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A Guide on How to Write a Cv/Resume

Updated on July 23, 2018

Format and Structure of your CV/Resume

The first thing to consider when writing a resume is the structure and format. A neat, organised and well-structured resume will not only help the employer have an easier time reading it, but also see that you are an intelligent and organised candidate.

The order and structure of your CV/Resume should be something like this:

Personal Details - Name, Address, Contact Details. These should be clearly printed at the top of your page.

Personal Statement - This is the main part of your resume. Try to keep it concise and precise. Try to show the employer why you are a suitable candidate, why you stand out from the rest of the crowd and why they can rely upon you.

Work Experience - Any work experience should be stated. Obviously, the more relevant the experience to the job, the better. Include the job title, dates of employment and the organisation you worked for.

Skills - This is an opportunity to demonstrate more how you are a suitable candidate and how your previous work experience and perhaps other experiences such as at school has helped develop you as a person and your skills.

Education - State where you were educated, the dates of education and what relevant grades in which subjects you achieved.

Personal Life - Here you can include any hobbies or interests you have. If you don't have many hobbies then you can include any activities you did when you were younger. Try to show that you are a confident and social individual.

Vocabulary to include and to avoid in your Resume

Your choice of words are important as they either help the employer understand what type of person you are or show that you are able to self-assess yourself.

Words to include:

  • Confident
  • Extroverted
  • Adaptable to new environments and situations
  • Decisive
  • Innovative
  • Reliable
  • Determined
  • Responsible
  • Level-headed

Words to avoid:

  • Hard-working
  • Enthusiastic
  • Passionate
  • Teamplayer


These words are often overused cliches and you should really try to avoid using these phrases. If you want to use them then either look for synonyms or demonstrate experience which shows that you have those characteristics and skills.

Additional Tips

All CVs and resumes are different and should always represent each person distinctly. These are some of the best ways to get your point across and portray yourself in a better light:

Be precise and concise - When you are creating your CV/Resume, the words precise and concise should always be on your mind. Being precise will definitely help get your point across; avoid including irrelevant details and do not make it difficult to understand what you are saying. Being concise will help you be precise by taking out all the irrelevant details, the idea is to tell the employer everything about you in the least words possible.

Structure - Keep your structure as stated above, use clear headings and each paragraph should keep to one topic.

Grammar and spelling - The worst thing for an employer to read in a CV/Resume is incorrect grammar or spelling. You come across as lazy and perhaps even unintelligent. Just check your spelling and grammar. Do not make this simple yet costly mistake.

Order of experience - Make sure you list your experience and education from your most recent to the least recent. Keep a chronological order.

Length - Your CV should not be longer than 2 sides of A4. Sometimes one side of A4 is ideal.

Hobbies and Interests to include in your CV/Resume

Hobbies and Interests to Include:

Sports teams/societies – competing in sports or other activities can show a competitive nature and a determined outlook on everything you do.

Travel – travelling can portray you as a adventurous and independent individual.

Volunteering – This is an attractive hobby as it demonstrates pro-activity and a willingness to help others, which are both desirable traits in an employee.

Other interests - you can show your interest in world affairs, the economy etc. Perhaps you read The Economist as you have an interest in the stock market.


Hobbies and Interest to avoid:

“Socialising with friends” – The employer does not care about this, it does not help you stand out from the crowd nor does it make you have any certain skills which are desirable. Most people do have friends!

Political/Religious views – Although it can be interesting, these views are usually not relevant to employment; it is just a waste of words. Remember to be concise with your CV.

Irrelevant interests - You may have many interests, but some of them just might not be helpful and does not add anything to your character or employability; so just leave it out.

© 2018 Aaron

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