Learning To Drive A Car In The UK
Learning To Drive In The UK
Most people want to learn to drive a car at some point in their lives!
This page is an information resource for anyone wanting to find out more about what's involved in learning to drive a car in the UK!
Here you'll find videos, information, advice and resource links to help you at all stages of learning to drive, starting with what age you can start learning to drive, how to apply for a provisional driving licence, preparing for and passing your Theory Test, taking driving lessons...all the way through to taking your Practical Driving Test!
Everything You Need To Know About Learning To Drive!
At What Age Can I Start Learning To Drive?
What is the UK driving age?
The simple answer is that you can start learning to drive from the date of your 17th birthday onwards!
There seems to be a LOT of confusion about whether or not the age at which you can start learning to drive a car in the UK has gone up!
Let me put the record straight:
THE AGE AT WHICH YOU CAN LEARN TO DRIVE HAS NOT GONE UP TO 18, 21 OR ANYTHING ELSE...AND WHAT'S MORE IT'S NOT GOING TO INCREASE IN THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE!
There has been a rumour going around for as long as I can remember that the driving age is going to increase but there are no current plans or proposals for any changes.
For most people, the age at which they can start taking driving lessons is 17. The exception to this is people who have a disability and receive the mobility component of Disability Living Allowance (the higher rate of DLA). If you receive higher rate DLA you can apply for a provisional driving licence any time from 3 months before you are 16 and start to learn to drive a car from the date of your 16th birthday.
Those NOT in receipt of higher rate DLA, can apply for a provisional licence 3 months before they are 17 and start driving lessons from the date of their 17th birthday.
How Much Does A Provisional Driving Licence Cost?
In 2017 a provisional driving licence for a car costs £43 if you apply by post or £34 if you apply online.
When you pass your driving test, your provisional licence is upgraded to a full driving licence for no extra cost!
How To Apply For A Provisional Driving Licence
How to get a provisional driving licence
Everyone who wants to learn to drive on the public road needs to have a suitable driving licence. For most people, this will be a UK provisional driving licence.
You will need to be in possession of a valid signed driving licence before you drive on public roads.
You may apply for your provisional licence up to three months before your 17th birthday. Just follow the instructions below.
If you are in receipt of Disability Living Allowance at the higher rate, you are able to take driving lessons from the age of 16 and may apply for your licence up to three months before your 16th birthday.
Applying For A Provisional Driving Licence
You can apply for your first provisional driving licence for a car, moped or motorcycle on the GOV.UK website
Alternatively, you can apply by post by filling in a D1 application form that is available from Post Offices.
Look after your provisional driving licence!
You should take good care of your driving licence as it is an important document and is widely acceptable as proof of identity - losing it could easily leave you vulnerable to identity fraud.
YOU MUST SHOW YOUR PROVISIONAL PHOTOCARD DRIVING LICENCE WHEN YOU TAKE BOTH THE THEORY AND PRACTICAL DRIVING TESTS - IF YOU DO NOT PRODUCE YOUR LICENCE YOU WILL NOT BE ALLOWED TO TAKE EITHER TEST AND YOU WILL LOSE THE FEE YOU HAVE PAID FOR THE TEST
You must replace your driving licence if it has been lost, stolen, defaced or destroyed.
You must also report changes in your circumstances that affect your driving licence.
Foreign Licence Holders
If you already hold a driving licence issued in another country, there are some quite complex rules as to whether you are able to drive in the UK. For full details on these rules, please see GOV.UK-Driving In GB On A Non-GB Licence
Automatic Or Manual Cars?
What's the difference between learning to drive in a manual car and learning to drive in an automatic car?
Very simply put, these are the differences between manual and automatic cars:
- A manual car has gears and three foot pedals, including the clutch that is operated with the left foot. You have to change up and down the gears yourself by operating the clutch pedal and the gear lever. If you pass your driving test in a manual transmission car, your driving licence will permit you to drive both manual and automatic transmission vehicles.
- An automatic car has an automatic gearbox that changes the gears for you and only two foot pedals which are operated with the right foot. This makes learning in an automatic a popular choice by learners who find it difficult to get used to the gears and clutch when driving a manual car or for older or disabled learner drivers. If you pass the practical driving test in an automatic car you will not be licensed to drive a manual. If you pass in a manual you can drive both legally.
Most people learn to drive in a manual car.
There are far more driving instructors who teach in manual cars than teach in automatic cars, so it may be more difficult to find an instructor and lessons in an automatic car tend to be more expensive.
Although it may seem far easier to not have to worry about gears and a clutch pedal, in reality, most people have few problems mastering them and after you pass your driving test, there is a much wider range of vehicles available than if your restrict yourself to automatic.
How Much Does Learning To Drive Cost?
How much does it cost to learn to drive?
There's no simple answer and no magic formula to work it out...it depends on lots of things!
The overall cost of learning to drive will vary from one person to another. Variables include whether you fail your Theory or Practical tests and have to take them again, what area of the country you live in (as driving lesson prices vary throughout the country), how many lessons you need, whether you can get any private practice, etc.
Here's some of the most important things you should take into account:
- Driving licence: Everyone who wants to learn to drive legally in the UK MUST have a valid provisional driving licence. The current cost of a UK provisional licence is £43 if you apply by post or £34 if you apply online. As this is a fee payable to a Government department it's not negotiable and it's unavoidable. Once you pass your test though, your provisional licence is upgraded to a full licence for no further cost.
- Test Fees: Also unavoidable and non-negotiable are the costs of the two statutory tests. Currently (2017) the Theory Test costs £23.00 and the Practical Test costs £62.00 on weekdays during the daytime, or £75.00 weekday evenings and weekends.
- Insurance: If you don't take lessons with a driving instructor, you need to ensure that the vehicle you are using is properly insured for you to learn in it, which may entail some cost.
- Driving lesson prices: If you take lessons from a driving instructor, the fees charged for lessons vary throughout the country and from instructor to instructor. Many instructors will give some kind of discount to those paying in advance and block booking a course of lessons rather than paying as you go. Some will also give other discounts such as discounted introductory lessons or discounts for students or those in certain types of low income professions etc. Discounts are entirely at the discretion of the individual instructor or driving school, but it's worth asking whether any discounts are offered. See my page How To Choose A Driving Instructor for more advice on what to look for when deciding which instructor you're going to learn to drive with.
Remember - both the Theory Test and the Practical Driving Test are very challenging and require a significant amount of preparation. Don't under-estimate what is involved. Thorough preparation and a realistic approach to the cost, timescale, complexity and your own level of competence is far more cost effective than inadequate preparation and/or taking the tests before you are ready!
How Many Driving Lessons Will I Need?
How long will it take me to learn to drive?
The Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) have stated:
"On average, people who pass their driving test have had 47 hours of driving lessons with a driving instructor and 20 hours of private practice."
In reality, everyone is different and learns at their own pace - some people will need longer and some people will be able to learn more quickly.
Your driving instructor will be able to advise you how many hours tuition overall you are likely to need as your lessons progress.
If you are learning to drive with someone other than a registered driving instructor, the vehicle you use MUST BE INSURED SPECIFICALLY FOR DRIVING TUITION USE
"Ordinary" car insurance policies do NOT cover use by learner drivers
Are YOU Learning To Drive? - How are you learning?
How are you learning to drive?
Video Driving Lessons
Get started by watching how the basics of driving are done!
The following videos have been made by a fully qualified and experienced driving instructor & are intended to supplement your professional driving tuition.
Your own driving instructor may teach these subjects slightly differently - remember there's more than one way to end up with the right result!
If you are in doubt about any aspect of learning to drive, always discuss your concerns with your driving instructor!
How To Make The Car Move & Stop
How To Steer A Car
How To Change Gear
How To Move Away
Passing Your Driving Test
There are two tests you must take and pass before you will be given a full driving licence
The Theory test is the first of the two tests you will need to pass in order to get a full driving licence.
Learner drivers will need to show a thorough knowledge of driving theory subjects including road signs, traffic laws, first aid and the Highway Code. Theory tests are conducted in dedicated Theory Test Centres throughout the country and the test comprises two sections: 50 questions with a choice of answers and a video based hazard perception test. The two parts of the test follow on from each other and are taken on a touch screen computer.
Candidates must score at least 43 out of 50 on the multiple choice part and at least 44 out of 75 on the hazard perception part. If either part of the test is failed, both parts must be taken again, and candidates will need to pay the fee of £23.00 and book another appointment to take the test again.
You can find out more about the Theory test, what's involved and how to prepare and study for it by reading my Driving Theory Test page
Once the Theory test has been passed, you can then apply for a date to take your Practical test.
Tests are conducted at Practical Test Centres situated throughout the country and can be taken at a test centre of your choice, An examiner from the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) will accompany you while you drive and will test whether you can meet the standards of driving required by the DVSA in order to be issued with a full driving licence which will allow you to drive unsupervised.
Test candidates will need to show that they can control the car and drive safely and considerately, obeying traffic laws and road signs and markings. The test lasts for around 40 minutes and the examiner will expect a high standard of driving to be shown.
You can find out full details of what you will have to do in the test on my Practical driving test page