ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Mysterious Monuments

Updated on October 7, 2015

Amazing Ancient Stone Monuments Around the World

There are megalithic stone monuments found all over the world, built over the millennia by cultures with very little in common other than which is common to all humanity. (Although some have suggested that it must be aliens from other planets that built many of these monuments!).

I enjoy the mystery that surrounds their creation, who made them, how did they do it, and why. I love the stone megaliths themselves. Their forms are so unique and interesting, different from what we see in contemporary society. Yet there's something eternal about them that makes them so fascinating.

Stonehenge

Buy at Allposters.com

Here I want to present some of my favorite monuments from past civilizations and cultures. I also want to continue to add to it as I come up with more information on other monuments, and write separate pages on them too. So check back soon to find more!

Why Did Ancient Cultures Build these Amazing Stone Monuments?

So, there are all these amazing megalithic stone monuments found all over the world, built over the millennia by civilizations as varied as the locations in which they are found, and as the monuments themselves. Unfortunately, in most cases we don't really know why (or even how) they built these monuments, since the cultures have disappeared and mostly left no written accounts of their purpose or anything behind. And in many cases we don't even know why they were abandoned. But then, that actually adds to the mystery and the fun of these things, it leaves us free to imagine the people and their reasons and methods of building them, how they used them, and even why they stopped.

We do know some things about most of the monuments. We know, for example, that the great Egyptian pyramids were built as tombs for the pharoahs, with special chambers for possessions and servants. We do know that they built them using huge numbers of slaves, although the exact details of how many and how exactly the workforce completed the task is still a matter of some debate. We also do not have a clear understanding of the purpose of the Great Sphinx located in the same Giza complex as three great pyramids.

Some of these monuments are really whole cities, like Machu Picchu the ruined and abandoned Inca city high in the Andes of Peru, or the mysterious Teotihuacan in Mexico with its famous pyramids.

Construction of the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu began around 1440, only to be interrupted by the arrival of the Spaniards in 1532.
Construction of the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu began around 1440, only to be interrupted by the arrival of the Spaniards in 1532. | Source

In many cases we can religious significance has been attributed to the monuments. So, for example, Stonehenge and Avebury have been considered sites used by pagans, probably Druids, for religious activities. The pharoahs of Egypt had a clear expectation of the afterlife, and the construction of their pyramids was based as much on that as on the impact of the structure on the living. Many have suggested that a large number of the monuments were connected to sun worship. Some have also attributed astronomical significance to some structures, suggesting they were used as calendars. An example is the Intihuatana ("the hitching post of the sun") at Machu Picchu which is believed to have been designed as an astronomic clock by the Inca.

So perhaps we know some things but not everything about these monuments. In any case, we have pictures! So I hope you can enjoy them as much as I do.

Stonehenge

Stonehenge is one of the most magnificent and mysterious megalithic monuments in the world. It was built in 4 stages over a period that may have been as long as two thousand years, beginning as much as five thousand years ago.

Impressive!

A wide-angle shot of Stonehenge giving an idea of its size
A wide-angle shot of Stonehenge giving an idea of its size | Source

The inner structures are suggestive of an altar, and the way the stones are aligned in relation to sunrise and sunset at the solstices has led to suggestions that Stonehenge was built to worship the sun. Others have suggested that there was an astronomical purpose to Stonehenge. However, despite claims by various scientists to have "decoded" Stonehenge, no agreement on its purpose has actually been reached. Even the method of moving such enormous stones, and raising them to produce trilithon (meaning "having three stones") structures in which two large vertical stones support a third stone set horizontally across the top, has been a subject of debate. The only thing that can be agreed upon is that the builders must have expended great effort and so the monument must have had great significance.

Stonehenge, Druids Sacrificing to the Sun in Their Temple

Buy From Art.com

Artists, visionaries and mystics have also made suggestions as to the purpose of this amazing masterpiece of engineering. Even John Aubrey and William Stukeley, early pioneers of archaeology as a science, declared Stonehenge the work of Druids. New Age seekers adopted this understanding and initiated summer and winter solstice pagan festivals at the site in the twentieth century. Due to concerns about damage to the stones public access is now limited, although it is still possible to walk around the monument from a short distance away.

Stonehenge at sunset on a cloudy day.
Stonehenge at sunset on a cloudy day. | Source

Even if we never know what the purpose of this monument was in the minds of its creators, we can certainly enjoy, appreciate and learn from it today. Although enjoying the atmosphere created by being in the presence of these amazing stones may not be possible for most people, pictures, both photographs and artistic represenations, of Stonehenge pictures are pretty good! Photos that simply show the stones under normal conditions are impressive enough. How much more amazing it is when sunrise, sunset, storm clouds, and a multitude of magical effects from their own creativity are added to these already magnificent and mysterious structures!

See more pictures of Stonehenge.

Books

There are so many great books out there about Ancient Monuments. Here are just a couple that are interesting.

Avebury

The Avebury Stone Circle is located in England, close to the more famous Stonehenge. Built as much as 5,000 years ago, it is one of the finest Neolithic monuments in Europe. The site is open to the public, and you can just walk around the stones, an amazing experience!

Benge at Avebury, County Wiltshire. By Blake Patterson
Benge at Avebury, County Wiltshire. By Blake Patterson | Source

Today, pagan festivals are conducted at the Avebury site, reflecting beliefs that it was originally used for Druid rituals. Many believe that the Avebury stone circle remains a center of spiritual energy, connecting us both to the ancient culture of the past builders, whoever they may be, and to the eternal future of the spiritual realm.

The standing stones are of 2 types: tall, skinny ones and short, squat ones. It has been suggested that the tall skinny ones represent men and the short squat ones represent women. Not sure that's entirely complimentary to women!

Stone 15b, a tall 'masculine' pillar in the Kennet Avenue, near Avebury. Beyond it is its 'feminine' companion, stone 15a.
Stone 15b, a tall 'masculine' pillar in the Kennet Avenue, near Avebury. Beyond it is its 'feminine' companion, stone 15a. | Source

The site has not only large standing stones but also includes a large henge, or circular boundary earthwork with a ditch and an external bank. Aerial views of Avebury clearly reveal the henge boundary, the circular layout of the remaining stones as well as the straight line "avenues" of standing stones.

Framed Print of Aerial view of Avebury by Robert Harding

Buy at Amazon.com

Like other mysterious monuments, immense effort must have been expended to build it, implying that the builders had a clear purpose. The henge itself is obviously symbolic not defensive, since the ditch is on the inside. It does form an imposing boundary to the circle, clearly demarcating the areas outside and within the circle, possibly providing a "sacred" space within the circle for rituals or other spiritual purposes.

One suggestion, based on the idea that the Avebury stone circle was built according to some astronomical alignment, is that the bank of the henge provides a uniform horizon by which to observe the rising and setting of various heavenly bodies. Others have suggested that Avebury, like other huge megalithic stone monuments could not have been built by any ancient human culture alone, but were inspired and assisted, if not entirely built, by extraterrestrial aliens.

Whatever you want to believe about the builders, Avebury is undeniably an amazing place, a place in which to contemplate mysteries of life, and possibly even find some answers.

Learn more about Avebury.

Olmec Colossal Heads

These Olmec Colossal Heads are really something else! The Olmec were one of the first civilizations, perhaps the first civilization of Mesoamerica. They flourished from 1200 B.C.E. to about 400 B.C.E., and then disappeared some how. Their culture is credited with many achievements, but the one I find most interesting is their colossal heads.

Olmec Stone Head at Parque-Museo La Venta by Richard Nebesky

Buy at Allposters.com

I have to admit I start laughing every time I look at one of these heads! They're really huge too, like bigger than a whole person standing beside them, so they're not just some cute fun thing with a weird expression. And you can see that the faces are quite detailed in their features and expressions, which are pretty serious.

Olmec Head in the anthropological museum of Xalapa.
Olmec Head in the anthropological museum of Xalapa. | Source

And they dragged them, or floated them on rafts or something, a long way to where they finally placed them. Those Olmecs who created them must have been really serious about their colossal heads.

In any case, whatever they thought they were doing, I really appreciate these amazing stone statues. They give such an incredible opportunity to connect with this long gone civilization, which I probably would never have heard of if they hadn't made their colossal heads.

Learn more about the Olmec colossal heads.

Moai of Easter Island

And another group of pretty colossal heads are the Moai statues of Easter Island. Here again, I have to chuckle when I see them. They're really rather cute, so out of proportion with giant heads and strange red hats like flower pots on top! And their expressions are really the best!

Moai, Ahu Tahai, Easter Island

Buy From Art.com

And many of them are all lined up on their ahu (stone platform), facing inland and gazing so seriously at what is presumably the land of their creators. What are they doing there? Were they built to honor leaders, chiefs of the clan who controlled the land they were watching? Why are there 15 of them all lined up in one place?

All the fifteen standing moai of Ahu Tongariki.
All the fifteen standing moai of Ahu Tongariki. | Source

And then there's a whole bunch that never made it far from the quarry where they were made. It seems this isn't just because it was hard work moving them, which absolutely must have been true. Even today people still debate over how anyone could move this immense stone statues! They either intended just to leave some of them near the quarry, or maybe some just never got finished because suddenly Moai-making ceased.

Easter Island, Rano Raraku.
Easter Island, Rano Raraku. | Source

It seems that there was internal conflict among the inhabitants of the island, and all the Moai were toppled down, signifying perhaps that their creators no longer had control of the land and ending the "reign" of the Moai and their power over the land. Maybe we'll never understand why they made the Moai. But I for one don't mind. I just enjoy them, and wonder about the people who made them, whether they thought the Moai had some special kind of power, or whether they just built them as we build statues today to honor great people. And if that's what it was, it's another amazing example of the endless diversity of human creativity and the diversity of cultural norms that have developed around the world in human history. To me they look amusing but powerful; to others they may be serious and honorable. I hope, though, that all can appreciate them.

Learn more about the Moai of Easter Island.

Great Pyramids of Giza

The Great Pyramids of Giza consist of three main pyramids and several smaller pyramids and buildings. The whole complex is referred to as the Giza Necropolis, located on the Giza Plateau near what is now Cairo. The necropolis is an amazing collection of buildings that were constructed to house the dead. The two largest pyramids housed the remains of the two famous pharoahs Khufu and Khafre. The Great Sphinx is also located there, apparently "guarding" the tombs of the pharoahs.

Giza pyramid complex
Giza pyramid complex | Source

These amazing monuments were built thousands of years ago, right there in the desert, using thousands of people for their construction. Not only that, they were brilliantly designed with mathematical precision (the base of each pyramid is almost a perfect square) and perfectly aligned with the North star. No fools these people of Ancient Egypt!

But why would anyone, even a great pharoah whose people believed him to be divine, want to build such an enormous monument to house their bones? Beats me! But that's what makes these monuments mysterious and endlessly fascinating. They're not just incredible works of art, mathematically precise and incredibly complex to build, they show some kind of amazing mindset in those who designed them. Human creativity never ceases to amaze me, and it's especially amazing that the creativity has always been with us for all these thousands of years. Perhaps that's why it's often been suggested that ancient cultures had help from aliens since they achieved what modern engineers architects and artists would be challenged to do today!

Pyramids of Cheops (left) and Chephren (right) by Ed Yourdon.
Pyramids of Cheops (left) and Chephren (right) by Ed Yourdon. | Source

One thing that fascinates me about these Great Pyramids is that the "Great Pyramid" of Khufu (Cheops), the largest of them, actually doesn't look the largest. The pyramid of Khafre (Chephren), the one that still has some of its limestone casing on the top which makes it look even more special, is built on a higher bedrock and with sharper angles so it looks taller! Some kind of rivalry there maybe as the later pharoah tried to look greater than Khufu without actually having to build a bigger pyramid, perhaps.

And another thing that I have to admit fascinates me is the theory that the three pyramids are positioned to reflect the positions of the stars in Orion's Belt. That's kind of cool, and makes sense since these Egyptians were quite knowledgeable about astronomy, lining the pyramids up to the North star and all. However, the problem with the theory that really gets me wondering is that the alignment with Orion's Belt seems to be from 10,500 B.C.E. but these pharoahs were alive and supposedly building their tombs around 2,500 B.C.E. Quite a discrepancy!

Anyway, the pyramids are great, truly qualified to as amazing and mysterious monuments. Maybe I'll never understand exactly why and how they were built, but that's OK. I can appreciate them for what they are today, and just wonder about how they came to be with a sense of awe.

Learn more about the Great Pyramids of Giza.

Great Sphinx of Giza

The Great Sphinx of Giza is a large stone statue in Egypt near Cairo. It is one of the largest single-stone statues in existence. Located right beside the Great Pyramids of Giza, tombs for the great pharoahs Khufu and Khafre, the Great Sphinx is often viewed as "guarding" them.

The Great Sphinx at Giza.
The Great Sphinx at Giza. | Source

Like the other Ancient Egyptian sphinxes, the Great Sphinx has the body of a lion and the head of a pharoah. The Great Sphinx has always been especially mysterious, though, since it is unclear exactly which pharoah the face of the sphinx represents. It is also located in the most amazing pyramid complex in the world, and speculation as to its role there, and even the way the great pyramids themselves were constructed, has continued to this day. Of course, the fact that the Great Sphinx lost its nose at some point in history adds to the mystery, and actually detracts very little from the artwork!

While most have accepted that the Great Sphinx was built during the time of the Ancient Egyptian pharoahs Khufu and Khafre, some 4,500 years ago, revisionist archaeologists have posited that the Great Sphinx may actually be prehistoric, as much as than 12,000 years or more old. They suggest that the pyramids represent the three stars of Orion's Belt, and based on computer simulations, it has been calculated that this would constitute a record of the celestial array at the vernal equinox in 10,500 B.C.E. In this theory, the lion shape of the Great Sphinx is connected to the constellation of Leo.

Whoever built the Great Sphinx and for whom, it is a great work of art and one that can be enjoyed by all, whether visiting in person or simply viewing pictures. It has been rescued from partial burial in the sand, and greatly restored, if not to its complete former glory at least to a level where it can be admired and appreciated by all.

Mesoamerican Pyramids

Mesoamerican pyramids are rather different from the Egyptian style, although it is really amazing that these two cultures half a world apart should have built such similar structures!

Pyramid of the Sun Teotihuacán, Mexico, taken from the Pyramid of the Moon
Pyramid of the Sun Teotihuacán, Mexico, taken from the Pyramid of the Moon | Source

The Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan is a good example. It is the second largest in Mesoamerica, the Great Pyramid of Cholula being the largest, and having the largest base size of any pyramid in the world. Both are shorter in height than the Great Pyramid of Giza, due to the different angle of incline at which their sides are constructed.

The major external difference between the Mesoamerican and Egyptian structures is that these Mesoamerican pyramids are built with staircases on the outside. With restoration, tourists can climb up today, in some cases to the very top. And, as you can see from this photo, plenty of tourists climb up!

Pyramid of the Sun by Oscar Gabriel Campos Villalobos
Pyramid of the Sun by Oscar Gabriel Campos Villalobos | Source

It is not quite clear who built some of these pyramids, like at Teotihuacan and Cholula. The Aztecs certainly took them over, but this was long after the civilization of their creators had collapsed. The Aztecs added their construction into their mythology, and claimed such things as Teotihuacan to be the "City of the Gods" and the Pyramid of Cholula to have been built by one of the giants in Aztec mythology, known as Xelhua.

What is clear though, is that "El Castillo" at Chichen Itza was built by the Maya. They had a fully developed writing system and Mayan hieroglyphs are common in the Chichen Itza site.

El Castillo o templo de Kukulkan. Chichén Itzá, México by Manuel de Corselas
El Castillo o templo de Kukulkan. Chichén Itzá, México by Manuel de Corselas | Source

This "castle" at Chichen Itza, was not really a castle, but rather a temple to Kukulcan, the "feathered serpent" better known in Aztec mythology as Quetzalcoatl. The Maya were pretty amazing people, greatly skilled in mathematics and science, and had some interesting prophecies. The pyramid at Chichen Itza shows their skill, as the pyramid is cleverly constructed so that at the he equinoxes, the rising and setting sun casts a shadow that slithers down the side of the pyramid looking for all the world like a serpent. And, at the bottom of the stairway is a serpent's head carved in stone. Impressive!

© 2009 Jennifer P Tanabe

Have you visited any of these amazing monuments?

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Paul Grant 2 years ago

      I do like this particular article in terms of layout and the way it has been formatted.The colours of some photographs are of good quality and overall it's better than any other articles on the same subject. Well done.

    • jptanabe profile image
      Author

      Jennifer P Tanabe 2 years ago from Red Hook, NY

      Thanks!

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 2 years ago from Olympia, WA

      You really do write about some fascinating things. I'll have to check out more of your hubs because this is the second one of yours that was very interesting.

    • seodress profile image

      seodress 4 years ago

      Wow this is such an interesting lens. I really enjoyed reading it. I gotta see these fascinating monuments one of these days.

    • profile image

      ChristyZ 4 years ago

      Very interesting. I would love to see Stonehenge one day, I'm sure it would be a memorable experience. I'm fascinated by the Ancient Egyptians too. Excellent lens!

    • uneasywriter lm profile image

      uneasywriter lm 4 years ago

      Never been to stonehenge. It's in the the top 10 must do's on my bucket list.

    • goldenrulecomics profile image

      goldenrulecomics 4 years ago

      We've been to Stonehenge and Avebury, and both were pretty amazing. Avebury was less crowded and the kids liked running around the stones.

    • John Dyhouse profile image

      John Dyhouse 4 years ago from UK

      I have been to Stonehenge and Avebury several times. Both are very humbling and it is easy to believe that they have a religioous significance.

      Very interesting and informative lens.

    • LizMac60 profile image

      Liz Mackay 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      I've been to Avebury and was amazed at the fluidity of the stones which made them appear to be in motion. Blessed.

    • profile image

      AlleyCatLane 5 years ago

      Awesome lens Congrats on your purple star. These places are so amazing and mysterious. I would love to see them in person someday. Blessed!

    • profile image

      michael-gies-758 5 years ago

      @anonymous: Don't forget Yonaguni, Japan and Gobekli Tepe, Turkey. :P

    • profile image

      webmavern 5 years ago

      No, I have not visited any of these monuments but would love to someday. A beautifully written informative lens, thanks for sharing your knowledge. I look forward to reading some of your other lenses!

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      These are all amazing sites but I think much more amazing sites would be Puma Punku, Sacsayhuaman, Cuzco, Osirion, the trilithons at Baalbek, the huge stones in base of the wailing wall.

    • lclchors profile image

      lclchors 5 years ago

      fantastic lens

    • profile image

      MarcellaCarlton 5 years ago

      No, I have not, but I would love to see them. Great lens!

    • poldepc lm profile image

      poldepc lm 5 years ago

      amazing lens

    • Spiderlily321 profile image

      Spiderlily321 5 years ago

      I have never visited any of these but would love to. I added you to related lenses on my lens on ancient mysteries-the baalbek trilithon. Thank you for sharing this great and informative lens :)

    • profile image

      SteveKaye 5 years ago

      Thank you for this fantastic tour of these amazing monuments.

    • TonyPayne profile image

      Tony Payne 5 years ago from Southampton, UK

      I am fascinated by these ancient monuments, and have visited a few of them. We only live an hour's drive from Stonehenge and Avebury. There are many other stone circles in Europe, and we have been to several in Cornwall as well as Carnac in Brittany. I have been to Teotihuacan in Mexico, it's amazing. Also been to the Mayan cities of Tikal in Guatemala and Copan in Hondruras, but still have to get to Machu Pichu in Peru. Zecharia Sitchin has some interesting theories about the Great Pyramid, in that this was not a burial chamber but a beacon for the Annunaki travelling to earth. His theories are very plausible if you read his books. Excellent lens, blessed and added to my Zecharia Sitchin lens.

    • sousababy profile image

      sousababy 5 years ago

      Extremely well presented. I studied a bit about the Mayan tribes (and their calendar accuracy) . . fascinating relics which indeed indicate a highly intelligent and advanced civilization. Congrats on a well deserved purple star.

    • profile image

      7thStone 5 years ago

      I visited Stonehenge, and nearly cried ... there was a large fence and you couldn't get remotely near the space, let alone walk the center. I was fortunate that on a trip to Wales I got to visit some stone ruins that were extremely beautiful and accessible. There are so many that I want to visit ... I also think that the snake mound in Ohio looks pretty interesting. Great lens, thanks so much for the fantastic information.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Me encantan los monumentos del mundo son muy bellos y quisiera visitarlos todos, pero mis favoritos son las Torre Eiffel, el Big Ben y la Torre de Pisa.

    • profile image

      WeCarryThePower 5 years ago

      Magnificent Lens ! Very comprehensive, and awesome choice of images. It is still unexplained how so many of these monuments from around the world, and from so many different cultures share such intricate similarities. The ancient aliens series currently airing on the history channel offers a worthwhile perspective on the subject. I really admire the time, effort, and care you put into this.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Fascinating lens here, well done. lots of nice place to go.........

    • Zut Moon profile image

      Zut Moon 5 years ago

      Very Good Lens ... I pinned it .. and might feature it in my lens History Pavilion.

    • PNWtravels profile image

      Vicki Green 5 years ago from Wandering the Pacific Northwest USA

      Like many people, I'm intriqued by these huge monuments around the world but I've not visited any of these particular monuments. Great information!

    • Lemming13 profile image

      Lemming13 5 years ago

      I've been to Avebury and Stonehenge, and many other stone circles in Britain (and a number in France, too). Fascinating lens here, well done.

    • EditPhotos profile image

      Edit Photos 5 years ago from Earth

      Visited two this year - but that may be all I ever see in this lifetime. Great Lens.

    • GaelicForge profile image

      GaelicForge 5 years ago

      No, I've not had the pleasure. My dream trip would be to spend a few months in Scotland exploring these ancient sites.

    • Vallygems1 profile image

      Vallygems1 5 years ago

      No I have not but in Southern Africa we have the Great Zimbabwe as well as Adams Calender

    • profile image

      jtbmetaldesigns 5 years ago

      Nice monuments! Great lense!

    • Kailua-KonaGirl profile image

      June Parker 5 years ago from New York

      Fabulous lens! Well researched and well presented with such beautiful photos. Come to think of it, I am never disappointed with your lensmaster skills. *Angel Blessed*

    • anusk1313 lm profile image

      anusk1313 lm 5 years ago

      Great lens and wonderful pics!

    • AlisonMeacham profile image

      AlisonMeacham 5 years ago

      Excellent lens. Squid Angel Blessings to you

    • norma-holt profile image

      norma-holt 5 years ago

      Another wonderful tribute lens to our ancestral past. Hugs

    • desa999 lm profile image

      desa999 lm 5 years ago

      No not yet, but I loved the layout of your lens with some very well chosen photos. Nice job.

    • Atomika07 profile image

      Atomika07 5 years ago

      So interesting, I do believe that aliens had a part in building and constructing these ancient monuments.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      I was driving past one of these ancient monuments just a couple of months ago - Stonehenge. But sad to say I have not seen any of the others. Fascinating lens :)

    • BuckHawkcenter profile image

      BuckHawkcenter 6 years ago

      You had me at the title, but the rest was well worth the read. Deserving a purple star for sure. Just had to stop the Squid Angel Back to School Bus on this lens.

    • purpleladymom profile image

      purpleladymom 6 years ago

      Very interesting lens. I love the pictures. I like how you put it together too. Please check out mine about a dig in Niles, MI. It is near my home and I am part of a group called "Support the Fort" https://hubpages.com/education/Fort_St_Joseph_Nile

    • vauldine profile image

      vauldine 6 years ago

      This is a powerful lens. Up to now the pyramids, caves and most of the other monuments are still mysteries. Modern archetecture cannot match them and are still baffled at how they were created. These architetects had to be spiritually mysterious. Thanks for sharing.

    • ellagis profile image

      ellagis 6 years ago

      I visited the great Pyramid years ago, and Im still impressed. Id really love to see the other ones.....

    • profile image

      MichaelHammer 6 years ago

      Congradulations on your well deserved purple star. I love your lens!

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Don't forget about the Stone Monuments of Marakusa Peru.

      Not very well known but the pictures will blow your mind away.

    • justholidays profile image

      justholidays 6 years ago

      A very well deserved purple star! Congratulations on the star and the great job!

    • lollyj lm profile image

      Laurel Johnson 6 years ago from Washington KS

      Congrats on the well-deserved purple star.

      Loved the lens, fascinating subject.

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Lovely lens and the photos are great. Congrats for the Purple star.

    • awakeningwellness profile image

      awakeningwellness 6 years ago

      I share your love of these amazing and mysterious creations...congrats on the purple star you deserve it!

    • joanhall profile image

      Joan Hall 6 years ago from Los Angeles

      ;-) Congratulations on your purple star.

    • WildFacesGallery profile image

      Mona 6 years ago from Iowa

      Beautifully done and totally deserving the purple star. :) Congrats.

    • WindyWintersHubs profile image

      WindyWintersHubs 6 years ago from Vancouver Island, BC

      Congrats on your Purple Star! These stone monuments are quite mysterious but also seem so magical. :)

    • LisaAuch1 profile image

      Lisa Auch 6 years ago from Scotland

      fantastic and well done on your purple star! totally deserving of this fine page

    • LisaAuch1 profile image

      Lisa Auch 6 years ago from Scotland

      fantastic and well done on your purple star! totally deserving of this fine page

    • profile image

      The Goblins Den 6 years ago

      I'd like to believe these monuments were built by aliens, but most likely it's just very smart and resourceful humans. The stone blocks at Pumapunku are suspicious, though...

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Awesome lens! So interesting. I read a book called Chariots of the Gods years ago that delved into these mysteries.Very fascinating. Blessed by a Squidoo Angel on 12/17/2010. Have a great day!

    • dc64 lm profile image

      dc64 lm 6 years ago

      Fantastic page! I also love the mysteries of history and am fascinated by the accomplishments of mankind. I would love to visit them all, but if I could pick only two, it would be the Pyramids of Giza and the site of the Terra-Cotta Warriors.

    • CrossCreations profile image

      Carolan Ross 6 years ago from St. Louis, MO

      This lens is compelling, a deja vu...know I've been on this page before yet keep getting drawn back in such mysterious ways, how esoteric! Just watched a new show on TV last night (new to ME anyway) on the history channel called 'Ancient Aliens' - very compelling show directly related to this topic.

    • Swisstoons profile image

      Thomas F. Wuthrich 6 years ago from Michigan

      Excellent lens. Extremely interesting. Astrology was common to all ancient civilization. Science and religion were essentially one and the same. I'm guessing that most if not all of the ancient structures...including those which served as tombs...were tied in with the movement of the planets. Thumbs up!

    • profile image

      AmbrosiaPopsicle 6 years ago

      This makes me want to travel the world and discover ancient mysteries! Such great information and pictures, thank you!

    • capriliz lm profile image

      capriliz lm 7 years ago

      This is such a fantastic lens. I love this subject of ancient ruins. Wonderful job!

    • jptanabe profile image
      Author

      Jennifer P Tanabe 7 years ago from Red Hook, NY

      @Grasmere Sue: Thank you so much!

    • jptanabe profile image
      Author

      Jennifer P Tanabe 7 years ago from Red Hook, NY

      @joanhall: Thank you so much Joan!

    • joanhall profile image

      Joan Hall 7 years ago from Los Angeles

      Back to add an Angel blessing to this lens, and it will be featured on SquidAngel At Your Service.

    • SubtleMoon profile image

      SubtleMoon 7 years ago

      Never visited any of these but would love to someday. Very nice lens and I enjoyed reading it. Thanks!

    • Grasmere Sue profile image

      Sue Dixon 7 years ago from Grasmere, Cumbria, UK

      Revisiting this lens to add my Angel Blessing and add it to my Angel lens ( I already added it to my Stone Circle lens) I love your mystical lenses!

    • GonnaFly profile image

      Jeanette 7 years ago from Australia

      No :-( I've never visited any of these monuments. Thanks for the great tour from my computer desk.

    • jptanabe profile image
      Author

      Jennifer P Tanabe 7 years ago from Red Hook, NY

      @mythphile: Would love to see your photos of Avebury!

      And yes, the pyramids at Giza (I have a separate lens on them by the way) were probably not built by slaves. But still they were built by large numbers of people, and were built with great precision and huge dimensions, so pretty amazing!

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      Very enjoyable read. I've always enjoyed the theories surrounding the Pyramids and Stonehenge. Love the layout!

    • LouiseKirkpatrick profile image

      LouiseKirkpatrick 7 years ago from Berkshire, United Kingdom

      I'm from the UK and have visited Stonehenge and Avebury more than once - Avebury especially is a very spiritual place. I'l love to see the other monuments you mention - especially the Moai - they always look so happy! Great lens - blessed by a SquidAngel :)

    • profile image

      julieannbrady 7 years ago

      GOSH, I indeed have led a sheltered life as I have YET to visit one of these amazing monuments in person. THANK goodness for your Squidoo lens helping to shatter that sheltered life syndrome. I am grateful.

    • CrossCreations profile image

      Carolan Ross 7 years ago from St. Louis, MO

      Well done! I've only been to these amazing places between the pages of books and on movie screens, yet am fascinated by all, especially the pyramids. 5*s!

    • mythphile profile image

      Ellen Brundige 7 years ago from California

      I've been to and love Avebury -- someday I need to make a lens with my photos of it. There's more energy there than Stonehenge (or maybe it was just being able to walk inside it.)

      About the pyramids at GIza -- we actually know a LOT about the people who built them. They weren't slaves! Egypt had a sort of early version of FDR's work programs. During the months when the fields were flooded and farming stopped, farmers would work on state and religious monuments in return for free food, housing, medical care. Egypt's extensive bureaucracy and writing system started early partly to keep track of these logistics.

      One of the most exciting excavation sites in recent decades has been the workmen's village at Giza, where they lived, had mini-tombs built for themselves, and left a lot of graffiti and records, so we know many of their names. Also, the work crews apparently had macho rivalries, because some of the blocks of the pyramids turned out to have graffiti on them boasting about how "So-and-so's team hauled 9 blocks today; we beat so-and-so's team, they're wimps!" Not a direct translation, but the gist.

      They were apparently very proud of their work.

      And remember, the pharaoh was god on earth to them. I'm sure that there was a certain amount of religious fervor -- and/or hopes the gods would treat them well in the afterlife for their service.

    • profile image

      archaeology 7 years ago

      I found a great informative post for this "Mysterious Monuments". I am very impressive from this article post. Great Job very nice present information. I like very much this "Mysterious Monuments". I have more interest in archaeology field. I like archaeology and all Ancient Monuments History . my archaeology related blog is archaeology excavations

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      Aliens built the pyramids!

    • norma-holt profile image

      norma-holt 7 years ago

      Great representation of human behaviour. Top marks and lens rolled to and featured on Religious Myths

      Norma

    • oztoo lm profile image

      oztoo lm 7 years ago

      Another great lens. These monuments are totally fascinating. I couldn't vote on the plexo because they're all so amazing.

    • Sylvestermouse profile image

      Cynthia Sylvestermouse 7 years ago from United States

      This is Fabulous!!! I always learn so much from your lenses. It is hard to believe that I have never seen any of these monuments in person.

      I'm still trying to give them captions! I think that lens will never leave my mind.

    • kerbev profile image

      kab 7 years ago from Upstate, NY

      I've always wanted to go to Easter Island to see the statues.

    • Heather426 profile image

      Heather Burns 8 years ago from Wexford, Ireland

      Really love this lens! I have studied many of these megalithic monuments. 5*

    • dc64 lm profile image

      dc64 lm 8 years ago

      This is an amazing lens! I absolutely love it! I am a History Channel junkie, and this lens is right up my alley...not that I have an alley :)

    • jptanabe profile image
      Author

      Jennifer P Tanabe 8 years ago from Red Hook, NY

      [in reply to Lisa]

      Yes, that is one of the possibilities. Others say Napoleon's troops were responsible. Another possibility is Muhammad Sa'im al-Dahr who in 1378 apparently found Egyptian peasants making offerings to the Sphinx in the hope of increasing their harvest. He was furious and destroyed the Sphinx's nose. The Sphinx is just one of those monuments that inspires speculation!

    • profile image

      anonymous 8 years ago

      The nose of the sphinx was shot off by the British for firing practice while they were colonizing Egypt.

    • joanhall profile image

      Joan Hall 8 years ago from Los Angeles

      Hi, Jennifer! I've added this lensography to my SquidooSchooling page.

    • dustytoes profile image

      dustytoes 8 years ago

      I have not visited any of them, but I am really enjoying your lenses which are full of history and information and great pictures! Many more stars for this one.

    • profile image

      anonymous 8 years ago

      Beautifully created lens Jennifer. Thanks for visiting my orb pictures, and welcome to Squidoo my dear!!! - Interesting stuff isn't it?

      Susie

    • profile image

      anonymous 8 years ago

      An incredibly informative and interesting lens! Thank you for stopping by one of my lenses today.

    • CherylK profile image

      Cheryl Kohan 8 years ago from Minnesota

      I really enjoyed reading this lens. I've always been fascinated with the ancient religions. Thanks for putting this together!