- Arts and Design
Getting Started with Oil Painting
How to Begin Painting with Oil.
When aspiring artists think of foraying into oil paints, they think it's rather daunting but in this article we are going to learn its not as so.
Oil Painting is fairly easy once you get a hold of it.
And you don't need to spend all that much all you need is a couple of paints and some brushes to get you started
Why Oil Paints.
There are many mediums opposed to oil paints some have advantages and disadvantages, the most popular being Acrylics, Watercolor and Gouache.
Acrylic is the one medium that comes close to oil paints, it dries fairly quickly which can be a blessing or a curse.
Watercolor and Gouache both are the same with the difference being gouache is opaque and watercolor is transparent.
One of the great feature of Oils is its flexibility that you can keep your paint wet on for weeks or you can use a fast drying medium to increase drying time to as little as overnight it can be touch dry.
All you need to begins oil painting is a couple of bristle brush 3 should do about quarter of an inch to about half and inch.
You should get about 8 or so colors, you can purchase a bundle which includes about 10 or so paints.
The paints you should get are probably each of the following
White (Titanium or Flake White)
Black (Ivory Black)
The Primary Colors
Reds - Cadmium Red or Vermilion.
Yellows - Cadmium Yellow or Lemon Yellow
Blues - Ultramarine blue, Phthalo Blue
Optional - These paints are optional in the beginning as you can mix them with primary colors
Greens - Viridian, Sap green
Orange - cadmium Orange
And Earth Colors and browns: Yellow Ochre, Burnt Sienna, and Burnt Umber
Mediums for thinning paints
To make a medium mix 3 part linseed oil and 4 parts turpentine - use this to thin paints to improve flow.
For Cleaning Brushes
Turpentine or low odor mineral spirit.
Dish washing liquid.
First dip the brush in turpentine, then wipe off using a paper towel or a rag, to get the oil off, then wash using Dish washing squid.
Surface to paint on.
Heavy Weight watercolor paper
Color Theory Basics
The Primary Colors - Red - Blue - Yellow
With the 3 primary colors you can mix any color you see under the rainbow.
Red and Yellow makes Orange.
Red and Blue makes Violet.
Blue and Yellow makes Green.
When you mix all the primary colors it will cancel out each other and you will get a very dark brown or black when mixed properly.
To darken a color you use the complementary or the opposite color.
Red Complements Green
Blue Complements Orange
Yellow Complements Violet
To darken red, add little green to red.
To darken green, add little red to green and so on.
For more information on Color Theory visit Color Theory for Artists