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Make in India Made in India

Updated on October 22, 2016

Contents in the article - Make in India Made in India

I have used several paragraphs that contain various aspects of the project Make in India, an opportunity for all. Made in India will be an outcome of the same. This is the first elaborated article written on this topic just after the launch of the campaign. List of the content paragraphs:

  • Make in India: An opportunity for all
  • Made in India: Present scenario
  • Made in India: Brand and history
  • A holistic approach to sustainable development
  • Reforms in the government
  • Potential of growth in India
  • Mining industries in India
  • Promises of Narendra Modi during election campaign
  • BRICS Bank - outcome of the BRICS summit in Fortaleza
  • International partnerships in Make in India
  • Swadeshi Sangam: Make for India

Make in India vs China threat: Update October 2016

India and Indians have started boycotting Chinese products and there is a strong wave against China and Chinese products in social media since last one month. This is an opportunity for "Make in India" and can pave a solid path for encouraging Indian people to use products "Made in India".

India imports 16% of its necessity from China only. India imports Chinese products worth $ 60 billion or Rs. 400,000 crore every year. Whereas it exports goods to China worth Rs. 50,000 crore or $ 7 Billion only. The trade deficit for us is about $53 Billion per year and this creates a huge imbalance in the economy.

China is a manufacturing hub of the world and India has the capacity to be. At least, India can produce as much as it requires to satisfy the need of its people. It has started encouraging manufacturing industry and this is time to double or triple the effort.

China has opposed the entry of India in NSG in June 2016. Hence, India could not become a member of Nuclear Supplier Group despite the support of most of the member countries including the US. This attitude of China created anger among Indians against China, that is further aggravated in September and October. There was a terrorist attack on the Army base at Uri, India where Pakistani hands were clearly visible. However, China continued to support Pakistan. It has also blocked Indian appeal in United Nations to declare Masood Azhar a terrorist. Social media in India took the matter hand on hand and started appealing people to boycott Chinese goods.

Narendra Modi and Barack Obama

Narendra Modi and Barack Obama, two leaders of largest democracies in the world
Narendra Modi and Barack Obama, two leaders of largest democracies in the world

Make in India and Modi- Obama meet on Republic day

This is the latest update in "Make in India" campaign. Narendra Modi, PM of India has been putting all his efforts for the success of his dream "Make in India". His tireless effort brought Barack Obama, the American President to Indian soil. He is the first US President to be the chief guest in Republican Day celebration in Rajpath, Delhi, India.

Both Modi and Obama announced that they have personal chemistry between them and they will take Indo-American relationship into a new height. Both America and India were agreed to go ahead on Nuclear deal and signed treaty eliminating two major hurdles on the first day of Obama visit on January 25. Narendra Modi, Indian Prime Minister and Barack Obama, the US President had addressed a joint press conference and came out with a joint statement.

The real outcome was in the Indo-American CEO meet on January 26th evening. Top business leaders from India attended the meet along with numbers of CEOs from the US. Modi was keen to make America a partner in his dream "Make in India". Obama informed India as a natural global partner and assured his support. Several treaties are signed that will take the Indo-American trade into a new high.

Modi had assured the US businessmen to give them a warm welcome in India. He added that India will be the best destination for investment. In an unprecedented move, Indian PM told that he will himself monitor the Mega projects. All these will lead to boost American investment in India and India will get required technologies and investment. Modi is succeeded in giving "Make in India" a great boost.

China has reacted badly on this Indo-American friendship. This move has threatened China's supremacy in the manufacturing industry. India has started emerging as a strong competitor in the Asian region. Political will and determination of Narendra Modi is a challenge for China and it does not want a friendship between India and America .

(This is a quick update on January 26, 2015. Fine print of the declaration and agreements have yet to come)

PM Narendra Modi launches the “Make in India”

Prime Minister Narendra Modi speaking at the inauguration of the "MAKE IN INDIA" initiative in New Delhi on 25 September 2014.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi speaking at the inauguration of the "MAKE IN INDIA" initiative in New Delhi on 25 September 2014. | Source

Make in India: An opportunity for all

Make in India is not only a slogan of Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India but an appeal with a commitment. He and his government are emphasizing on this slogan wholeheartedly. This is an opportunity for all. Whether you are an investor, a manufacturer, a businessman, a scientist, a professional, a thinker or even a job seeker you can find an opportunity in this worldwide campaign. Please do not leave the article and read it completely. You may miss a paragraph and may miss an opportunity. Each and every paragraph of this article will explain the world’s largest campaign from different angles.

India is a fast growing nation and built her capacity in service sectors and has proven her capabilities in Information Technologies globally. However, India is lagging far behind in manufacturing sector. China has more than 22 percent share in the international business and the US have slightly over 17 percent but India has only 2 percent share in manufacturing in global trade. Manufacturing sector contributes only 15 percent to Indian GDP in comparison to 56 percent of the service sector. The "Make in India" campaign aims to increase it to 25 percent of GDP.

There is huge scope in growing in this sector and that prompted Indian Prime Minister to launch “Make in India” program on September 24. He announced this campaign on 15th August 2014 while addressing the nation from Red fort, Delhi on the eve of Independence Day. It seems that this campaign will shape the future of Indian economy and change the destiny of Indian people.

“There is a high tide of hope for change in India. This May, across India's immense diversity, 1.25 billion people spoke unequivocally for political stability, good governance and rapid development”, wrote Narendra Modi starting an article on the launch of Make in India program. He further informed, “The young people's energy, enthusiasm, and enterprise are India's greatest strength. Unleashing those attributes is my government's biggest mission”.

Indian Prime Minister promised global community especially investors of eliminating unnecessary laws and regulations to accomplish this mission. He also expressed his willingness to ease bureaucratic processes.

Made in India

Made in India poster
Made in India poster | Source

Made in India: Brand and history

“Made in India” is a brand that is to be promoted all over the world. Historically India was the biggest manufacturer in the world in ancient and medieval periods. In fact, India alone had been producing much more than the sum total of rest of the world. There are large numbers of pieces of evidence suggesting that India had been importing gold, silver and gemstones against their merchandise exported, The rest of the world had nothing to export to India.

The scenario started changing with the British conquered and captured India. The British government systematically ruined Indian cottage industries. The invention of steam engine has played a significant role in industrialization process of Europe in the 19th century and in America in the 20th century. Indian cottage industries could not compete with the then modern machines.

Despite systematic ruining of Indian cottage industries, the English people have established modern industries in India. They established several very large jute industries on the banks of river Hooghly near Kolkata to exploit jute crop of Bengal. Several Indian businessmen, later on, joined the trail. Similarly, Bombay and Ahmadabad had grown as a textile hub. Ahmadabad was called Manchester of India. Several other cities such as Madras were developed into Industrial cities in British period.

Swadeshi movement in Bengal in early 20th century played a vital role in reducing dependence on English merchandise. Import was replaced by indigenous goods to revive Indian cottage industries. Mahatma Gandi, his team, and followers were successful in accelerating the movement that has finally turned into advancing Khadi. Gandhi made it a political tool to eradicate roots of British rule from India.

Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru, his descendant took charge as first Prime Minister of India. He had a different vision and started industrialization process in India establishing heavy industries. Likes of Tata and Birla joined his hands soon.

Textile from Bengal, India

Hand made embroidered Bengali nakshi kanta shawl from Bengal India
Hand made embroidered Bengali nakshi kanta shawl from Bengal India | Source

Made in India: Present scenario

India is manufacturing almost everything the country needs from the ring to rocket and from soap to satellite. India is producing highest numbers of bicycle and maximum quantity of diamonds in the world. Large automobile industries in India are manufacturing two and three wheelers, cars, trucks, tractors and buses. Indian tires are known worldwide for quality and durability.

India manufactures cotton and synthetic yarn, clothes, garments and other textiles to fulfill indigenous and international demands. Indian steel and cement industries have a huge capacity. Oil refineries are capable of refining crude oil produced and imported in India. Electricals, electronics, home appliances, ceramic and other countless industries are set up in India. Indian cottage industries are still a big player in consumer and export markets.

Indian share in the global manufacturing sector is negligible despite all these in the present. China is the most advanced had overcome the US and Japan in past two decades. All the markets in the world are flooded with “Made in China”. “Made in India” seldom finds its place in a global market. Narendra Modi and his government are willing to change the scene and to establish “Made in India” as a global brand. The campaign for “Make in India” is the initiative of the Indian government to achieve this goal.

PM Releases logo of "Make in India"

Prime Minister Narendra Modi releasing the logo at the inauguration of the "MAKE IN INDIA" initiative, in New Delhi on 25 September 2014. a black colored Lion showing machines with in is the official logo of the mission.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi releasing the logo at the inauguration of the "MAKE IN INDIA" initiative, in New Delhi on 25 September 2014. a black colored Lion showing machines with in is the official logo of the mission. | Source

A holistic approach of sustainable development

India has the highest young population in the world with eight hundred million people below the age of 35. India has invested huge money in educating and training them. Large numbers of employable youth are the main strength of the country. Indian labors are much cheaper than any other competing country. Average labor rate in India is $137 per month whereas one has to pay more than $300 in China. Labor rates in the developed nations likes of the US, EU, Japan, South Korea are much higher. India has a competitive advantage over all other countries in the world in this area. The only thing puts India behind is its poor infrastructure.

Creating world-class infrastructure India needs badly is the biggest challenge of the Modi government. And Narendra Modi is ready to take the challenge to accelerate growth. He wants to develop Indian villages in a way that these become the new engines of economic transformation going beyond his idea of smart cities. "Make in India is our commitment—and an invitation to all—to turn India into a new global manufacturing hub. We will do what it takes to make it a reality” writes Modi.

'Make in India' initiative launched by PM Narendra Modi

Reforms in the government

BJP, the then main opposition party in India has been continually alleging that the last UPA government was suffering from policy paralysis. Narendra Modi, the new PM has the responsibility to bring the nation out from this phenomenon. The new government has already gone through radical changes in the government and its administrations to show willingness for transformation towards good governance. Narendra Modi has gone for structural changes while forming his cabinet of ministers. He abolished the system of a group of ministers (GOM) to ensure the process of decision making fast. Several ministries are amalgamated and some are separated for faster processing and decision making.

The new government is in the process of restructuring the old system of the planning commission and emphasizing on better cooperation between the Central (Federal) and the state governments. The federal structure of India demands the same for inclusive growth in a diversified country.

As a major step in economic reform, India has allowed 49% share in FDI in defense sector manufacturing rising from 26 percent.

Make in India is a Lion's step! - PM Narendra Modi

Potential of growth in India

India has tremendous growth potential in the economic sector. GDP growth rate of India is the second highest in the world after that of China. India has been maintaining growth rate continually from the beginning of the 21st century. The growth came mainly due to advancement in service sector especially IT. Everybody knows that India is a global giant in software and other related industries. BPO and KPO sectors have played a vital role in the growth history in this century.

India was a leader in global manufacturing scenario and manufacturing (mainly engineering) sectors used to occupy number one position in Indian exports. However, it has started declining with globalization process. The country has come out as a major importer of manufactured goods. This has created huge trade imbalance with China, the biggest player in the manufacturing sector.

India has highest numbers of engineers and second largest numbers of labors in the world. Indian labors are cheapest in the world as I have stated earlier. Indian artisans are skilled in several fields including engineering goods, gems and jewelry, handicrafts, garments, textiles, carpets etc.

India is doing well in advanced technologies likes of space research and atomic energy. Indian youth is born and brought up with digital technology. It has established heavy industries such as steel, railway engines, cars, heavy electrical, jute, and textiles long before. The country has also been running several oil refineries.

Modi's Make in India makes big splash in China

Mining industries in India

The mining industry in India traces its history back to 6000 BC. There are pieces of evidence that Indian gold mines were producing the precious metal even in 6000 BC. India has started mining copper and even iron ore to make stainless steel in the ancient time. A second century BC stainless steel pillar can be seen in Delhi.

Large numbers of coal mines producing Bitumen and lignite is the main source of biofuel in India. India is producing some quantity of crude oil though not enough to fulfill Indian need. There is iron ore, led, zinc, aluminum (bauxite) and other metals in the Indian earth. Mica, bentonite, ball clay, soapstone, marble, granite, limestone and large numbers of other minerals are abundantly available in India to fulfill the industrial need of the manufacturing sector.

Availability of all these minerals creates an opportunity for entrepreneurs and investors to establish industries in the country.

BRICS Bank - a challenge to US Global financial power

Make in India, a global opportunity

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BRICS Bank - outcome of the BRICS summit in Fortaleza

The proposed New Development Bank is a major outcome of the BRICS summit held in Fortaleza, Brazil that will immensely help in her Make in India project. Nation heads of five countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa declared establishing a new bank on July 15, 2014. Presently the New Development Bank (NBD) will have capital of $ one hundred Billion and each of the five countries will contribute an equal amount of $20 B.

The headquarter of the bank will be in Shanghai, China and Chairmanship will be rotated among member countries. India will have an opportunity to appoint first Chairman with tenure of five years. The NBD will finance infrastructure and sustainable development projects., a must to run make in India. This bank will reduce dependence on World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF).

MOU on Cooperation among BRICS Export Credit Insurance Agencies, a treaty for Establishment of a BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangement and Cooperation Agreement on Innovation are another main phenomenon of the sixth BRICS summit that will be beneficial for India to run her project.

Narendra Modi, Indian PM leaves for the US

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International partnerships in Make in India

India is open to the rest of the world historically. Openness is a natural instinct of India. Narendra Modi is ready to share his dreams of “Make in India” with international friends.

“India will be open and friendly—for business, ideas, research, innovations and travel”, he said. Partnership with international community, he believes, is key to success in this era of globalization. He wants to create a win - win situation for both India and its global partners.

He has already emphasized on building good relationships with neighboring countries inviting them in his oath ceremony. He visited Bhutan and Nepal, both small neighbors in his just four months’ tenure. He has also visited Japan, a global economic power and become successful in attracting $ 35 B investment from the country of rising sun. All of us know that Japan is very conservative while investing in foreign countries. However, Modi could win their confidence.

Similarly, Australian foreign minister visiting India signed a treaty for supplying Uranium, a must for atomic energy. This shows trust of global community over India in nuclear front. Xi Jin Ping, President of People’s Republic of China has recently visited India and China has signed several business treaties with India and promised $20 B investment.

India has border dispute with China since long time and aggression of China in both military and economic front is well-known. Chinese forces have trespassed Indian Territory at Laddakh region even at the time of their Presidential visit to India that created hue and cry in Indian media. China has agreed to withdraw its forces after Indian protest and discussion between foreign ministers of both the countries.

There is an important bi-lateral business issue between China and India. Indian import from China is much more than its export. This creates foreign trade imbalance against India. Narendra Modi asked assurance from Chinese President to act for reducing this imbalance.

Make in India will surely have an impact on reducing global trade imbalance. China has launched Made in China following Indian campaign.

Narendra Modi is addressing in Madison Square, New York, America while updating this article. We are waiting for the outcome of his US visit.

Narendra Modi Madison square Full speech

Swadeshi Sangam: Make for India

Swadeshi Sangam was an event organized by the RSS family in Jaipur on October 11 ans 12, 2014. It was an all India conference of Swadeshi Jagaran Manch. Make in India campaign was thoroughly discussed in the Swadeshi Sangam.

Though RSS has been standing firmly behind Narendra Modi, Swadeshi Sangam has different opinion about Make in India. They unanimously stood for "Make for India" Representatives have opposed Modi's move for foreign direct movement. Speakers in the forum discussion opined that foreign investors will get lion's share of profit and money will be drained from India.

Swadeshi representatives were anxious about reforms to attract FDI. India should make for their own according to them. They opined that indigenous development would be better for India.

Make in India

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    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 2 years ago from Jaipur

      Thanks, Raghunath Poul for your comments.

    • profile image

      Raghunath poul 2 years ago

      It is very nice and useful articles

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 2 years ago from Jaipur


      Thanks for your comments. Modi has come to change the vision.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 2 years ago from Jaipur

      Thanks Nancy for your comment.

    • profile image

      Nancy 2 years ago

      Now we know who the selibsne one is here. Great post!

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 2 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi travel Man,

      Thanks for your comment. I am waiting for the days when Indian merchandise will overcome Chinese in western world.

    • travel_man1971 profile image

      Ireno Alcala 2 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      My congratulations. And I like the logo, too. "Make In India" will surely be a major competitor of more popular brands in the western worlds.

      Thank you for sharing, Sir Jyoti.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 2 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi DAL,

      Thanks for your comment. We Indians hope that this project will take India to an advanced nation.

    • D.A.L. profile image

      Dave 2 years ago from Lancashire north west England

      What an insight to the culture both business and people in your country. This project or vision seems to be a remarkable advance towards the future.Such projects can only be a positive step towards procuring investment. Very Informative article and I wish you and your country much success in the future. I appreciate how much work went into producing this article, it was worth the effort. Voted up ,useful and very interesting.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 2 years ago from Jaipur

      Thanks Pramod for commenting. You have given useful insight about Make in and made in India.

    • pramodgokhale profile image

      pramodgokhale 2 years ago from Pune( India)


      Article is informative and with thought and material. West has her experience for centuries in manufacturing and India began industrialization after independence , it will take sometime to catchup.We are on the way but new technologies and concepts innovated in west now we need to adapt and learn.

      What is the difference between made in India and Make in India?

      I am a retired blue collar worker worked in India and abroad.

      Made in India , assemble item by Indian and foreign producer sell here or export. Make in India means sourcing raw material, local technology, export and generate wealth and employment.

      Advanced technology should be employed in every process and Eco-conservation and Eco-friendly products is a mantra for our development.This exercise will impress world to invest here.


    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 2 years ago from Jaipur

      Thanks Prasad for your encouraging comment.

    • prasadjain profile image

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 2 years ago from Tumkur

      A good hub with interesting details.You have well knit the photoes, videos and subject matter. Even though the matter is generally known, you have made detailed study to make this hubd more informative.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 3 years ago from Jaipur

      Sarvesh Shuklaji,

      Thanks for commenting. I will be obliged if you provide some useful insight.

    • prasadjain profile image

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 3 years ago from Tumkur

      Very beautifully designed hub Mr. Kothari. Congrats. It has valid, educative points.

    • sarvesh shukla profile image

      sarvesh shukla 3 years ago from anora ,amausi ,lucknow

      A good article about the most discussed "Make in India"