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Louvre Museum (Paris, France)

Updated on February 8, 2015
Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa has a B.A. in Fine Arts from Montclair State University and certification to teach all art subjects in K-12.

The courtyard of the Musée du Louvre (Louvre Museum) and its pyramid entrance in Paris, France was photographed by Benh Lieu Song on February 24, 2007.
The courtyard of the Musée du Louvre (Louvre Museum) and its pyramid entrance in Paris, France was photographed by Benh Lieu Song on February 24, 2007. | Source

Construction of the Musée du Louvre

The Musée du Louvre (Louvre Museum) was constructed as a fortress in Paris, France in 1190 by King Philippe-Auguste to protect the city from Viking raids. During the reign of King François I in the first half of the 16th century, the fortified tower and dungeon were removed and replaced by a Renaissance-style building. For the next four hundred years, a number of French monarchs improved upon the structure, enlarging it greatly. In 1989, a glass pyramid-shaped entrance designed by architect I.M. Pei, from which all galleries can be reached, was opened.

The Louvre's Major Alterations

ERA
RULER
1515 to 1547
Reign of François I
circa 1560
Catherine de Medici
1589 to 1610
Reign of Henri IV
1610 to 1654
Reign of Louis XIII
1654 to 1715
Reign of Louis XIV
1804 to 1815
Reign of Napoleon I
1852 to 1870
Reign of Napoleon
1989
I.M. Pei, architect
The Louvre Museum's Renaissance-style building and glass pyramid entrance were photographed by Pipiten on June 3, 2008.
The Louvre Museum's Renaissance-style building and glass pyramid entrance were photographed by Pipiten on June 3, 2008. | Source

The Tuileries Quarter of Paris

The Louvre Museum is located in the Tuileries Quarter of Paris, an area filled with elegant squares, street arcades, and courtyards. It is situated on the Right Bank of the River Seine in the 1st arrondissement (district).

The Tuileries Quarter derived its name from the palace and royal residence built in 1554 by Catherine de Medici, the widow of King Henri II of France. The palace, in turn, derived its name from the tuileries— kilns—which had been located on the site before construction began.

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Hours—Call to Verify

Open
Monday: 9:00am – 6:00pm
Tuesday: Closed
Wednesday: 9:00am – 9:45pm
Thursday: 9:00am – 6:00pm
Friday: 9:00am – 9:45pm
Saturday: 9:00am – 6:00pm
Sunday: 9:00am – 6:00pm

Closed
January 1, April 12, May 1, May 31,
July 14, November 1, December 25

Helpful Information

Address
Musée du Louvre
75001 Paris, France

Telephone
01 40 20 5317

Admission Fee
Varies—call before visiting

Metro Stations
Palais Royal
Louvre


The Louvre's Collection

The Louvre's collection can be traced back to King François I, who reigned from 1515 to 1547. The king purchased many Italian paintings, including La Gioconda (La Joconde—Mona Lisa).

La Joconde (Mona Lisa)

La Joconde (Mona Lisa), perhaps the most famous painting in the Louvre's collection, was painted by Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) between 1503 and 1506.
La Joconde (Mona Lisa), perhaps the most famous painting in the Louvre's collection, was painted by Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) between 1503 and 1506. | Source

Have you ever visited Paris, France?

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If you have visited Paris, did you tour the Louvre Museum?

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Viewing One of the Most Important Art Collections in the World

The Louvre opened to the public in 1793, after the end of the French Revolution. The collection has grown from only 200 works of art during the reign of King Louis IV (1643 to 1715) to being one of the largest and most important art collections in the world.

The collection is best approached from the main entrance, located beneath I.M. Pei's glass pyramid.

Corridors fan out from the entrance to each of the museum's wings. The works are displayed on three floors.

Paintings and sculptures are arranged by country of origin. Antiquities and objets d'art are arranged in departments—Egyptian, Etruscan, Greek, Oriental, and Roman.

Highlights of the Louvre's Collection

The Musée du Louvre has an extensive collection of great works of art. It is impossible for me to do more than showcase a selection of pieces. I apologize in advance if your favorite painting or sculpture from the museum's collection has not been included in my article.

Aphrodite from Melos (“Venus de Milo”)

Source

This statue, carved out of marble from the island of Paros, was found in 1820 on the island of Milos in Greece. It was created in the Hellenistic Age at the end of the 2nd century BC. The Marquis de Rivière gave the statue to King Louis XVIII of France in 1821. It has been in the Louvre's collection since that date.

The Fortune Teller

Source

The Fortune Teller was painted circa 1595 by Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1571–1610), usually referred to simply as Caravaggio. The young man in the painting is Mario Minniti (1577-1640) from Syracuse, Italy. Minniti served as a model in a number of Cavavaggio's early works. The woman is a gypsy who was passing by in the street. Caravaggio called her in as he was about to create another painting using Minniti as his model. Caravaggio had been advised to use classical models for his works. The Fortune Teller proves that it wasn't necessary for him to do so.

Self-Portrait of Vincent van Gogh

Source

I like this self-portrait the best of all those painted by Vincent van Gogh. It was painted in 1890 two months before van Gogh shot himself through the chest. I can clearly see pain deep within the artist in this painting.

Winged Nike (Victory) of Samothrace

Source

The Winged Victory (Nike) of Samothrace was sculpted of marble from the island of Paros in Greece circa 190 BC. It is thought by historians to commemorate a naval victory in Rhodes, another Greek island. The statue was discovered by Charles Champoiseau, a French diplomat and amateur archaeologist during an expedition in 1863 on Samothrace, a Greek island near Turkey's Dardanelles Straits. In September 2013, the Louvre began a cleaning and restoration of the statue, which is expected to last nine months.

Among the five pieces of art showcased in this article, which is your favorite?

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    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
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      Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Audrey

      Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I can easily see why the Louvre would be on your list of places to visit.

    • AudreyHowitt profile image

      Audrey Howitt 2 years ago from California

      On my list of places to go!

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
      Author

      Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Chitrangada,

      Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. The pyramid entrance was controversial when it was constructed. I like the contrast between it and the older buildings

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile image

      Chitrangada Sharan 2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Excellent information about Louvre Museum!

      All the art work you have shared above is just wonderful. I have yet to visit this beautiful place. Your information is useful and will be helpful, when I visit this lovely place.

      Thanks and voted up!

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
      Author

      Daisy Mariposa 2 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Elena (Lady E),

      Thanks for reading my article and adding your comments. The Picasso Museum recently reopened after an extensive renovation. The next time you're in Paris, you might want to find time to visit both museums.

    • Lady_E profile image

      Elena 2 years ago from London, UK

      It's an amazing place and thanks for sharing info about every portrait. I missed this when I went to Paris years ago. I went to the Picasso Museum, but that was because it was mentioned in our Tour Guide. I hope to see it next time I visit. :-)

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
      Author

      Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Rajan,

      Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub.

      The pyramid entrance was controversial when it was completed. I think it adds to the beauty of the museum.

    • rajan jolly profile image

      Rajan Singh Jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      The Louvre museum is lovely and impressive to look at at night with the glass pyramid entrance and the imposing Louvre monument. I wonder if that is the waterfront reflecting its beauty?

      The art works showcased by you are legendary.

      Excellent informative hub, Daisy.

      Voted up and shared on hot hubbers.

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
      Author

      Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Dianna (teaches12345),

      Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. If one visits Europe, France is a "must visit" country. If one visits France, Paris is a "must visit" city. If one visits Paris, the Louvre is a venue which should be included in the places to see.

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 3 years ago

      I've never been to France but it is on my list of places to visit some day. The museum would be a definite stop.

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 3 years ago from England

      That's a long way Daisy, yes I should just get on the eurotunnel train, that would only take a couple of hours! Don't know why I haven't! lol!

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
      Author

      Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Nell,

      Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub.

      It's much easier for you to visit the Louvre than it is for me to do so. You're in the UK. I would have to fly across the United States and then across the Atlantic Ocean...from Orange County, California to Dallas, Texas to Paris, France.

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 3 years ago from England

      Hi Daisy, oh how I would love to visit the Louvre! especially to see Mona Lisa, I love da Vinci, but all of them would be amazing, and what I call real art, this is fascinating, thanks! voted up and shared, nell

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
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      Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Janet,

      Thanks for reading another of my articles and commenting in it. I appreciate your very kind words.

      It took me a while to decide which pieces of art to showcase. The Louvre has so many from which to choose. I'm glad you agree with my selections.

    • janetwrites profile image

      Janet Giessl 3 years ago from Georgia country

      Your hub about the Louvre Museum has brought back some nice memories. Paris is a lovely city. I love the Louvre Museum. When visiting it for the first time I was really impressed. The pieces you selected for this hub are perfect. Thank you for sharing another informative and well-presented hub.

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
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      Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Shauna (bravewarrior),

      Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. I hope you get to see the Louvre Museum some day. It's a nice-to-be-missed location in a great city.

    • bravewarrior profile image

      Shauna L Bowling 3 years ago from Central Florida

      Thanx for the travel, Daisy. Your informative hubs are probably as close as I'll ever get to the real thing.

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
      Author

      Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Mary (tillsontitan),

      Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I appreciate your continued support of my writing and your very kind words.

      Paris is a magical city. The Louvre Museum is a very special part of it. I should have written an article about the Louvre a long time ago. Since there are so many wonderful works of art in its collection, it was difficult to know where to begin.

    • tillsontitan profile image

      Mary Craig 3 years ago from New York

      Who doesn't fall under the romantic spell of Paris? What better way to relive the past than through the magnificent Louvre? You've done a great job Daisy. As you pointed out this is an extensive museum and hard to write about in this space but you've certainly done it credit.

      Voted up, useful, awesome, and interesting.

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
      Author

      Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Torri Lynn,

      Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. Thanks, too, for sharing and pinning my Hub.

      Paris is a city you must see when you visit Europe. The Louvre is well worth a few hours of your vacation time.

    • torrilynn profile image

      torrilynn 3 years ago

      it was nice to learn about this museum and what it has to offer. I've always wanted to visit Paris and this gives me another reason to get there sooner than later. voted up shared and pinned.

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
      Author

      Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Janik (josters),

      Welcome to HubPages. It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment.

      I used one of the HubPages templates when I wrote my article. It contained a lot of suggestions of what to add to the Hub. If you're interested in art, I hope you'll read some of my other museum-related or art history Hubs.

    • josters profile image

      Janik D 3 years ago from Dresden, Germany

      Really great Hub, very interesting. I really liked the overall composition, the fact that you added a map and the examples of the collection you choose, including the pictures. Very well written, voted up.

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
      Author

      Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Devika (DDE),

      Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment.

      I'm glad I was able to find legally-attributable images of the great pieces of art I wanted to showcase. Especially with a museum- or art-related article, finding quality photographs is very important.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Louvre Museum (Paris, France) is an extraordinary hub I like the way you added such lovely photos of a beautiful place. An informative and useful hub.

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
      Author

      Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      srsddn,

      It's nice to meet you. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I have written a number of museum-related Hubs. When I do my research, I look for information about the building in which the collection is housed, in addition to the pieces of art in the collection.

    • srsddn profile image

      srsddn 3 years ago from Dehra Dun, India

      daisymariposa, it is really great of you to have put the Louvre Museum in historical perspective. The pictures shown by you are great pieces of art and are now more meaningful for me after going through this Hub. I wish I could have more time during my last visit to Paris. Thanks for sharing. Voted up and awesome.

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
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      Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Nithya (Vellur),

      Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I appreciate your continued support of my writing.

      Vincent van Gogh was a very troubled individual. It's so unfortunate that he couldn't find the help he needed.

    • Vellur profile image

      Nithya Venkat 3 years ago from Dubai

      An interesting and informative article about Louvre museum. Vincent Van Gogh's self portrait does definitely reflect sorrow and pain. Great hub, voted up. I wish I could visit someday.

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
      Author

      Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      rebekahELLE,

      Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. Visitors to the Louvre won't be able to see Winged Victory of Samothrace until approximately June 2014. In September 2013, the Louvre began a cleaning and restoration of the statue, which is expected to last nine months.

    • rebekahELLE profile image

      rebekahELLE 3 years ago from Tampa Bay

      Always nice to read about the magnificent Palace of the Muses! It's such a fabulous place to visit and it brings back memories reading your hub. Winged Victory is placed in such a prominent location at the top of a beautiful staircase in the Denon wing. It is breathtaking when seen for the first time. The museum is a must see for anyone who loves and appreciates great art which has been preserved through the ages. It's worth the trip to Paris.

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
      Author

      Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Bill (bdegiulio),

      It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. How exciting that you will be traveling to Paris in 2014! You write such great travel articles. I hope we'll see a Paris article after your trip.

    • bdegiulio profile image

      Bill De Giulio 3 years ago from Massachusetts

      Daisy, how timely. You must be reading my mind. We just booked flights to Paris for next Sept/Oct. And the Louvre will be one of our top priorities. Great reading. There is so much to see there. I'll bookmark this so I can refer back to it as we get closer. Voted up, shared,etc.... Happy Holidays.

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
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      Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Suzette,

      Thanks for reading my article and posting your very enthusiastic reply. It was difficult selecting which pieces of art to showcase. It would appear from your comment that I chose the "right ones."

    • profile image

      suzettenaples 3 years ago

      OhDaisy! I so enjoyed reading this. My favorite world art museum. This brought back so many memories. I seen each of these works photographed here. When I finally saw the Mona Lisa, I knew I had arrived. Great job!

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
      Author

      Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Martie,

      It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I'm glad you found my Hub to be informative.

    • MartieCoetser profile image

      Martie Coetser 3 years ago from South Africa

      Informative and well-presented article about the Louvre Museum in Paris, France. Thank you, Daisy :)

    • Daisy Mariposa profile image
      Author

      Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California)

      Bill (billybuc),

      Thanks for reading my article and being the first person to comment. I appreciate your very kind words.

      Paris is a wonderful city. I hope Bev and you get to visit the city...and the Louvre...some day.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 3 years ago from Olympia, WA

      What a thrill that would be to go there. Maybe some day when I'm rich and famous. Until then I'll just have to read articles like this one and live vicariously through them. Great info Daisy!