ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Autonomous Vehicle

Updated on April 15, 2017

What is the need of these vehicles?

As we all know that many road accidents occur annually and of course many people also die in these accidents.

Some occur while driving on highways while some occur when a pedestrian crosses the road, and there many other. So, what was the alternative; creating a vehicle which could drive on its own and stop when some obstacle comes in its path. This could reduce the number of accidents and hence save people's lives.

Different areas in which a autonomous vehicle can be classified.

There are 6 levels of classifying a autonomous vehicle :-

  1. Level 0 - The automated software system doesn't have control over the vehicle, but may issue warnings.
  2. Level 1 - The automated software system has certain features such as automated steering, but the driver must be ready to take the control at any point of time.
  3. Level 2 - The driver is obliged to take control in case the automated software system fails.
  4. Level 3 - On highways, the driver can rely on the automated software system, but must be ready to take control.
  5. Level 4 - No driver attention required. Outside safe environment; the car automatically parks itself at the side of road.
  6. Level 5 - No human interference required at any point of time. The automated software system drives the car to the desired location and is capable of making its own decisions.

Technology used

The experiment of making autonomous vehicle had started in early 1920s, but still the work is in development. The cars are ready but the automated software system is still not upto mark. The car software engineers are working hard to build a fully reliant software.

The modern autonomous vehicles use Bayesian Simultaneous localization and Mapping Algorithms.


The first experiment done was in early 1920s, till 1950 the car was not fully functional. Many more test were conducted and a fully functional autonomous car was made in 1980.

The funniest thing is that I am talking about it almost a century after the car had been built.

And the worst thing is that a century has passed but the manufacturers are still not able to build a fully autonomous car.

1920s Car

Today's Car

Advantages and Disadvantages

As everything has pros and cons, these cars also have certain pros and cons

Pros :-

  1. Reduced number of traffic collisions
  2. Reduced labor cost
  3. No need of traffic police
  4. Can take its own decisions to take passenger on the desired location.
  5. The artificial intelligence is capable of taking decisions in emergency situations such as illness of a person during the journey.

Cons :-

  1. No software reliance.
  2. Artificial intelligence is not capable of taking decisions in chaotic areas.
  3. Road infrastructure needs changes to run these new cars.
  4. Loss in jobs of people involved in public transport services and traffic police.
  5. These cars are prone to hacking.

Final Words

The autonomous car development has taken over a century to complete and we still don't know how long will it take, but the manufacturers know the public is in a great demand of these cars; so they are trying their best.

Many company officials have said that these cars would be on road for public by year 2020.

What do you think, till which year these cars would be on road?

See results


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile imageAUTHOR

      Prakhar Sethi 

      21 months ago

      I agree with your point and it's absolutely correct. Countries like USA will have these cars much more earlier than the countries like India who are still developing.

    • WheelScene profile image


      21 months ago from U.S.A.

      Prakhar, I couldn't agree more! USA has an advanced road system. What about in a country like India or Mexico that is still building its road systems? How will an autonomous car work on a dirt road or with lots of different types of traffic (bus, car, truck, bicycle, walking, animals, road hazards etc) It makes it much harder to make a car fully autonomous. So I think it will take longer than we think.

    • profile imageAUTHOR

      Prakhar Sethi 

      21 months ago

      Hi, thanks for your feedback. I will try to improve my English. According to me it will be very difficult for autonomous vehicles to come in existence because not only in USA but also in other countries, people are passionate about driving. So according to me these cars should also have a manual drive.

    • WheelScene profile image


      21 months ago from U.S.A.

      Very good post! I really liked the picture of the 1920's autonomous car! You give a good breakdown of the history and development of autonomous cars. When do you think driver-less cars will hit the road? I think it will be hard to force people to give up the freedom to drive. It is part of the culture in the USA. Only recommendation I have is proof read, there are a couple grammar mistakes, but this is a really good article! You can make it great!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)