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The Future of Tire Design

Updated on October 18, 2016

Tire technology is evolving rapidly alongside hybrid and electric car manufacturing. Fuel efficiency, safety, and durability continue to be at the top of the list of consumer demand. What these new tire technologies have to offer is the potential to boost power supply efficiency while improving driving performance on the road. New tires engineered to represent bio-geometry composed of rubbery materials and covered with film terminated surface structures are proving to be exceptionally adhesive, supporting automobile performance with unusually strong friction in recent driving tests.

The New Science of Tire Manufacturing

Bio-geometry channel structured tires film-terminated for strength are the focus of the lead tire brands at present. Largely solving a standard performance matrix of fuel efficiency, traction, and tire life, these new bio-geometry products eliminate the engineering paradox of surface degradation in response to the traditional model of limited, single quality improvement. Tire manufacturers are looking to maximize overall performance of tires. Development of such bio-geometry tire properties are the current work of mechanical engineers dedicated to the design and reliability testing of ecologically and safety enhancing tires for both electrical and gas fueled automobiles. These advancements are able to transform any vehicle, whether they be a Toyota Tacoma or the latest design from Tesla.

Engineering Performance in Microscale

The application of biomechanics, biomaterials, and nano-biotechnology as bio-mimetic redesign of tires is fast becoming the singular most promising source for new innovation. The belief that such innovative designs are the future of tires is backed by evidence that they can actually generate electricity during vehicle use. If scientists are correct, tires will soon serve as a backup to the main power supply, reducing recharge time and delays on longer driving trips.

Microscale structural changes in the engineering of a tire’s surface are the key to redesign of already popular tire models. Most recently, the transition to millimeter changes in tire engineering is seen in a micro pillar surface comprised of a hexagonal array of highly adhesive posts. Solidified by a thin coating, these numerous parallel posts have the chance to give the tire more traction on contact with rough surfaces, and more resistance during turning and sliding.

The results to the latest in tire design are significant in terms of the safety and performance of hybrid and electrical vehicles in all-weather conditions, and on all-terrain road transitions while driving. This geometric pillar tire surface design stands to improve sideways friction by up to four-fold standard tire performance, allowing unusable energy to be released on contact. Scientists indicate that with these bio-mechanical engineering alterations and bio-material innovations, that noise and fuel efficiency will be greatly improved as well.

An Energy Efficient Solution

The future of microscale redesign is not entirely known. While some information about the scientific direction of the major tire manufacturers has been released, the full potential of innovations currently in the research and design phase is still under wraps. Quite rightly, as tire companies seek to address an entire market segment of current and would be hybrid and electric car owners, certain to grow in the coming years. Connecting the mechanical sources of power from tires to an automobile's battery is a targeted concern of tire manufacturers at the moment.

The potential of capturing tire generated heat induced by the friction between the wheels and the road during driving is one kinetic option undergoing deep investigation at scientific laboratories working on fuel efficiency. Studies on stationary induction of heat will offer yet another source of battery energy for electrical vehicles in the not so far off future. How well scientists are able to connect tire redesign is an area of inquiry still open to innovation. Microscale composite redesign of existing models is an excellent indicator that efficiency starts in the lab.


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