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Science and technology has made comfortable every aspect of human life. No time of human history saw such prosperity and prospects. But the mankind's story is still of division, discrimination, repression, gender gap, civil wars, hatred, hunger and diseases.
At this juncture of paramount succession science, technology and economy is a common desire that humanity must prevail above all. This means the amenities of modern science and technology, the prosperity of modern economy, the facilities of modern medical sciences, transports and recreations must reach the underprivileged target. But the reality is about one billion humans, one sixth of the mankind, have to get by not less than a dollar a day. Hunger and disease, are claiming thousands of lives each second across Asia, Africa and Latin America. Million will not see their forty-eight birthday. Women and children are still subject to molestation, discrimination, women and violence and abusing. The hue and cry for basic human rights is only a fuss. A peaceful world is just a dream.
Inequality and injustice are so overwhelming on our earth that its conscientious part has always spoken out in favor of justice and equality decade after decade with any success. How mind boggling the inequality between the rich and the poor is revealed by the hair-raising exposure that the cumulative wealth of the world's three richest people is bigger than the aggregated GDPS of the sixty seven poorest countries. Bill gates, the Microsoft tycoon, can literally buy three. So the pursuit of global equity had always been a much referred but less addressed global issue.
The world has artificially been divided as the global north and global south in order to refer its poor and wealthy regions. Global North comprise the developed countries whose people are lucky, have all modern amenities at their disposal, to whom hunger and malnourishment is a matter of history. Global south comprises those poor countries whose people are emancipated from hunger and diseases, worn out by bloody civil wars, unfortunate to live a Ife one-third shorter than those of their Northern brethren. Various efforts have unsuccessfully and attentively been made to decrease the gap between the global north and the global south.
The United Nations and its father-institution the League of Nations were such two big measures through which the world tried out to eradicate poverty, gender discrimination, preserve human rights in addition to seek world peace. It is obvious that they did a lot for the poor people of the world. But their resources and manpower are just too small to deal with the overwhelming problems of global inequity. In addition to the United Nations- and its constituent bodies developed countries under the shadow of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, has bilaterally or •multilaterally been helping with cash and loans to alleviate the sufferings of the poor countries. Several systems of governance have been tried to deal with global inequity. Communism was such a system^ But this quixotic and impracticable way of governing a country failed long ago those manifestations. We see in the collapse of the communist regimes worldwide in the early 1990s. The search for global community i= a slogan of the poor countries and the underprivileged ones. Rich and developed countries do not have much to do with it although they cannot deny their responsibility in this respect. In all developed countries prosperity is a hard-earned criterion. So the poor countries must admit that poverty and inequality are not just imposed on them by their fellow rich countries. On the contrary, they should face self-criticism and get down to work hard to raise themselves from the subsistence level to bring global equity. It is also true that countries managed to cut off the Gordian knot of the poverty and exulted themselves to wealth and prosperity. East Asian countries like Malaysia. Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan. Thailand emerged as economic tigers in less than two decades. But these are just some isolated successes compared to the vast poor areas across Asia, Africa and the Latin America.
Social Scientists put the bulk of the successes and failures concerning the issues of Global Inequity on the politicians. Hundreds of years of instability, in fighting, wars, great wars made a lot of great leaders in wealthy and prosperous countries and the leaders with all their talents and visions stimulated their people to face hard work and perseverance for a better future. They reformed their countries, economy, wiped out corruption, undertook various ventures for economic prosperity. This is not only true in the case of wealthy western but also in the case of such third world countries like Singapore, Malaysia and South Korea. Anywhere in the poorer part of the world a country had the good luck to have a good leadership and thus good governance managed to alleviate their sufferings corruption and inefficient leadership for the bulk of the miseries of their people. It is revealed when we look into the leadership of Pakistan, Nigeria, Ethiopia and various other poorest countries. It is true that the poorest countries of the world underwent various repressions and misrules of their colonial masters for centuries. They had very little time to get rid of the legacies of their colonial rulers. But this could not be the sole excuse for their failure to alleviate the sufferings of their people of many third world leadership.
It is a common feature to condemn the western capitalist countries for the suffering of the poorest countries. This propaganda is a main tool of various dictators and despots to grip and wild power in their country. Perhaps they are true to some narrow extent, because every country works only in favor of her own interest and by doing so she might curb a poor country's self-flourishing. But a poor country’s well-being or badly-being depends only on how much efficient its government is.
The prospect for global equity is now brighter than it was in any other time in the past. For information technology has brought the formidable opportunity to make the poor illiterate and underprivileged people conscious enough to understand the hidden causes of their sufferings and to learn how to get rid of them.