Knightdale NC Auto and Tire Repair
Choose an ASE Auto Mechanic in Knightdale NC
When it comes to choosing a mechanic to service your automobile, it is wise to choose an ASE mechanic. These mechanics have earned their certification through proving that they know their job. In order to obtain ASE certification, a mechanic must take and pass difficult exams, as well as provide proof of having worked at least two years in the automotive repair industry.
By choosing a certified mechanic, you can feel confident knowing that your vehicle is in good hands. Auto repair is constantly changing and evolving as newer vehicles are manufactured, so it is important to choose a mechanic who is competent and has knowledge about all of the latest technological changes in modern automobiles.
In order to remain a certified ASE mechanic, they are required to be re-certified every five years ensuring that they are up to date on the latest in vehicle technology, service and repairs.
ASE certified mechanics take pride in providing high quality vehicle repairs and services to their valued customers. Before taking your vehicle in for it's next service, make sure that the repair shop you choose has ASE certified mechanics and technicians.
Knightdale Tire Repair
Fixing a flat tire
Nothing is quite as frustrating as finding out that your car has a flat tire. Of course, this usually happens at an extremely inconvenient time and when you least expect it.
For just such occasions when flat tire repair is needed an actual spare tire or "donut" tire should always be carried in the vehicle along with a jack, tire iron or lug wrench. If you do not have a spare tire it is advisable to carry a can of fix a flat in your trunk in case of an emergency.
Keep in mind that your spare tire should be in good condition, at least good enough to take you to the nearest tire repair shop. If you are driving on a donut type tire as your spare, remember that these should only be used for short distances at low speeds. These are not meant to be driven around on as an actual tire.
When using fix a flat canned aerosol products, you will attach the can to the valve of the tire where it will fill the tire to help prevent the air leak as well as inflate the tire. Keep in mind that when using these canned inflation product they may damage or destroy the tire pressure monitoring systems found in many newer vehicles.
The preferred method of flat tire repair is using a plug or patch. It is not advisable to attempt to plug or patch a bad tire yourself as you could be putting yourself at sever risk if the patch or plug would blow out. This could result in a car accident or even loss of life.
Taking your damaged tire into a tire dealer or repair shop like Poole's Garage Knightdale NC http://www.poolesgarage.com/ that does tire repair is a much safer bet. They have the right equipment and experience in repairing tires correctly so that they are safe to drive on.
Understanding Tire Size
What do all those numbers on my tire mean?
Have you ever wondered what the numbers and letters printed on your automobile tires mean? These letters and numbers provide the consumer with valuable information, including tire size. The key is learning to understand how to read the information on the sidewalls of the tires.
By learning to read the tire you will learn such information as the size, tire class, section width, aspect ratio, tire construction and wheel diameter. The most common type of tire we will be dealing with is the passenger car tire which use metric sizing.
Reading Metric Tires
As an example of a metric tire we will use the number and letter combination P205/65R16. In this case, the letter P tells us that this is a passenger vehicle tire. If the letters had read LT, that would have meant "light truck". If there is the absence of a letter, this tells us that the tire is European.
Moving on to the number, in this case, 205, this is the measurement of the width from one sidewall to the other in millimeters. Now we move on to the number after the slash, indicating the aspect ratio, or sidewall height and is also a percentage of section width. In this example, it is 65 percent.
The following letter R tells us that this is a radial tire, the type most commonly sold. The last number, 16, tells us the wheel diameter and is basically known as the tire size. For this example the tire size is 16 inches, telling us what size tires to purchase as what size hubcaps we need for the vehicle.
Other numbers and letters can indicate such things as speed ratings and load index. The numbers and letters after the tire size indicate the maximum amount of weight the tire can carry safely and the letter indicates the speed rating of the tire.
You may also see the word DOT printed on the tire with letters and numbers after it. Using the example DOT CC9L YYY1105, the DOT mark means the tire has met or exceeds standards for tire safety set by the United States Department of Transportation.
The two letters CC after the DOT mark tell us the manufacturer's plant code. The 9L tells us tire size, and the YYY is a type of brand characteristic . The eleven indicates the manufacture week of the tire, while 05 represents the year in which the tire was made.
Tires will also tell you treadwear, traction, and temperature ratings, as well as the direction in which they need to be rotated. Maximum load limits and air pressure recommendations are also listed on the tire, a helpful bit of information when it comes time to give the tire some air.
North Carolina Vehicle Inspection Requirements
NC Vehicle Safety Inspection Station, Knightdale
Virtually everyone who has ever driven a car has at some point in life gone through the vehicle inspection process. While the vehicle inspection process is quite simple and straightforward in most respects there are occasions when an individual may fail an inspection. Unfortunately when an inspection is failed the person is required to set a new date to return for a second try at passing an inspection.
In addition, certain states like North Carolina require that a vehicle pass inspection before it can be registered. This roadblock to getting a car registered is true for both a new or existing vehicle registration. However, there is good news for those seeking to register their car and pass an inspection.
By simply going over a few specific areas on your car prior to going to the inspection facility you will be far more likely to have a successful outcome. Here are the key points that should be considered when looking for a vehicle inspection station in Knightdale.
Prior to the Appointment:
In states like North Carolina there are literally thousands of inspection stations that are licensed, however there are some stations that are, because of noncompliance to standards set forth by the state, no longer licensed. In fact, to maintain a license a station should be relatively clean and free of any hazardous type materials or debris.
A station should have on hand proper tools for successfully completing an inspection. To avoid wasting valuable time it is important to ensure that the station you choose meets these requirements in addition to having technicians that are fully licensed and who have in their possession a valid drivers license for the state in question.
Standard Inspection Requirements - Internal
The Steering System - Your vehicle steering system should be fully functional and free of defects and operate normally. In addition, your vehicle should have a fully functioning horn as well as other components related to the steering system.
The Brake System - The braking system in your vehicle is expected to be fully functional and operating normally. This includes all components of the braking system including the main handbrake. Brake components should not be loose or excessively worn.
As such, brake pads should be well within the minimum wear range. Excessively worn pads or squeaking brakes should be addressed prior to attempting to pass an inspection.
The Exhaust System - The sensors and catalytic converter of your exhaust system should be working properly, and the muffler and exhaust pipes should not contain any rust or holes. In addition, your vehicle should not be missing its catalytic converter. A vehicle will simply not passed an inspection without a catalytic converter.
Standard Inspection Requirements - External
The Tires - inspectors will check your tires for proper air pressure and ensure that the thread is within normal limits with regard to standard thread depth. There should be no cracks, tears or other damage to tires.
The Wipers - Vehicle inspectors expect windshield wipers to be in functional condition and able to remove water or snow easily.
The Lights - Your vehicles lights must be fully functional and should be thoroughly checked prior to inspection. Light housing assemblies and other components associated with lighting should be checked for damage. In addition, turn signals, high beams, low beams and brake lights should all be checked for proper operation prior to requesting a vehicle inspection.
The Mirrors - Vehicle mirrors should be free of defects and damage and be able to adequately display a clear view to the driver of the area surrounding the vehicle. Vehicle mirrors should not be damaged, missing or broken.
What to do When an inspection is not Passed
There is good news for those who fail an initial vehicle inspection. In most cases vehicle owners will have 30 days to set up another inspection in hopes of passing. This time provides the opportunity to remedy any problems that may have been detected during the initial inspection. Best of all this subsequent inspection is free of charge, assuming the vehicle owner sticks to the schedule.
The Hygroscopic Properties of Automotive Brake Fluid
Ie: Water in your brake fluid
Brake fluid plays a vital role in ensuring that a vehicle is able to stop when its brakes are applied. In effect, brake fluids are designed to transfer various degrees of force under pressure from a master cylinder to the vehicle's wheel cylinders and its calipers. For a brake system to function and work perfectly, the brake fluid must be maintained in an uncontaminated state.
Perhaps one of the most common contaminants that compromises brake fluid and a brake system is water. Because glycol based brake fluid is considered hygroscopic in nature it is highly susceptible to absorbing water from the surrounding atmosphere. When the fluid used in the braking system is contaminated with water the fluids boiling point is effectively lowered while the fluid's viscosity is increased.
Maintain A Braking System In Good Working Order
Other negative effects caused by water being introduced into a braking system include the possibility of brake cylinder bores and brake cylinder pistons becoming corroded. All of these factors must be taken into account when attempting to maintain a braking system in good working order. This ensures the highest levels of safety for a vehicle's occupants.
One of the more common ways for water to contaminate a brake system is through the master cylinder cap's vent. Condensation can, under certain conditions, accumulate in the airspace located above the fluid and under the cap.
In addition, when brake fluid containers are left inadvertently open for any length of time the fluid within may absorb moisture. In the same light, if the reservoir cap is removed for any length of time, brake fluid can be exposed to excess moisture.
Absorbed Water is Dispersed Throughout The Entire System
Newer vehicles have become quite successful at eliminating the variety of entry points where water can get into the brake system. For example, water has been known to enter into brake system of older vehicles through tiny openings in wheel cylinders or calipers. In older vehicles it is also possible for gases such as water moisture to permeate through brake hoses and work its way into brake fluid.
Brake fluids that are glycol based tend to disperse absorb water throughout the entire system. This is actually a preferred condition because dispersed water will reduce the chances of system wide corrosion caused by localized areas or pockets of water. In addition, because water boils at a lower point than brake fluid does, pockets of water can create additional problems due to boiling.
Transparent Plastic Reservoirs
Some product manufacturers add various chemicals to brake fluids that are glycol based to reduce water absorption. While these chemicals are effective at slowing and reducing the absorption of water they cannot totally eliminate this process.
One effective way to minimize water absorption into a brake systems fluid is to simply not open the reservoir. Most newer type vehicles have transparent plastic reservoirs that allow you to check brake fluid levels without removing the reservoir cap. If the reservoir must indeed be removed it should be done quickly to minimize the chances of moisture absorption into brake fluid.
One effective remedy for moisture in brake lines is to simply bleed the brakes. Brakes play a vital and important role in the overall safety of any vehicle and by understanding the basics of brake fluid it ensures that you will maintain the highest levels of safety in your vehicle.