How Does Electronic Brake Force Distribution Works?
EBD or electronic brake force distribution is the better half of anti lock braking system as explained in my previous articles on car safety technology. This technology also helps in preventing car accidents to some extent. Although safe driving plays an important role in a driver’s life, constant addition of new car safety technologies likes anti braking system and electronic brake force distribution system help prevent some minor and major motor vehicle accidents caused on roads. This is the reason why buying a car equipped with this new technology has become the most important car safety factor for driving, whether it is highway or city driving.
EBD or electronic brake force distribution system, as commonly known is an electronic device which true to its name, controls and distributes the amount of braking force applied to each wheel. It varies the amount of brake force supplied to each wheel depending on road surface (uneven or even), speed of vehicle, and load conditions. Being an integral part of anti lock braking system technology, electronic brake force distribution system can decrease or increase the amount of braking pressure to maximize the braking force and control of the vehicle. In most of the cases, the vehicles are front heavy (being front engined) so it always supplies more brake force to the front wheels and less to rear wheels so that in case of a sudden and strong brake application, the rear wheels do not get locked up and cause skid.
How Does EBD Work?
EBD or electronic brake force distribution system is a subsystem of anti lock braking system which helps in controlling the braking force applied to rear wheels. Electronic brake force distribution system helps in reduction of pressure applied on hydraulic brake force system in automobiles. Electronic brake force distribution system also helps in optimizing the design of braking system associated with driving stability, adhesion utilization, wear or damage, pedal force, and temperature stress.
The above was the technical term of EBD and in simple terms EBD is dependant on various sensors for feedback. In case if any of the wheels start loosing traction due to load or slippery conditions, the sensors send a signal to the master sensor and it then instructs the electronic brake force distribution system to stop or reduce supplying braking force to that particular wheel; therefore, controlling the possibility of a skid as if the wheel which has lost traction still keeps supplying the brake force to it, it will not help in stopping the automobile and in fact will put more load on other wheels applying braking force and wasting their effort.