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How to Create 17th Century Style Shelving With a Hewn Wood Effect
Step By Step Guide To Hewing Wooden Shelves
Normally hewing is associated with wielding an axe at a wooden beam, particularly oak, to create that rough-cut effect associated with the days before suitable saws were available to neatly cut wooden beams; a rustic effect which is gaining popularity in modern designs.
However, I wanted to create the same effect on new shelving to match our existing shelves and built in cupboard I couldn't find anything on the web for hewing on this smaller scale; obviously wielding an axe on the leading edge of wooden shelving to create the effect would be to destructive to the wood.
I needed a more gentle approach to creating the hewn effect, and after some thought (over a cup of coffee) and some experimentation I came up with my own method of creating the desired hewn effect which was simple, quick and effective; as demonstrated in this article.
Hewing Wooden Shelves with a Jig Saw
A short DIY How to Video Guide I made for this article which demonstrates how easy it is to use an electric jig saw to quickly and effectively hew wooden pine floorboards to create that 17th century style for shelving. The rest of this article gives a full detailed step by step guide, with illustrative photos, for hewing wood to create that hewn look in shelving.
After many years I’ve come to trust Dewalt as a reliable manufacturer of good quality power tools. Here we have a heavy duty cordless jigsaw with lots of good reviews that should give you many years of excellent use; and which would be ideal to hew wood as demonstrated in this how-to article.
Choosing the Right Tools for the Job
And If You Don't Have Wood Carving Tools
Wood Sculptures and Carpenters would have suitable tools for carving a hewn effect in shelving, but if like me you only have tools commonly used for DIY woodwork around the home rather than specialised sculpture or carpentry tools then the choice is limited.
I experimented with various tools to hand, including a chisel but found these to be cumbersome and unreliable; the chisel in particular wanting to follow the grain of the wood and tending to cut too deep, risking splitting the wood. However, I found the electric jig saw just ideal in that on full speed it would go where you guided it smoothly and effortlessly.
An excellent portable workbench similar to the one I use, often on the patio on a nice sunny day; and a great extension to your home DIY workshop; and which would be ideal when hewing wood as shown in this article.
The one thing that was drummed into me at school and college was 'Safety First' at all times; good sound advice.
Therefore, when using tools (especially power tools) be conscious of what you are doing, and be careful at all times.
When hewing wood, always use a sturdy workbench, wear suitable protective clothing, be aware of where the power cable is at all times and always make the cut away from you.
Using a jigsaw in this way is not the way it is designed to be used so, as with using any tool (especially electric tools), safety should be you first consideration at all times e.g. ensure the power cable is behind you so limit the risk of it being cut by the jigsaw's blade, that you are aware of where the cable is at all times so there is minimal risk of tripping over it, always cut away from you and wear full protective clothing, particularly goggles and face mask.
When hewing wood, you will also need to cut it to the right length. For quickly cutting wood and mitring nothing beats a good bench mitre saw, and Dewalt does some mighty quality mitre saws, this one in particular is an extra 2 inches in diameter than many which at times will be a great asset which should give many years of satisfied use.
Using Suitable Wood for Hewing
Reclaimed or New Floorboards
This technique, devised to work with real wood, will not work on chipboard, contiboard (laminated chipboard), laminated boards or plywood but may work with MDF.
The wood where this is particularly effective is floorboards being used for shelves; an ideal wood to use for shelving because at 21mm thick (just under one inch) it has the strength to make good sturdy shelves and floorboards come in a variety of widths suitable for shelving.
You could use reclaimed floorboards from a reclamation yard, which may work out cheaper, but you may need to check for hidden nails and will almost certainly spend additional preparation time sanding them down smooth and flat.
My preference is to buy new from a builders merchant, timber yard or DIY store; at about 1 foot (30 cm) prices are fairly uniform (although delivery costs can vary wildly). And at this price building your own bookcase or DVD/CD shelf unit can be built for little expense; with the added satisfaction of 'I did this' on completion.
Using an Electric Jigsaw to Create a Hewn Effect
The steps required for hewing wooden floorboards, for use as shelves (putting safety first) are as follows:-
- Cut the wood to the required length.
- Firmly clamp it to the edge of your workbench, ensuring it protrudes over the workbench by a few inches.
- Position yourself comfortably at one end of the wood, holding the jigsaw upside down in your hand with the jigsaw base runner resting on the underside of the wood and the blade pointing towards the wood (but not touching it) tilted at an angle between 30 degrees and 45 degrees; see photos below.
- Ensuring the power cable is safely behind you and that you are not going to trip over it turn the jigsaw on (full speed); tilt the blade into the wood and making sweeping wavy motions move the jigsaw along the edge of the wood cutting chunks out as you proceed, changing the angle and depth of the cut as you go.
- Once one side is done turn the wood over and repeat the process on the other side.
- Once both sides are hewn quickly sand the hewn edges first with rough sandpaper, gradually working down to fine sandpaper until you achieve your desired finish to the hewn rustic effect.
Visual Step by Step Guide to HewingClick thumbnail to view full-size
Hewn Wooden Shelves - The completed JobClick thumbnail to view full-size
The Finished Shelving
Adjustable shelves and shelf unit made with a jig saw to create a hewn effect on pine floorboards (as the raw material); then finished with wood stain and polished with beeswax.
When hewing wood it will need to be cut to size; this is the beast I use for such jobs. I’d normally consider Dewalt as my first choice in power tools but this circular saw by Rage is a sturdy piece of kit that cuts through just about anything easily; very handy if there’s a hidden nail in a piece of wood that can blunt or break an ordinary saw blade.
And unlike many circular saws where people often say through away the cutting blade that comes with it and buy a descent one these multi-purpose saws come with an excellent high quality blade already fitted; and as blades are not cheap this in itself is a saving.