and cameras, as they became widely marketed prices went down dramatically - then anyone could be a budding David Bailey or Terry Donovan, sightless or partially sighted.
Hang on in there!