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Getting Your Vehicle Repaired at Auto Shops: 3 Classification of Parts

Updated on January 1, 2018

Thousands of cars are brought to auto shops every year, and require repair work from repainting the shell to replacing essential parts that are required in the functionality of the vehicles. If your vehicle requires a new part, you can consult with the auto repair shop regarding whether you would like new, remanufactured or salvage parts. Each of which possess their own benefits.

New Parts

New parts are separated into two different categories: Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) or Independent. Parts that are OEM are made by the original manufacturer. For example, if you drive a Toyota vehicle and require a new transmission, an OEM transmission is made by Toyota, and will fit the original manufacturer’s specifications. Some independent companies have also manufactured similar parts that will fit the job, but these companies are not the original manufacturer. These are also known as aftermarket parts.

If you are purchasing new parts for a vehicle, you will want to check:

  • the year of which the parts are made as this may affect overall specificity.

  • whether the auto repair shops are able to get a bargain on the parts.

  • the coverage of your insurance policy. Some insurance policies will only cover OEM parts whereas others will only cover a certain value. Anything exceeding this amount will need to be paid out of your own pocket.

Most auto repair shops will typically choose aftermarket parts. There are many benefits involved with purchasing new parts. These parts tend to have a higher performance. The performance level of the aftermarket parts may not be worse than OEM parts. It is best to choose new parts if mileage will affect wear. For example, you should not purchase used brake pads as they probably are not reliable, and have a lot of wear on them.

Remanufactured Parts

Remanufactured parts are also rebuilt or reconditioned. These parts have typically been restored to good working condition, and will be able to offer the same services as new parts. Remanufactured part are typically cheaper than new parts; however, they may not be capable of the same performance. If you or the auto shop is interested in remanufactured parts, you will want to consider:

  • the amount of warranty that the remanufactured parts have. Most manufacturers that have restored parts will offer limited warranty on the parts, and you want to make sure that the warranty is a sufficient amount of time that will provide you with the services that you need.

  • the manufacturer that restored the parts. You will want to check online to see whether these manufacturers are reliable, and whether others have had any problems with the parts that they have restored. Keep in mind that a malfunctioning part may cost you your life, and is not a laughing matter or something to take lightly.

Salvage Parts

These parts are typically taken from cars that have already been recycled, and have not been restored nor modified. If you are choosing salvage parts, you will find that they are the least expensive out of the three options that are available. Salvage parts are beneficial in the sense that they are:

  • easily accessible. There are many cars that are getting recycled every day, and you generally do not need to wait long in order to get the parts that you need.

  • cheapest out of all of the three options that are offered. If you are working on a budget, this may be your best bet.

  • only source for certain vehicles. If you have an older vehicle, the manufacturers may have already stopped production on the parts that you are seeking. Finding these parts may be rather difficult, and you may have to get salvage parts instead.

If you are seeking salvage parts, you will want to be fully aware of the condition that the parts are in, and whether the parts still have any warranty on them. Keep in mind that salvage parts should not be chosen for functions that degrade with wear. For example, most professionals do not recommend choosing salvaged brake pads as the brake pads are probably in horrible condition already. They will not last long, and you may be putting yourself in danger when installing these parts. Salvage parts are great for electronics, such as radio systems for cars, and for other areas, such as car seats.


In order to save on your car expenses, you may want to opt out of only using new parts. Remanufactured or salvage parts may be equally as good in condition and as capable. You will also want to check with your insurance policy in order to determine whether there are any limitations or guidelines that have been set.


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