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Bike Safety Tips for National Bike Month

Updated on September 25, 2012

Summer is just around the corner for most of us here in the Northern Hemisphere and with May being National Bike Month, it’s a good time to learn about bike safety and review the rules of the road.

People ride bicycles for all sorts of reasons – fun and fitness, transportation to work and school and racing are just a few reasons. According to Bikes Belong, more than 42 million Americans ages 6 and older (that’s 15% of the population) rode a bike for recreation in 2010, making it the second-most-popular outdoor activity in the U.S. And in 2009, Americans made 4 billion trips by bicycle.

Regardless of why people are riding bikes, bike safety is important. Here are some tips for being safe on a bike.

Pediatrician Dr. Joseph Cangas fits a bike helmet on a child during a Family Safety Fest in Alton, May 2012. Cangas has given away thousands of bike helmets to prevent head injuries in kids.
Pediatrician Dr. Joseph Cangas fits a bike helmet on a child during a Family Safety Fest in Alton, May 2012. Cangas has given away thousands of bike helmets to prevent head injuries in kids. | Source

1. Wear a helmet!

Wearing a helmet is probably the most important thing you can do to ensure bike safety. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, a helmet that’s properly fitted can reduce the risk of a head injury by as much as 85% and the risk of brain injury by as much as 88%.

Get in the habit of wearing a helmet each time you hop on your bike. Teach your children to wear one as you teach them to ride their bikes. Biking accidents send more than a quarter million kids to emergency rooms every year, according to the National Safe Kids Campaign. And more than 40% of all deaths from biking head injuries happen to kids 14 and under.

Gone are the days of heavy, clunky (ugly) bike helmets. Today, most bike helmets are made from tough polycarbonate material designed to better handle impacts. They are lighter-weight and sleeker with cooling vents. With so many helmets now in fun colors, there’s no excuse not to wear one.

Helmets can be for sports, mountain bikes or road bikes. No matter which type you need, make sure you buy the right size helmet. Bike helmets come in small, medium, large and extended sizes.

If you’re buying a helmet for the first time, you’ll have to measure your head to figure out which size you need. Wrap a flexible tape measure (the sort dressmakers and tailors use) around your head about 1 inch above your eyebrows. (If you don’t have one or can’t find one, use a string, then measure the string against a yardstick).

Use this chart as a guide to help you determine the size helmet you need. If you’re between two sizes, go with the smaller size.

Extra small
below 20”
Extra large
above 24.75”
One size fits all (men)
One size fits all (women)

If you are buying a helmet for a child, keep these tips in mind:

  • most helmets for kids are one-size-fits-all and range from18-22.5”
  • don’t buy a helmet to grow into
  • consider buying a helmet with a rear stabilizer that cradles the back of the head and helps the helmet stay correctly positioned

Helmets come with straps to adjust for a good fit. You can watch this video to see how to do it but in general, the helmet should be snug but not tight. It should not be tilted forward over the eyebrows or be tilted back. If you shake your head, your helmet shouldn’t shift. Make adjustments if necessary.

Replace any helmet that is cracked, has a broken clip or no longer fits well.

2. A properly fitted bike is a safe bike

Bike safety includes having a bike that’s the right size for the rider. A bike shouldn’t be too big or too small but rather like Goldilocks’ mantra: “just right.” A too big bike is dangerous because it can’t be controlled; one that’s too small is uncomfortable. There are three components to a properly fitted bike: frame, seat and handlebars.


Stand over the bike’s frame with both feet on the ground. If you’re using a men’s bike, there should be about a 2” clearance between the tube that runs lengthwise along the bike and your crotch.


How high your bike’s seat is raised and its angle can affect your biking performance and comfort. Both can lead to safety issues if they aren’t addressed.

When you are on your bike and pedaling, your leg should have only a slight bend at the knee when it’s in the bottom position of pedaling. Additionally, you shouldn’t be able to put your feet on the ground when you come off your bike’s seat; you should be on your toes. If you are able to put your feet flat on the ground then the seat is too low.

If your bike’s seat isn’t level, you’re going to be uncomfortable. If the seat tilts down, you’re going to feel like you’re sliding forward; if it’s tilted up, your performance will suffer.


Handlebar adjustments on a bike depend on the kind of bike you are riding but all will affect the safety of your ride. If you’re on a road or mountain bike, the handlebars will be lower than the seat, ranging anywhere from an inch or two on a road bike to three or four on a mountain bike. If you’re on a hybrid or cruiser you don’t lean forward on these types of bikes as you do on road or mountain bikes. Because you won’t be leaning forward, the handlebars will be a couple inches higher than your seat.

Regardless of the type of bike you ride, make adjustments to fit your needs and body type.

How to fit your bike


3. Bike safety means keeping your bike in good condition

If you’ve decided this is the year you’re going to pull your bike out from the back of the garage and start using it after years of neglect, make sure you get it checked out first! If you decide not to take it to a bike shop for a ‘tune-up’ then keep reading to see what you need to do.

  • Check the tires. Are they low? Pump them up. Are they rotting? If the bike has been sitting around for a long time, you might want to get them replaced. The last thing you want to do is be out somewhere on a ride and get a flat.
  • Clean your bike using a solution of mild dish soap and water. Use a solvent (but don’t use one that has kerosene or turpentine) on greasy parts like the bike chain. Use various size brushes as well as rags to get into areas that need cleaning.
  • Check all the nuts and bolts on your bike. Tighten loose items on your bike but don’t overdo it. If you aren’t sure how much something should be tightened, take your bike to a shop and ask them to show you some basic maintenance tips.
  • Check the hand brakes and adjust the calipers as needed.

Most importantly, be aware of rattles and other strange noises coming from your bike as you ride. You should be as familiar with your bike as you are with your car so you’ll recognize when it starts making a noise it shouldn’t.

Pre-ride bike inspection


How bike friendly is your state?

While doing research for this hub, I came across the League of American Bicyclists’ website. They have a neat interactive map where you can find out how your state stacks up nationally and regionally when it comes to bike friendly communities.

Washington ranks first in the nation, followed by Minnesota. That comes as no surprise to me. I have a brother who lives in Rochester, MN and I know it to be a very progressive state when it comes to the environment and health. Minnesota also ranked #1 in the Midwest followed by Wisconsin.

My state, Illinois, was a respectable #11 nationally although the four communities that got us there aren’t anywhere near where I live! Illinois ranked #3 in the Midwest.

A second interactive map shows how your state ranks regarding legislation, infrastructure, funding and policies that affects its ranking.

How bike-friendly is YOUR state?

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    • Danette Watt profile imageAUTHOR

      Danette Watt 

      6 years ago from Illinois

      Hey Cara, glad it fit in well with your activity with the kids. So now they're all set to hit the trails. Do you have a bike? Maybe I'll get on it while I'm up there.

    • cardelean profile image


      6 years ago from Michigan

      Really fantastic hub. I love the table and all of the tips that you have included. We just got home from a bike rodeo sponsored by the Kiwanis Club. The kids each got a new helmet and there was someone there to fit them properly. Plus bike division of the police department was there to teach them bike safety, it was really a great event.

    • Danette Watt profile imageAUTHOR

      Danette Watt 

      6 years ago from Illinois

      Thanks Gail. It would be cool if the whole country was linked via bike trails like it is via interstates. Wouldn't that be something?

    • Happyboomernurse profile image

      Gail Sobotkin 

      6 years ago from South Carolina

      Great article with so much useful info about bicycle safety.

      My state of Delaware ranks #10 on the list and our current governor is a big advocate for increasing the number of bike trails throughout the state.

      Voted up across the board except for funny.

    • Danette Watt profile imageAUTHOR

      Danette Watt 

      6 years ago from Illinois

      Most definitely! Not only for safety reasons but to set a good example. I'm always surprised to see people on bike and motorcycles without them. There are just too many crazy drivers to take a chance.

    • barbergirl28 profile image

      Stacy Harris 

      6 years ago from Hemet, Ca

      Oh yeah - and I also forgot to mention that you also reminded me about the helmets. We have helmets for all the kids but for some reason during one of our many moves we lost the ones for the adults. I hate shopping for helmets and I actually liked the one I had. So I guess we need to add that to the list as well! :)

    • Danette Watt profile imageAUTHOR

      Danette Watt 

      6 years ago from Illinois

      Thanks Ahmed for reading and leaving a comment. Glad you found the info helpful.

    • ahmed.b profile image


      6 years ago from Sweden

      Very practical tips for bike safety. Thank you for sharing these.



    • Danette Watt profile imageAUTHOR

      Danette Watt 

      6 years ago from Illinois

      Thanks michyoung. I agree, safety should take priority over "fashion" or being "too cool" to wear a helmet.

    • michyoung profile image


      6 years ago from North Carolina, USA

      Safety should be the priority of every rider. They should always keep in mid how they can be safe and be protected. Great hub!

    • Danette Watt profile imageAUTHOR

      Danette Watt 

      6 years ago from Illinois

      Thanks Dee. It is surprising about CA isn't it? Not so for Arkansas! I wrote about bike safety, now I just gotta get the old bike from the garage,' get it 'tuned up' and get out there riding!

    • Danette Watt profile imageAUTHOR

      Danette Watt 

      6 years ago from Illinois

      @Helen - thanks for reading and commenting. I'm glad you found the info helpful.

      Hi Laura, yes, biking is a great way to get around and is becoming more popular as people try to save on gas money as well as get their exercise in.

      Hi barbergirl28! Thanks for stopping by to read - I know you're busy with all your workouts. We have a bike in our garage that's been sitting there for years so I'd definitely have to get it inspected - and maybe a complete overhaul! - before I dared to ride it.

      @jpcmc - it's so important to teach children when they're young to use a helmet and to be safe. Both my boys were in Boy Scouts and the troop took frequent bike trips. No one was allowed to ride without a helmet, scout or adult leader. Thanks for reading

    • Denise Handlon profile image

      Denise Handlon 

      6 years ago from North Carolina

      Wow! I can tell you spent a lot of time researching and setting up the table, videos, etc for this hub. I didn't know that May was National Bike Month.

      The link to the 'Bike friendly' state info was very helpful. I checked and NC is #24 which does not surprise me. #1: Washington State. Hmmm, could have sworn it would have been the big health nut state of California, but CA ranked #12-even after Illinois. And, last on the list? #50 is Arkansas.

      Thanks for sharing your info here. Good job and rated UP/Interesting and Useful. :)

    • jpcmc profile image

      JP Carlos 

      6 years ago from Quezon CIty, Phlippines

      This is really important. Many parents simply let their children ride their bikes without checking their bikes or the streets. Summer is fun when you are safe.

    • barbergirl28 profile image

      Stacy Harris 

      6 years ago from Hemet, Ca

      Great hub! I want to get a new seat for my son so we can start going on bike rides. We have the one that we pull him in behind but unfortunately, that is attached to my husband's bike and unless we get a second coupling attachement, I can't use it because I can't use his bike. I have to admit though - I can't wait to get back on my bike. But thanks for the reminder - when we first moved we didn't really get to ride our bikes so we probably really need to do a good inspection.

    • LauraGT profile image


      6 years ago from MA

      Great tips for bike safety. Biking is such an enjoyable way to get around and to get some exercise, especially on a beautiful day. Great reminders about helmets and proper fit of the bike.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Danette, thank you for this very informative hub on bicycle safety. I should tell my daughter to read this because she and her room mate do go riding as often as they can.

      Good job on the article....voted up and useful!

      Take care,



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