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Psychedelic Art and Form Constant Patterns

Updated on April 18, 2011

Psychedelic Art and Form Constants

Welcome to my Lens, I am Beth Snow, an Artist from England, with a love and fascination of all things psychedelic. I've been creating Psychedelic Artwork for more than 10 years now and the last few years have been increasingly interested in creating patterns.

My work employs elements of psychedelic,visionary and geometric art. I create psychedelic landscapes, visionary pieces and hypnotic tessellations.My work fuses organic forms with pattern as I seek to reflect the geometry abundant in nature.

My work explores the juxtapositions of chaos and order and rebellion and conformity. My interest in Form Constant Patterns and Irregularities in Nature, Fractals, Dreams and the Collective Unconscious, also informs my work.

My influences include M.c Escher, Bill Hicks, Giuseppe Arcimboldo, Salvidor Dali , Ernst Haeckel, Terrence Mckenna, Van Gogh, Hieronymus Bosch and Takashi Murakami

I hope you enjoy my work, and the many other Great Artists work shown here and if you are interested in Form Constant patterns please keep reading..

Form Contant patterns

A guide to Form Constant Patterns and how they can be reflected in Psychedelic Artwork, showcasing Artworks and imagery which fall into these four types: Cobwebs, Tunnels, Spirals and Lattices

Cobwebs
Cobwebs

Form Constants

What are they?

In 1926, Heinrich Klüver systematically studied the effects of

mescaline (peyote) on the subjective experiences of its users.

In addition to producing hallucinations characterized by bright,

"highly saturated" colours and vivid imagery, Klüver noticed that

mescaline produced recurring geometric patterns in different users.

He called these patterns 'form constants' and categorized four types:

cobwebs, tunnels, spirals and lattices (including honeycombs,

checkerboards, and triangles).

Cobwebs

Cobwebs
Cobwebs

Tunnels

Tunnels
Tunnels

Spirals

Spirals
Spirals

Lattices

Lattices
Lattices
Ascidiae
Ascidiae

Found in Nature

Many of these shapes have an intriguing similarity to much of the imagery

in Ernst Haeckel's 'Kunstformen der Natur' (Art forms in Nature)

Why do people see Geometric Patterns when they Hallucinate?

'Polypeptide'
'Polypeptide'

Klüver's form constants have appeared in other drug-induced and naturally occurring hallucinations.

Hallucinations without the 'Drugs'

These shapes may appear on their own or with eyes shut in the form of phosphenes, especially when exerting pressure against the closed eyelid.

Klüver's form constants also appear in near-death experiencesand sensory experiences of those with synesthesia.

Other triggers include psychological stress, or threshold consciousness, hypnagogia, insulin hypoglycemia, the delirium of fever, epilepsy, psychotic episodes, advanced syphilis, sensory deprivation, photostimulation,electrical stimulation, crystal gazing, migraine headaches,dizziness and a variety of drug-induced intoxications.

Mesmerize
Mesmerize

Migraine Visions

Author Michael Moorcock once observed in print that the shapes he had seen

during his migraine headaches resembled exactly the form of fractals.

The diversity of conditions that provoke such patterns suggests that

form constants reflect some fundamental property of visual perception

Natural Fractal
Natural Fractal

Fractals

What are they?

A fractal is "a rough or fragmented geometric shape that can be split into parts, each of which is (at least approximately) a reduced-size copy of the whole," a property called self-similarity.

A mathematical fractal is based on an equation that undergoes iteration, a form of feedback based on recursion. Images of fractals can be created using fractal-generating software

Fractals in Nature

Because they appear similar at all levels of magnification, fractals are often considered to be infinitely complex. Natural objects that are approximated by fractals include clouds, mountain ranges, crystals, lightning bolts, river networks, coastlines, snow flakes, various vegetables (cauliflower and broccoli), systems of blood vessels and animal coloration patterns.

Trees and Ferns

Trees and ferns are fractal in nature, a branch from a tree or a frond from a fern is a miniature replica of the whole: not identical, but similar in nature

Romanesco Broccoli

Romanesco Broccoli
Romanesco Broccoli

Form constants

Cultural Significance

The practice of the ancient art of divination may suggest a deliberate practic of cultivating form constant imagery and using intuition and/or imagination to derive some meaning from transient visual phenomena.

Visionary and Psychonautic Artworks are still looked down upon in much of Western culture, because of the negative connotations they denote, but in other cultures, use of these shamanistic ‘drugs’ is perceived very differently, the plants themselves are considered sacred and often encouraged for the education of personal insight.

Psychedelic Art

Psychedelic art, inspired at least in part by psychedelic substances, frequently includes repetitive abstract forms and patterns such as tessellation, Moiré patterns or patterns similar to those created by paper marbling, and, in later years, fractals. The op art genre of visual art created art using bold imagery very like that of form constants.

Psychedelic

Psychedelic
Psychedelic

Tessellations

Tessellations
Tessellations

Moiré Pattern

Moiré  Pattern
Moiré Pattern

Marbling

Marbling
Marbling

Optical Illusions

Optical Illusions
Optical Illusions

Form Constant Gallery

Thanks for reading and I hope you enjoyed learning a bit more about Form Constant Patterns, I started an online gallery for the collection of artworks and images which fall in the Form constant groups, should you wish to carry on looking at great examples please visit the gallery ( links below)

Cobwebs

Cobwebs
Cobwebs

Cobwebs

Cobwebs
Cobwebs

Tunnels

Tunnels
Tunnels

Tunnels

Tunnels
Tunnels

Tunnels

Tunnels
Tunnels

Spirals

Spirals
Spirals

Spirals

Spirals
Spirals

Spirals

Spirals
Spirals

Spirals

Spirals
Spirals

Lattices

Lattices
Lattices

Lattices

Lattices
Lattices

Lattices

Lattices
Lattices

Lattices

Lattices
Lattices

Optical Illusions

Optical Illusions
Optical Illusions

Optical Illusions

Optical Illusions
Optical Illusions

Combinations

Combinations
Combinations

Combinations

Combinations
Combinations

Links

Here you can find a link to the Gallery

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    • profile image

      MoistJah1111 5 years ago

      Wonderful collection of fractals and other psychedelic images.

    • AnneVis profile image

      AnneVis 6 years ago

      Awesome lens! You have some stunning art here!

    • chironseer profile image

      chironseer 6 years ago

      very nice colourful lens!

    • chironseer profile image

      chironseer 6 years ago

      very nice colourful lens!