- Auto Industry
The Story Of Henry Ford
Henry Ford (1863 - 1947)
Henry Ford was born on the 30th of July, 1863 on a farm in Greenfield Township, Michigan to William Ford and Mary Litogot.
During Henry’s younger years he had shown an interest in mechanical things and he used to wonder how he could improve items to make them better. Because of this, Henry’s father, William, gave him a pocket watch.
By the age of 12, he was spending most of his time in a small machine shop, which he has equipped himself. It was here that he constructed his first steam engine in 1878, aged just 15.
At the young age of 15, with the help of his pocket watch, he dissolved and reunited the timepieces of friends and neighbours many times. From this act, Henry gained the status of a watch repairman.
His mother, Mary Litogot died in 1876 devastating him. After this tragic event his father expressed that he eventually expected Henry to take over the family farm but he despised farm work and told his father that he never had a particular love for the farm, it was his mother on the farm that he loved.
In 1879 at the age of 16, Henry left home to work as an apprentice machinist in Detroit for James F. Flower and Bros, and later, Dry Dock Co. In 1882, he returned back home to work on the family farm, where he became adept at operating the Westinghouse portable steam engine. He was then later hired by Westinghouse to service their steam engines.
During this period, whilst he was back on the farm, Henry studied bookkeeping at Goldsmith, Bryant & Stratton Business College in Detroit.
In 1888, Henry married a hometown girl, Clara Ala Bryant and supported he and her by farming and running a sawmill. Together Henry and Clara had one child, a son named Edsel Ford.
On June 4th, 1896 Henry Ford put the finishing touches on his gasoline-powered motor car. After more than two years of experimentation, Henry Ford aged 32, had completed his first experimental automobile. He named his creation the "Quadricycle," namely so because it ran on four bicycle tires. The success of this vehicle fuelled his automobile ambitions, leading ultimately to the founding of Ford Motor Company in 1903.
In 1908 Henry had finished his most prized car, The Model T. The Model T changed the way Americans lived, worked and traveled. Henry Ford’s revolutionary advancements in assembly-line automobile manufacturing in 1913, made the Model T the first car to be affordable for a majority of Americans. For the first time car ownership became a reality for average American workers, not just the wealthy. Over 15,000,000 Model T cars were produced and sold until 1927.
Henry, like other automobile companies, entered the aviation business during the event of World War I, building Liberty engines. After the war, his business returned to auto manufacturing until 1925, when he acquired an aviation company named ‘Stout Metal Airplane Company’.
Henry gaining quite a large spotlight, shared his political views with the world. These political views earned him widespread criticism over the years, beginning with his campaign against U.S. involvement in World War I. He made a failed bid for a U.S. Senate seat in 1918, narrowly losing in a campaign marked by personal attacks from his opponent. Later in the year of 1918, Henry bought a local newspaper “The Dearborn Independent” and published a number of anti-Semitic writings that were collected and published as a four volume set called ‘The International Jew’. He later discarded theses writings and sold the paper. Because he expressed admiration for Adolf Hitler and Germany, in 1938 he accepted the Grand Cross of the German Eagle, the Nazi regime’s highest medal for a foreigner.
In 1941 the Ford company joined the Union. He was adamantly against labor unions. He explained that he thought they were too heavily influenced by some leaders who, despite their ostensible good motives, would end up doing more harm than good for workers. Most of them wanted to restrict productivity as a means to foster employment, but Henry saw this as self-defeating because, he believed that productivity was necessary for any economic prosperity to exist.
Henry’s son Edsel Ford died of stomach cancer on May 26th, 1943 leaving Henry distraught and left to run his company all by himself once again only to later hand presidency over to his grandson, Edsel’s son, Henry Ford II.
Several years later, in 1945 Henry went into retirement after being struck with ill health. Not too long after, in 1947, at the age of 83, Henry Ford died on his estate from a cerebral haemorrhage, leaving very many people saddened. Although he may be gone, he legacy still reigns on.
How The Model T Came To Be Created And Produced
Henry Ford’s dream, - “I will build a motor car for the great multitude. It will be large enough for the family, but small enough for the individual to run and care for. It will be constructed of the best materials, by the best men to be hired, after the simplest designs that modern engineering can devise. But it will be so low in price that no man akin a good salary will be unable to own one and enjoy with his family the blessing of hours of pleasure in God’s great open spaces.”
Henry Ford’s Model T was for the people. It was to make him famous and was to completely transform the face of America. His dreams to create a car for the people sprang from his populist instincts, and from his generous almost didactic impulse to share the joy of machines to the world.
Now for the extensive story that led to how the Model T came to be… In 1891, Henry Ford became an engineer with the Edison Illuminating company. After his promotion to chief engineer in 1893, he had enough time and money to devote attention to his personal experiments on gasoline engines. These experiments blossomed in 1896 with the completion of a self propelled vehicle which he named the ‘Ford Quadricycle. He test drove it on June 4th that year. After various test drives, he brainstormed ways to improve the quadricycle.
Several years later in 1896, Henry attended a meeting of Edison executives, where he was introduced to the one and only, Thomas Edison. Thomas approved of his automobile experimentation. Feeling Encouraged by Edison, Henry designed and built a second vehicle, completing it in 1898. Backed by the Capital of Detroit, William H. Murphy, Henry resigned from the Edison company and founded the Detroit Automobile Company on August 5th, 1899. However, the automobiles were of a lower quality and higher price than Henry had wanted. Ultimately, the company was not successful and shut down in January, 1901.
With the help of C. Harold Wills, Henry designed, built and successfully raced a 26-horsepower automobile in October 1901. With this success, the Capital of Detroit, William H. Murphy, and other stockholders in the Detroit Automobile Company formed the Henry Ford Company on November 30th, 1901, with Henry as chief engineer. The next year in 1902, the Detroit Capital, Murphy, brought in a Henry M. Leland as a consultant. Henry Ford did not like this and in response, left the company bearing his name. With Henry gone, William H. Murphy renamed the ‘Henry Ford Company’ to the ‘Cadillac Automobile Company’.
After resigning, Henry received the backing of an old associate, Alexander Y. Malcomson, a Detroit-area coal dealer. They formed a partnership, “Ford & Malcomson, Ltd.” to manufacture automobiles. Ford went to work designing an inexpensive automobile. The two of them leased a factory and contracted with a machine shop owned by John and Horace E. Dodge to supply over $160,000 in automobile parts. Sales were slow and a crisis became apparent when the Dodge brothers demanded payment for their first shipment.
In response to this, Malcomson brought in an additional group of investors and convinced the Dodge brothers to accept a portion of the new company. ‘Ford & Malcomson’ was reincorporated as the ‘Ford Motor Company’ on June 16th, 1903, with $28,000 investment capital. Ford then demonstrated a newly designed car on the ice of lake St. Clair, driving 1.6km in 39.4 seconds, setting a new land speed at 146.9 kilometres per hour. Convinced by this success, the race driver Barney Oldfield, took the car around the country, making the Ford brand known throughout all of the United States.
The Model T was introduced on October 1st, 1908. It had the steering wheel on the left, which was soon copied by every other car company. The entire engine and transmission were enclosed, the four cylinders were cast in a solid block and the suspension used two semi-elliptic springs. The car was very simple to drive, and easy and cheap to repair. In 1908, it was so cheap at $825 with the price falling every year, that by the 1920’s the majority of American drivers had learned to drive in the Model T.
Henry created a huge publicity machine in Detroit to ensure every newspaper carried stories and ads about the new Ford Model T. Ford’s network of local dealers made the car found in almost every city in North America. As independent dealers, the franchises grew rich and publicised not just the Ford Model T, but the concept of automobiling. Henry was always eager to sell to farmers, who looked on the vehicle as a commercial device to help their business’, so he did. Due to all of this publicity, sales increased rapidly; Several years gave 100% gains on the previous year. Always on the hunt for more efficiency and lower costs, in 1913, Ford introduced the moving assembly belts into his plants, which enabled an enormous increase in production. Although Ford is often credited with the assembly line idea, it is believed that the concept and its development came from employees Clarence Avery, Peter E. Martin, Charles E. Sorensen and C. Harold Wills.
Total sales passed 250,000 in 1914. By 1916, when the price for the Model T had dropped to $360, total sales reached 472,000.
By 1918, half of all the cars in America were Model T’s. All of the new cars were black, as Ford wrote, “Any customer can have a car painted any colour that he wants, so long as it is black.” Until the development of the assembly line, which mandated black because of its quicker drying time, Model T’s were available in other colours.
Henry Ford turned the presidency of Ford Motor company over to his son Edsel Ford in December 1918. Henry retained final decision authority and sometimes was against his son. Henry started another company, ‘Henry Ford and Son’, and made a show of taking himself and his best employees to the new company. The aim was to scare the remaining holdout stockholders of the Ford Motor Company to sell their stages to him before they lost most of their value This was as he was determined to have full control over strategic decisions. The scheme worked and Henry and Edsel purchased all remaining stock from other investors, giving the family the entire ownership of the company.
By the mid-1920s, sales of the Model T began to decline due to rising competition. Other auto makers offered payment plans through which consumers could buy their cars, which usually included more modern mechanical features and styling that was not available with the Model T. Despite urgings from other people, Henry refused to incorporate new features into the Model T or to form a customer credit plan.
By 1926 alarming sales of the Model T finally convinced Henry to make a new model. He pursued the project with a great deal of technical expertise in the design of the engine, chassis and other mechanical areas, while leaving the body design to his son.
The production of the Model T continued and came to an end in 1927; the final total production was 15,007,034, in the 19 years of production. This production record stood for the next 45 years.
Model T Production Details
The Ford Model T is an automobile that was produced by Henry Ford’s Ford Motor Company from October 1st, 1908 to May 26th, 1927. It is generally regarded as the first affordable automobile, the car that opened travel to the common middle-class American. All of this was because of Ford’s efficient fabrication, including assembly line production instead of hand crafting.
Even though automobiles had already existed for decades, their adoption had been limited, and they were still scarce and expensive. Automobiles were considered an extreme luxury for the common man until the production of the Model T. The first production Model T was produced on August 12th, 1908, at the Piquette Plant in Detroit, Michigan. On May 26th, 1927, Henry Ford watched the 15,000,000th Model T Ford roll off the assembly line at his factory in Highland Park, Michigan.
The Model T was Henry Ford’s first automobile mass-produced on moving assembly lines with completely interchange able parts marketed to the middle class.
Although the credit for the development of the assembly line belongs to Ransom E. Olds with the first mass-produced automobile, The Olds Mobile - Curved Dash, begin inning in 1901. The tremendous advancements in the efficiency of the system over the life of the Model T can be credited almost entirely to the vision of Henry Ford and his engineers.
The Model T’s production had many interesting aspects of its assembly.
The Model T had a front-mounted 2.9L inline four-cylinder engine, producing 15kW, for a top speed of 64–72 km/h. The engine was capable of running on gasoline, kerosene, or ethanol.
The ignition system used a trembler coil system to drive the spark plugs, rather than the expensive magnetos that were used on other cars. This ignition made the Model T more adaptable as to the quality or type of fuel it used. The need for a starting battery and also Ford's use of an unusual AC alternator encouraged the use of electric lighting, rather than oil or acetylene lamps, but in saying this it, delayed the adoption of an electric starting.
Transmission and Drive Train
The Model T was a rear-wheel drive automobile. Its transmission was a planetary gear type billed as in today's terms, a ‘two-speed’.
The Model T's transmission was operated with three foot pedals and a lever that was attached to the driver's seat. The throttle was operated by a lever on the steering wheel. The cars left pedal was used to engage the gear. With the floor lever in either the mid position or fully forward and the pedal pressed and held forward the car entered low gear. When held in an intermediate position the car was in neutral. If the driver took his foot off the left pedal, the Model T entered high gear. When the car was in neutral, the middle pedal was used to engage reverse gear, and the right pedal operated the transmission brake. The floor lever also controlled the parking brake, which was activated by pulling the lever all the way back. This was also used as an emergency brake.
Despite the fact that it was rare, the drive bands could fall out of adjustment, allowing the automobile to creep, especially when it was cold, causing a hazard when attempting to start the car. A person cranking the engine could be forced backward while still holding the crank as the car crept forward, although it was in the neutral gear.
Transmission Bands and Linings
There were two main types of band lining material equipped:
Cotton – Cotton woven linings were the original type of band linings fitted and requested by Henry Ford himself. Generally, the cotton lining was "kinder" to the cars drum surface, with damage to the drum caused only by the retaining rivets scratching the drum surface. Although this in itself did not pose a problem, a dragging band resulting from improper adjustment caused overheating to the automobiles transmission and engine, ultimately giving the car diminished power and caused a rapid destruction of the band lining.
Wood – Wooden linings were originally offered as a "longer life" piece during the production of the Model T. They were a single piece of steam bent wood fitted to the normal Model T Transmission band. These bands give a very different feel when the pedals were used.
Suspension and Wheels
Model T suspension used a transversely mounted semi-circular spring for each of the front and rear beam axles. Using these allowed for a great deal of wheel movement to manage with the dirt roads of the time.
The front axle was a single piece of vanadium steel. The Model T did not have a modern service brake. The right foot pedal applied a band around a drum in the transmission, thus stopping the rear wheels from turning. The previously mentioned parking brake lever operated band brakes acting on the inside of the rear brake drums, which were a necessary part of the rear wheel hubs.
The Model T wheels were wooden artillery wheels. Later on in 1926 and 1927 steel welded-spoke wheels available.
The Model T tires were of the pneumatic clincher type, 76 cm in diameter, 8.9 cm wide in the rear and 7.5 cm wide in the front. Clinchers needed much higher pressure than today's tires, typically 60 psi, to prevent them from leaving the rim when driving.
A type of tires called ‘balloon tires’ became available in 1925. They were 53 cm × 11 cm all around. Balloon tires are much closer in design to today's tires than the pneumatic clincher type, with steel wires reinforcing the tire bead, making lower pressure possible. Roughly 35psi, thus allowing for a softer ride. All tires in this time period used an inner tube to hold the pressurised air. So called, ‘tubeless’ tires were not normally used until much later.
By 1918, half of all the cars in the United States were Model T’s. Ford wrote in his autobiography he told his management team that “Any customer can have a car painted any colour that he wants so long as it is black”.
However, in the first years of production from 1908 to 1913, the Model T was not available in black but only grey, green, blue and red. By 1912, all cars were being painted midnight blue with black fenders. It was only in 1914 that the "any colour so long as it is black" policy was finally put into action. It is believed that Ford recommended the use of black due to its cheap cost and durability. During the lifetime production of the Model T, over 30 different types of black paint were used on different elements of the car. These were formulated to satisfy the different means of applying the paint to the various parts and had distinct drying times, depending on the part, paint, and method of drying.
There were significant changes to the body of the Model T over the production life of the car that can be classified into five distinct generations. One of the most immediately visible and identifiable areas of change were in the hood and cowl areas, but there were also many other changes made to the automobile.
1909–1914 – This body type was characterised by a nearly straight, five sided hood, with a flat top containing a centre hinge and two side sloping sections containing the folding hinges. The firewall was flat from the windshield down with no distinct cowl.
1915–1916 – The hood design was nearly the same five sided design with the only obvious change being the addition of louvers to the vertical sides. There was a significant change to the cowl area with the windshield relocated significantly behind the firewall and joined with a compound contoured cowl panel.
1917–1923 – The hood design was modified to a tapered design with a curved top. The folding hinges were now located at the joint between the flat sides and the curved top. This hood model is sometimes referred as the ‘low hood’ to differentiate if from later hoods types that were similar. The back edge of the hood now met the front edge of the cowl panel so that no part of the flat firewall was visible outside of the hood. This design was used the for the longest.
1923–1925 – The taper of the hood was increased and the rear section at the firewall was about an inch taller and several inches wider than the previous design.
1926–1927 – This design change made the greatest difference in the appearance of the Model T. The hood was again enlarged with the cowl panel no longer being a compound curve, causing it to blend much more with the line of the hood. The distance between the firewall and the windshield was also increased significantly. This style is sometimes referred to as the ‘high hood’.
The knowledge and skills required by a factory worker were reduced to 84 areas. When introduced, the Model T used the building methods typical at that time, which was assembly by hand, meaning that production was small. Ford's Piquette plant could not keep up with demand for the Model T, and only 11 cars were only able to be built there during the first full month of the Model T’s production. Because of this, more and more machines were added to reduce the needed time to complete tasks within the 84 production areas. After assembling nearly 12,000 Model Ts, Henry Ford moved the company to the new Highland Park complex in 1910.
In this new plant in 1913, Henry installed the company’s first large-scale assembly line and by 1914, the assembly process for the Model T only took 93 minutes rather than the 12.5 hours it previously took. Because of this great advancement, that year Henry produced more cars than all other car makers combined. The Model T was a great success and because of this, 50 percent of all cars in the world were Fords. More than 15 million Model Ts were manufactured, reaching a rate of 9,000 to 10,000 cars a day, or to put it into perspective, 2 million yearly. Because of this great production rate, the Model T could be sold at a price of just $260 (or about $3,230 in todays money).
Price and Production
The assembly line system allowed Henry Ford to sell his cars at a price lower than his competitors due to the efficiency of his production system. As he continued to fine tune this system, he was able to keep reducing his costs, leading to a cheaper car for the public. Other factors such a material costs and design changes affected the price of the Model T as well.
Ford Factories (Assembly Line And Employee Incentives)
Henry Ford had an ambition of making automobiles for the multitudes. The Model T was his answer to that ambition. He wanted the car to be both sturdy and cheap. In an effort to make Model T’s cheaply, Ford cut out all extravagances and options. Buyers couldn’t even choose a paint colour, they were all black (allowed for a quicker drying time). The cost of the first Model T was set at $850, which would be approximately $21,000 in today’s money. That was cheap, but not cheap enough for the masses. Henry needed to find ago further reduce the cost.
In 1910, with the aim of increasing manufacturing capacity for the Model T, Henry built a new plant in Highland park, Michigan. He created a building that would easily be able to be expanded as new methods of production were to be incorporated. Ford consulted with Frederick Taylor, creator of scientific management, to examine the most effective modes of production. Henry had previously observed the assembly line concept in animal slaughter houses in the midwest and was also inspired by the conveyor belt system that was common in many grain warehouses in that region. In the end he wished to incorporate these ideas with the information that Frederick Taylor suggested to help implement a new system in his own factory.
One of the first innovations in the production that Henry implemented was the installation of gravity slides that facilitated the movement of parts from one work area to the next. Within the next three years, additional innovative techniques were incorporated and on December 1st, 1913, the first large-scale assembly line was officially in working order.
The moving assembly line appeared to be an endless device of chains and links that allowed Model T parts to go through the assembling process. In total, the manufacturing of the car was broken down into 84 parts. The key to the process, however, was having interchangeable parts. Unlike other cars of the time, the Model T had the quality of interchangeable parts, which meant that every Model T produced on that line used the exact same valves, gas tanks, tires etc, so that they could be assembled in a speedy and organised manner. Model T parts were created in a mass quantities and brought directly to the workers who were trained to work at that specific assembly station.
The chassis of the car was pulled down a 150-foot line by a chain conveyor and then approximately 140 workers applied the assigned parts to the chassis. Other workers brought additional parts to the assemblers to keep them stocked. This in turn reduced the amount of time workers spent away from their stations to retrieve parts. The use of the assembly line significantly decreased the assembly time per vehicle and increased the profit margin.
The immediate impact of the assembly line was revolutionary. The use of interchangeable parts allowed for a continuous work flow and more time on task by labourers. Workers being on the same station for a long amount of time allowed for specialisation in assembly line sections which resulted in less waste and a higher quality of the end product. Production of the Model T dramatically increased. The production time for a single car dropped from over 12 hours to under 93 minutes due to the institution of the assembly line. Ford’s 1914 production rate of 308,162 cars outnumbered the number of cars produced by all other automobile manufacturers combined.
As stated before not only did these concepts allow Henry to increase his profit margin but they also allowed him to lower the cost of the vehicle to consumers. The cost of the Model T would eventually drop to $260 in 1924, the equivalent of approximately $3500 in today’s money.
The assembly line also drastically altered the lives of those working for Henry. After the assembly line was introduced it worked well, but workers hated their jobs. They quit almost as quickly as they were trained. Because of this in 1914, Henry introduced a pay rate of $5 per day. This was over double the original pay of $2.34 per day. Not only was the pay increased but Ford reduced the workday from 9 to 8 hours. The day after the “$5 Day” was announced, an estimated 10,000 people lined up outside Ford’s employment office hoping to be hired. Henry’s increased pay greatly improved employee retention since the tedious and strenuous work of moving the assembly line was causing a high turnover. The increased wage had the added effect of allowing many of Henry’s employees to purchase the cars they produced, and the 8 hour work day allowed Henry to run 3 shifts a day instead of 2, which maximised the number of cars produced each day in the factory.
Instituting the $5 day attracted more skilled workers and helped Ford secure them. Interruptions on the assembly line due to absenteeism was dramatically reduced from over 10% to under 1%. In saying all of this, it was all rather more complicated than this. The $5 day rate was about half pay and half bonus. The bonus came with character requirements and was enforced by the Socialisation Organisation. This was a committee that would visit the employees homes to ensure that they were do things the “American way”. They were supposed to avoid social ills such as gambling and drinking. They were to learn English and many (primarily the recent immigrants) had to attend classes to become “Americanised”. Women were not eligible for the bonus unless they were single and supporting the family. Also men were not eligible if their wives worked outside the home. Establishing the rules on worker gambling helped keep workers focused on their jobs when at work. Further causing the output per worker to increase. The increased pay, increased leisure time, and even increased personal mobility of car ownership were all critical factors in the creation of the American middle class. By the end of the decade, the Model T had truly become the automobile for the masses that Ford had envisioned.
The assembly line is the primary mode of manufacturing in industry today. Automobiles, food, toys, furniture and many more items pass down assembly lines world wide before landing in our homes and on our tables. Although the average consumer does not think of this fact often, this one-hundred year old innovation by a car manufacturer in Michigan changed the way we live and work forever.
Impact On The World
Henry Ford’s Model T automobile has been one of the most significant occurrences in all of world history. He shaped transportation for Western civilisations forever. Henry Ford produced the Model T to be an economical car for the average American, thus he sold over 15,000,000 of them. The Model T helped create the worlds middle-class.
At the start of the 20th century the automobile entered the transportation market as a toy for the rich. However, it became increasingly popular among the general population because it gave its owners the freedom to travel when they wanted and to where they wanted. As a result, in North America and Europe the automobile became cheaper and more accessible to the middle class. This was facilitated by Henry Ford who did two important things. First he priced his car to be as affordable as possible and second, he paid his workers enough to be able to purchase the cars they were manufacturing. This helped push wages and automobile sales upwards. The convenience of the automobile freed people from the need to live near rail lines or stations. They could choose to live almost anywhere in an urban area, as long as roads were available to connect them to other places.
Before the Model T, people both lived in the city and worked in the city, or lived in the country and worked on a farm. Because of the Model T, the growth of suburbs has allowed people to live on the outskirts of the city and be able to work in the city by commuting. New jobs due to the impact of the Model T such as fast food, city/highway construction, state patrol/police, convenience stores, gas stations, auto repair shops and auto shops, etc. allowed more employment for the world's growing population.
No only did he do this, but he introduced the living wage concept. Before Henry Ford’s $5 day, most large companies based their pay structure on immediate cost needs, roughly $2.34. They paid their employees the bare minimum to keep costs down but enough to still have workers.
Henry was different though, he thought long term unlike other car companies. If he paid his employees enough to be able to afford his cars, he would have a ready made market for his Model T. So in the end a lot of the money he paid out would come back to him. The idea of this was that people would have to be able to afford the stuff they produced in order for the industrial economy to function.
The Model T grew the automobile industry rapidly, which in turn led the other industries of steel, rubber, leather and paint to grow rapidly as well. Due the rapid growth in many industries, America’s gross national product (GNP) grew from $78 billion to $103 billion from 1919 to 1920.
The invention of the Model T caused a huge economic boost in the production of goods, consumer spending and reduced unemployment hugely. For its time it helped the American economy function like never before. It was great for the United States as a whole, not only economically but for the people too.
Through the assembly line becoming known world wide through its significance in the production of the Model T, production has never been the same to this very day. The Model T bringing the assembly line production method to a whole new level has given many consumer producers the ability to mass produce their products easily and cheaply. Todays manufacturers mass produce things such as headphones, packaged food, modern day cars and many more things with the use of the assembly line that Henry Ford brought to fame. Just about everyone nowadays can afford the luxury of a car, not just the rich anymore. The world has been changed forever and it is all thanks to Henry Ford’s invention of the Model T car and his effective use of the assembly line.
Model Used In Australian Business
Henry Ford’s assembly line production method has influenced many Australian businesses today. An example is, Holden. Holden is an Australian owned automobile company who uses Henry Ford’s assembly line model to produce their product, in this case being their Holden cars.
They, just like Henry Ford’s assembly line, have different workers placed at different spots through out the production line. The car’s chassis will be brought to them from a machine and they will do their required repeated task on each car that comes through. Holden has used this production method of Henry Ford’s since the very beginning of their car manufacturing days, starting in 1948.
This method is so efficient and saves much time and money. The use of this method allows for a continuous work flow and more time on task by labourers. Workers being on the same station for a long amount of time allows for specialisation in assembly line sections which results in less waste and a higher quality of the end product, being the Holden car.
All of this is the exact same as Henry Ford’s Model T production line and therefore proves just how much Henry Ford and his assembly line production has influenced Australian businesses for over a century and that influence is here to stay for good.
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