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10 Things You Didn’t Know About Electric Cars

Updated on January 31, 2018
Jan Saints profile image

Januaris is a webmaster and writer with a great passion for machines. He loves to write articles about cars and other automobiles.

In case you didn't know, electric cars (or generally electric vehicles) are automobiles that are propelled by electric motors. These types of motors use electrical energy which mainly comes from batteries.

According to the manufacturers of electric vehicles (EVs), these vehicles use little or no fuel and pollute the environment less compared to the conventional ones. They can therefore help reduce climate change and allow people to save money on fuel.

That said, many of us have been dealing with electric cars (ECs) for a long time, but there are a number of things that we don’t know about them. Read on to learn about 10 things you didn't know about electric cars.

Ford Focus Electric Car
Ford Focus Electric Car | Source

10 Things You Didn't Know About Electric Cars, in Brief

1. The first EC was built in 1884.

2. Most popular automobiles in 19th C. and early 20th C.

3. More expensive than ICE vehicles.

4. Have low maintenance and running costs.

5. Tesla Roadster EC has the highest range per charge.

6. There are significant carbon emissions in the production of ECs.

7. Heavier than gasoline cars, but less noisy.

8. There are 6 categories of electric cars.

9. Renault-Nissan Alliance is the leading EV manufacturer.

10. Nissan Leaf is the most successful EC.

1. The First Electric Car Was Built in 1884

The vehicle was designed and built by Thomas Parker who was a London innovator in charge of the overhead tramways electrification in the city. The car was fueled by high-capacity rechargeable batteries, and the innovator aimed at reducing the number of low fuel-efficient and environment-friendly cars on the roads with his EC.

2. Electric Cars were the Most Popular Automobiles in the 19th C. and early 20th C.

During this period, ECs were more convenient (easier to operate and more comfortable) than the gasoline ones. The internal combustion engine was in its early stages of development and could not propel automobiles more efficiently. Tens of thousands of EVs were sold during this period, but later, their sales dropped significantly as a result of the introduction of more convenient gasoline cars (when the IC engine became more advanced).

3. They are More Expensive than Internal Combustion Engine Vehicles

The high cost of electric-powered cars is attributed to the additional cost of the batteries. Some battery packs cost as high as $800 per kWh. Due to these high battery costs, most people are reluctant to buy ECs. But some automakers have started to manufacture cheaper batteries, which is good news to people who want to buy EVs.

4. They have Low Maintenance and Running Costs

ECs have fewer parts than gasoline cars, which means that they have fewer parts to maintain. The costly batteries do not last forever, but they have a lifetime of many years something which keeps the replacement cost low. The overall energy consumption for these types of cars is also low. On average, an EC uses 0.18 kWh/mi which translates to 1.75 p/mi (pennies per mile). On the other side, a gasoline-powered one uses 10 p/mi.

5. Tesla Roadster EC has the Highest Range per Charge (Year 2015)

The car can travel 240 miles per charge which is twice the range traveled by most ECs. It can be fully charged in 4 hours from a 220V, 70A outlet, and it can gain 80 percent of the charge in about 30 minutes.

Tesla Roadster
Tesla Roadster | Source

6. There are Significant Carbon Emissions in the Production of Electric Cars

Reports from trusted sources show that more carbon emissions are generated in the production of ECs compared to conventional cars. Most of the emissions come from the battery production. However, the overall emissions are lower over the lifetime (from production to disposal) for these types of vehicles.

7. They are Heavier than Gasoline Cars, but Less Noisy

First, the additional weight comes from the batteries. Second, due to their heavy weight, they take longer to stop after brakes are applied and their occupants suffer minimal injuries in collisions. On the side of noise, the occupants are usually free from noise disturbance because the vehicles do not use engines which are associated with noise.

8. There are 6 Categories of Electric Cars/Vehicles

Battery EVs (BEVs)

  • Run entirely on electric motors and batteries.
  • Recharged from a power grid.
  • Mileage range is 100-200 per charge.

Plug-in Hybrid EVs (PHEVs)

  • Use rechargeable batteries, electric motors, and internal combustion engines.
  • Mileage range on electric mode is 30-40 per charge.

Hybrid EVs (HEVs)

  • Use small electric batteries and internal combustion engines.
  • Batteries are charged by engines or through regenerative breaking.
  • Maximum acceleration is 40mph.

Extended-Range EVs (EREVs)

  • Use rechargeable batteries and internal combustion engines.
  • Batteries are charged by engines or power grids.
  • Mileage range is 40 per charge.

Neighborhood EVs (NEVs)

  • Use batteries that are recharged from a 120 volt grid.
  • Maximum speed is 30mph.

Non-Road EVs (NREVs)

  • Use rechargeable batteries and electric motors.
  • Designed for manufacturing plants, seaports, and airports.

9. Renault-Nissan Alliance is the Leading Electric Car Manufacturer (2014)

Renault-Nissan Alliance has sold over 200,000 ECs which represent about 60 percent of all ECs on the roads. The second and third best performing electric vehicle companies are Tesla Motors and Mitsubishi Motors respectively.

10. Nissan Leaf is the Most Successful Electric Car

Released in the late 2010, Nissan Leaf has recorded global sales of more than 150,000 units. The car has been sold in over 35 countries. It has low maintenance and running costs. It uses 0.34 kWh/mi which is the same as 1.75 p/mi.

Nissan Leaf
Nissan Leaf | Source
Leviton EVB40-PST Evr-Green 400 EV Charger, 40-Amp, Surface Mount, 25-Foot Cord, Requires 50Amp Circuit
Leviton EVB40-PST Evr-Green 400 EV Charger, 40-Amp, Surface Mount, 25-Foot Cord, Requires 50Amp Circuit

I have installed this charging station at my home and it feels just awesome. It is safe, easy to use and charges my EC 6 times faster. I recommend it to you.

 

Conclusion

I hope you have learnt something new about electric cars, but there is one thing that people are worried about these vehicles. According to a survey carried out by a leading automobile manufacturer, most people think that EVs are not convenient and reliable. Some fear the battery charge may run out before they reach their destinations.

But some goods news is that technologists and engineers across the world are researching on new innovations to improve the reliability and convenience of electric vehicles.

Have you learnt something new about electric cars?

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Concerning the future of EVs, do you think that electric cars can once again become more popular than the conventional ones?

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© 2015 Januaris Saint Fores

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      Jacobb9205 3 years ago

      No problem, Jan Saints

    • Jan Saints profile image
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      Januaris Saint Fores 3 years ago from the Midwest

      Thanks Jacobb9205 for your comment.

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      Jacobb9205 3 years ago

      Interesting, thank you for posting!

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