Belt Squeal -- Why Is My Car Squealing?
Why is my Car Squealing? -- Belt Squeal
When a belt starts to go bad, the squeal it often makes sounds like the worst noise you've ever heard. It's often super loud and high pitched, a squeal that sounds like your engine compartment is crying out in pain. The good news in all this is that the belt is still functional, and the squeal is just a warning that the belt will soon go bad. In a way, it would be nice if all vehicle maintenance problems were this easy to diagnose. Often, when a car starts having problems, the only warning you get is the maintenance light, which gives no specific information whatsoever as to which part of the car is having problems.The other good news about fixing a failing belt is that it isn't generally very difficult.
What Makes a Belt Squeal?
When belts begin to wear out, they start to slip. A belt is similar to the gears on a giant clock. It has teeth and is meant to grab hold of a corresponding area on the wheel that turns the belt. Take a look at the picture to the right. You see how the underside of the belt isn't flat but has little teeth to help it grab hold of the surface it's on. What happens is that, because the belt is made of rubber, it begins to wear out over time. Once a belt wears down enough, it begins to slip, meaning that the wheel turning the belt moves but the belt stays in place. When this happens, you get a pretty loud squeal. The belt is generally still functional, meaning that it still has some grip, but because of the excess friction and heat generated from the slipping, the belt will wear out very quickly.
Tips for Stopping Belt Squeal
If you don't want to replace your belt just yet but are tired of the horrendous noise coming out of your engine compartment, there are a few things you can do. One is to take a pad of green Scotchbrite to the wheel that drives your belt and the grooves in it. Essentially you're buffing and cleaning it of dust and impurities, giving your belt more of a surface to grab hold of. Another thing you can do is to use spray conditioner for your squealing belts. The spray to the right is a good example. This product both quiets squealing belts but also promises to increase overall belt life, which is a good investment for around $5. If you're having squealing belts and want a more quick fix, I'd recommend the spray. But you need to be careful because belts will eventually snap if they get too worn out, leaving you stranded somewhere. Don't neglect real maintenance too long in lieu of the quick fix.
Finding the Right Belt
Not all belts are the same, and different makes and models of cars use different systems for their belts. Some cars have individual belts, meaning that there's a separate belt for your alternator, your fan, and so forth, whereas other vehicles have a serpentine belt that routes through all of the different systems. If you have individual belts, you'll have to find out which one is beginning to slip and make the nasty squeal. Keep in mind that the belt might also be the AC belt, and it might only make the squeal when the AC is on. That being said however, a good practice is to change out all the belts at the same time (timing belt excluded). If one of your belts is starting to go bad, chances are that the others are as well. In fact, if your belts are starting to go bad, it might be a good time for a regular tuneup. Generally things like belts, spark plugs, and other things involved in a tuneup are changed all at once. If your belts are starting to squeal, check to see when the last time you had a tuneup was. If you don't want to get a full tuneup, then you'll have to go down to your autoparts store and order a new belt or belts.
Replacing a Belt
Once you've made up your mind to replace the squealing belt, the best resource available to you about how to change out and replace your squealing belt is to use your vehicle's owners manual. The owners manual will show you the proper way to change the belt for your particular car. If you have a serpentine belt, for example, the owners manual will show you how to most easily attach it to all of the different systems and how to tension it correctly. If you don't have your owners manual, then that makes things a little bit more complicated. You'll have to wing it a bit. The best thing you can do is to talk to the person at the auto parts store when you buy the belt and ask them for tips on how to install that particular belt. It's generally a pretty simple task. You have to release the tension on the belt, put on a new belt, and reapply the tension. Not rocket science. But since different belt systems vary greatly, it's difficult to give specific advice.