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All that you need to know for a successful career in electrical engineering

Updated on July 3, 2014
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Introduction to electrical engineering

Electrical engineers dominate every other profession when it comes to salary; as this profession is one of the highest paid jobs all around the world. Jobs for electrical engineers are available in abundance; as electrical engineers are work in a wide variety of sectors. This profession is for those who have a knack for innovation and love facing challenges, as electrical engineering is one discipline of engineering that is very complex and demanding. Just for you to get an idea of this complex profession; electrical engineers are the ones who design complicated interfaces to transfer electricity from the engine of an aircraft to power its electrical systems.

What an electrical engineer does

Aerospace, manufacturing, oil and gas, real estate and construction, materials and metals, and power generation are some of the sectors of which electrical engineers are an important part. They help in designing and maintaining the electrical systems involved in manufacturing sector, in oil and gas sector their role revolves around assisting, providing engineering support for offshore operations, this can vary from small modifications in the equipments or assisting large equipment overhauls. In the power generation sector they are involved with maitaining the electrical equipment like transformers, generators, switch gears, motors and cables. Electrical engineering jobs may require you to work for extended hours, with pressurizing deadlines or emergency situations. And an opportunity to work on projects which create an impact globally; for example implementation of satellite and radio microwaves links between a satellite and a control station located on earth.

Electrical engineering curriculum

The education that you would require in order to graduate as an electrical engineer will require you to be a master with concepts of physics, chemistry and mathematics which you need to study in class 12. After you have joined an engineering college, in the first year you will study subjects like physics, engineering mathematics, engineering drawing and fundamentals of computing. In the second year, the subjects will get more intensive and specific. Thermodynamics, basic electronics, electrical engineering, signals processing, power systems and electric networks are the subjects that you will need to clear in your second year. Similarly in the third and fourth year, you will be acquainted with the understanding of working and application of electrical systems and principles.
After the completion of the course, you can apply for jobs for electrical engineers or may want to go for higher education or research for developing and advancing the current electrical systems and machines, which will further enhance your job prospects. As far as taking admission in an electrical engineering course is concerned, there is a wide pool of institutes that offer bachelor's in electrical engineering. AIEEE, IITJEE, and CET are various exams that will allow you to seek admission in any of the government or private colleges. Before you aim to become an electrical engineer, focus at seeking admission in any of the IITs or NITs, as the teaching curriculum is primarily based on research and hands on learning; greater exposure to world class technology and best practices is what will help you turn yourself into a seasoned professional.


Top companies


Working for a known company from the electrical engineering company has its own advantages. Greater recognition, challenging projects, growth prospects and access to better job opportunities in the electrical engineering domain are some of the major benefits. Learnings and experience that you have earned in your previous company will be your pink slip to work for some other company which might be more renowned than your previous employer. Here are some of the best in industry companies that offer lucrative and challenging jobs for electrical engineers.
1. Siemens
2. Alstom
3. ABB
4. Crompton greaves
5. Bajaj Electricals
6. Schneider Electrical
7. Wipro Lighting
8. Bharat Heavy Electricals limited
9. Eason Reyrolle
10. Kelvin Electrical


Pay packages for electrical engineers

A fresh electrical engineer graduate can expect a minimum compensation of Rs. 25000 a month as a graduate engineering trainee, the duration of which is dependent up on the employer. Once the probation period is over one can expect an annual compensation of Rs. 3 to 5 Lakhs. After earning 3-4 years in the industry, the monthly compensation might rise upto Rs. 80,000 too Rs. 1.25 lakhs, this again depends upon the company. Private sectors offer the best salaries as compared to that in the government sector. Jobs for electrical engineers are considered to be the highest paying jobs, as mentioned earlier.

Career path for a strong hold in your career

Electrical engineering as a career is a challenging one which will keep you on your toes, if the need be. Constant advancement of your skill set and technical expertise will help you meet your well deserved success. Engineering as a profession irrespective of the sub-discipline which you choose; is quite demanding and equally rewarding. And for a rewarding career, a specialization is the minimum requisite to apply for higher job roles; taking up a master's degree in any of the electrical engineering domains will earn you a specialization or a special set of skills. Going for a master's degree is the best option, once you have earned a miniumum of 2 to 3 years of experience in the industry. Electrical engineers can specialize in any of the domains such as electromagnetic engineering, signals and image processing, power systems and energy compensation. In order to select the best fit for yourself, consult your seniors, trust your intuitions and primarily go for the domain which suits your interest and skills. Also do some research well before you go for a master's degree, look at the future prospects and its demand in the job sector, this shall ensure your success as an electrical engineer for life.

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