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How To Prepare For The Job Interview

Updated on January 12, 2016

First Impression

First impression is the most important factor in job interview and there will be no second chance to make a first impression.

The interviewer will take his first decisions based on your appearance, verbal and nonverbal components of the first eye contact (clothing and accessories, body language, posture, how to shake hands, listening skills). So to prepare for the interview is very important if you want to get the offered position.

Every minute you spend in planning the interview is decisive for your future, so do not underestimate any details. Also, the fact of preparing in advance, does involve both personal and organizational levels, so it is necessary to practice a lot and know well all you have to do (or not) during the interview. Note that if the CV is your business card, then the interview is the staging of your best personal qualities; that is, your only chance to show the best of you.

Every day new tactics appear how to successfully face job interviews , but regardless of everything, I assure, only you can impress the person who conducts the interview regardless of other variables. If you can convince the interviewer, the position will be yours. So throughout this article I will give you the best tools to present and show the most convincing ways possible: your work experience, your skills and especially your personal image, so you can be truly valued as you want it ... In short, "You can take control and directly influence the decision of the interviewer" and then positively on the outcome of the interview.

I assure you that after reading this article nervousness will never arrive at a job interview, nor will leave you frustrated. So, following these tips you will always be a step above the interviewer.

Job Interview - What Is It?

It's the only chance you have to show your best image and become the center of attention.

Currently, the job interview process is a total situational personal involvement, both for the candidate and for the interviewer. It's a real live assessment (for both parties) with clear abstract aspects involved. On the other hand, it has also become a purely psychological act where subjectivity plays an important role and is so influential, that insurance will determine the outcome, either for or against. The final decision to include an applicant or not is not so restricted to the characteristics of the workplace nor to the powers and potentials that may possess the candidate; but how they are interpreted by the interviewer.

Today, managers and other business representatives, seek and desire to have people who have talent and ability to solve problems and at the same time can be perfectly autonomous, proactive, flexible and versatile.

The challenge for any candidate is to demonstrate, and even try to convince the interviewers that they possess the skills to tackle the job, the ability to achieve the expected results, the strength to overcome the objectives and the ability to provide added value to the tasks performed. If you can convey that, you've achieved your goal.


• Form an initial impression
• Check your studies and training
• Evaluate your professional experience
• Search skills
• Find capabilities
• Know your current interests and your motivation
• More information on family background and other personal aspects

Types Of Interview

Although there are several versions about the types of interview, they support the following structure:

Depending on the number of participants:

• Individual interview
• Interview panel
• Group Interview

According to the process of the interview:

• Structured Interview
• Unstructured interview
• Mixed Interview

Individual interview, where a single applicant and participating interviewer only act. They are the "easy" to control, because you only have to impress one person. It is safest to be reconvened for other possible interviews with the same person or other. You may also be interviewed successively by different people who belong to different areas: if this is the case, each interviewer evaluates you according to your own criteria and once completed, criteria will be unified and common decision, about your suitability as a candidate, be taken.

Panel interview: This involves several interviewers, rather than one. They are more complicated because you must handle several fronts simultaneously and in each panel members often tend to play a good cop and a bad cop. The only good thing is, you will not have to go to more interviews for these people.

Group interview: Very few companies call for many candidates to compete both within the same physical space and time.They use only a few specific business sectors. Most likely you will never see you involved in one of this type. In general, this type of methodology is used to observe the conduct of the candidates and the development within a group, as it is asked to solve different problems individually or together.

The structured interview: It is the most common of all, also known as prepared interview. It is the most static and rigid of all, since it is based on a series of predetermined and invariable questions to all applicants for a post.

Unstructured: In this type of meeting the interviewer has only a rough idea of what is going to ask and improvises questions depending on the type and characteristics of the answers. Moreover, the emphasis is more on the analysis of the impressions of the facts. Anyhow, they are rare.

The mixed or semi-structured interview: As its name implies, the interviewer displays a mixed strategy, alternating structured questions with spontaneous questions. Therefore, it allows greater freedom and flexibility in obtaining information.

Tips For the Previous Day

One day before the interview some essential issues must be observed, such as the preparation of clothing and accessories and care for personal appearance. In addition to thios many other aspects must be reviewed that may influence positively in your favor:

- If you cite in writing or by e-mail, it is right to call to confirm your attendance. Write down all the details and repeat them to your partner to verify that this is the same information. Taking note of wrong hour or wrong date is more common than you can think.

- It is recommended to read thoroughly your CV prior to the interview. This allows you to refresh your own data, which you are supposed to know by heart. You must show that you know perfectly your CV, since they are based on it; so brush well your skills, your experience and your training.

- Prepare the interview mentally and if possible find someone to help you and make possible questions to prepare the answers. Make a list of your weaknesses and prepare arguments to defend them. Practice in the mirror or with others. Remember that the interviewer will also be prepared and will guess if you also have prepared or not.

- You should be familiar with the company; enter their website and find out the type of business they develop, their headquarters and other important details that could then be included in the interview and demonstrate your interest to the interviewer. Be careful to investigate, because not all information is current 100% online. Take care not to confuse the products of another competitive company.

- Plan your transport, especially if you've never been to the place where the interview was going to be held. If you have an opportunity, complete the route a few days before.Check ifyou have tickets for public transport. If you have a car, do not forget to fuel the day before.

- Place your clock at a reasonable time and go to bed early the night before. Eat light dinner that day; little fiber which does not cause gas or bad breath.

- Prepare underwear you will use that day and also leave other garments in the same hanger . Check socks (or stockings) for holes, you never know if you'll have to take your shoes off for any reason (no kidding).

- The night before thoroughly clean your shoes because you must be sure that there are no wrinkles or imperfections in the clothes you plan to wear.

Tips For The Same Day Of The Interview

- If the interview is in the morning ... Take coffee (little milk), that will keep you alert. Eat little: some toast, cereal and fruit is sufficient, you will eat better after the interview.

- Brush your teeth, tongue and roof of the mouth and make a few gargle for mouthwash.

- Check that you take enough money and carry your documentation.

- Do not forget to wear a watch. Note that it is more formal if you have it (without plastic belt) but not too flashy. A high significance is given today to watch quality and appearance, and that speaks a lot about the person who wears it.

- Bring a handkerchief or just damp paper towels (just in case). Sneezing and not having a tissue on hand. will be a very unpleasant experience.

- You should get there 20 minutes early (to avoid unexpected traffic jam) but do not go to the front desk until 10 minutes before the scheduled time.

- Never be late a single minute. If it occurs, immediately call to clarify the situation and ask if you can wait or postpone the interview. Here several things can happen, but it always depends on the mood of the interviewer, the type of problem or an excuse, the number of candidates and how your CV has blown itself. In any case, you should know that you have lost several points, but you never give-ruled.

- Turn off the mobile (cellular), Pager, PDA or any device you have over, before entering the company or just getting there.

- Always carry a pen and a pocket calendar or notebook, also a copy of your CV in a purse or in a leather classic style briefcase. If you do not have a such, then a new folder will discreetly do, so as not to wrinkle the paper.

- Do not go with dark glasses or lenses, unless you need them for. Leave them on your vehicle or hide them inside the jacket (or purse).

- If you smoke, do not do it before the interview because the interviewer will notice and may not like it. There is a current phenomenon that has become a kind of tendency: to hire candidates who do not smoke. But even if you smoke, do not lie about it.

- With a little time before entering the building, where you are going to be summoned, look in a mirror if possible, so you can give one last look and correct some details; misplaced tie, skirt, crumbs in the corner of your mouth, etc.

Specific Advice For Women

- Use double mask or shampoo and rinse hair that day. Dry and comb your hair thoroughly and if you have long hair it is recommended to wear it collected, it will give a more formal appearance.

- Use little or no makeup using only soft lip tones. If you paint your nails, take them that day with a soft color (without aggressive colors).

Recommended clothes and accessories (ladies):

- It's better to wear a set of pants and jacket (avoid slopes and if you decide to take a risk, look them not to rise above your knees). That day is convenient to choose the dark blue (navy) or graycolors to help visual acceptance (from the psychological point of view) and also for reassuring the interviewer. Avoid strong colors (red-yellow-orange) as they create the opposite effect.

- Wear a neatly pressed shirt or blouse in white or (light) pastel colors, which denote cleanliness and organization. If you carry belt, which is not very wide, match it with the shoes, which also must be compulsorily closed and without excessive heels; never wear sandals.

- Be sure that the clothes fit you well, not too tight nor too loose ... So try it on the night before, and choose carefully what you will wear.

- The woman in a male clothing trend (collared shirts, closed shoes and pants with belt) better competes against candidates of either sex, because it puts you in the middle, giving a neutral beneficially printing; it's like you have qualities to show all .., it's just a hint of who knows, how these people think... The rest is up to you.

- A single ring is sufficient and small earrings. Do not take lush, hanging jewelryor chains that day; reduce bracelets and all that can distract the interviewer or hissing noise when you move your arms.

- Use soft and barely noticeable perfume and deodorant.

- Take a bag (small) matching with clothes, shoes and belt.

Specific Advice For Men

- Wash your hair that morning and be as conservative as possible avoiding hair styling pomade or gel, unless absolutely necessary.

- Be sure you are clean-shaven, use a new razor and be careful when shaving to avoid cuts in the face. If you leave a beard, make sure you look neat and well maintained the day before.

- Take the nails as short as possible. If you eat them, avoid doing it with some anticipation to that day, as it is immediately noticeable when someone eats and that acts so negatively, so expect them to grow up a little.

Recommended clothes and accessories (men):

- Always wear dark suits, preferably in gray, blue or black shades. Aerate the clothes you are going to dress the night before, it will prevent bad smelling.

- Wear inconspicuous and conservative tie, not distracting the interviewer. Many people believe that the tie is too much formality in this new globalized business world ... Nothing further from the truth will always bring a plus.

- Note that all the clothes you are going to wear that day fits well and is as close to your needs as possible, neither too tight nor too loose, it will be fixed in it. It is best to test how you feel about it a day early. Your image is at stake.

- Take formal black shoes (avoid brown), not moccasins and put a belt buckle without defects that matches the shoes.

- Use soft and faint perfume or deodorant, and not too much because in this case "more is not necessarily better".

Additional recommendations if the interview is in a multinational company (for all):

Multinational companies are usually conservative and prefer employees who can make a good impression in any setting; so they discard candidates whose appearance seem too liberal, bohemian, undisciplined or radical.

So aspects such as the exposed tattoos, too long or too short hair, piercings, rare rings and other extremists details are not yet accepted by these large corporations, though you can disagree saying they’re prejudiced.

Structure Of The Process

It is important to know that, at least in Europe and America, there is a basic structure for each interview default and it usually consists of six parts:

- Introductions and greetings.
- Initial exposure of the interviewer or interviewers.
- General statement by the candidate.
- Asking the interviewer.
- Questions of the applicant.
- Farewell and closing.

Interview Begins

Introductions & Greetings

It represents the first contact between the interviewer and you. Therefore, it is the best chance we have to try to give our best impression and to establish a good relationship with them from the outset. Efforts should be made to respect the pace the interviewer unconsciously proposes from the start, remembering to be attentive to the words and body language.

Here are my tips for a good start from the beginning:

- Create a good impression from the outset and consider that it is not a beauty or elegance but precisely (and I insist and result) good impression. First impression is very important and that is if you want the most important and the most difficult to break down then.

- Many interviewers believe that having seen a candidate entering the door and observing the way they shake hands, sit down and settle into the chair, they are already able to decide on their worth (I'm not exaggerating) and taking into account the importance of that person.

- Shake hands firmly and safely say your name, smiling and looking him straight into the eyes while slightly nodding your head. As well as the Japanese, but not overly so much.

- Moderately smile all the time, like you're happy to be there and focus on the interviewer (s), do not turn the view on objects or others that appeal to you or those around you. Say hello to the interviewer (s) with the conventional way: "Good afternoon Mr. Smith". No tutees even if you know someone who is younger than you.

- Take the initiative immediately and express some superficial comment about the weather or traffic without talking too much, the idea is to check the state of mind of the interviewer and cut a little chill time. Your conversation should always be accompanied with a smile and would not hurt to include an appreciation for the time then they'll give.

- Do not sit until you are invited to do so, and keep your hands relaxed behind or to the sides until completely seated. In doing so, sit upright , do not sit at the edge of the chair (insecurity), or reclined (disrespect).


The interviewer will begin to talk about irrelevant aspects that you should also pay attention to and then will give you an idea of ​​the purpose of the interview by introducing a summary of the company. Then he will explain the post of the offered work, functions and other details including times since conditions.

Be careful, because they often ask about your opinion after this… It is better to answer honestly that you want the job and the company attracts you, without overdoing sin praise. Reasoned opinion is important for their positions but without seeming desperately getting in it.

Before and during all this initial conversation you should follow these tips:

- Just sit subtly imitating the posture of the interviewer, as if he was seeing himself in the mirror, this will improve your communication with him.

- It is important to detect the style of the interviewer. For this, you must be willing to listen showing close attention to what he says and nodding while speaking.

- Do not cross your arms in no time, which means that you are closed to the media, or lean your elbows on the table, it's rude. Keep your hands relaxed and if possible together.

- Produce no signs of anxiety and above all NEVER watch the clock. Watching the clock (even sideways) means to show signs of boredom, such as yawning or long faces, they are a clear sign that you are not interested in the position.

- Do not put personal items in the table of your partner as the agenda, wallet or mobile phone unless it is asked.

-Youmust keep your eyes on the speaker avoiding to be entertained by any other elements of the room. If you are uncomfortable seeing him in the eye, then look right between them, nobody will know the difference.

- Keep Do not make nervous gestures, such as moving your legs, pounding the table or rocking you in the seat. Avoid fiddling with keys, pen or wedding ring. Demonstrate interest; this is a way to please the interviewer.

- Do not ever interrupt, wait patiently or nod to finish talking; you'll get your turn.

Think As The Interviewer So That You Can Take Control Of The Interview

The structure of an interview is a function of the organization, the position and the candidate. So an interview is based on asking the right questions, listening to answers and getting candidates to talk honestly about their abilities and skills. The purpose of an interview is to help you make a decision based on how a person responds to the questions, so you need to spend time listening to the answers.

It is an advantage that candidates are predisposed to be open about themselves, so the challenge is presented with is to ask questions that guide them to the information they need to make a hiring decision. If we know in advance how they think and what to say, then we shall have a clear advantage.

The interviewer will seek to collect information about the usual modus operandi of the candidate in certain situations, trying to know what the candidate has done so far and should seek leadership, will ensure very subtle check.

They try to relate your personal features to any successful behavior assessing your suitability to the needs of the offered position and check whether you have the ability to learn quickly if there is a need of training.

Statement Of The Candidate

After making its introduction and some questions, the interviewer invites you to talk about yourself in general, for this you must follow these recommendations:

- First of all "come closer" to your interviewer trying to be liked and try to take an attitude of approach also to the company, where is interpreted to want the best for both parties.

- You must always seem very sure of yourself and above all convinced of what you say, do not hesitate at all and if you mess rectified, nobody is perfect, but do not stretch out your corrections, as with that prove justification and from there to the lie is only a step.

- Speak little of your own personal characteristics and more exposure and focuses your comments to the workplace and as you do appears to be modest.

- Do not talk about anything related to personal problems that are irrelevant. If you have problems, the job interview is not the place to count. All it says about you is that you're probably going to take many more in the future working in the company.

- If you request more information about a particular aspect, try to respond by giving concrete examples and illustrating with analogies, use what you have practiced in the mirror and do not forget to smile much.

- Avoid wearing your exposure to issues or situations that involve taking a party, and above all avoid talking about politics, gender, religion or sports. Discuss the latter only if the interviewer suggests, but do not stretch out.

- Use your long language in a normal tone. Do not try to use words that have never used, because it will be noticed. Never try to give an artificial or different from your own image, you can do but you will expose overact.

- Do not try to be funny, you're not there to make you laugh but to show the interviewer your most serious aspect.

- Do not be arrogant and aggressive. Control your emotions regardless of the topic of conversation as an interview is precisely why internal control you know.

- It’s not worth lying or exaggerating disproportionately on any aspect you speak, since the truth of your words can be easily checked. However, if you are thinking of not telling the whole truth, try to show enough capacity to improvise, keep that in mind and measure your risk.

- Do not criticize past employers or speak ill of your boss. You might be considered to put too much emotions in your job and moved away from effective professional they are looking for; or worse, you are one of those people who always blame their problems on others and are not able to find solutions.

- If you are asked to speak about your former employer or previous in which you worked. You should prepare a professional response that lacks emotional content and that focuses on specific aspects, such as the style of leadership of the company that allowed to achieve certain results of positive turnover.

- Avoid saying things like "I just finished my studies and I have no professional experience". The right thing in these cases would be "I am available for work and willing to implement all the knowledge I have acquired in my studies ".

Get to the point. Most candidates are dedicated to defending their history and work experience, having the role they had in each of the companies. That is quite boring for interviewer. Use tenses action: organize, plan, realized ... etc. That will give a good impression.

- Do not bring it up your wage conditions unless you are asked directly.

Non Verbal Communication - The Importance Of Knowing How Our Body Communicates Without Speaking

Take into account the following "Tips" related to non-verbal language that will help you create a better impression, because every time we say something our body also "talks" to complement the message and in a job interview this double language is essential to control the communication process between the interviewer and you.

Your face! ... Collate warm and frank smiles in conversation; that conveys confidence, joy and willingness. However, do not exaggerate.

Smiling too much can often turn into a kind gesture of grinning and giving the impression that it is something hollow, empty and fake.

Eyes: Use your eyes to talk because they are the windows to the soul. The person who looks clean in the eyes of others is a safe, friendly, mature and sincere person. The eyes and the look can say a lot because they express virtually all emotions: joy, sadness, anxiety, stress, worry, estimate or respect. Therefore, they constitute a powerful aid in the conversation.

When you're talking to the interviewer, do not look elsewhere as to hide your face. A look that goes from side to side (upward or corner) shows that the person is in his "world"; that is, in his own thoughts and feelings, abstracted from the current situation.

Focus your eyes on the interviewer and keep eye contact, but without setting eyes too much. If you want to stare at someone for a long time without getting tired psychologically, look your eyebrows (between the eyes).

Your hands can make good use to complement your words and give more strength to your conversation. Do not use them in vain, let alone for distracting the other person. Above all, be careful what you touch. There are many people who are always giving pats on the back or touching the other's arms, as if to get his attention. Never touch the interviewer unless it is to shake hands in greeting. If you are female, do not try to greet her with a kiss on the cheek, stick to shaking hands because we have to show respect to others.

Gestures: The physical attitude shows what the soul is feeling. If someone pretends interest in a conversation, the other person will notice very easily by their gestures.

Fidgeting or getting up, crossing and uncrossing his legs, moving the seat or constantly watching the clock shows boredom and is a great disrespect. If you have to check the time, do it imperceptibly on the clock interviewer without his noticing.

Sit assertively: Learn to sit still and behave when listening If you change position constantly, you are expressing loudly that you're bored. If you move your feet incessantly during the conversation, your interlocutor will think you're upset, insecure, angry, nervous, tired or bored. Put yourself in a comfortable reclined position that allows you to breathe better and better manage your voice.

The Round Of Questions From The Interviewer Or Interviewers

The job interview is an exchange of information between the interviewer and the respondent. Its purpose is to understand the skills and qualities of the candidate to select the right person to perform the job offered.

Most of the candidates applying to a job interview acquire a defensive position on the questions the interviewer will pose and others often take the offensive. Do not fall into either extreme, as the interviewer's questions are simply intended to verify the profile of the candidate introduced in the CV.

To cope successfully with all questions, it is essential to go clear and above all, have exercised in using mental images of real situations. It begins with questions about your CV ... "Tell me a little of your knowledge and expertise." So before you ask: What is supposed to let them my CV in advance ... Do not give importance and stick to respond in order of relevance, not talking too much nor short.This tactic is to make you talk and simultaneously corroborate your version and contrast with the writing.

Also you want to know how you get on in a conversation, how to control your nerves and if you answer honestly and quickly showing any questions. Much of what you say and how you say it will be a test that could determine your incorporation or not.

So you can respond a little more relaxed, nothing better can be than having planned what they can ask you; this will give you the opportunity to outline in your mind the possible answers.

Try to prepare answers where there are no loose ends and where the coach can evaluate your skills, abilities and aptitudes, without having to go to the next question wondering why they have noticed some doubt in your voice.

Practice with someone a brief summary of your career and work experience with a little prior to the date of the interview and then write text on paper; so you can read it and incorporate it into your speech to seamlessly use the day of the interview. In no more than 300 words have to describe your training, the training you have done and your work experience including your achievements.

With the following specific tips I will propose remember the basics so you can concentrate on how it is complicated ... especially when questions are asked so systematically:

- When answering the questions, do not interrupt nor talk too much or too little; Watch your language, diction, tone and cadence of your voice.

- If you know or pretend to tell half-truths or if you get nervous in doing so, for better tell the truth and answer clearly and briefly. Answer without hurrying and always be sure to think before saying anything.

- Do not use big words and if you choose to include them, think well before using.

- Do not answer evasively or concerns, or monosyllables. Do not wait too long to respond, it might seem symptomatic of distraction, nor talk too fast or "run over" words when speaking.

- Do not refuse to answer questions, but if you do answer leading questions that you think ... "that issue is irrelevant to deduct your ability for the position you are applying." Say it seriously but not aggressively. Such questions are "traps" that assess your emotional control.

- Do not use sharp expressions such as "always, never" or use hoses "ie", "east", "good" ... not confusing and unclear "do not know", "maybe", "perhaps" "Right now I do not remember", "I think not," "maybe", "in that I'm not as" or "not sure".

- Do not touch your nose to respond, because it indicates that you're lying, exaggerating or you're not telling the whole story.

- If they ask you questions as:" What is the most important professional challenge that you've faced?" Respond as you have prepared and then (quickly) shoot the interviewer questions.

- Also be prepared answers to questions like "What is your biggest flaw or virtue?" And "What has been your biggest disappointment or achievement in life?" Because they are questions that can betray you, so look for answers well let you off if you talk about one aspect or negative experience of your life. Remember and prepare the hardest decision you've taken "in life" and the strengths and weaknesses that you leave the best possible standing, always focus on what has given you successful results and explains the coach how you took and or you applied, not without first assessing the positive and negative aspects.

- Another question that interviewers often ask when we attended job search is "What do you know about our company?". It is important that you show proactive and enthusiastic about the work that corresponds to the vacancy for which you present.

- Beware of the question: "Why haven't you found a job so far? ... or why you fired from previous job? (If such is the case).

Try to always respond positively do not go into gory details, intimacies are not desirable, even in the case of a competitor; It was brief and to the point. So if you've been thrown by downsizing, it is not bad that you tell the truth; the interviewer will assess the attitude.

But of course, if your previous job was unhealthy or not you paid well or did so late, better to say that you were not feeling at ease and you need a nice new place to improve yourself and work on a new and challenging projects.

-" Why do you want to work with us?" Do not ever say you prefer this company because it is closer to your home or reasons that may indicate that you care little history of the company and the job to which you present. The answer has to be oriented towards your desire to improve and support this company with your goals.

- If all goes well, the staff will ask selector "Why should we hire you?" ... Now it's time to tell all your unique skills and capabilities with the added value of the competitive advantages that only you can provide the company; You must here say things like "I'm young and I have much energy to build my career within the company"; and any other differences that separate you from other applicants and that means advantages for the company. Try not to sound arrogant or will tell you merge your own company.

Interviewer Possible Questions

They may be many and varied (or not), but usually are repeated almost the same, so I assure you that you may be prepared enough to overcome them.

The important thing is t regardless of your profession or industry in which you move, you have to know that there are inevitable questions. The first, for example, will be made based on the information reflected in your CV. When they do, you think that's the point they are most interested in your profile, which you expose your answers well.

The 10 questions that never fail (Make emphasis on them)

1. Why a job change arises?

2. Why are you interested in this job? What factors motivate you to apply for this position?

3. What has been the main achievement made in your career? What were the results? How did you measured?

4. What are your strengths / weaknesses?

5. How have you overcome any difficulty with your partners? What was your position?

6. Tell me a situation where you have worked with a group of people to get something or solve a problem.

7. Tell me the last time you faced a difficult situation and how resolved.

8. Tell me the last time you had to convince a client that was asking what you went against their own interests.

9. As a candidate for a job in this organization, what do you expect of this company?

10. Why should we hire you?

Just End The Interview

You just go out to the street, analyze the results, notes (before you forget) strong (and weak) points and errors ... that can serve for a second interview or for future interviews, in that or other companies.

Record the names of the participants, positions and attitudes, also the impressions you had of them, which you failed to say, whatever you may have forgotten and other aspects that you consider relevant.


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