ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Essential Skills for Trainers

Updated on September 9, 2009

Effective training in the workplace is given significantly more attention compared to its counterpart in the traditional academic setting. The need for effective instruction is driven by the need for improved employee performance, which is subsequently driven by the need for improved business performance. Training and development professionals recognize this need for effective instruction and employ a vast array of techniques to accomplish it. Although there may be many band-aid type approaches to increasing the effectiveness of training, none are a suitable substitute for quality instruction. Quality instruction can only be achieved through a highly skilled, carefully selected instructional staff.

When considering employees for promotions to instructional roles, or developing your own skills as an instructor; focus on the fundamental competencies required to be an effective instructor. There are some things that can be taught, and then there are some that are too much of a pain to teach. The awareness of what skills a potential instructional candidate already possesses eases the selection process, most often yielding the best candidate.

Three Fundamental Categories of Core Competencies

All of the competencies related to instructional effectiveness can be summarized under three broad categories. The combined effect of well-developed technical skills, professional skills and personal skills result in high quality, effective instruction.

Technical skills are those that are related to the subject matter. In many cases these are the skills of the job or position that the instructor trains in. Well developed technical skills provide the experience necessary to teach others. Extensive knowledge in the subject matter and a proven ability to perform are key indicators of technical skill level.

Professional skills are those that are specifically related to teaching and educating. Without the ability to teach others, the best subject expert will fail in an instructional role. In addition to the ability to teach others, which is most commonly associated with clear communication, patience and adaptability, knowledge of educational practices such as lesson planning and facilitation are extremely helpful.

Personal skills are those that contribute to an individual’s personality and affect instruction. Attitude, behavior, intellectual abilities, interpersonal skills and creativity are among some of the factors affecting how an individual is perceived by others. Each of these elements indirectly influences the learning process. The degree to which each impacts learning is variable. The best practice is to consider each element and the potential it has for negatively impacting the learning process.

Technical Competencies - Items to Consider

· Extent of knowledge in the subject matter – A generous foundation of knowledge in the subject matter will be apparent to learners. Thus, it will build learner confidence in the instructor and promote credibility. Additionally, it will aid the instructor in facilitating learning and answering questions, as well as increase the instructor’s confidence. Conversely, an instructor with weak knowledge in the subject matter will not be able to readily answer questions with looking up the answers. Students will be pick up on this quickly, and loose confidence in the instructor, which will negatively impact learning. The instructor may also lack confidence in front of the class and may appear to read their notes or recite memorized information.

· Ability to Perform – The most effective instructors are those who know what it takes to get the job done and can do it. Through their successes, they have undoubtedly built a list of tips and best practices that they can share with the class. The learners will also view the instructor as a suitable example, giving them confidence to do the job.

· Work Experience – Extensive work experience in the subject provides for rich examples that can be used to illustrate the instructional experience. Learners are always interested in knowing how/when are they going to use each piece of information. Through personal experience examples, this information is related to the class is meaningful way.

· Commitment to Learning – Due to the nature of the work, instructors must make an exceptional effort to stay current in their subject. Additional study and experience are often required. Many companies incorporate this into their instructional positions by requiring a minimum number of hours performing the job.

· Teaching Ability – Instructional roles require the ability to transfer skills and knowledge to a diverse audience. Instructors must have the ability to communicate complex ideas in a clear and concise manner. Many industries have unique vocabularies; the beginner student will not have this vocabulary or technical skill. It is the job of the instructor to translate information using a vocabulary that the learner can understand. It is also imperative that instructors have the patience to work with beginners and the ability to provide constructive feedback. Without the ability to teach others, a wealth of knowledge and technical skill mean very little in an instructional role.

Professional Competencies – Items to Consider

· Lesson Planning – Effective instruction does not happen by accident! It takes careful, thoughtful planning to ensure that the content, pace and timing of material is appropriate for the audience. A general knowledge of lesson planning procedures, identifying and writing lesson objectives, selecting instructional methods and materials, and planning assessments are necessary for successful lesson planning. This is one content area that is relatively easy to teach a new instructor if the skills are not present.

· Facilitation of Learning Solid presentation skills, knowledge of adult learning theories, classroom management skills and teaching methodologies provide the basis for facilitation skills. It is important to recognize that presentation skills for educational purposes require a more advanced skill set than for general business purposes. Instructors should be so well versed in giving presentations that they become a second thought to the more important task of facilitating learning. In addition to just presenting the material, the instructor needs to be able to gauge learner understanding through facial expressions, body language and comments. They also need to be able to adjust their instruction to meet these needs, and the needs of a diverse and changing group of learning styles.

· Instructional Evaluation – Evaluation of instruction occurs before, during and after the learning event. There are numerous methods for evaluating learner achievement, and it is important that instructors know what to use and when to use it. When done correctly, evaluations provide information on the extent to which learners have achieved the intended learning outcomes, the effectiveness of the instruction and if any adjustments need to be made to the instruction.

Personal Competencies – Items to Consider

· Behavior – The sum total of a person’s actions and reactions that determine how they are perceived by others. Behavioral attributes to consider when selecting individuals for instructional roles include: are they friendly, compassionate, considerate, cooperative, involved in the organization or community? Do they have a positive attitude? All of these things relate to positive behavior which is more closely associated with success in instructional roles.

· Intellectual Abilities – Instructors must be able to read, write, synthesize, evaluate, make decisions and communicate ideas with a relatively high degree of skill. All of these tasks occur regularly throughout the instructional process.

· Interpersonal Skills – Or the ability to interact with others, plays a vital role in the instructional process. Effective instruction requires two-way communication between the instructors and the students; it is therefore imperative that the instructor is able to facilitate this communication through successful interactions with the class. Additionally, the instructor must be able to maintain a professional relationship with students without appearing to be uncaring, cold, or lack compassion.

Effective instructional practices are universal, making them applicable to the teaching of any subject

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Johnd46 

      3 years ago

      When some one searches for his necessary thing, so heshe desires to be available that in detail, thus that thing is maintained over here. ackabggfgafb

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)