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How To Use any Sewing Machine With Thread

Updated on January 19, 2013
Use Sewing Machine
Use Sewing Machine | Source

Easy Way To Use Sewing Machines

You can learn how to use a sewing machine by following some of the tips below. If you are a beginner to sewing, there is no way that you will not want to know about how to use the sewing machine the right way. Sewing machines are the next thing that any dressmaker will want to use after learning hand sewing.

In hand sewing, you will learn how to thread your needle, how to hold the sewing project, how to wear a thimble and importantly how you can make correct stitches. As a beginner to sewing or if you really want to be very good with your sewing work, there are many other things you should learn about making clothes.

You should consider the size of the needle, the right type of thread to use in terms of its thickness, and how it will suit the fabric that you want to sew. The dressmaker should know the different types of stitch length and which can fit the project at hand.These are some of the basic sewing knowledge that any dressmaker learn as a beginner.

How To Set The Needle and Thread Up

  • Make sure that the balance wheel is turned towards you, and this should be continued till the needle bar extends to the highest point.
  • To remove old needle, loosen the needle clamp thumb screw
  • With your left hand, hold the new needle and let its flat side face the balance wheel
  • Insert the needle into the needle clamp of the sewing machine and make sure it goes as far as it can.
  • Remember to tighten the thumb screw

The Use of Proper Needles and Thread

If you want to acquire a perfect stitch, you should select the needle that has the right size for the thread and the thread should suit the fabric that you want to sew. If you choose fine needle for thick thread and heavy fabric, then the needle is very likely to break when it crosses the seam.

On the other hand, if you use coarse needle on fine fabric, then there will be a noticeable perforations on the finished project and will not look nice. The dressmaker should only use the needles that are recommended by the sewing machine manufacturers.

Using Relative Sizes and Threads For Sewing

Sizes Of Needles
Types of Suitable Fabrics
Sizes Of Linen, Cotton or Silk
Very thin Linene, Cambric Muslin
30 Silk, 100to 150 Cotton
Fine Linen, Silk, Muslins, Shirtings, Calicoes
24 to 30 Silk, 80 to 100 Cotton
Sheetings, silk, Shirtings, Bleached Calicoes
20 Silk, 60 to 80 Cotton
Light Woolen Fabrics, Heavy Calicoes, Stitching, Heavy Silk, Seaming
16 to 18 Silk, 40 to 60 Cotton
Woolen Fabrics, Corsets, Mantles, Cloaks
10 to 12 Silk, 30 to 40 Cotton
Bags, Heavy coats, Heavy woolen, Trousers and all Heavy clothing
60 to 80 Linen, 24 to 30 Cotton
Any texture of Heavy fabric, Coarse fabric, bags
Very Coarse Cotton or 40 to 60 Linen
Only use manufacturer's recommended needle as any imitations will not come with the right size and may cause even more problems to your finished work.

How To Wind The Bobbin of the Sewing Machine

You should make sure that you wind the bobbin evenly in order to achieve a good result. The thread in the bobbin should lie smoothly and even. Make sure that the bobbin is not so full, so that it may fit the bobbin case without it being tight.

When a dressmaker winds a bobbin very correctly, the sewing will run very smoothly and will not cause any uneven stitch. If the sewer winds the thread to one side, this can cause the winder to bent slightly. This is why a dressmaker should always keep spare bobbins, in case the current bobbin develop faults or you want to use a different color on the project at hand.

Starting To Sew

This is where a non experienced dressmaker always start incorrectly when they want to stitch a seam. In order to start your sewing in a good way, these are some of the tips you should pay attention to.

  • You should pull enough thread through the needle eye and hold the end of the thread with the left hand.
  • Make sure that the needle moves down and up to the highest point by turning the balance wheel towards you to catch the under thread.
  • When the under thread is caught, you pull the end of the upper needle thread to pull all the thread out together.
  • Insert your fabric that you want to sew and start to sew

Importance of the Length Of Stitch

You should pay particular attention to the length of the stitch in order to get a perfect decorative stitch. If you want to use thick fabric to sew, you should use longer stitch, thicker thread and needle. If you want to use thin fabric, you should use short stitch, finer thread and needle.

Using Correct Tension on the Sewing Machine

The use of correct sewing machine tension regulator is more important than using the correct stitch length. In a normal sewing machine, you will always find the upper and lower tension. The lower tension controls the bobbin thread, while the upper tension controls the upper needle thread.

You can vary the tension of the sewing machine to achieve a correct stitch. To increase the sewing machine tension, you should turn the thumb nut to the right, and to lessen or decrease the tension, you should turn the thumb nut to the left.


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    • bizwin profile image

      Christabel Evans 5 years ago from England, UK

      Many dressmakers have to go for a how to use a sewing machine training before they start to learn how to sew. I can imagine what could happen if one just have to pull out a sewing machine and start to sew without having to go through the basics. Thanks Nell for your comment.

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 5 years ago from England

      This is so useful! Just what I needed about a year ago! lol! long story, but seriously great hub and for anybody learning to sew its great! voted up! nell

    • bizwin profile image

      Christabel Evans 5 years ago from England, UK

      I really appreciate your visit, read and share midget38. Thanks.

    • midget38 profile image

      Michelle Liew 5 years ago from Singapore

      Wow!! A detailed and very useful hub. The pointers are indeed helpful, and so is the included table. Thanks, Bizwin, and I share it as well.