- Arts and Design
Types of Stitches used in Hand Sewing - Kinds of Plain Stitch
Stitches used in Hand Sewing
Stitches have become very important in dressmaking. You may find hand stitches and also machine stitches or perhaps overlocker.
Quite a few stitches have been used to temporarily secure fabrics with each other including tacking before a permanent stitch could be used to finally finish the item of clothing. The temporary stitch could possibly be pulled out after stitching on the permanent stitch. Non-permanent stitches can also be applied to transfer pattern markings on clothing materials, joining hems as well as to use for edges of elastics.
The two main kinds of stitches applied to hand sewing are ornamental stitches in addition to plain stitches.
The various types of stitches which you can use in plain stitches are: slip stitch, basting, stitching, buttonhole stitch, hemming, overcasting, blind stitch, back stitch, gathering, over handing, running stitch and darning.
For a finished apparel to carry a whole new look, it needs to have passed through a very good sewing, properly ironed, completely stitched and finished ends, hems or corners along with the threads that have to secure all the clothing to one another.
Plain / Hand Sewing Stitches Photo
Plain Sewing Stitches
Basting / Tacking
This is a temporary sewing stitch that is used to hold clothes/fabrics in place as you put in permanent stitches. Tacking can be used on garment seams, hems or where you want to hold two pieces of fabrics temporarily together. In tacking or basting hems, do not tack the edge, but very near it. Tack near the line where you want to stitch.
Stitches Used In Tacking / Basting Photo
Stitching is also referred to as back stitch. It works like machine stitch. It is used for seaming. It is done by taking a stitch from right to left. On the upper side of the clothing you take a stitch backwards and on the underside, you take a long stitch forward. The stitches meet on the top just like in machine stitch.
A gathering is done by taking a bunch of fabric and using running stitch or loose machine stitch on the fabric and then pulling the threads so that the fabric gathers as it reduces in size to fit or for designing ruffled effect.
Overcast stitch is the hand-stitch that is used to neaten raw edges of fabrics. It is a slanting stitch used to keep raw edges from ravelling. Remember to always trim the fabric edges before using an overcast stitch. Overcasting is to take loose stitches over raw edges of clothes from right to left in order to keep it from ravelling before machine stitching the fabric.
This type of stitch is used to attach a folded edge to another layer of fabric by taking a long stitch through it.
Blindstitch is done in such a way that it is invisible on the right side of the fabric. To use a blind stitch on a hem, you will have to turn back the hem's edge and stitch or hem with a single stitch that will not show on either side. The slip stitch is used as a long stitch and blind stitch on the hem.
A hem is formed when you turn over the edge of a piece of fabric twice so that there is a fold and you can then sew this fold together. It is best to trim the edge of the clothes before you turn the hem.
Darning is done by mending holes or repairing cloth by reweaving threads into the torn holes. You should not knot the thread, only leave a short end of the thread and cut it when you have finished mending the clothe hole. This kind of plain stitch can be used on stockings and other clothes such as knit fabrics.
Overhand stitch is used to sew closely over two edges of fabrics from right to left and from left to right. Overhand stitch can be used to sew bands on gathers.
Backstitch is used mainly for seaming and outlining. It is a hand-stitch that uses the double stitch on the wrong side. Back stitch is used to make stitches that follow one another without leaving any space. This is done by placing the needle on the last stitch and bringing it out, and starting all over again, that is, keep putting the needle on the last stitch and bringing it out
Running stitch is a bit like basting stitch. It is used to stitch seams that do not need great strength. Running stitch is a quick way to join tucking, seams or gathers in fabrics, although it is not as strong as back stitch.
How to Position Hand in Running Stitch
Buttonhole stitch is used to neaten and give more strength to the buttonhole raw edges.
Learn How To Make Basic Hand Stitches
- STITCHES | Bag'n-telle
How to use different handstitches.