- Arts and Design»
- Crafts & Handiwork»
Batik is one of the most popular clothes and accessories in Indonesia. I love batik clothes, because it's perfectly design, it's beautiful and it's unique. and it's not easy to make clothes or accessories from Batik, it took a lot of energy to make clothes or accessories from Batik and of course I am Indonesian, and maybe that's why i love batik.
Some of my friends use batiks everyday. maybe he loves batik more than me. according to my friend, he said that batik makes him feel cooler and the fabric are really soft and it's really comfortable to wear.
i wonder "have you ever tried using or wearing batiks?. if you haven't, you can try it. i'm sure you'll like it. just like me. i love Batiks very much.
The Design, Style and History of Batik
Batik: Design, Style & History is both a history and a photographic showcase of Batik textile art of Indonesia. Perhaps most often used in brilliant shawls for women's daily wear, batik has even had styles meant to be associated with the aristocracy and are worn to this day for ceremonial occasions. In addition to full-color images of batik fabric, Batik: Design, Style & History includes some vintage black-and-white photographs of batik being worn or even created. The text spares no effort in delving into the traditions and even legends behind this unique and wonderful blend of artistic expression and practical functionality.
What is Batik?
Batik is one of the traditional clothes in Indonesia. Batik is a way to make a clothes. the technique to make clothes wit batik techniques is called "wax-resist dyeing" batik has been set by UNESCO as "Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity" since October 2, 2009.
Batik is a craft that has a high quality of its art and creativity, and has been apart of Indonesia traditions especially Java for a really long time. I think that batik is one of the best fashion in the world. its design and its colors, it's just so beautiful and unique.
Type of Batik
Different type of batik has a different quality and price. it depends on the people to choose which one they like. So, There are 2 types of batiks, which are
1. HAND-DRAWN BATIK is decorated with fabric textures and patterns by hand where the design are drawn with hot liquid of wax with a tool of metal object called CANTING. This type of batik takes approximately 2-3 months.
2. BLOCK-PRINTED BATIK is decorated with the block which is made of copper. First of all, the block will be dipped into the wax and printed into the fabric. after that, the wax will be removed and batik with one color is produced. In order to create a different color of batik, waxing with different blocks, dying, and de-waxing have to be done lots of times. this type of batik takes approximately 2-3 days
In Indonesia, Hand-Drawn batik is considered as an original batik which is made by hand and it took times and energy. So, in my opinion the quality must be better than the printed batik and the price must be higher.
Popular trend appealing to patchworkers, quilters, embroiderers, silk painters - as well as batik artists.
this book has very very clear instructions on every project the author suggests, great photos of each step, she shows very clearly a lot of techniques to use on different things (check out the lamp shade it's great)and I think most important of all she is very generous about her knowledge of batik, explaining everything that could happen if you do this or that, and with every day words, not all the technical-chemical mumbo jumbo i've found in other books.
One last thing, check out her gallery in the book: it's really beautiful!
Tips on Choosing Batiks Match to Your Requirements
- Choose patterned batik fauna and flora in the blend of bright colors, giving the impression of an active and cheerful.
- If you're a big man, choose medium sized motif. Avoid motif/design size that is too small.
- If you are petite, make sure you choose a small motif.
- For the casual style, wear a simple clothes with application or interesting details.
- In order to make you comfortable to wear the batiks, make sure you choose batik casual clothing made of cotton.
Working Clothing or Formal Clothing
- Choose batik in the dark or pastel color combinations and geometric patterned in order to make your appearance look neat, simple, and formal.
- If you have a big body, choose a medium-sized geometric patterns, or a combination of large geometric patterns with a smaller size to fit your body proportions.
- If you have a small body, do not hesitate to choose a medium geometric patterned batik so that the shapes of your body look more proportional.
- For your work activity, make sure you choose the design which was simple but firm, so as to keep a professional impression. Only if needed it can be added details that seem attractive minimalist, like tuck, pleat, pocket, or belt.
- For fashion work, choose batik made from cotton and add superlining as a liner so that the fashion look more firm and neat.
- If you want to make a fashion party or official of batik cloth, you can use different kinds of motifs and colors blend. The important thing, choose the color and motif that matches the type of events you will attend (party scene).
- For the party-atmosphere casual or semi-official, you can choose batik motifs of fauna and flora in the alloy bright or light colors.
- For a formal party, batik motifs of fauna and flora in the alloy bright or light colors.
- For a formal party, geometric-patterned batik medium or classical motifs and a touch of color in light or dark that has luxurious impression may be the right choice.
- For a party dress, you can choose batik made from cotton, silk (silk satin, raw silk, crepe silk) and weave and neat.
How to batik
The following are tools and materials which should be prepared to make batik:
- Cloth (can be made of silk or cotton)
- Canting as a means of forming motif
- Gawangan (a place to hang fabric)
- Candle (night) diluted
- Pot and a small stove to heat
- Dye solution
Tjanting (Canting) - Tools for making batik by hand
1. Authentic pure copper tjanting (wax applicator) for making batik
2. Easy to fill and can hold a lot of wax
3. Heavy gauge copper sheeting ensuring wax stays hot for longer
4. Comes in 4 sizes: #1, #2, #3 and double spout in size #2
5. Handmade in Java - the world center of batik
Canting or Tjanting is a tool to make batik with your hand. it is made of copper with the handle made of bamboo.
1. Perfect for crafters
2. Batik Formula Wax is one pound of 50/50 blend paraffin and microcrystalline waxes
3. Produces a distinctive crackle effect for traditional batik
Having been interested in making my own sculpting wax and modelling clay for some time, and most recipes containing both paraffin wax and microcrystaline wax, I thought this might work for me. It is, however, far from ideal. I believe it is a combination of a relatively hard paraffin wax and a hard microcrystaline wax. The result is a wax that cannot be hand formed (flaky and crumbly) and that is mechanically fairly similar to pure paraffin wax with the exception that when it cracks it forms a fine crazing pattern; this is ideal for batik but poor for making modelling waxes. I have, however, been able to use it in modelling wax recipes by considering it to be 90% regular paraffin wax and 10% soft microcrystaline wax. For use in castable, carving wax recipes it is fairly usable(and carves reasonably well) but is comparatively fragile and probably needs some minor modifications.
In short: This wax probably works very nicely for batik but is not a very good choice for use in sculpting waxes
Process of making batik
The stages in the process of making batik is:
- The first step is to make batik designs commonly called molani. In determining the motive, usually each person has different tastes. Some prefer to make their own motives, but others prefer to follow common motifs that have been there. Motives are often used batik in Indonesia itself is divided into two: the classical batik, which is a lot to play with symbols and coastal batik with natural characteristics such as pictures of flowers and butterflies. Make a design or motif can use a pencil.
- After completing molani, the second step is to paint with (wax) night using canting (caged) to follow the pattern.
- The next stage, covered with wax parts will remain white (no color). Canting for the smooth, or brush for large parts. The goal is that when dyeing material into the dye solution, part of a given layer of wax is not exposed.
- The next stage, the first coloring on parts not covered by the wax with a cloth dipped in a particular color.
- Once dyed, the cloth in drying and dried.
- Once dyed, dry the cloth in the sun
- Once dried, re-doing the batik process that is painting with wax using a canting to cover the part that will be retained on the first coloring.
- Then, proceed with the second color dyeing process.
- The next process, removes wax from the fabric by putting the cloth in hot water on the stove.
- Once clear of wax cloth and dry, it can be done again by closing wax batik process (using a canting) to hold the first and second colors.
- The process of opening and closing the wax can be done repeatedly in accordance with the number of colors and complexity of the desired motif.
- The next process is nglorot, where the fabric was discolored boiled hot water. The goal is to remove the layer of wax, so the motive which had drawn previously pins. You do not need to worry, this will not make the dipping pattern you've hit the color image, because the top of the fabric is still shrouded in a thin layer (wax does not completely fade). Once completed, the batik is ready for use.
- The final process is to wash the batik cloth and then dry by leaving it before it can be used and worn.
Dye Set (Material of making Batik)
1. Very versatile and popular dye set
2. Includes 2/3-ounce each of 4-colors, 1-pound of Soda Ash Fixer
3. Can mix the colors to achieve any color desired
4. For use in cold water on natural fibers
5. Made in USA
This was a great kit to test at mixing your own colors and dyeing a few pieces of material. Just please use gloves and a very good mask around the dye powder and soda ash. They can cause very strong reactions in some people. And, let your items "batch" (sit after dyeing, before rinsing) for 48 hours and you will get much, much deeper colors!
How To Batik Voting
So, what do you think? will you try to make batik clothes?
Batik in Indonesia
Most people in Indonesia use Batik clothes on Friday which is Batik Day for Indonesia. I think it is cool. Batiks is so beautiful in my opinion. it is different than any other clothes.
I have Batiks at home with blue colours. Lots of people prefer brown Batiks, cause brown is the original color of batiks, but i prefer blue cause it's my favorite colors.
If you have never try batiks, I think you should give it a shot. There are lots of choices of batik clothes in Indonesia. It's amazing if we could try a new things, new experiences.
Mix together fabric surface design (Batik Included)
This book starts with an introduction to materials, the author talks about choosing the fabric paints, how they work and has a good chart to refer to how different paints can be used. She also discusses fabric types and how to choose and pre-treat your fabrics. The introduction to fabric surface design also explains the basic tools you'll need. How to make a good work surface and how to stretch fabric if it needs stretching.
Then it's into the techniques, and this is where this book shines for beginners or people like me who are getting back into fabric painting after years. She explains different methods in detail with clear photos and product suggestions and reviews.
How to wear kain batik
Have you ever try using Batik before? Do you want to try using it?
© 2014 erickurniawan