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About Arthur Streeton - Australian Landscape Painter

Updated on September 11, 2014
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Katherine has researched and written about many American and Australian Artists - both past and present

Smike Streeton age 24 (portrait of Arthur Streeton), painting, oil on canvas, 45.7 x 35.7cm by Tom Roberts
Smike Streeton age 24 (portrait of Arthur Streeton), painting, oil on canvas, 45.7 x 35.7cm by Tom Roberts | Source

Find out about Arthur Streeton (1867-1943)

Find out about Arthur 'Smike' Streeton - Australian Impressionist and one of Australia's best known landscape painters

Learn about:

  • his life and influences
  • his paintings of Australian landscapes
  • where you can see his paintings in art galleries and museums
  • online sites about him and his art
  • books and videos about him and his art

Timeline: Sir Arthur Streeton - Australian Impressionist Painter (1867-1943)

  • Born: 8 April 1867 - in Duneed, Victoria, Australia
  • Education: National Gallery of Victoria Art School
  • Period: Heidelberg School
  • Key Works: Golden Summer, Eaglemont, Fire On
  • Activities: landscape artist; lithographer; painter; soldier; war artist;
  • Painting; Print; Drawing; War artist; Art critic; Hospital orderly1867-1890
  • lived in Victoria1880s
  • member of a group of Australian painters who adopted the Australian tradition of painting plein air - out doors.
  • 1882-1887 - studied at the National Gallery School
  • 1888 - founded the famous Heidelberg artists' camp at Eaglemont
  • 1889 - painted 'Golden Summer, Eaglemont',
  • 1889 - painted 'Eaglemont'
  • 1889 - painted 'The Road To Templestowe'
  • August 1889 - the Heidelberg painters opened their 9 x 5 (inches) Exhibition of Impressions at Buxton's Art Gallery, Melbourne. The 182 exhibits included forty by Streeton.1890 - painted 'Still Glides The Stream and Shall Forever Glide',
  • 1890 - painted 'Near Heidelberg'1890 - painted 'Spring'
  • 1890 - painted 'Above Us The Great Grave Sky'
  • 1890 - Art Gallery of New South wales purchases 'Still Glides the Stream'
  • 1890-1896 - lives in Sydney, NSW
  • 1897 - left Australia for Europe
  • 1897-1920 - lived in England, UKFirst World War - living in London and worked as a hospital orderly
  • May 1918 - appointed as an official war artist; sent to France and attached to the 2nd Division AIF
  • May - August 1918 - worked around the Somme battlefield. On his return to London he produced a large landscape painting "The Somme valley near Corbie"
  • 1920-1938 lived in Melbourne, Victoria
  • 1928 - won the Wynne Prize with Afternoon Light, Goulburn Valley
  • 1937 - knighted
  • 1938-1943 - lived in Olinda, Victoria
  • Died: 1 September 1943 - in Olinda, Victoria, Australia

BOOK: 100 Masterpieces of Australian Landscape Painting

  • Large 9.5"x 10.5" format
  • Double page spread of a large full color reproduction of a painting plus information about the artist and the piece itself
  • Focuses in the main on on Australian Impressionist and Post-impressionist material (later 19th century - early 20th century)
  • Several featured works by each of the important artists Arthur Streeton,Charles Conder, Frederick McCubbin, Tom Roberts and Hans Heysen.

100 Masterpieces of Australian Landscape Painting
100 Masterpieces of Australian Landscape Painting

HardcoverPublisher: John Currey, O'Neil Publishers Pty Ltd, Melbourne Australia; Revised Edition edition (1981)

 
Settler's Camp, painting, oil on canvas, 86.5 x 112.5cm by Arthur Streeton
Settler's Camp, painting, oil on canvas, 86.5 x 112.5cm by Arthur Streeton | Source

Settler's Camp by Arthur Streeton

This work became Australia's 6th most expensive artwork when it was sold at auction in 2012 for $2.52 million (See this article in The Australian - Auction makes Arthur Streeton's Settler's Camp sixth-most expensive artwork )

Streeton painted the picture of a tent and camper in 1888 at the Box Hill site east of Melbourne where he, Tom Roberts, Fred McCubbin and others gathered during what has become recognised as the dawn of Australian Impressionism.

"The purple noon's transparent might" by Arthur Streeton

The purple noon's transparent might, painting, oil on canvas, 123.0 x 123.0cm by Arthur Streeton
The purple noon's transparent might, painting, oil on canvas, 123.0 x 123.0cm by Arthur Streeton | Source

The purple noon's transparent might

"Arthur Streeton also travelled to the area and in 1896 painted a series of Hawkesbury River images renowned for the way they depict light, space and heat. They are among his most famous works. The purple noon's transparent might (1896) is probably the best known and admired. The title is taken from lines in a poem by Percy Shelley while the painting itself was created on a very hot January day on the banks of the Hawkesbury."

Australian government - The Heidelberg School: Sydney, its beaches, the harbour and the Hawkesbury

and

Streeton had worked from the top of a cliff which overlooked the Hawkesbury River. He subsequently commented on this particular painting as followsThe glory of the river and plain spread before me.... Far below were the tops of river-oaks, and water like the blue of a black opal. The brightness of noon, the power of deep blue, the flies, and the temperature now 108 degrees, wrought me to a pitch of excitement.... the atmosphere 10 degrees higher than my own temperature crept round my face like a flame; and it seemed like working in a fiery trance. I paused and found that in two hours two thirds of my canvas was covered with paint, I had stamped my big impression upon it, I had made my picture.'

Australian government - The Heidelberg School: Sydney, its beaches, the harbour and the Hawkesbury

A Tribute to Arthur Streeton

Australian Impressionism

Between 1883 and 1895, Tom Roberts, Frederick McCubbin, Arthur Streeton, Charles Conder and Jane Sutherland played a key role in the development of Impressionism in Australia.

BOOK: Bohemians in the Bush: The Artists' Camps of Mosman

This exhibition catalogue provides an insight into the artist communes and camps at Mosman. It covers Australian painters of the bush - Ashton, Conder, Hunt, Fullwood, Streeton, Long, and others. The book includes photographs of life in the camps as well as images of paints produced

Bohemians in the Bush: The Artists' Camps of Mosman
Bohemians in the Bush: The Artists' Camps of Mosman

Paperback: 80 pagesPublisher: Art Gallery of New South Wales (1991)

 

The Heidelburg School and Arthur Streeton

The Heidelberg School was the name given to the movement which was the australian version of Impressionism

The name of the Heidelberg School was derived from the then rural area of Heidelberg east of Melbourne where plein air painters in the 1880s found their subject matter. The area overlooked the River Yarra

Subsequently its use was expanded to cover other Australian artists working in similar areas.

While Streeton was much influenced by the development of plein air painting and Impressionism he was also very committed to the importance of tonalism. He identified a need to highlight high-key tonal values in order to translate "the blue of the Australian skies and the clear transparency of Australian distances" into paint

BOOK: Golden Summers: Heidelberg and Beyond

Golden Summers: Heidelberg and Beyond
Golden Summers: Heidelberg and Beyond

Publisher: Natl Gallery of Australia (May 1991)

 
Circular Quay (1892) by Arthur Streeton oil on wood panel, Height: 193 mm (7.6 in). Width: 476 mm (18.74 in) National Gallery of Australia [Public domain or Public domain]
Circular Quay (1892) by Arthur Streeton oil on wood panel, Height: 193 mm (7.6 in). Width: 476 mm (18.74 in) National Gallery of Australia [Public domain or Public domain] | Source

Arthur Streeton - Evening, Venice | Important Australian Art | 26 November 2013

BOOK: Turner to Monet: The Triumph of Landscape Painting - by Christine Dixon, Ron Radford and Lucina Ward

This is an Exhibition Catalogue for the exhibition of the same name at The National Gallery, Canberra. The exhibition was the most comprehensive survey of 19th century landscape paintings ever assembled in Australia.

Arthur Streeton's paintings of the Australian landscape are shown alongside paintings by some of the finest artists of the time - Turner, Constable, Friedrich, Corot, Courbet, Glover, Von Gurard, Church,Roberts, Czanne, Van Gogh, Gauguin, and Monet - from public and private collections in Australia and around the world.

This is the link to the website for the exhibition - NGA Turner to Monet

Turner to Monet: The Triumph of Landscape Painting
Turner to Monet: The Triumph of Landscape Painting

Paperback: 272 pp | pb with flaps | 240 x 290 mm | full colour with over 155 illustrations including 101 large plates | Publisher: National Gallery of Australia (August 30, 2008)

 

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    • agvulpes profile image

      Peter 22 months ago from Australia

      I really enjoyed reading this run down on one of our greatest artists.

      Gippsland in Victoria was a happy hunting ground for many of the Australian artists and still is an area where many artists work and reside.

    • maryseena profile image

      maryseena 4 years ago

      Nice introduction to the painter. beautiful paintings! wish some more were featured.

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