Legal Jobs in India
There are number of institutions and universities conducting courses in law in India. The most premier among law universities in India is National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore. Most of the universities in India have affiliated law colleges offering graduation courses in law. One can either pursue a three-year law course after graduation in any discipline (preferably humanities) or a five-year course after twelfth standard examinations.
Some of the more prominent Law Colleges and Universities in India are - National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore; Gujarat National Law University (GNLU); Symbiosis Society's Law College (SSLC), Pune; National Law University, Jodhpur; NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad; National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal; Faculty of Law, University of Delhi; Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi; National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS), Kolkata; ILS Law College, Pune; Government Law College, Mumbai; Amity Law School , Delhi; Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh; Hidayatullah National Law University (HNLU), Raipur and Dr. Ambedkar Law University, Chennai.
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The BL /LLB law degree (BL or LLB) program usually covers practical training including court attendance, hands on training at legal aid centers and research projects. In addition to BL or LL.B. degree, many universities and institutes also offer other diploma courses in several disciplines of law. There are various branches of specialization in law like civil law, criminal law, corporate law, income tax law, international law, labor law, constitutional law, cyber law, marine law, press law, copyright and patent law etc.
In addition to BL or LLB degrees, many universities and institutes also offer r diploma courses in several disciplines of law, including Administrative Law, International Law, Labor Law, Tax Laws and Corporate Law.
35,000 law jobs
Most Lawyers prefer to become an advocate and practice law as a profession. For that they have to enroll with the Local/State/Central Bar Council. To be able to practice as an advocate, it is mandatory to put in a year’s internship. This may be done during the course of the final year.
There are ample employment opportunities for qualified lawyers in both public and private sector organizations. Lawyers are appointed as Judges of various courts, as Attorney and Solicitor General, as Public Prosecutor and also in defense, tax and labor departments of the government.
Lawyers are appointed by the government in central services through UPSC based on their experience as Law officers, Assistant Advisors, Deputy Legal Advisors and Legal Advisors. State governments appoint lawyers through SPSC exams to senior position in State police/Revenue/Judicial Departments.
In the judiciary, lawyers are appointed as magistrate, district and sessions judges, munsifs (sub-magistrate), public prosecutor, solicitors, attorney general, advocate general, notary public and oath commissioners. There are also legal secretaries appointed in assemblies, law inspectors, legal officers in banks, judicial members of income tax, sales tax and excise departments, government advocates and staff in the registrar of companies' office. The examination for these positions takes place periodically and is advertised as and when the vacancies occur.
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Moreover Lawyer can also work as legal counsel and legal advisers for corporate houses and other bodies. They are also appointed as Company Secretaries in listed companies. They also have employment opportunities with legal consultancy firms dealing with tax, excise, patent, labor and environmental laws.
Besides lawyers with academic bent of mind have ample career options in law schools and collages as a teacher/professor/researcher. Besides, many public and private trusts, non-profit organizations, NGOs are in need of Lawyers. International agencies like UNO, ILO, and ICJ also employ lawyers of good reputation and social standing.
Salaries of experienced lawyers vary widely according to the type, size, and location of their employer. A qualified lawyer employed in government department has pay packages as per the terms and conditions of the government pay commission rules. Those appointed as judges have handsome remunerations and other perks offered by the government. Lawyers preferring private sector have extremely lucrative pay packages. The earnings of lawyers working privately as advocate or consultant depend upon the number and nature of their clients but there are some established lawyers who earn fabulously.
To succeed in the legal profession, mere acquisition of qualifications will not suffice. Success in this profession is very much related to certain personal attributes. One must have good oral and written communication skills, logical reasoning and analytical skills, power of concentration, patience, sound memory to relate and quote past cases to prove legal point, ability to argue persuasively in a court of law, updated knowledge with regard to changes in law, courage to deal with threats when handling criminal cases etc.