ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

A FEW FEATURES OF WALL RELIEFS OF TERRACOTTA TEMPLES OF BENGAL

Updated on November 27, 2008

My wife Ruby is an artist....she paints and make ceramic sculptures.The other day she was surfing Internet to find out articles on figure-drawing . A couple of her findings attracted my notice. These two articles , however, are based on Western way of drawing human figures.

I then decided to compare the proportion of 'Krisna', as depicted on two terracotta panels with that of a statue of Vishnu of Hoyshala style from a temple in south India.. At the same time, I compared some of the special features of the two 'Krisna's with those of this 'Visnu' .

The two Krisnas we have here are from two periods.The first one is from Shyam-Rai temple, built in Bishnupur during 1640s. The second one is from Radh-Govindahjiu's temple at Antpur. This was constructed during the second half of 18th century.

The one from Shyam-Rai temple has a beautiful canopy, This is a part of the 'Ras-leela' panel , ....we find Krisna with Radha and a gopi . There are two more gopis on the canopy, celebrating the union of Krisna with Radha.The female figures here are equally tall .The lower halves of the faces are unique in shape.Neither of these three faces has a visible neck. The height/head ratio appears to be between 5.5 to 6.

Krisna from Antpur temple, has a simple canopy.He is alone .... no gopi around.The statue or 'relief' is covered with fungus, but, it is clear that Krisna here, like the one from Shyam-Rai temple,wears no ornaments other a garland round his neck.His face is conventional, He has a neck, approximately 40% of the size of the head, ie, Head/Neck ratio is 2.5 .Height/head ratio is 8.

Vishnu from the Hoyshala period temple has a very ornate canopy, He wears many ornaments .He has one consort each on both left- and right-hand sides.Both the consorts are far shorter than Him, which means their importance is much lesser than that of Vishnu. His Head/Neck ratio is 4.5.

These figures show that the proportions for the terracotta panels or reliefs , used by Bengal's artisans, were different from those used by artisans in South India. We can take more examples to elaborate this point. I welcome comments as well as inputs about reference books/articles on this subject from my friends and readers

 

I acknowledge having used two articles from Internet :

1.http://realcolorwheel.com/human.htm

2.Photo taken by Dhruba Banerjee and published at :

http://kolkatamirror.com/index.aspx?Page=article&sectname=Travel%20Guide%20-%20Domestic&sectid=58&contentid=20080509200805091906309942e132668

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

'Krisna' from Radha-Govindjiu's temple,Antpur.He is standing not exactly erect, but with a typical posture or 'bibhanga'....his legs are crossed.  His right leg in on the front.On the right and left of this relief, we can see a portion of the frame o
'Krisna' from Radha-Govindjiu's temple,Antpur.He is standing not exactly erect, but with a typical posture or 'bibhanga'....his legs are crossed. His right leg in on the front.On the right and left of this relief, we can see a portion of the frame o
'Krisna' from Shyam-Rai temple,Bishnupur.Ornate canopy with figures. 'Krisna' stands in his typical posture or'bibhanga' .
'Krisna' from Shyam-Rai temple,Bishnupur.Ornate canopy with figures. 'Krisna' stands in his typical posture or'bibhanga' .
'Vishnu' from a Hoysaha-period temple, Karnataka. Very ornate creation.'Vishnu' stands very erect.
'Vishnu' from a Hoysaha-period temple, Karnataka. Very ornate creation.'Vishnu' stands very erect.
Proportion of  figure drawing - Western approach.
Proportion of figure drawing - Western approach.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 

      9 years ago from Jaipur

      Thanks a lot.

      Jyoti

    • shyamchat profile imageAUTHOR

      shyamchat 

      10 years ago from Calcutta

      You are very right Jyoti. I have a plan to visit Baranagar to take photographs after the summer is over.

      If you read my other hubs, you will find some of the 400 photos I have taken at the temples of Hooghly and Bankura districts of WB.

      :-)

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 

      10 years ago from Jaipur

      Terrakoa art of Benga: It can not be completed without sying a few words about Charbangala and Bhabanishwar temple of Baranagar,P.O. Azimganj. These are some of temples remained now. total 104 temples of Lord Shiva was built by rani Bhabhani, 300 years

      before.https://hubpages.com/food/RasogollaThe-taste--of-B...

      I wish a quick comment on Sweet Bengal:

      jyoti kothar

      Hyderabad/Jaipur

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)