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Civil Engineering- Job Responsibilities, Sub-Disciplines & Skills

Updated on April 30, 2014

Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering As A Profession
Civil Engineering As A Profession | Source

Get to Know About Civil Engineering

A civil engineer is a person, who contributes to the nation's infrastructural development. He has the qualifications, knowledge and skills to make our surroundings look better. These are the people, who with their creativity and understanding of engineering techniques, can go on to create greatest landmarks.

This profession that deals with the construction and maintenance of roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings. For such construction works, civil engineers are hired by private and public sector companies. Generally referred to as one of the oldest forms of engineering, it attracts a great percentage of aspiring students in the country every year. This profession lets them explore great career prospects within the nation and abroad.

Sub-Disciplines of Civil Engineering:

Civil engineering is a broad term, which can be applied in every development from a household to a huge building. The qualified civil engineers are demanded everywhere for projects undertaken by state governments to those of private construction companies. To get employed in any of these sectors, they need to possess detailed knowledge and understanding of different sub-fields associated with it. They can get into any of the sub-disciplines as per their interests and career opportunities available for them.

Following are the sub-disciplines of Civil Engineering:

  • Material Science
  • Coastal
  • Construction
  • Earthquake
  • Environmental
  • Water resources
  • Structural

Job Responsibilities of a Civil Engineer

While there are many civil engineering jobs in the country, the profiles and tasks assigned to them may be different. Some of the job responsibilities of these professionals include the following:

  • Inspection of the construction site and accordingly proposing the construction plan
  • Look for the best engineering solution within the budget provided by clients
  • Set time-line for every process, including design, construction and other tasks
  • Provide drafts, documentation for further implementation
  • Timely availability of construction material, machinery
  • Supervising every day progress taking place on site
  • Maintaining coordination with landscape experts, architects and other people involved
  • Ensuring quality of material and machines, being used on site
  • Maintaining reports of everyday activities
  • Making risk management plans for any uncertain conditions


Every profession demands some skills that make you remain up to the mark while you are on your job. For civil engineers too, there are some specific requirements and skills that they need to conform to. These skills are:

Excellent knowledge of science, maths and IT

  • Ability to manage and analyse data and figures
  • Decision making
  • Ability to lead a project and a team
  • Confidence to manage a project alone
  • Good communication skills

Qualify for reputed engineering colleges

Engineering Degree
Engineering Degree

Become A Qualified Civil Engineer

A degree in civil matters, but you need to make it count, and for this, you need to ensure that you choose the right institution. You have to be wise while you choose the institute to pursue your studies. At present, India has approximately 3393 engineering colleges. With 36 courses approved by the All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE), 65% of these colleges are in south and the other 35% are located in north India. With every passing day, number of such colleges in the country are being multiplied with the rising number of aspirants in this field. This surely broadens your scope of getting admitted into an engineering colleges, but what's more important is to be associated with an institute, which has credibility. So, you should try qualifying for such reputed colleges to reach out to the best workplaces.

Following are some of the leading institutions that you should qualify for:

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) – Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Chennai, Roorkee
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Sciences (BITS, Pilani)
  • Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (IT, BHU)
  • Delhi Technological University
  • National Institute of Technology
  • Netaji Subhash Institute Of Technology

Civil Engineering Jobs

Jobs for Civil Engineers
Jobs for Civil Engineers | Source

Civil Engineers May Also Work As

Soil Engineers: In this profile, a person is required to analyse the soil on construction site by drilling and sampling techniques.

Harbour Engineers: They are deals with the construction of harbour facilities such as navigation channels, jetties, wharves, heavy-duty pavement surfaces, cargo sheds, and bulk handling plants.

Hydraulic Engineers: They supervise the construction and maintenance of water resource facilities like hydro-electric plants, dams, drainage and sewerage systems.

Railway Engineers: These professionals look after the design, development and repair of railway systems, such as tracks, yards and terminals.

Materials Engineers: They look after the testing and quality of different materials used for construction purposes.

Civil Engineering

 Career opportunities in Civil Engineering
Career opportunities in Civil Engineering | Source

The Learning Therapy

It is generally said that a person keeps learning till he dies, and this implies here too. For every civil engineer, it is important to adapt to the practical on-site situations, that they can never come across during their academic sessions. Thus, it is significant for every student pursuing this course to have practical exposure, which can be done during the internship. Every engineering institution lets its students go through the training programmes wherein they work with construction companies, and other related fields. They should use make the best use of such opportunities offered to them. This proves to be a great learning experience for them.


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