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A guide on teaching career, jobs and scope

Updated on October 14, 2014

You can find teaching job opportunities in below sectors-

  • Schools
  • Colleges
  • Universities
  • Private Institutions
  • Publishing house
  • Coaching classes
  • Columnist
  • Boarding schools
  • Online tutoring

Since time immemorial, the career in teaching has been touted as the coveted professional. Teachers have always played the imperative role of the catalyst. However, there is a notion that anyone can teach, but it is not true. The complete knowledge of the subject, thought clarity and articulation ability are some of the requisite traits that a person should possess to find a teaching job. In fact, there is a dearth of good teachers in the society. As a profession, teaching is categorized into many areas of specialization, each demand unique attributes and method of training. Some of the important specialization areas include teaching at nursery, high school, colleges, universities and special schools.


Where to study?

  • University of Delhi
  • Jamia Millia University
  • Jadavpur University, Kolkata
  • Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar
  • Bundelkhand University, Jhansi

Eligibility criteria

Being one of the highly specialized sectors, teaching sector demands comprehensive training and in-depth knowledge. To start teaching at school level, you should possess a Bachelors in Education (B. Ed) degree.

There are various colleges across the country offering these degree courses both on regular and correspondence basis. Also, after completing class XII in any field, you can take up any vocational teaching course at polytechnics or institutes. One can also do post-graduation or Masters in Education (M.Ed) to add to the qualifications and to get the next higher grade on a teaching job. In case, you are interested in specializing as a nursery teacher only; you must complete a special nursery teacher training courses, offering by various institutes across the country.

Basic Training Certificate (BTC), Diploma in Education (D.Ed) and Teacher Training Certificate (TTC) are some pivotal courses that may help you in getting a teaching job. In case, you want to make a career as a sports teacher or fitness instructor, you will need to obtain a degree/diploma or certificate from any of the recognized sports institutes of the country.

Furthermore, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducts the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) for appointing teachers in class I-VIII in government and state schools. There are many private schools also which are accepting CTET scores.

If you want to take up lecturer positions in colleges and university, you will need to clear the NET exam conducted by the UGC (University Grants Commission). To appear for the test, at least 55% is required at graduation level. After completing M.A, you can become a specialist by doing Ph.d or M.Phil course.

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Requisite skills

One requires a conglomeration of attributes like self-confidence, good communication skills, patience and helpfulness. Teachers should also be friendly and should know how to ignite the interest of a student towards a boring subject.

The teacher lays down the foundation on which a successful career is laid upon and, therefore, it is indispensable that a teacher should be a friend and philosopher. Any person who is interested in making a career in teaching should be passionate and should always ready to learn new things in the life.

Top employers

State Government/Municipal Schools
Kendriya Vidyalaya
Public and Private schools, affiliated with different boards like CBSE, ISCE, etc.
UGC approved universities
Technical Universities approved by All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE )
Coaching Institutes

Profile of teaching jobs

I= As a preschool & primary teacher

Teachers who are specialized in 'early school education' can find teaching jobs in nursery or play schools. Their job entails-

  • Teaching all subjects
  • Helping in formulating number skills, language, and different subject ideas
  • Planning test, preparing lessons and supervising all extracurricular activities of the school.


How to become a primary school teacher?


  • For primary school teachers= The package is around Rs 2-3 lakh/annum
  • For secondary school teachers= The salary package is in the range of Rs 2-4 lakh/annum
  • College lecturers= They can earn in the range of Rs 5-10 lakh/annum, depending on the experience and skills.

II= As a secondary school teacher

Secondary level teachers are specialized in one or two subjects. Their job entails-

  • Imparting complete subject knowledge to students
  • Meeting parents, attending conferences
  • Suggesting curriculum changes, if any.


III= As a lecturer

The job covers-

  • Doing extensive research and preparing for lectures
  • Conducting tutorials or seminars for students
  • Evaluating research work and carefully monitoring different work projects
  • Publishing research results
  • Fulfilling other administrative duties


IV= As a special school teacher

These schools deal with children having some physical and mental disabilities. The job demands a lot of sensitivity and you need to emotionally connect with such students.



Some of the areas of consultancy are-

  1. Finance
  2. Technology
  3. Human resource/management

Other teaching jobs

Being a continuous process, teaching can altogether take you to a different level academically if you have loads of patience, confidence and eagerness. It can unveil different job avenues which are listed below-

Consultancy= Academic institutes enter into agreements with different industries and research companies through Memorandums of Understanding (MoU) which give boost to research and technology programs. Usually, all institutes are already having policies to appraise such work. You have to convince the head of department and your years of experience can help you in landing a job. If a faculty member has decided to do consultancy then it is pivotal to-

  • Abide by the regulations of the institute and make sure that the work is not affecting your teaching job.
  • Carefully choose subjects.
  • Set the guidelines for pricing, but flexibility is required.

There are various benefits of taking up the consultancy job-

  • You can fulfill your desire of doing something concrete like your industry counterpart.
  • You can enjoy the monetary benefits apart from your pay-structure.


Either you can work as a freelancer trainer or can associate with a college. Below is a list of some of the areas which primarily include in the work scope of trainers-

  1. On the job training
  2. Technology related training
  3. Human resource training
  4. Behavioral training

Seminars and training sessions

Here the audience doesn't need necessarily to be college students. Usually, such training sessions are conducted for corporate and you can take up a job of certified trainers. As a corporate trainer, you would need to teach those topics that people do not learn in the formal education, such as public speaking, business communication skills, presentation skills and other job-specific skills

In India, there are various academic bodies like the Indian Society of Training & Development and XLRI which are offering such certification courses. However, before going ahead, it is pertinent to have following skills-

  • Creativity
  • Confidence
  • Great spontaneity


As a researcher, you can explore below fields-

  1. Finance, management, etc.
  2. Medicine, engineering and computer science, etc.
  3. History, music & arts

Research work

Although, the scope of research is limited, but funding agencies like UGC, AICTE and others are constantly bolstering youth towards it.

Almost all universities in India are conducting faculty research programs for encouraging the faculty members for taking up research work. Below are some of the benefits of taking up this profession-

  • You may require to do a paper presentation which will provide you a concrete platform to unveil research activities.
  • You get a chance to travel abroad.
  • There is a high level of job satisfaction and security.

IBM company, a pioneer in technology and services sector, has entered into an agreement with IIT Guwahati to encourage research initiatives.


Top Coaching Institutes in India

  1. FIITJEE, Delhi
  2. Bansal Classes
  3. Aakash Institute
  4. Vidya Mandir Classes
  5. Vibrant Academy
  6. Allen Career Institute

Coaching institutes

You have two options-either you can start your coaching institute or join a coaching class. Nowadays, coaching for medical, engineering and other entrance exams is a flourishing trend. Even these coaching institutes charge Rs 3000-5000 per subject and there are 6 to 7 batches and every batch has over 50 students. You can work full-time or can also opt to be a guest lecturer. Similarly, private tutoring has a great future too. Private tutors charge around Rs 6000-10,000 per subject. But it is imperative to first establish yourself in the education arena because then only you will get offers of private tutoring.



Online tutoring

In today's Internet driven world, there is a great transformation in the teaching ways, Nowadays, online teaching has become a rage and this method allows teachers to teach students via Skype. It is a win-win situation both for teachers and students. Thanks to the Internet, you can even impart teaching to students residing in the international arena and in this way, you can earn in foreign currency.


Overseas teaching job prospects

With a degree in hand, you can explore teaching job options in other parts of the world also. Even as a fresher, you can expect to earn enough amount to live comfortably on a foreign land. You can find recruitment in developed countries like UK, USA and Australia. Even many Asian countries like China and South Korea are offering lucrative salary packages to teachers along with perks like accommodation and flights. For high salary, you can explore teaching job options in the Middle East, like Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates.


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      pankaj kathanai 

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