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Computer Networking: Demand of Today's Competitive Corporate World

Updated on October 5, 2015
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Nowadays, computer networking is one of the most sought-after career fields. In today's corporate environment, computer network has emerged as an essential tool. In simple terms, computer networking involves connecting two or more computers with an intent to share resources. Whether, one wants to share resources in a business, across corporation or internationally, networking makes it easier to perform this task just at the click of a mouse.

On the matter of fact that computer network has made the lifestyle of many very smooth and easier, there are certain downfalls of networking. Various hackers may try to hack the important files and information from computer networks. Moreover, the networks can have technical issues that can create major problems. In order to protect the information related to an individual, organization or government body, networking specialist are widely in demand.

With rapidly flourishing technology and the complexity associated with it, a network specialist can expect a great growth potential.

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Types of Networks:

There are different types of networks that a networking person might require to work with:

  • LAN: Local Area Network means connecting computers within a limited area such as home and office

  • WLAN: It is Wireless Local Area Network

  • WAN: Wide Area Network is connecting systems nationally or internationally

  • MAN: Metropolitan Area Network is connecting a large area such as a city or campus

  • GAN: Global area network is connecting various networks over an unlimited geographical area

  • SAN: Small Area Networking is connecting small areas

  • CAN: Campus Area Network

  • PAN: Personal Area Network

  • DAN: Desk Area Network

  • VoIP: Voice over Internet Protocol Networking

Why networks are required?

Today, nearly every company make use of a substantial number of computers and communication tools. Newest technology and applications are introduced now and then for a smooth functioning of an organization. For maintaining and ensuring the proper execution of information and communication within and outside the organization, networks are required. Other major reasons include:

  • Network facilitates a proper communication through instant messaging, video conferencing, emails, etc

  • It enables sharing a single hardware device among multiple users

  • Makes it easier to share information and files across the network

  • Allow sharing of software programs on remote systems

  • Makes it easier to access information among network users

Types of job titles available in Networking

One can find a lot of positions available in networking, each with different salaries and growth potential. Both the freshers and experienced folks can apply for varied positions in the networking field. Below is the list of some key job titles for computer networking and networking related positions:

  • Network administrator

  • Network engineer

  • Network technician

  • Network programmer

  • Network systems manager

Network administrator:

A network administrator usually monitors, configure and manage a local area network (LAN) and sometimes a wide area network (WAN). Network administrator is assigned with various responsibilities such as network analysis, installation and configuration, keeping an eye on the network performance, troubleshooting network issues, maintaining network security, assisting clients with operating systems and network adapters, evaluating third party tools, and many more.

Network engineer:

The job of a network engineer is quite different from that of a network administrator. Network engineer is responsible for implementing, maintaining, supporting and developing communication networks. This type of job title may also require an engineer to design communication networks within a company or between companies. The main target of a network engineer is to ensure a network infrastructure that can boost the performance of users. Other job responsibilities of network engineer include upgrading system, evaluating vendor products, security testing, etc.

Network technician:

The focus of a network engineer is more towards setting up, repairing and troubleshooting particular hardware or software products. This type of technician also work upon various network-related problems reported by users, diagnoses the most efficacious ways to resolve the issues. It is the job of a network technician to ensure that there is a smooth communication and collaboration within and outside the organization.

Network programmer:

A network programmer usually required to develop, install and implement new and modified computer systems or networks. The other responsibilities of a network programmer includes writing software and operating manuals, researching and examining current systems, providing support and responding to feedback, testing and modifying systems, finding out the issues and fixing those issues.

Network systems manager:

Network system manager is among the top positions in this field with various responsibilities. The key responsibility of a person on this job position is to supervise the work of administrators, technicians, engineers, programmers, etc. This job position also includes developing plans and strategies for maintaining company's computer networks.

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Qualifications required to enter into the field of networking

Although, there are a lot of networking jobs available in the market, it may become quite a difficult task to impress the recruiters without holding a proper qualification. In order to start a career in the networking field, one needs to have at least a bachelor's degree in a computer related field. Apart from this, a professional industry certificate from a recognized organization, experience in networking systems and information technology will be of added advantage to impress the recruiters.

Certification program for computer networking

Networking is undoubtedly one the most challenging field that require a high level of technical expertise and excellent networking skills. These days, a lot of certification programs are available for candidates who have just started their career in networking field or thinking to take a move towards this career option. Pursuing some of the networking courses from some reputed institution will definitely help in accelerating the career in networking.

Through a computer networking certificate program, one can learn the basic concepts of networking and how to manage various networks along with the requisite skills for networking. Some of the most popular computer networking certification programs for the year 2015 include:

Cisco: Cisco networking academy program is a global CSR program that aims at creating trained networking specialists. Cisco provides certification for different levels such as Entry, associate, professional, expert and architect level. The certification offered for these levels are:

Cisco Certified Entry Networking Technician (CCENT)

Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA)

Cisco Certified Design Associate (CCDA)

Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP)

Cisco Certified Design Professional (CCDP)

Linux: Linux certification program is another most popular program offering certification for various networking levels. These programs include:

Level 1 (Junior Level – LPIC-1)

Level 2 (Advance Level – LPIC-2)

Level 3 (Senior Level – LPIC-3)

Apart from the above-mentioned computer networking certification programs, other popular programs are MCSE: Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert, RHCE: Red Hat Certified Engineer, CompTIA Network+, Juniper, Brocade, Alcatel-Lucent, F5 and HP.

Skills required in Networking people

Some of the skills needed to grow in networking field for various job titles include:

  • Excellent communication skills

  • Ability to work with a team

  • Good analytical skills

  • Strong computer skills

  • Multi-tasking skills

  • Problem-solving skills

  • Knowledge of computer problem-solving techniques

Salary outlook for Networking field

The salaries for networking positions depend on various factors such as the hiring organization, job market conditions, experience in this field, skills and many more. The entry-level computer networking specialists can earn an average salary of $45,000 to $50,000 per annum.

There are assorted challenges and difficulties associated with networking field, however, one can enjoy a handsome salary in this profession. Over the years, with the increase in demand for hi-technology and faster mobile networks, both the entry-level candidates and experienced professionals can find enormous job opportunities in this field. In the next few coming years, there will be more and more career opportunities available in networking field as several companies have started investing in security measures to protect their computer networks.

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