Village Life In Tamil Nadu - Travel Photo Collection.
Villages in Tamil Nadu
In Tamil Nadu, Village life has presented several assets to mankind like large Dravidian stone Architectures. It's antiquated culture and affluence has left behind countless aesthetic as well as marvelous temple constructions.
The Tamils display a reasonable degree of civilization as judged by the existence of architectures and forts, pointing out in early literature, and prosperous cities and villages, where many of the comforts of life survived, are indications of very advanced Culture.
Now the exciting part of Village life in Tamil Nadu is clear, within the folklore and celebrity worship of the most violent looking gods in this region, In India.
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Smile From Tamil Nadu
Cradle Of Dravidian Culture
Indian State of Tamil Nadu or Tamilnadu is situated in the south part of Indian land and bordered in the east by the seaside of the Bay of Bengal, Kerala state in the westward, Karnataka as well as Andhra states in the northern section.
Tamil (Tamizh language) is the mother tongue for more than 60 million people in India. The state was renamed as Tamil Nadu, which had been popular as Madras state in British Indian times.
It has rich sources of cultural uniqueness, give a lift by a generous assortment of ancient Tamizh literary works, Epic poetry, spiritual songs, and moral faiths. The very old Dravidian style and Architecture in its purest ways and means can be seen down here.
Today's Modern Tamil Nadu is one of the extensive industrialized states with a good (HDI) Human Development index.
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In the cultural practices of the state, the God's life has been illustrated through frenzy. Some stories are speaks of the poles apart style - to make a declaration.
Hither, we reach a part, normally an austerity. A model of the old epic story 'Madurai Veeran' executed in folk songs as he is an infinite, strong knight.
He has crossed the borders of societies usual practices; by slicing off his own head, at the feet of the woman deity. Another lady, by her large austerity, obtrude on her husband's funeral pyre.
In between the material world and the imaginary world is a fantasy consistently continuing in both ways but not in any way without a noble cause. It is the most important, striking part of all native occultism.
Even If, established in the modus Operandi of the great temples or independent channels that these benefactions accepted and ardently regarded. Tamizh inscription has admitted a real love of life, liveliness, in the making of adjustment with the actual existence of life and death.
At present, beaches are popular tourist destinations in India. Tamilnadu has 1000km coastline with river mouths, backwaters as well as mangrove wet grounds.
They are now utilized to magnify the beach tourism also other sea coast based recreational activities. This growth in beach tourism has leaded to boost the hotel construction venture.
After the framework of the coastal highway - by the East Coast highway Between Chennai and Kanyakumari the seaside belt has observed sharp escalations in commercial ventures.
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There are countless stories run alike around rural settlements about Madurai Veeran. According to the Kuladeivam cult, these folk deities are worshiped by local population.
These deities have a fabulous folklores behind them. These demi gods have their shrines on the outer edge of the hamlets. From there, they are handling their Guardian position.
These deities are either portrayed huge in size, violent statue or a simple stone. Most of these temples are not closed structures but are situated in open, plain and small areas.
Here, the worship is in the non-Vedic pattern and the celebrations are with Folk Music and Folk arts (Karagam, Kavadi, Koothu etc.). The priests of these temples might bestow holy ash or Holy flowers to the worshipers.
Mariamman: Mariamman is a classical female deity, whose devotion most likely started in the Dravidian tribal faith. The animals were offered by the local population to the Mariamman temple as a sign of thanks towards the sufficient received from the goddess.
Pongal is The most favored contribution for goddess Mariamman. Pongal is a mix of rice with gram, prepared within the temple, in a clay pot.
The goddess was not a restricted deity, related to a particular place and community, but revered throughout the Dravidian population. She was supposed and revered by the early Dravidian communities for bring the rain.
And also bring affluence to them as their crops were largely relying upon rain. Followers also pray to Mariamman for good fortune such as productivity, safe and sound progeny or a good marriage partner.
A Road Side Temple
One Thousand years ago, Tamil Nadu had written election protocol with conducted elections to the small settlements or town bodies. The glorious King Parantaka Cholan had a written constitution in AD 920. It is carved on the walls of the Vaikundanatha Perumal Temple near Kancheepuram.
There are several, strong rural Gods and Guardians in the periphery of each hamlet. There are twenty one country gods of Hinduism worshiped as guarding spirits in this land.
Temples and gods invite the tourists from far away places by their colorful figures, their guardian angel and their carriers- white horses, at times elephants.
The expressiveness of these images are exemplary, and their iconography can promote the status of village gods, their connection with the Shaivite or Vaishnavite radicles, their relationships, marital status. Growing from a gracious kindness to a strong bloodthirstiness they have needed traditional sacrifices like buffaloes, goats, pigs, and roasters.
In local language, they name the breakfast as 'Kaalai Chitrundi'. Normally idli and Dosai are favorite breakfast and a snack item for many local people. A complete breakfast consists of the following items: Idlis, Dosai, Pongal, Vadai, Uppuma,Uthappam, Idiappam, Aappam, Puttu etc.
The side dishes contain the items like chutney, sambar, chilli powder with oil. In The coconut chutney is a widespread complement to breakfast dishes like idli and dosa and it's an easy to make side-dish and adds a fantastic flavor. At the end, coffee or Tea served.
The Tamil Meals
An ordinary lunch or Saapadu is a three course meal. At the beginning white rice taken with Sambar, followed with Rasam, and finally with Curd.
This accompanied by a Kootu( vegetable with gravy), Poriyal (fried vegetable) and pachadi (like raitha). Than the other, different accompaniments are Payasam, Vadai and Appalam.
Restaurants categorically offer a choice of a vegetarian meal, which is a choice of different dishes, normally served in small bowls and on a round tray. Typical dishes contain rice, sambar, rasam, dhal, vegetables, appalam, curd, small amounts of pickle, and with a sweet item.
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By the District Elementary Education Program considered giving all primary school children no cost textbooks, free lunch and dresses, the local government is attained its aim of 100% enrollment.
Rural School Programs
The state is one of places for Higher Education in India, which allows various general, as well as expert courses. It has also taken special care of the developing elementary level education as well as secondary and higher level education. The state had made it 100% admittance at Primary level in the year 2002-2003 and 100% admittance at Upper Primary level in 2004-2005.
Pongal is make reference to a special type of rice cooked, on the Pongal festival, to beg the blessings of God for a plentiful harvest year. At present, at Hindu temples, this system is continuing for a variety of events. Pongal rice cooked in a new clay pot, usually sweet, was a divine offering made at the temple premises amid rich festivities.
About 1000 km long seashore with abundant fisheries potential which can lend a hand to make more commercial activities in the coastal areas of the state. Even though, the variety of fishing craft put to use along the coast of Bay of Bengal is very extensive with several local names, all these can be classified into a few basic types.
Though, only those are extensively used like Catamarans, canoes and plank-built boats and mechanized boats. The word Catamaran has introduced from the Tamizh word Kattumaram which actually stand for Logs joined together.
Probably, it would have been the first sailing platform used by the seaside fishermen. Moreover, it is the done with ease form of a fishing craft that has been floated in the Bay of Bengal by the fishermen of Tamil Nadu.
Agriculture - Countryside Paddy Fields
Rice is the main food for the people in general. Normally every small town produces rice. The State has as a land area of 0.13 Mn sq.km with a cultivated land almost 6.3 Mn.Ha., regularly giving job opportunities to the suburb population. It is one of the states with an excellent gross production in farm products and the farmers moderately freer and welcoming to take a new turn over technologies and modern market drives.
The Demographic Pattern
With take a new turn in demographic patterns, need of suburb resources on agriculture is a step by step decreasing. The cultivators in 2001 were 15% of the suburb populace, set side by side to 17% in 1981.
This pointed out a 0.7 million decrease in the total number of cultivators over this time. In fact, of the 21 million entire work force in 2001 simply 49% were either cultivators or farm laborers, and the latter are only about 40% of the country population.
The production of economic growth in this state is turning upside down. In 2005, it was the seventh highest state gross domestic product of all the states of India, contributing 8% of the GDP of India.
The share of agricultural has decreased considerably over the last decade, accounting for only 12% in 2005, compared to 19% at all India level. Such trends indicate that the contribution of the non farm economic activities to the overall employment has been increasing in recent years.
Believed by dedicated Hindus as Daksina Ganga (Ganges of the South), River Cauvery is popular for its vista and wholesomeness in Tamizh literature, along with its total course has taken into account in sacred ground.
It has supported cultivation for ages and helped as the lifeblood of the ancient Tamizh kingdoms and modern cities of the state. Near Trichy the river becomes wide, and it splits into two at Upper Anicut (Dam).
River Kollidam is the name of the northern river. The southern river holds the original name Cauvery.
The rural areas have a rich cultural backgrounds and tradition that has evolved over millenniums. Handicrafts are the most profuse portrayal of the culture. These handicrafts are speaks with ingenious beauty.
Vision and creativity find the character in the talent of delight in, give a hang, trained hands. They attract tourists and tack on elegance and charm to lifestyles around the world.
This picture displays ideological houses in a street of a small town. In Tamil Nadu, one can glance such rows of houses. The houses are compact and aesthetic. One can see a bicycle in front of a house, which is the main accompaniment of the people of countryside. Pet animals are the main resource of their life.
The Sculpture of Lord Shiva as Nataraja in its many-faceted metaphor portraying as it does the dance of endurance that Maheshvara executed in the noble hall of the great Chola temple at Chidambaram.
The dance itself signifies demolition, as well as production, the termination as well as the commencement of the cosmic cycle of life, as well as the same Lord Shiva, in his darker appearance as Bhairava, accomplished what was called the Tandava dance of demise.
Living Chola Temples
Tamil Nadu is renowned for its huge Temple Structures. There are a lot of the houses of worships and temples here and there around the state.
The walls, as well as gopurams, are recesses of the sort temples visually stuffed with dramatizing arts carvings of types of gods, goddesses and Apsaras. They are of exceptional iconography also stylish description and passion.
Several brilliant bronze statuettes also installed all along the early age characterizing revered legends of dramatizing arts Shiva, Vishnu and his spouse Lakshmi, Rama, Sita as well as Hanuman etcetera.
Rising to dominance in the mid-ninth century in the Tanjore region, the Cholas built the renowned empire in the records of the south India and controlled the country for more than three centuries.
The temple architectural form, distinguished as Dravidian Style, came at its apogee during the Chola era, which also observed an astonishingly innovative and productive state of bronze casting. Gangaikonda Cholapuram house of prayer is certainly an architectural wonder.
Gangaikonda Cholapuram resembled just like the archetype of Big Temple at Tanjore that has built by Rajaraja Chola, father of Rajendra Chola.
Back in the ancient 11th century, temple built by Rajendra Chola, who was the heir and heir apparent of monarch Rajaraja Chola. Gangai Konda Cholapuram has built to surpassing the temple constructed by Raja Raja Chola at Tanjore.
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Villages of Tamil Nadu
The countrysides have some key spots in South India. Farming is the most ideal place of the State economy, as 70% of the citizens engaged in Agriculture and connected affairs for their living.
This Indian state has all along been with a fabulous activity in agronomic production, with the farming industry, creditably greater appreciative and vigilant to shifting technologies and market forces.
The ideological practices and festivals of the rural areas are yet expansively followed all around the state. Purity and Chastity of ladies has given much more respect and value in the country side.
A number of hero stones can be noticed in the small hamlets. These types of stones symbolize the individuals who give up their life for ideal-causes.
Countless myths linked with the suburbs that have coupled with social curbing testimonies inclusive of Nallathangal, Kannagi.
Out of which, a variety of worship practices cultivated to remind the people, not to participate in or replicate the social blunders, of the past. The difference of opinion within the hamlets fixed by the Panchayats.
There are limited possibilities of interfering with police or the legal system. The small settlements are renowned for their ethical facets that not only preach the strength of Nadu but as well as India as a whole.
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The Entertainment - Folk Dances and Music
The characteristic Folk Music, 'Theru koothu' drama and Villupattu songs, Karagam, Kummi attam, Kolattam, Poikal Kudhirai, Thappattam as well as Mail Attam dances are notorious street plays.
Since, in those olden eras, these were the only medians of display that communicated cultural contents to the crowds. Puppet shows locally termed 'Bommalattam' held in almost every small hamlets during festivities and street fairs.
One more best-liked and most efficient dance style is Kummi Attam. There are no musical apparatuses for this easygoing dance form. The performers frame a circle and clap their hands to express to the melody rhythmically and go circular.
Karagattam - Popular Entertainment
Karagattam, one of the time-honored forms of folk dance, describes the prototypical art of glorifying the Goddesses with outstanding balancing of ornamented pots. The local people perform this dance in honor of Mari Amman (rain goddess) and Gangai Amman (river goddess).
There are two varieties in Karagattam. They are Aattakaragam and Sakthikaragam. The platform of Sakthikaragam is checked within the premises of holy Temples, but the Attakaragam performed on public floors.
This type of dance style is well liked all over the state although its place of origin said to be Thanjavur. Now, A lot of artisan hail from all over the state. Karagattam was performed by solo or group both male and female artists join in this dance play.
Nadaswaram is one of the musical pipe apparatuses and considered being very promising. It is the main musical apparatus performed in almost all south Indian Hindu marriages, Temples and festivals. For the reason of its strong volume and intensity, it is mostly an outdoor instrument and much more accommodated for open places than auditorium concerts.
Elephants are an important part of the Hindu religion. Elephants are revered here as a figure of the Hindu God Ganesha, the God with elephant-headed, who is responsible for all new enterprises and the remover of obstructions.
Elephant at a temple is expected to bring luck and good health. It is also put to use to attract travelers and locals. Hundreds of elephants are preserved at temples throughout the state and contract for take part in sacred celebrations.
Because of their spiritual metaphor they are usually fed desserts and rice rather than their eats in their natural jungle habitats.
Voice of Villages
Internet and emails are still less of a bias in the small hamlets, but cell phones are a vital part of everyday life in the small towns. Some years ago, there were the few houses per lane in a small settlement procured a landline phone, in which, neighbors and relatives would reach the phone owner to let them make a call. But now, cell phone is a foundational need for the rural people.
Even in small towns where houses made from clay and thatched roofs, all family members will have their own cell phone. As well as, the extended intensification of communications technology in rural places come nearer, how has its all set receptiveness and affordability modified life in the Tamizh hamlets?
Prayer & Festivity
The small hamlets put in order for the cultural perspectives that just not only discover the strength of the state but as well as total India. The sacred customs and also the festivities of small hamlets remain in a big way clubbed the people all around the state.
All along the Tamizh months of Karthigai, Masi, Panguni, Aadi as well as Vaigasi the small towns embellished graciously for the use of their local festivals.
Pongal is one of the greatest joyful harvest festivals throughout the state, mostly in the rural areas. Pongal festivities begin in the mid-January each year and marks the starting function of the Sun's approach northwards.
The Pongal festival is celebrated for four days. Entertainment contains drawing of Kolam cooking of tasty Pongal applauded in these days. Generally, a gathering of family members has been seen during this spring season for holding of two to three days.
The source of any rural celebration starts with that of a hoisting a flag.
Koovagam is a small town near Ulundurpet in Villupuram district. There is a 200 year Koothandavar Temple in this small town. This temple is very special for members of the Transgender community.
This is one of the most notorious temples in India for those who never learned about this temple. There is a fifteen days carnival in the Tamizh month of Chithrai (April-May) when thousands of folks of the transgender population from all over India assembles in Koovagam, to consecrate the wedding of Aravani to Lord Krishna.
More About A Village Life - Book From Amazon
In Tamilnadu, for thousands of years, the caste system has been a dictating character of social order. The caste, commonly called as Jathi, is a rigidly ordered social community, which one is given birth into. A person in a particular caste is looking forward to marrying within his caste and follow relevant customs governing profession, relationship. Interactions with other classes are restricted by one's own society in the social chain of command. A ruling castes typically consist of half of the rural population. Still it may in some regions account for a greater number. In this book once sociology professor, Andrew Betaille well explained about this complex caste system and its ever changing patterns in a tiny Tanjore village. If you want to know about village life in Tamilnadu, I suggest this well written book for your reading.
Silambam - Stick Fencing
Silambam is one of the famous ancient martial art and still in practice. It has a recorded history for more than 5000 years. This Stick- Fencing art has flourished in south India before the Aryans migrated to India.
The mighty Tamizh King Veerapandia Kattabomman (1760-1799) relied on silambam, mainly on his warfare with the British Army. He has a special regiment armed with Silambam. Name of the regiment was Thandu Padai.
It is a familiar art not only in this state but some other parts of south India. In Karnataka it is called Kolu Varasay or Dhonay Varasay, In Andhra state it is Kolu Aatta or Karadi Aatta, and in the state of Kerala it is called as Neduvari.
Popular Rural Sport - Kabadi
Kabadi is very popular game among the countryside. It is widely known as the "Rural Game". It has large acceptance, identity, simple understandable laws, and public interest.
The basic theory of this sport is to score points by raiding into the opponents side and patting as many defense side players as possible without becoming caught on a single breath.
This game is a combative associates game, performed on an oblong play court, either outdoors or indoors with seven players on the field for each side. Each team takes on and off possibilities of the offense or defense side.
Jallikattu is highly valued by the rural population as a symbol of the remote past as well as the martial art tradition of Dravidian origin.
Historical evidence are pointing out that Jallikattu was familiar in olden times as 'Yeru Thazhuvuthal'. It was well praised among the youths during the Sangam era.
This sport is still conducted by the rural population in the week long fetes of Pongal, the harvest festivity of the Tamizh people. It is also one of the famous tourist attractions of this state.
Kabadi Match - Vid
Ayyanar is a Hindu deity, honored largely in the state. He has largely revered as a guardian deity who guards the countryside.
The mean Ayyanar Horse statues found on the outside edges of several hamlets, and their goal is to safeguard the suburbs against illness, make barren land fertile and produce sizable harvests.
It has an idea that the Ayyanar ancestry goes back to an extremely older clan-based Dravidian sect of ancestor prayer that related to nature and fertility commitment. Animal offerings in these temples are remarkably common.
The massive and terrifying statues accompanied by larger than life size statues of followers and animals. Miniature terracotta saddle horse and metal tridents and harpoons, offered by followers in recompense of their vows, in many cases, gathered the front yard of this house of prayers.
Traditional Hand Weaving
Hand weaving is primary employment in numerous villages, in the state. It has also emerged as one of the preceding generators of linen, silk, cotton and contributes a significant portion to the textile exports of India.
One can observe the method of weaving of Karur in some of the trustworthy stores of the world. Old records evidence the extraordinary quality muslin and silks and hand decorated "calicos" that the Greeks came to purchase from ancient local Kingdoms.Uraiyur, Karur and Madurai positioned near the cotton fields, are the significant places of weaving.
They yet are the noted centers for the grand weaving commodities Kanchipuram well distinguished for hand made Silk saris.
Only a very few will rarely see a tiger in a natural atmosphere. The state's national parks and reserves remain important refuges for much of India's wildlifes of Elephants, Tigers, Cheetahs, several varieties of peculiar Monkeys and a type of bison (Gaurs).
Hogenakkal is a riverside traveler village, with plenty of greenery and transient habitation. It has regarded as one of the most desirable places in the state. Hogenakkal Waterfalls, known as the Niagara Falls of South India, are not a lonely waterfall but a succession of falls, and they offer a promising holiday terminus for wildlife enthusiasts from within as well as outside the state. Its water is fantastic to have healing powers as the Cauveri flows through a woods of herbs on its transition to Hogenakkal.
The Muthupet mangrove swampy ground is settling down in closeness with the seaside wetlands of Vedaranyam. The swamp is covered out in an area of more or less 6800 ha, of which 77.20 ha is controlled by well grown mangrove, and the prevailing space is drown out with defectively grown mangrove plants. The Muthupet range is dry for most of the year, human movements like chop down of wood for fuel, eating by cattle, etc., has created the deterioration of Mangroves. Finfishes establish the majority of the entire fishery in Muthupet mangroves, accompanied by prawn fishery, crabs, oysters. Birds tabulated from this section are herons, egrets, kingfishers, mynas, plovers, including sandpipers.
Villages of Tamil Nadu - FAQ
- What is the Population of Tamil Nadu?
The State has a population of 62,405,679 as per Census 2001 and covers an area of 130,058 sq.kms.
- How Many Villages Are There?
Revenue Villages 16,564
Village Panchayats 12,618
- Who is the Head of the State?
His Excellency the Governor, Thiru K Rosaiah is the constitutional head of the state.
- Who is the Chief Minister of the state?
Hon'ble Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu Selvi J Jayalalithaa the head of the elected Government and heads the Council of Ministers.
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