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Photography Tips: Improve Your Photos Using Geometry & Perspective

Updated on June 7, 2012

Photography is one of the most available art forms in which a huge amount of amateurs engage. The majority of camera users have no training whatsoever $6; most of them haven’t even read the camera’s manual, but, nevertheless, use this wonderful equipment to create pictures of things that are appealing to them, and enjoy doing so.

We could say that the lack of technical dexterity isn’t an obstacle for amateur photographers -something that evidently doesn’t apply to every other art. For instance, let’s compare photography to music, or one of the plastic art forms, such as painting or sculpture. A huge amount of people own a camera and use it, even if they don’t have technical information of the way photography works, and even if they don’t participate that much in the way the photograph turns out; while using the manual mode of digital cameras, the photograph usually turns alright. On the contrary, not very many people own a violin and just go ahead and play it, without knowing the different notes and having mastered years of dedicated practice. Furthermore, not many individuals make hundreds of paintings or sculptures every time they go on a trip, trying to capture the most interesting and beautiful experiences they encounter and create something artistic out of their travel adventure, as many tourists do with their cameras, shooting here, there and everywhere.

Geometrical forms enhance the composition of a photograph and make it more interesting.
Geometrical forms enhance the composition of a photograph and make it more interesting. | Source

However, the art of photography goes much beyond just buying a camera and shooting; there are lots of photography tips and technical information that can take you from achieving pictures that are “alright” or “good enough” to photos that can take your breath away, and make captivating images that can truly be admired.

The truth is that photography is a fantastic way of generating an artistic expression and almost everyone loves it. I know I loved it ever since I started using my first camera, and the more I know about it, the more joyful it becomes.

How to Improve Your Photographs: Composition

One of the most important things to learn about photography has to do with composition. In order to create captivating images, one has to incorporate elements that give the picture depth and make them more appealing to the human eye. There are several composition guidelines that are recommended to create generally appreciated photographs; no matter which subject or theme one might be engaged in, these guidelines will improve your pictures. It doesn’t matter if the photographs are made for one’s own pleasure or for the world to see, an absolute truth is that a better composition will always make more interesting, beautiful photographs.

One of the easiest composition guidelines, easiest because it can be learned and be applied right away and make a huge difference in the aesthetic composition of your photographs, is the guiding principle of “Geometry and Perspective”. This guideline can be implemented even with compact automatic cameras, as well as manual mode photography in more sophisticated cameras, and it is quite simple.

Enriching Composition

Photo A: example of a poor composition, the image looks flat and uninteresting.
Photo A: example of a poor composition, the image looks flat and uninteresting. | Source
Photo B: example of a rich composition using geometry and perspective.
Photo B: example of a rich composition using geometry and perspective. | Source

Geometry in Photography

In photography, geometry has to do with the way the elements included in the photographic frame are arranged in relation to each other, creating different lines and angles and thus, forming identifiable surfaces such as circles, squares, rectangles and triangles. Nothing better to explain this than precisely a photo:

Compare photo A and photo B. These are some pretty basic photographs that are almost identical one to another except for their geometry. Photo A is completely flat, it has no dimension and it isn’t attractive, even though it has the same gloved hand and the same dotted red sheet than Photo B.

On the contrary, Photo B is quite interesting and suggestive, it makes you think and imagine more than just a gloved hand and a dotted sheet, and it actually catches your eye. The difference between these two photos is that the elements in figure B are arranged in a way that creates geometry and gives depth to the image. The hand is positioned in a way that forms a big triangle, and these by the way, are the stronger geometrical forms simply because humans tend to fixate first in them.

By comparing these to pictures, we can say that Photo B is a better photograph than Photo A because it has a richer composition, which follows the guideline or photo tip of geometry.

Another Example of Geometry in Photography

The black and white photograph to the right is a good example of a very well composed urban landscape using geometry. As you can see, there are many geometric elements contained within the image:

Urban Landscape

An example of a black and white photograph with a high level of geometry, which makes a more interesting composition.
An example of a black and white photograph with a high level of geometry, which makes a more interesting composition. | Source
  • look at the arm and leg of the guy sitting on the bench, they are forming triangles,
  • the garbage man’s leg and the garbage container are also forming another triangle, as well as the two garbage man’s leg with each other,
  • in addition, the hole figure of the garbage man and the garbage container form another bigger triangle that contains the other two smaller ones earlier described,
  • the two men leaning against the wall in the background form a rectangle,
  • the buildings in the back have rectangles as well, including the big penguin movie ad.

All the geometric surfaces, the rectangles and specially the relevant triangles in the foreground of the picture, contribute to a richer composition, and thus, a more attractive photograph. The composition guideline or rule of geometry is enough, in and by itself, for achieving a much nicer photograph; go ahead and experiment with it, see for yourself.

Composition Guidelines instead of Rules

Many authors call what I call “Composition Guidelines”, “Composition Rules”. I’ve changed the word rule for guideline because I find that more than laws that have to be applied in photography, they are suggestions that one may or may not follow, depending on the theme you are working on, to improve one’s photographic compositions.

Other Photography Tips to Improve Composition

For more photography tips that help create better compositions and more attractive pictures, visit "Nature Photography & Photography Tips", an article that explains a few simple, yet empowering, photography tips, clearly illustrating them with examples of nature photography.

Perspective in Photography

When speaking about art, perspective is a method of showing distance in a picture, by making far away objects smaller; in other words, it is the ability to use your camera to control the relationship between the background and the foreground of your picture. If applied correctly, this composition guideline gives depth to a photograph and, in a way, makes it “tridimensional”.

By modifying the angle from which you take a picture, you can create or eliminate perspective. Objects can be taken from many different angles and viewpoints including left to right, right to left, top to bottom, from above or from bellow; by moving around the object you are intending to photograph, you will see the perspective change and you’ll decide for yourself which angle is the best shot. One recommendation to improve your perspective is to avoid photographing the object in the center of your digital camera screen; this tends to create flat unappealing images. Try experimenting with angles to discover which viewpoint makes a more interesting picture.

Going back to our example of Photo A and B, the latter has perspective because it lets you see which point of the gloved hand is nearest and which furthest away; it also shows that the gloved hand is on top of the sheet. This doesn’t happen in Photo A, where the gloved hand and the sheet are in the same plane, and there is no visual distance between them. Now, we can go further and say that Photo B is a better photograph, because it has a richer composition that includes a high level of geometry and perspective.


If you are asking yourself: How to make better pictures? How to become a better photographer? Start by enriching your composition with these two basic photo tips:

  • Incorporate perspective to your photographs by experimenting with shooting angles and different viewpoints.
  • Geometrize your photograph by making as many triangles as you can with the elements in your frame.

Happy shooting days!!!!

Applying Geometry & Perspective in Photography

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Comments on "Photography and The Composition Guideline of Geometry and Perspective"

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    • Claudia Tello profile imageAUTHOR

      Claudia Tello 

      5 years ago from Mexico

      Jamtamaya, so glad this article was of help! I know sometimes guidelines in art sound a bit unnecessary, but they really do make a difference. I also know photography guidelines were made for a reason. Now we also know that you have a natural talent for photography as well :) My pleasure to share this hub with you.

    • jantamaya profile image

      Maria Janta-Cooper 

      5 years ago from UK

      Hi Claudia. Voted up as useful and interesting. I was using, not knowingly, the perspective and geometry in my photographs as I was using the so called "rule of thirds." After reading your article, I know now that it makes sense to follow some rules while photographing. Thanks for writing this inspiring hub.

    • Claudia Tello profile imageAUTHOR

      Claudia Tello 

      6 years ago from Mexico

      Hi sgbrown, thanks very much for your kind words, enthusiasm and feedback; it is very much appreciated. I’ve written another hub on photography that explains how to work with the diaphragm to create depth of field, blurry effects and chromatic depth or color saturation. You might enjoy that one too. The link to it is just above the comments section of this hub.

      Thanks again!

      Kind regards,


    • sgbrown profile image

      Sheila Brown 

      6 years ago from Southern Oklahoma

      Hello Claudia. Very good information here. I love to take pictures and am always looking for more information on how to improve. Voted up, useful, interesting and following. I look forward to reading more of your hubs on photography. Thanks for SHARING! :)

    • Claudia Tello profile imageAUTHOR

      Claudia Tello 

      6 years ago from Mexico

      Hi Eddie, thanks again for your lovely comments and enthusiastic contribution. I LOVE when people compliment my photographs by the way… :):)…..

      Hope this photography tips on geometry and perspective enhance your natural photographer talent, help you take better pictures and improve your compositions. It is true that the more we learn, the more resourceful we become to resolve our shots in more interesting and attractive ways.

    • eddiecarrara profile image

      Eddie Carrara 

      6 years ago from New Hampshire

      I will definitely use these tip and other tip I have learned from you asap. I bring at least one camera with me every where I go, and if for some reason I forgot my camera, I have my phone,lol. Great photos, voted up, useful and interesting.

    • Claudia Tello profile imageAUTHOR

      Claudia Tello 

      6 years ago from Mexico

      Hi Movie Master,

      Thanks for writing such nice comments and for your votes. I am thrilled you liked the photos, I think that is one of the best compliment you could give me :)

      Also glad to be of service, you will take better photographs when applying these composition guidelines and it is my pleasure to share my photography tips with you.

      Thanks again!

    • Movie Master profile image

      Movie Master 

      6 years ago from United Kingdom

      A wonderful hub Claudia, with lots of useful tips. I am bookmarking for future reference.

      Your photos are fantastic.

      Thank you for sharing and voted up.

    • Claudia Tello profile imageAUTHOR

      Claudia Tello 

      6 years ago from Mexico

      Hi MidwestJerseyGirl, I am glad this hub was of help for you. Simple tips can sometimes make a huge difference.

      Thanks for commenting.

    • MidwestJerseyGirl profile image


      6 years ago from Western Suburbs of Chicago

      As a novice photographer I am looking for Hubs to help me make better compositions. This was a great Hub. Very informative. Voted up and interesting and useful.

    • Claudia Tello profile imageAUTHOR

      Claudia Tello 

      6 years ago from Mexico

      Hi Steph, thanks for your kind comments! I am glad you feel that way, that was the intention. I certainly am entering the contest with a few hubs and hope to get lucky!

    • stephhicks68 profile image

      Stephanie Hicks 

      6 years ago from Bend, Oregon

      Wonderful hub! I love the photographs you use for illustration and I can see how this hub will improve people's photography skills. Hope you will be entering the contest this month. Best, Steph

    • Claudia Tello profile imageAUTHOR

      Claudia Tello 

      6 years ago from Mexico

      Stylezink, thanks for your comments, I appreciate them very much.

    • stylezink profile image


      6 years ago from Atlanta, GA.

      Great hub! A lot of good info and tips. Voted up!


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