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Free CSCS Card Condensed Revision Notes For The CSCS Test / Exam PT/5 Excavations and Confined Spaces.

Updated on December 9, 2015

This is the last set of revision notes required for any person willing to pass the CSCS card test,

The CSCS ( Construction Skills Certification Scheme ) is a simple test on basic health and safety whilst at work. This series of notes is designed to ensure a pass for you first ever CSCS card.

The other sections required have free links below for condensed revision notes.

If my 11 year old boy passed a mock test after studying these notes.

There are 15 core sections that the test will cover, although only two or three questions come from each section.

The test itself is relatively simple, just make sure you read all the multiple choice answers before answering, and please take photo ID with you when you take the test. The CSCS information here will help you succeed.

The Case Study section of the exam offers similar questions to the rest of the exam except with a short video.

Free Link: Sample Case Study Questions.

The 15 Core Sections Are:-

Please note these are free links, no downloading and nothing to pay.

Page 1 - General responsibilities - Accident prevention and reporting - Health welfare

Page 2 - Manual handling - Working at height - Personal protective equipment

Page 3 - Emergency procedures and first aid - Safe use of hazardous substances - Electrical safety

Page 4 - Hand held equipment and tools - Site transport safety - Noise and vibration

This Page - Excavations and confined spaces - Fire prevention and control - Safety signs and signals.

Excavations And Confined Spaces

Before work commences in a confined space, the air must be tested with a meter.

If you need to work in a confined space, one duty of the top man is to start the rescue plan if needed.

Working in a confined space usually required three safety documents, they are: a risk assessment, a method statement, and a permit to work.

Respiratory Protective Equipment ( RPE )

If there is sludge at the bottom of a confined space, you must have the correct RPE before you go in. Methane gas is dangerous in a confined space because it can explode and you may not have enough oxygen to breathe.

You are in a confined space when the gas alarm sounds.You have no RPE, you must get out very quickly.

If you are in a confined space and the level of oxygen drops, you could fall unconscious.

Do not enter a confined space unless there is a rescue plan and team in place.

If you are working in a confines space and you smell bad eggs, vacate the area immediately, this could be Hydrogen Sulphide.

If you need to walk through sludge, the main hazards would be slips, trips and the release of flammable or toxic gasses.

If you are working in a confined space and the permit to work runs out before you finish the job, you must leave the confined space prior to the work permit running out.

If you are digging and the soil give off a strange odour, the ground could be contaminated, inform your supervisor.


A competent person must always inspect an excavation each time a shift starts. The safest way to enter an excavation is by using a ladder.

If you hit a cable whilst digging, do not touch the cable, stop work and inform your supervisor. If you need to dig near a buried service, use a spade or shovel and be careful.

An excavation must be supported, no matter how deep, if there is a chance of of the sides falling in. If you see a support move, you should ensure that you and others get out quickly.

Guard rails are placed around the top of an excavation to prevent others from falling in. Trail holes are the most accurate way to locate buried services. This question is often in the CSCS test or exam.

You are in a deep trench when a lorry backs up and the engine is left running. Get out quickly it may be about to drop a load. If you begin to get dizzy in a trench or ditch, get out quickly there may be dangerous gasses.

Fire Prevention And Control

If you need to work in a corridor that is a fire escape route, ensure that your tools and equipment do not block the route.

A hot work permit allows you to carry out work that may cause a fire. You should expect to have a fire extinguisher whilst you carry out work under a hot work permit and look for signs of fire when you have finished.

Jobs that are likely to require a hot work permit include cutting steel with an angle grinder, and soldering pipe work in a central heating system.

A fire assembly point is where everyone should go if there is a fire. If you discover a fire, you should raise the alarm, then go to the assembly point. You will be informed of where the fire assembly point is during the site induction.

If you see frost around a valve on a liquid petroleum gas cylinder, it means that the valve may be leaking.

All fires need oxygen.

Fire Extinguishers

Blue fire extinguishers contain powder.

Blue fire extinguishers can be used to put out electrical, wood, paper, textile, gaseous, flammable liquids and electrical fires.

Black fire extinguishers contain co2

Black fire extinguishers can be used to put out flammable liquids and electrical fires.

Red fire extinguishers contain water

Red fire extinguishers can be used to put out wood, paper and textile fires.

Cream fire extinguishers contain foam

Cream fire extinguishers can be used to put out wood, paper, textile and flammable liquid fires.

CREAM AND RED FIRE EXTINQUISHERS CANNOT BE USED ON ELECTRICAL FIRES ( This question is usually in every CSCS test or examination )

Fire Safety Signs

Press here to sound fire alarm

Fire Hose Reel

Fire Assembly Point

Fire Exit

Location of Fire Extinguishers

Safety Signs And Signals

Yellow and black signs mean: - Hazard or Danger

Flammable Substance

Warning Laser Beams

Forklift Trucks Operating

Risk of Electrocution

Fragile Roof

Red and white signs mean: You MUST NOT do something

No Access By Foot

No Smoking

Stay Off The Scaffolding It Is Not Safe

Green and White signes mean: Safe Condition

Emergency Shower

Eye Wash Station

First Aid Post

Assembly Point

Blue and White signs mean: You Must DO SOMETHING

Ear Protection Must Be Worn

Foot Protection Must Be Worn

High Visibility Clothing Must Be Worn

Eye Protection Must Be Worn

Warning Signs on Chemicals

Irritant, Harmful

Toxic, it could kill you

Corrosive, may burn your skin

Dangerous to the Environment

Free Links To:

Government Funded CSCS card

Mock Test For The CSCS Card ( Actual questions from the CSCS Exam )

Cheap CSCS course/ card information / info is correct at time of going to press.

For office use only

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      George 19 months ago

      Thank you very much, very helpful.

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      Marius 2 years ago

      Thanks, are really helpful you make a grea job here.

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      trevor 3 years ago

      brilliant thanks

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      Ali 4 years ago

      Really helpful.... I passed the real test using your materials.

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      jake 4 years ago

      Thankyou for the information it has helped a lot more more than other links and websites, jake