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10 Beginning Photography Tips

Updated on April 15, 2018
RuthCoffee profile image

I've been researching and writing about consumer electronics for over 12 years.


Want Great Photos? Maybe You Need Some Good Basic Photography Tips

This page is dedicated to anyone who has experienced envy upon viewing someone else's photos; photos which receive acclaim from all who see them. The first question is always "what camera did you use?" but in reality the quality of the picture often has more to do with the skill of the person capturing the photo.

Most of us don't care to study photography for months but do hope to learn some basic photography tips that will result in images we're proud to share. Below you will find many useful tidbits which could yield much better results. If you have the time, please be sure to share your own words of wisdom and beginning photography tips. Come back often to check on our regular updates!


First Tip: Get A Steady Shot

Probably the most frequent problem for a true novice is blurry shots. The good news is it is easy to correct this problem and the first of the beginning photography tips addresses this issue.

The easiest solution is to use a tripod. Many are adjustable and can accomodate any type of surface. They are an absolute necessity when shooting up close or taking night time images due to the slower shutter speed.

But face it, you don't always have a tripod with you. A fall back option is to use another solid/level surface if it is available. I've been known to use the roof of my car or a picnic table.

The more readily available method is to learn to hold the camera properly. Although generally inadequate for up close photography and low light situations, it suffices in many other instances. When standing or sitting, grasping the camera with two hands is generally best, holding your elbows in close to your body. Your stance can assure stability overall, standing with legs apart for a wide base of support or perhaps bracing against a tree or other structure are both good options.

When a lower stance is appropriate, it's possible to kneel with one knee up, bracing your elbows on your knee to provide the needed stability.


Second Tip: You Need to Reduce Distractions

Now that you have a clear shot, the next point addresses what you want in the picture. Generally, you want to be sure the subject of your photograph is indeed the subject. Reducing distractions in the background is important.

Look through the viewfinder (or perhaps on the LCD screen) before taking the shot and assure that there are not other objects, people, or activity that will draw attention away from your subject. The background should be uncluttered in most instances. If the subject of your shot can't be moved to a better location perhaps you, the photographer, can change your position. For instance, consider stepping in closer or zooming in to reduce distractions in the surrounding area.


Take multiple shots to assure you get a good one. With digital photography you just delete what you don't want.


Third Tip: Get the Right Perspective

Another common mistake beginners make is to stand too far away when the subject is a person, animal or object. If you want to see the kind of detail that really impresses, step closer, or use zoom if necessary. Check your camera though as it can probably only focus within a certain range; closer than a few feet may require a macro mode and/or special lenses and certainly shots taken too close can be unflattering.

You also need to be at eye level in most instances. Don't be afraid to get down on your knees or on the ground when your subject (a pet or child for instance) requires it.


Use the correction lines you see through the viewfinder (or use the electronic viewfinder if your camera has one) to be sure you have framed the shot correctly; otherwise what you see may not be what you get!


Fourth Tip: Put the Sun In It's Place

No list of beginning photography tips would be complete without discussing lighting.

When taking pictures outdoors, home photographers have to be careful about direct sunlight. Here are a few things to keep in mind:

  • If the sun is at the photographers back, the subject may be forced to face the sun, resulting in squinting. In addition, the photographers shadow may become a distraction in the resulting image.
  • Bright sunlight, present at mid-day, may create harsh shadows on the subjects face.
  • If the photographer faces the sun there may well be a great deal of glare created, obscuring the subject. In addition, with the sun facing the photographer lighting is behind the subject. This results in back lighting which may darken the face of the subject.

There are three basic things a home photographer can do to help remedy these problems:

  • Take pictures early or late in the day versus at mid-day or make use of shaded areas.
  • Use fill flash or forced flash mode in an outdoor shot to lighten shadows created by bright sunlight (this works only if the photographer is within flash range) or use a reflector to bounce light on the subject.
  • Position themselves so that the sun is at the photographers right or left shoulder to avoid back lighting or forcing subjects to squint.


Fifth Tip: Be Careful Using the Flash Indoors

Because lighting is so important, using a flash can be vital indoors but you must remember that it is useless beyond a certain distance from the subject. The range varies by camera but is typically around 13 to 15 feet.

To avoid photos in which your subject has "red eyes" when using flash photography, be sure to have them avoid looking directly into the camera when shooting. Many cameras also have a "red eye reduction" feature which is pretty effective.


Drawing attention to a subject can be the extra touch you need. Framing them in a doorway, on a swing, surrounded by blooms, and so forth can focus attention on them.


Sixth Tip: Avoid Glare

Glare is a problem that beginners often encounter, especially when indoors and making use of the flash feature. Avoiding glare is simple in most instances and can be achieved by assuring that the camera is not pointed directly toward any reflective surface such as a television screen, mirror, or window.

The same issue can also occur outdoors when photographing near water, thus care must be taken even when the flash is not in use. Choosing the right time of day, careful positioning, a camera filter, or using shade can help in these outdoor situations


In many instances, the most visually interesting shot is one in which your subject is slightly left or right of center unless they fill the frame entirely.


Seventh Tip: Get in the Right Mode

If you're a novice you probably don't want to deal with manual controls. Luckily, there are digital camera scene modes which allow us to adjust things a little less precisely but with much improved results. One of the most basic photography tips I know is to learn about these commonly used settings so that you can take advantage of what they offer.

  • Landscape Mode
    This mode allows more of a scene to be in focus; thus a scene of a rock strewn stream with a mountain in the background will allow both elements to be clear.
  • Nighttime Mode
    This mode makes use of all available light in a dark scene. Assuring a steady camera is critical in such shots.
  • Portrait Mode
    To be used in photographing people or pets. It results in a sharp focus on the subject versus the background.
  • Beach/Snow Modes
    This mode will keep true colors despite extreme lighting conditions.
  • Sports/Action Mode
    This mode helps the photographer capture rapid movement without blurring.
  • Macro Mode
    This mode is used to get good focus when shooting a subject/object within less than a few feet of the camera.


Some digital cameras are slow. If you are waiting for a precise moment, such as a child blowing out candles, hold the button halfway down as you wait, then the camera will respond faster when you depress it completely.


Eighth Tip: Choose A Vertical or Horizontal Shot Based on Your Subject

There are two things to consider when deciding whether to take a "portrait" (vertical) shot or a "landscape" (horizontal) shot.

  • How is the subject positioned?

A shot of a single tree is often best done as a "portrait" type shot so that it remains the focus of the shot without a lot of distracting area on either side of it. A row of ducklings following their mother however, might be shot in a "landscape" or a horizontal fashon to eliminate all of the wasted space above and below them.

  • The subject's direction of movement is also important.

Obviously, capturing a rocket blasting off into the sky would best be highlighted with a vertical orientation while a horse race would be better represented with a horizontal orientation.


When taking a picture of someone who doesn't really want to pose or dislikes the whole process, try taking the shot when their attention is focused on something else; a task, a hobby, playing with a pet, interacting with another person, or something similar.


Ninth Tip: Learn How to Get Close Photos

Here are a few beginning photography tips for getting those up close shots.

  • Check the camera to determine it's focusing range.
  • If the camera has a macro mode, or close up mode, switch it on.
  • Turn off the flash. In most instances, up close images are overexposed when flash is used. If flash is necessary, diffuse the light by covering the flash with a tissue to reduce the intensity of the light.
  • It is best to use a tripod to assure a steady, focused shot. At close range, slight movements are more apparent.


For the best night time shots be sure to use a tripod and switch your digital camera to the night mode for the best exposure. In most instances, don't use a flash, turn it off. The best time to catch a shot is just before sunset when there is more available light or just as the moon is rising.


Tenth Tip: Get the Best Shot of Everyone in a Group

Taking pictures of friends and family is one of the most common uses of our cameras. Here are some tips to make the best of those shots.

Most of us have taken photos of people only to find that their eyes were closed as the shot was being taken. This is particularly problematic when you're trying to capture multiple people in the same photo.

One of the techniques that works well, is to ask everyone to close their eyes. Then just as you're ready to press the button, ask them to open their eyes (and smile, if you wish). Blinking at the wrong moment is much less likely in this instance.

If your camera has a significant delay, you can focus on your subject(s), press the button down halfway, and then after signalling that it's photo time, press the button down completely to take the shot. This will significantly reduce the delay.

Tips about getting in close enough and at the same level of your subject which were mentioned above stand true as well.


Images look best when the horizon isn't centered perfectly, but instead is 2/3 from the top or bottom. Be sure to check carefully through the viewfinder to assure the horizon isn't tilted. Some people use a bubble level or tripod with bubble level. Photo editing can also eliminate tilted horizons.

© 2008 Ruth Coffee

Beginning Photography Tips: Was this helpful? Let Us Know!

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    • mbgphoto profile image

      Mary Beth Granger 4 years ago from O'Fallon, Missouri, USA

      Thanks for all the great tips...these are good for both the beginning photographer and as a refresher for the more experienced photographer.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      How do you make a camera shoot in the dark or early in the morning when there isnt a whole lot of light without dragging out all the extra lights.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      These are great tips and hints! I love that you have example photos and products right in the articles. Here is another great website with tips for beginning photographers you should check out.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      thanks for the tips! i am also a beginning photographer can you guys check out my photos and tell me what you think ?


    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      These tips are what really helped me as a beginner to take good pictures

    • OrganicMom247 profile image

      OrganicMom247 6 years ago

      Great information, I found it really useful.

    • profile image

      blackfin 6 years ago

      great info for startup photographers Wedding Photography Contract

    • ZenandChic profile image

      Patricia 6 years ago


    • profile image

      MaxL 6 years ago

      Great lens! It's good to go back to the basic once in a while ;)

      I'm trying to create a photographical community on Squidoo. Feel free to join!

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Very helpful photography tips thanks for sharing... ;)

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Thanks VERY helpful!! :)

    • mbgphoto profile image

      Mary Beth Granger 6 years ago from O'Fallon, Missouri, USA

      Lots of great tips here. blessed

    • ZenandChic profile image

      Patricia 7 years ago

      This lens is featured on Ten Great Photography Tips

    • WhiteOak50 profile image

      WhiteOak50 7 years ago

      I had to revisit this page and I am dropping off an April Fools Day SquidAngel Blessing!!!!!

    • deyanis profile image

      deyanis 7 years ago from Oz

      Yes, it is indeed very useful. --- Blessed and this lens is now being showcased on my baby squid angel lens ---

    • ZenandChic profile image

      Patricia 7 years ago

      Great tips! I am blessing this lens and putting it on my Photography Angel lens!

    • profile image

      JohnBaldwin 7 years ago

      I love photography and I could say that this is one of my greatest hobbies! I'm not a full time photographer, but still, I earn extra income with my photography skill. My dad has a business. When he decided to build a website, he used my creative photos as a theme for social network web design. Usually, users are get attracted with colorful and amazing pictures in a certain website. That's why my dad's idea for using some of my photos for social networking website design really works! There are lots of potential clients that has gotten interested in his business' services.

    • Joy Neasley profile image

      Joy Neasley 7 years ago from Nashville, TN

      Thanks for the help. Great lens. I particularly enjoyed the lighting tips.

    • profile image

      photographytipsforbeginners 7 years ago

      This is a great lens. I love the way you have used the yellow post-it notes to break up the content. I'll make sure to update my blog with some of your tips:

    • John Dyhouse profile image

      John Dyhouse 7 years ago from UK

      wow, a great lens. I am just a holiday snapper with a longing to get better photos from my camera. I will be taking note of the tips here . Will be back often I guess to make sure that I have the information properly digested

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      You have provided a quantum leap of knowledge for the novice.

      Now with digital cameras,

      a very fast progression to more advanced stages is possible.

      Nicely done. BG

    • SubtleMoon profile image

      SubtleMoon 7 years ago

      This is a very nicely done lens and is great for beginning photographers. I think you hit all of the good tips!

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      Taking pictures is not my best skill, but would love to learn someday, getting out and taking nature and landscape pictures. Your tips sound great and just what I need to get started! - Kathy

    • JoyfulPamela2 profile image

      JoyfulPamela2 7 years ago from Pennsylvania, USA

      I am really enjoying my hobby of photography! Thanks for your excellent tips. I will certainly keep them in mind when I'm having fun snapping photos in the future. : )

    • profile image

      Myrle-Beach-Photography 7 years ago

      This is a great lens. Very nice photos. If anyone is in the myrtle beach area, come check me out at Myrtle Beach Photography

    • ElizabethJeanAl profile image

      ElizabethJeanAl 7 years ago

      I just bought a new camera and a telophoto lens. I'm having fun learning how to use it. Some (many) of my shots are blurry but the nice thing about digital photography is that you are not limited to one shot. It's been an experience.

    • MissPuppy profile image

      MissPuppy 7 years ago

      Very Good lens. I LOVE photography! thanks for the tips. 5*

    • profile image

      Tarra99 8 years ago

      5* Great hints and sister is starting to turn her photography hobby into a side-career...I enjoy creating Zazzle products with my's a fun hobby! Love your cameras for kids lens eldest is showing an interest in it too. Thanks btw, for popping into my fruit smoothie lens...I always appreciate your comments :o)

    • Grasmere Sue profile image

      Sue Dixon 8 years ago from Grasmere, Cumbria, UK

      This is really helpful for me- I'm favoriting it to come back to. ( I know I have a tripod somewhere- I'm going to try to find it now!)

    • profile image

      Watamyr 8 years ago

      I really like the way you put this together. Very usefull.

    • profile image

      TheCampingTipster 8 years ago

      I found your lens very helpful. I featured it on a lens I recently made. You give good information in organized parts. Thank you.

    • profile image

      anonymous 8 years ago

      Great info, 5*

    • WhiteOak50 profile image

      WhiteOak50 8 years ago

      I really enjoyed this lens when I visited it before, so I had to come back except this time, I get to: "Blessed by a SquidAngel" This lens does have some excellent tips for people who are wanting to get started with photography. Very nicely done!!

    • profile image

      Peterdaniel 8 years ago

      Well learning a professional photography is a tough thing just need to go threw the basics This is a huge field and you'll have lots of fun â the rule of thumb is the more money you spend, the more you can do. But here's great writeup on printing photos outside: - let me know what you think.

    • profile image

      oldbird 8 years ago

      Great lens to help me with my real "lens"!

      "5" stars to your super lens... 'tis a lot of work and expertise you put into this - it shows!



    • profile image

      Andy-Po 8 years ago

      Excellent tips.

    • ZenandChic profile image

      Patricia 8 years ago

      These are great tips! I love photography! Blessed!

    • ArtByLinda profile image

      Linda Hoxie 8 years ago from Idaho

      Fantastic tips for any novice photographer, you have covered so many issues that come up in photography! Great info!

    • Mihaela Vrban profile image

      Mihaela Vrban 8 years ago from Croatia

      Great tips! Blessed by an Angel!

    • profile image

      GrowWear 8 years ago

      Linking this from my Photo Studio group at the Giant Squid Challenge Ning. And Angel blessed. :)

    • profile image

      kimmanleyort 8 years ago

      Thanks for your thoughtful comments on my seeing and creativity lens. Very much appreciated. This is a very good lens with lots of good tips. Lensrolling to my photography and creativity lenses.

    • delia-delia profile image

      Delia 8 years ago

      great hints and tips...5*

    • ClassyGals profile image

      Cynthia Davis 8 years ago from Pittsburgh

      Great photography tips that I will definitely try next time I use my camera. Five stars. Thanks!

    • karen550 lm profile image

      karen550 lm 8 years ago

      Looks like you covered all the basis. This is very nice, I like all the different problems you included. Nice job.

    • Tobbie LM profile image

      Tobbie LM 8 years ago

      Great portrait tip....who would have thought to have the subject close and then open their eyes before pressing the button? 5 *

    • profile image

      GrowWear 8 years ago

      Just what I need. ...Going to break out the old camera more and more and want to take the best pix I can. Love these tips!

    • seashell2 profile image

      seashell2 8 years ago

      Fabulous tips, I love photography also! Thanks for your great comments on my 'hydrangea' lens too!

    • profile image

      inkserotica 8 years ago

      Excellent tips :) Will lensroll you to my photography debate :) 5*

    • HenryE LM profile image

      HenryE LM 8 years ago

      This has a lot of great information. I'm not ever going to be a photographer but it's helpful just for snapping a few pictures with my digital camera even.



    • profile image

      jaye3000 8 years ago

      I recently purchased my first digital camera and have been obsessed with getting good pictures. I've been tinkering with settings quite a bit. This is a really helpful lens and one I'm sure to come back to...thanks!

    • profile image

      maurogoncalo 9 years ago

      Personally, I'm an amateur photographer and love photography so much. Although I already knew some of those tips, they are still very good... Very good indeed...

      Very good lens, very good work! 5 stars!

    • Kiwisoutback profile image

      Kiwisoutback 9 years ago from Massachusetts

      Very helpful. Great tips, I'm going to lensroll this to one of my royalty free photos lenses.

    • SideSplitters profile image

      SideSplitters 9 years ago

      Great information, I need to use a tripod more often, especially for those end of day sunset shots. Thankfully we've all moved to digital, so I don't have have different speeds of film (what a waste!) lying around for different circumstances. It's so much easier now. These are definitely tips that will be put to good use. Thanks!

    • profile image

      anonymous 9 years ago

      Bottle cap tripod? Who knew! If I get a good shot, it's strictly luck. I'm doing well if people can tell what the heck the shot is. These tips will be a big help. 5*

    • ElizabethJeanAl profile image

      ElizabethJeanAl 9 years ago

      Welcome to the Totally Awesome Lenses Group.


    • WhiteOak50 profile image

      WhiteOak50 9 years ago

      This lens is great! I have just recently became real interested in photography and I am teaching myself. So finding this lens is a great find for me. My husband bought me tripod several months ago, and yet have I used it. I need to learn to work with that too. I am lensrolling this over to a few of my art lenses. In your opinion, is there a secret to using tripods?

    • kathypi lm profile image

      kathypi lm 9 years ago


    • ElitePoetz LM profile image

      ElitePoetz LM 9 years ago

      Great lense! Lots of content, very helpful thanks!

    • packetlog profile image

      packetlog 9 years ago

      excellent lens !!

    • starlitparlit profile image

      starlitparlit 9 years ago

      I am newer to photography (about a year into it) and this is a very helpful lens. Feel free to look at some of my photography shots on

    • profile image

      ChristiannaGarrett-Martin 9 years ago

      A fantastic Lens with excellent information. I love photography.

      5 stars from me :)


    • Franksterk profile image

      Frankie Kangas 9 years ago from California

      Wow. Excellent lens with great information. Wish I'd seen it a week ago (before I went to Alaska with my new digital camera). Oh well, I learned a lot here and will put it to use immediately! I'll be back for more tips. 5 stars and a favorite (I'm already a fan.) Bear hugs, Frankie

    • packetlog profile image

      packetlog 9 years ago

      very nice lens. thanks

    • debnet profile image

      Debbie 9 years ago from England

      Super tips on I need to practise! 5 flashing stars for you!

    • VBright profile image

      VBright 9 years ago

      Wonderful tips! I have always wanted to take some of those breathtaking pictures that I see sometimes.


    • cappuccino136 profile image

      cappuccino136 9 years ago

      Great tips and a nicely built lens!

    • dc64 lm profile image

      dc64 lm 9 years ago

      Super lens! A good friend of mine dabbles in photography and I have even put one of his pic on my "Our Astounding Universe" lens. Me? My camera somehow broke when it was dropped onto a tiled floor from a height of about 5 feet :0

      Anyways, 5 stars and now I'm a fan!

    • profile image

      Mayflowerblood 9 years ago

      great lense!

      Bryan from Mayflowerblood

    • Tiddledeewinks LM profile image

      Tiddledeewinks LM 9 years ago

      Wonderful! Now I'll get my teen boys into this. Thanks for the info.

    • Tiddledeewinks LM profile image

      Tiddledeewinks LM 9 years ago

      Wonderful! Now I'll get my teen boys into this. Thanks for the info.

    • A RovingReporter profile image

      A RovingReporter 9 years ago

      Great tips in this five-star lens for those aspiring to be a photographer. Remember a journey of a thousand miles must begin with the first step.

    • rob-hemphill profile image

      Rob Hemphill 9 years ago from Ireland

      Great lens, and useful advice! 5*

      Thanks for dropping by my Wine lens.

    • ZenandChic profile image

      Patricia 9 years ago

      Love this lens! Great tips! 5 *****

    • profile image

      anonymous 9 years ago

      Yes! It was very helpful, thanks!

    • LucyVet profile image

      LucyVet 9 years ago

      Great tips, thanks for sharing!

    • profile image

      anonymous 9 years ago

      i like camras

    • profile image

      anonymous 9 years ago


      Great information. Thanks for providing these tips for good photography. As a scrapbooker, I am always interested in creating better quality photos

    • profile image

      amymort lm 9 years ago

      The tips on upclose photos helped a lot. I never knew what the macro setting was for.(duh) Thanks!!!

    • PromptWriter profile image

      Moe Wood 9 years ago from Eastern Ontario

      These are always a good reference to come back to. I think we often get too comfortable with today's digital camera and think it will take care of everything for us.

    • LaraineRoses profile image

      Laraine Sims 9 years ago from Lake Country, B.C.

      I'm back to read more. Very good information here. Did you forget to emphasize "Keep the horizon straight"? (Or did I just miss it?) This is Will Borden's pet peeve. 5 stars,favorite, lensrolled to my lenses. (Already a fan.)

    • profile image

      Gregory-and-Shelina 9 years ago

      Photography is one of our favorite things to do, especially with a digital since you can pick which ones you like so easy. Didn't know you can push the button down halfway and wait. Thanks for the tip! Great article! ...Shelina

    • profile image

      krisManuel 9 years ago

      Photography is one of my hobbies. 5-stars!

    • evelynsaenz1 profile image

      Evelyn Saenz 9 years ago from Royalton

      A Fairy Tale Wolf was checking out your lens and liked it so well that he is sending you a virtual cup of coffee to hang on your wall.

    • junecampbell profile image

      June Campbell 10 years ago from North Vancouver, BC, Canada

      Great information. Thanks for providing these tips for good photography. As a scrapbooker, I am always interested in creating better quality photos.

    • ElizabethJeanAl profile image

      ElizabethJeanAl 10 years ago

      I'm getting better at taking pictures but I have a long way to go. Thanks for the tips.

      * * * * *


    • aka-rms profile image

      Robin S 10 years ago from USA

      Very helpful information here. Thank you again!

    • profile image

      anonymous 10 years ago

      I just started in photography...thanks for your very helpful lens...5 stars!

    • profile image

      rockycha 10 years ago

      Love this lens!

    • The Eclectic Muse profile image

      The Eclectic Muse 10 years ago

      Fantastic lens!

    • profile image

      anonymous 10 years ago

      great lens, lots of great tips!

    • TriviaChamp profile image

      TriviaChamp 10 years ago

      You have a knack for creating very interesting lens with useful topics. I am not much of a photographer but, maybe with a few of the tips I have read here I'll improve. Thanks.

      All the best!