ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

6 Phases of Career Planning

Updated on July 22, 2013
Source

Career planning is essential as a compass to give direction so that we can arrive at our dream career. It is never too early to plan for our career even if we just started our college. Instead of going with the flow or following our peers, we should find our own career path. In fact, if we follow the crowd, we might get lost in it. Some of the bad reasons that people have for choosing their degree in the college are:

  • This seems to be the easiest course
  • I have no other choice
  • All of my friends are majoring in engineering
  • I will get a high salary with this degree
  • I have no idea

People have different personalities and talents, and therefore different careers that they would like to pursue. No single career can satisfy everybody. As a result, following the path of other people without knowing ourselves can be quite misleading. A tool that may prove to be useful is the career-planning wheel, which involves continuous cycles of six phases.

The continuous cycle of six phases in career planning.
The continuous cycle of six phases in career planning. | Source

Phase 1: Knowing Ourselves

Knowing ourselves involves identifying what are our interest, passion, skills or talents, values, and personality. What do you like to do on the weekends or when you have some spare time? That may be your interests and passions. Translating what we like to do into a career will be great since we will be joyful in doing the work. Skills and talents are essential in making a realistic career decision. You will not want to find yourself struggling hard to survive in a work that you are not talented in.

Values are the things that are important for someone in life, which can be family, recognition by others, creative thinking, independence, sense of control, etc. We will feel joyful and content if we can manifest our values in our daily life and work. Lastly, we need to identify our personalities to enable us to identify career choices that may fit with our personalities; hence we will be more comfortable and effective in work. One of the most well-known personality assessment is MBTI, where different personality types have different preferences in career choice. Check the link below for careers based on personality types:

Common Careers for Personality Types

"Until you know who you are, you cannot know what you can become." - Neils Lindhard

Phase 2: Identify Opportunities

Get an idea of what is happening out there in the job market. Familiarize ourselves with different types of industries and prevailing trends in the market. Depending on the industries that you are interested in, look out for what the employers want from the job seekers. Some of the most common ones are communication skills, leadership skills, willing to learn, commitment, and interpersonal skills.

After identifying the opportunities available in the job market, or even opportunities for us to create our own business, we need to see how we can fit in to the opportunities based on our interests, passions, skills or talents, values, and personality, as outlined in previous phase. Of course, we may not be able to find the career that exactly matches our criteria. But, it's much easier to conform ourselves to the careers that we are comfortable in through the process of knowing ourselves.

"Small opportunities are often the beginning of great enterprises." - Demosthenes

Phase 3: Develop Vision

Make a map before you make the journey to your dream career. A common and useful method is to list what we want to achieve in the next 5 years, 10 years, and 15 years. Imagine what we want to be like in those timeline, and write down the details as well. Without getting a map for direction, we will get lost. Likewise, career planning involves laying out the plan, lest we get lost in our busy work.

"It is a terrible thing to see and have no vision." - Helen Keller

Phase 4: Create Career Plan

After getting the career map, it's time to create the plan to achieve our vision. Identify our current state and the state of where we want to be in 5 years time, for example. Doing a simple calculation of Future - Present = What is Needed, we can identify what particular skills, experiences, knowledge that we are lacking before we can achieve the career that we want. For example, if we are engineering students aspiring to become business consultants, what is needed can be some business courses, work experiences, MBA, certification or special license, etc.

"Failing to plan is planning to fail." - Alan Lakein

Phase 5: Implement the Plan

After identifying the skills and knowledge that we need to achieve, it's time to work it out. For example, we can try to get the relevant qualifications to build our portfolio, involves ourselves in leadership positions in some organizations, networking, etc. Learning how to communicate and market ourselves better are equally important for improving our career. One of the goal that we should set is to make sure that we minimize or eliminate the What is Needed factor in phase 4. Move one step at a time and we will be closer to our dream career.

"Action is the foundational key to all success." - Pablo Picasso

Phase 6: Review the Plan

Planning career is not a one-time decision for the entire lifetime. In fact, it cannot be rushed and it's a lifelong process. With more experience and knowledge, we need to review our career plan periodically to ensure our plan is still relevant and we don't digress too much from the plan. Reflect on what we have learnt and make the amendments to the plan. With those changes, the career options may need to be reviewed as well.

"Without reflection, we go blindly on our way, creating more unintended consequences, and failing to achieve anything useful." - Margaret J. Wheatley

The purpose of career planning is for us to get to our dream career. We will know that we have found our dream career when our vocation becomes our vacation. "Find a job you love, and you never have to work a day in your life." - Confucius


Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • antigravity profile image

      antigravity 

      4 years ago

      great information for all who want to grow your career

    • aexbush profile image

      Stephen Bush 

      6 years ago from Ohio

      Very well stated. I was pleased to see that you illustrated how methodical career planning needs to be in order to be successful.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)