Public Speaking : Some Technique's to be an Effective Speaker
Our voice is a golden instrument in conveying thoughts, feelings, ideas and emotions. It’s a God-given gift ever since our birth in this world. Voice is the raw sound produced when the surging air from the lungs vibrates the choral cords in the throat. It is the expression of our mental and emotional states together with our attitudes at the time of speaking. It is said that voice can exist without speech but speech cannot exist without it.
In improving the voice, we must conscious first of it and identify your strengths and weaknesses in speaking. It is the first step toward the progressive speaking voice. So, you must know the five most desirable of voice. These are:
1. Audibility- it is refers to the loudness of voice. Your voice must not too weak or unable to hear. Your voice should be loud enough to hear.
2. Pleasantness- another characteristic of voice that should be develops. Voice should be pleasing to the ears. It must not ear out breaking. Use your natural voice which is low, well-modulated, resonant and mellow.
3. Clarity- you must observe the clarity of your voice. It must clear and distinct enough to be understood.
4. Flexibility- it is the capability of your voice to cope and adjust with change and by with that adjustment can bring to versatility that can carry enough the greatest possible amount of meaning.
5. Fluency- your voice must like fluid that flows smoothly and easily. It must articulate and effortless.
Factors of effective voice
- Comfortable, relaxed throat and jaw can make for effortless smooth speech. It calm the spirit, improves your voice and argue better thinking. Also, if you are in relaxed state it may result to good tones. Remember, if you are in tense, your throat impedes the easy flow of sounds and it may also tire your throat that can make your voice harse.
A simple exercise to work with relaxation:
1. First, open your widely. Yawn and stretch.
2. Second, roll your head slowly left to right or vice versa in a wide circle.
3. Third, take a deep breath, inhale through your nose, exhale through the mouth till you feel at ease.
4. Warm up and stretch your lips.
5. Move your feet, hands, arms, and relax your body.
6. Finally, you must observe good posture because it may result to effective good voice.
- Good posture is an important factor for voice production. It gives a comfortable sight to the listeners. Also, it direct proper voice placement and breathe control. You must avoid making you spine sway in at the center and your neck forward and by with that it avoid tightens the muscles of your throat. You must be free from mannerism because it may affect your voice.
If you maintained good postures, it gives five advantages:
1. Obviously, it suggests health because you place your body at the right portion.
2. Good posture really makes you look great and give good insight to the others.
3. It prefers your voice to pleasantness.
4. It is said, good posture is one of the finest exercise you can do.
5. If you maintained and practice good posture, it releases fatigue and tension.
Here’s a sample tips to have a good posture. Here’s a right to stand:
1. Make your head high and chin-up parallel to the floor.
2. Relaxed your shoulders and make it balance.
3. Tucked in your tummy. The rib cage must be lifted- up.
4. Point your front foot straight forward and angle your back foot around 45 degrees.
Good posture observed when you in line your body perfectly.
Try this following activity for straight back:
a. Get a book and put it on your head and walk.
b. Stands and sit against the wall.
c. Imagine that there’s someone putting up your hair.\
3. Breath control
- is another factor to have effective speaking voice. In breathing, the muscle involved there is the diaphragm. Diaphragm controls the power and steadiness of vocal tones. With conjunction to that, you must first train and develop your diaphragmatic abdominal breathing.
Take note: In good speech, it is not how much air you inhale, but it is how you control the out- going air.
Breathing as an aid in voice production:
1. The air should breathe easily and with no apparent effort.
2. Breath must conform to the rhythm of speech.
3. Use both mouth and nose.
4. Breathe the time of pausing to avoid shortness and obtrusive breathing.
5. Voice Projection
Voice projection is the process of directing the voice to a specific target. Remember that volume is differing from projection that frequently creates the power of voice. Even though, it is connected to loudness but not all loudness. Projection depends to the (1) force of your breath,(2) clarity of articulation, (3) muscular energy.
Poor projection occur when lack of confidence and due to nervousness that lead to under-powered voice.
In order to project your voice, you must know your target and a particular direction you are aiming to address. Moreover, volume of the voice must adjust in order to reach voice projection. So, by with your message it determines the loudness and focus of the voice.
One way of having effective voice projection, is emphasizing expression, meaning gestures and actions. Also, you must have extreme desire to communicate to the others.
Take note: When you want to increase the volume, try not to push the pitch of your voice.
6. Voice variety
It refers to applying by different voices or tones of voices- loudness, softness, highness, lowness, etc.
Unfortunately, when you speak and your listeners getting bored, it means you do not apply observe voice variety, connotatively, you practice monotony in your speech. You are in a habit of doing different faults. Such as:
1. You use same note or tempo
2. Employ the same pitch
3. Less the same force or volume
4. Utilize only one quality in different moods.
To develop this, you must undergone trainings or practices to fight off monotony in your speech.
1. Overcome your shyness
2. Say what you mean and mean what you say.
3. Control your voice
7. Vocal quality
Vocal quality refers to the predominant timbre or tone color of your voice. It is the characteristics of your tone voice in which your friend identifies you. Your vocal quality reflects your emotional condition. The tone may change depends upon your moods or feelings. And by that, it indicates ones moods of the speaker.
Our vocal quality can be improved though the use of speech organs.
It refers to the highness or lowness of the voice when you speak. Pitch may vary in range such as low, normal, high, and extra high. This pitches changes to make your thoughts emphatic and suggest emotions.
Moreover, pitch is determined by the length and thickness of the vocal cords.
Take note: The longer the vocal cords the higher the pitch. The shorter the vocal cords the lower the pitch.
9. Voice intensity
Refers to the volume or loudness of the voice with which we speak. It is done by the force of the expiratory air stream and the efficient use of the resonators, not by tightening of the throat.
Vocal force recognizes differences in meaning to better interpretation and understanding of the message.