ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

KALAHI:CIDSS-NCDDP Seminar-Training on Community-Based Procurement, Finance and Construction

Updated on December 28, 2015

How Important the Seminar for KALAHI Volunteers?


This is the concluding statement of one of the speakers of the three-day training-seminar on Community-Based Procurement, Finance and Construction held at Regent Hotel, Naga City, Bicol, Philippines.

The purpose of the training-seminar was to prepare participants-volunteers from the twenty barangays of Minalabac, Camarines Sur for the upcoming projects funded by DSWD's KALAHI-CIDSS: NCDDP (Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan-Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services: National Community-Driven Development Project).

Due to the yearly visits of many tropical storm in the country, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) through its KC-NCDDP is the main catalyst in the continuous delivery of services in the impoverished communities in the entire archipelago.

KALAHI is synonymous to the 'volunteerism' or 'bayanihan' in the countryside where the impact of hazards of natural disasters are apparent. From destroyed houses up to wasted agricultural products, affected households of a selected community will identify the three major problems. Through the social investigation (SI) being conducted by the Community Empowerment Facilitator (CEF) along with the Municipal CEF and Area Coordinating Team (ACT), the community core group will identify potential hazards posing danger to the majority of residents. Community Vulnerability Assessment (CVA) will include on-site inspection and visitation with the help of technical people (engineers).

The barangay assembly was held and elected volunteers who comprised the Barangay-Sub Project Management Committee (BSPMC). The people voted for the targeted project, chosen from three identified potential projects.

Project Development Workshop (PDW) followed and again, it was presented to the second barangay assembly.

At the start of KALAHI period, hectic schedules were seen as clustered barangays worked hand-in-hand to complete the requirements needed for the RFR (Request to Release Fund) from the foreign investors, such as World Bank and Asian Development Bank (ADB).

What's unique about KALAHI seminar?

There are lots of surprises to expect as you partake on the seminar sponsored by DSWD KALAHI-CIDSS NCDDP staff as you are being empowered to be an authentic volunteerin the community.

Starting from opening amenities or the chronology of the program, the speakers, workshop.. impressions, lecture recall or topic review,ice breakers or interludes to break the monotony of the lectures and of course, the socials.

  • Amenities - The part of the program/seminar wherein the agenda for the whole training is presented, the recognition of participating groups or attendance and the background of the speakers who'll be opening the eyes of the participants on the importance of topics being expounded and the sense of volunteerism which should emanate within the listeners.
  • Speakers - It's not what you think they are. KALAHI speakers are mostly young but talented and experienced in their chosen fields. Technical Facilitators are mostly engineers by profession but they can talk and explain technical terms vividly to the participants because they already experienced it. Most of them are volunteers, themselves, and have chosen the ideals of KALAHI when implementing projects in the community.
  • Impressions - Expectations of the participants on the forthcoming lectures and the lecturers or speakers. Positivism is most appropriate here, since it is the main theme of the seminar.
  • Topic recall or lecture review - Chosen participants will have to summarize the inputs given by the speakers before proceeding the new topics. Morning review will always refresh one's memory in order to process the next lecture vividly.
  • Ice Breakers - It's not a simple memorization of nursery rhymes we used to recite during our elementary grades. Each episode of laughter and exercises have new twists as the assigned groups let the participants re-tune their bodies on simple exercises and funny utterances of the rhymes they recited and acted. I think, I can call it "laughter moment" or happy interlude in order to break the monotony of the lectures in order to avoid sleeping (haha!).
  • Socials - Aside from the song numbers of clustered groups or barangays, wht's most unique about KALAHI seminar is the awards being given to selected or I may say 'caught-on-cam participants, like the Techie award, Mr.& Miss Coffee ward, Sleeping Beauty & Prince award and more.

'Travel Man' speaking in front of fellow KALAHI seminar participants for lecture review

Photo Source: Shiela Ailyn Buendia Batalla
Photo Source: Shiela Ailyn Buendia Batalla

Re-echoing what happened on the KALAHI Training-Seminar



Date: Oct. 7,8,9, 2015

Note: My apologies if some words are written in Filipino. Most of it have its English translation.

RA 9184 – Government Procurement Act: Method of Treasury to be used in government projects.

At the end of the session:

  • Articulate the legal basis of CBP
  • To describe/explain the principles and key features of the CBP
  • Procurement Policies, Process, Methods, Threshold
  • Functions of CBP in the RPMO/SRPMO

Key Messages:

  • Procurement Guidelines & Procedures
  • Effective CVs will facilitate efficient implementation
  • Community Procurement is a valuable CVs, can be part of good governance
  • CBP Manual –designed to deter corruption thru people empowerment

RA 9184 (Government Procurement Reform Act –GPRA) vs Community-Based Procurement

-authorize the use of CBP manual of the KALAHI-CIDSS, including all provisions, processes and procedures

(legal bases, Sec. 4 of RA 9184)

Sec.4.2 :

Legal provision: Procurement in KC-NCDDP is governed by the condition of the Loan Agreement to follow the World Bank/ADB/MCC Procurement Guidelines

-following the State Policy, the Loan Agreement for KC provides for the community projects

-per loan agreement between the government of the Philippines and the MCC/World Bank/ADB, it stipulates/requires the provision of CBP Manual

For info: The KALAHI-CIDSS:NCDDP is the only Foreign-Assisted Project (FAP) that lies on Community-Based Procurement

COMMUNITY PROCUREMENT – process of acquiring/purchasing goods, supplies, materials and equipment & rental equipment

-contracts the entire portion of the works (labor) to contractor) (community force/contractual)

WHY? Community-Driven Development (CDD) control decisions/resources to the community group.

CDD traits people or assets as partners in the development process, building on the institutions /resources.


Why Community Procurement?

Procurement is also a way of empowering communities through their participation and management of the procurement activity; hence, COMMUNITY PROCUREMENT is patas at walang kinikilingan.

Why is Procurement Important?

Acquire the best quality of items/works/service with the most economical cost of within the budget.

Price and quality are ensured when buying materials.

BSPMC (Barangay Sub-Project management Committee) has the right to reject/accept materials.


F – Fairness (Patas)

E - Effectiveness (Tamang Halaga)

E – Economy (Simple, Epektibo)

T – Transparency (Bukas Para Sa Lahat)

A- Accountability (All activities reported to BA or Barangay Assembly.)


  1. 1. Fairness or Fair Dealing – Competitive by extending equal opportunity to enable private contracting parties who are eligible and qualified to participate in public bidding. (PANTAY-PANTAY, WALANG PABORITISMO)
  2. 2. Effectiveness – it should be simple and applicable to the community (SIMPLE AT EPEKTIBO; HINDI SAYANG SA PAGOD, PANAHON at PERA)
  3. 3. Economy – BSPMC Chair use the Lowest Calculated & Responsive Bid (LCRB) quotation and the most advantages to the BSPMC as criteria for selection of service provides. (PINAKAMURA AT NASA TAMANG KALIDAD)
  4. 4. Transparency – Transaction being conducted in public. (WALANG TINATAGO AT BUKAS PARA SA LAHAT). Reporting the status of the project and monitoring it for the successful output.
  5. 5. Accountability – BSPMC’s different commitees are directly or indirectly involved in the procurement process as well as in the implementation of procurement, contracts and the private parties that deal with BSPMC, when warranted by circumstances, investigated and held liable for their actions relative thereto.


Procurement for the Sub-project shall be the responsibility of the community through BSPMC. Transparency should be practiced in all stages of procurement process.

THE CBP Manual shall be the basis of the government conditions, the World bank (WB) and bodies exercising oversight functions in determining the legality, propriety and regularity of the community’s procurement activities.


BSPMC – For the Quotation or Canvass; For the Contract

BAC – Look for the supplier with Lowest Calculated & Responsive Bidding (LCRB).

  • Prepares and signs Resolution to Award (RTA)
  • Issues Notice to Award (NOA) & Notice to Proceed (NTP)
  • For contracts requiring prior review, requests for clearance from the ACT (Area Coordinating Team) to sign contracts and commodities; any assistance for the TWG (Technical Working Group) relval to the procurement on hand.

PROCUREMENT TEAM – members should have completed minimum requirement of elementary or grade school studies; should be able to read, write and perform the procurement functions; are committed to perform the assigned tasks; acts as BAC Secretary.

  • Prepared procurement documents
  • Acts as canvassers/Issue Request for Quotation (RFQ)
  • Prepares & Finalizes Community procurement Plan (CPP), Community Employment Record Sheet (CERS) with the assistance of the ACT (Area Coordinating Team)
  • Assists in the preparation of CPP & CERS during Brgy. Assembly
  • Receives 7 records Bids/Quotation
  • Acts as Secretariat to the BAC
  • Updates the status of the Actual Community Procurement Plan (ACPP)

BAC – responsible for ensuring that the BSPMC abides by the standard set forth in the Community –Based Procurement Manual (CBPM)


PPT Head

Members of BSPMC Execom

Except:PT & AIT

Disqualified: Elected brgy. officials who are members of BDC, as the Local gov’t Code (RA 7160) involves only for monitoring and evaluation of the program.

  1. Advertises/prepares the Invitation to Bid
  2. Conducts pre-procurement & Pre-bid conferences
  3. Determines eligibility of prospective bidders
  4. Receives bids
  5. Conducts the evaluation of bids with assistance of the TWG
  6. Recommend the Award of Contract to BSPMC Chairperson when BSPMC Chairperson disapproves the recommendation; such disapproval shall be based on valid, reasonable and satisfiable goods to be expressed in writing, copy furnished the BAC.

BOOKKEEPER – responsible for keeping records of procurement and financial management transactions and documents for the subproject from planning to implementation status.

MIT ( Monitoring & Inspection Team) – prepares stock cards

  • Responsible for signing the Purchase Order (PO)
  • Receives/Utilization of Goods procured in the project
  • Prepares stock cards or record
  • Turns over items to the Project Implementation Team (PIT)


The LGU, COA-Auditor, PB,ACT/MCT, Technical Facilitators, LGU Employees & Brgy. Audit and Inventory Committee Head shalla be invited to sit as non-voting members. Other interested parties are also encouraging to observe the BAC procedures.

Technical Working Group (TWG) shall assist the BAC in bid evaluation.


  • Checks/ensures all documents to be in order
  • Acts as TWG members
  • Signatories
  • Issues cleared to Community-Direct Contracting for Goods (CDCG)
  • Provides action regarding RED FLAGS of abnormalities


  • Assists and reviews the Community Procurement Plan (CPP)

Including Community Employment record with TTs

  • Conducts Procurement Training
  • Attends pre-bid conference and bid opening
  • Acts as TWG member
  • Provides actions regarding Red Flags of Abnormalities


  • CEF task is to conduct 100% procurement;
  • Review of all procurement of each BSPMC;
  • Monitor RED FLAG of Abnormalities in the Procurement Process;
  • Conducts contract review to ensure the completeness of documents;
  • Assists the PTS during the 1st issuance of canvass or ITQs/ITBs;
  • Helps the community in organizing PAKYAW GROUP;


What do we procure in KALAHI-CIDSS NCDDP?

GOODS & SERVICES, include supplies, materials, purchase of equipment, trucks & hauling

Ex. Construction materials


  • Refers to civil/infrastructures/all types of physical works such as constructions, improvement, upgrades, roads, bridges and irrigation.


  • Is a group of similar goods that can be purchased from one supplier or work items that can be preferred or implemented by a single contractor.

Ex. Steel bars. Tie wire, nails, etc.

Aggregates: sand, gravel, boulders (separate package)

Canvass of Hardware Packages


BY CONTRACT: hiring one or more contractors and suppliers to provide the needed materials, equipped 7 tasks to complete the work

BY ADMINISTRATION: Community Force Account/Community itself


  1. Community Shopping
  2. Bidding
  3. Direct Contract


  1. Community Shopping
  2. Bidding
  3. Direct Contract
  4. Force Account



Works Below 2.0Million > 500 K bet <2.0M Post

Goods Below 1.0Million > 500 K bet <2.0M Post


Works 2.0 & abv 2.0 M & below

Bidding 1.0 M & abv >1.0 M bet <2.0 M 2.0 M & below


Works None All Post

Goods None All Post


Works None All Post

Good None All Post


Works None 2.0 M Post Review

Goods None 2.0 M Post Review


Works None 1.0 M

Goods None 1.0 M


Works None All

Goods None All


Works None All Post

Repeat Bids Must not exceed 50% of the quantity of each item in the original contract


*Huwag lumampas ng tatlong buwan

*Regardless of the amount, subject to prior approval

PAKYAW CONTRACT (Prior Review Requirement Threshold) RPMO NPMO

Work (Labor only) P100,000.00

Work (Labor with Local Materials) P300,000.00

Validation Order with Works Not to exceed 50% of the quantity of each item of the original contract

Aggregated Contract 2.0M to 3.0M 3.0 M & above

Boardwork 100% deliver

Aggregated Now

Example: SCHOOLBUILDING Excavation (Pakyaw Non-Skill)

Steelworks (Skilled)

P24,000.00 Welding Machine (Equipment Rental)

Skilled workers Plumbing, mason, welder, painter

Roofing, Mixer, Bar Cutter

COMMUNITY SHOPPING FOR GOODS – Method of procurement where community simply requests for the submission of price quotation from a minimum of 3 contractors for simple works of small value with known qualifications.

  1. Prepare Procurement Packages (CPP, POW)
  2. Conduct Pre-Procurement Conference 1st Day(Minutes of Meeting, Date, Mode, Filled-up Canvass, Schedule of Activities)
  3. Serving of Canvass 2nd Day (Sealed Canvass)
  4. Canvass Opening (Minutes of Meeting, Abstract of Canvass)
  5. 5th Day TWG Report
  6. Evaluation of Price Offered 5th Day (Minutes of Meeting)
  7. Serving of Purchase Order 6th Day (Signed P.O.)
  8. Delivery of Goods (Delivery Receipts, Inspection Report CPP, Pictorials POW)
  9. Payment of Goods (Voucher, Checks, Official Receipt)


  1. Packages to be procured (1st Tranche)
  2. Identification of Potential suppliers
  3. Set of Schedule (When will canvass be served; specify opening , date & time)
  4. Competitive Bidding Pre-Procurement (7-14 days, supplies should be paid, processing of payment; avoid erasure)
  5. Request NOL, amount exceeding 500 thou (due to increase of prize)
  6. PT should never forget the acknowledgement receipt for the procurement


First Agenda:

  1. Declaration of the Closing of the BID by the BAC (Bids & Awards Committee)
  2. After that amenities will be opened
  3. Declaration of the quorum of the BAC

*Delegate tasks: Canvass is sealed, give to the 2nd voting member of BAC for opening,one by one, reading it loudly (quotation, costs, attachments)

*All suppliers should be out during evaluation (separate attendance and minutes)

*Attachments should be all original.


*Total cost only

*Lowest Calculated & Responsive Supplies with attached Mayor’s permit (as registered supplier)

*Tax Clearance

*Conditions: delivery P500.00, Pick-up P400.00/per item, per package basis

1. Declaration of the Quorum 2.Evaluation

BSPMC (always present)


Heading: Location/Name of Project/Municipality,City & Brgy.

Title of Meeting

  • Observation
  • Closing
  • Adjournment

The minutes is better appreciated if it is handwritten.It must be approved by PT, Brgy. Secretary and BSPMC Chairperson.

*Declaration of Closing of Bidding should go first before other amenities.



PERSISTENT RESIDENTS (MAKUKULIT NA KA-BARANGAY) – utilize them in positive ways.

Remember: PATIENCE is a VIRTUE.

Difference between MINUTES & RECORDS (Forms)


-Procurement indicates of RISKS that if not mitigated or managed will influence LAPSES, IRREGULARITIES…that eventually may result to “MISPROCUREMENT”


  1. DELIVERY – Remind SUPPLIER to deliver on time.
  2. REFUSAL OF SUPPLIER - their license will be questioned
  3. BIG DEMAND, LOW SUPPLY (but have the capacity to deliver) – they must be assured that payment will be on time so that they can use their money for other contracts or projects.
  4. COMMITTING ENTITIES (Private hardwares)


Community Facilitation

  1. A. Preparation of Detailed Sub-Project

-over/under-estimate compared to local prices (prevailing matrix of local prizes)

-quantity over estimated/under estimated

-existing usable materials/items should include the list of materials to be procured

-Costing for Community Force Account (CCFA) is based on previous contracts awarded to contractors

B. Packing/Canvassing

-Contract cost is above the procured mode threshold.

-Canvass form not properly filled-up/signed

-the same suppliers/contractors are invited even there are more qualified bidders in the area.

-materials were not purchased based on the priority list

-some items are not appropriate for the package

-Brand is specified on the technical specification.

RESERVED: The Lowest PRICE for the BAC Chairman


  1. PT (Procurement Team) will manage to get the order from the prospective suppliers.


1.MIT (Management and Inspection Team) inspect goods or supplies that have been delivered for the project.

*Never measure the truck. (LxWxH)

2. PIT (Project Implementation Team)

3. Storekeeper (Bodegero)


1.Process payment on delivered items.

2. Review Documents

3.Brgy. Treasurer for processing, DV (disbursement voucher) and cheque-signing


It should have the name of registered supplier


Any package with Contract or Purchase Order (required NOL) perfected without prior issuance of the same will be declared “MISPROCURED”.


Minutes of the Meeting is a document that details what transpired in a particular activity.

Specific arguments and agreements must be captured and written on the minutes in order to understand the level of decision made by the group. Important brief discussion. Sundan ang agenda ng meeting.


Take note if:

-Quotation/Bids are not sealed prior to opening date

-Same supplier/contractor is getting the majority of the contract even it has poor performance

-The winning supplier is not the lowest bid offered.

-The date on the quotation/bid is beyond the deadline of date submission.

-There are erasures on the quotation/bids.

-Signatures are doubtful/falsified

-Price quotations/bids are too close to each other

-Hardware of supplier or office of the contractor does not exist.

-Award was made `even if there are only two quotations received.

-Award was made to supplier/contractor that does not have the capability to deliver/perform the contract.

-Procurement process may too slow as compared to prescribed time.


-on-delivery or incomplete delivery of goods

-sub-standard delivery or inferior quality of works

-materials are not needed for the sub-project.


-Payment to workers are not on agreed rents

-Payment made is not equivalent to delivered goods or works accomplished.

TECHNICAL FACILITATOR acts as advisor for the volunteers during the preparation and implementation of the project.

PROCUREMENT ACTION PLAN is a workshop which was accomplished by clustered groups (or barangays).


Ice breaker or Intermission Number during KALAHI Seminar

Photo Source: Shiela Ailyn Buendia Batalla , KALAHI-CIDSS-NCDDP Staff
Photo Source: Shiela Ailyn Buendia Batalla , KALAHI-CIDSS-NCDDP Staff

Have you ever attended a seminar/training like KALAHI's?

Are you a participant of KC-NCDDP seminar?

See results

How Effective is KALAHI in the community?

The expectation of the community for this strategy of social works will enable selected volunteers to cope up with the rudiments of project implementation by handling and monitoring it at the grassroots level.

Project prioritization at the municipal level and bringing it to the barangay is not an easy task among volunteers.

As different committees work hand-in-hand,from the vulnerability studies up to its implementation, I can say, as a volunteer that it is fulfilling to see that most residents are becoming aware of their importance in the progress of the community.

The maintenance of the finished project will not stop once it's been occupied or used by the residents.

It will be a lifelong commitment of the volunteers and the local government unit to make the project productive and usable.

Our BSPMC (Barangay Sub-Project Management Committee) Team during the KALAHI seminar/training

Photo Source: Shiela Ailyn Buendia Batalla , KALAHI-CIDSS-NCDDP Staff
Photo Source: Shiela Ailyn Buendia Batalla , KALAHI-CIDSS-NCDDP Staff

The Three-Day KALAHI Seminar/Training & Workshop

Day 1 (Oct.7,2015)
Day 2 (Oct.8,2015)
Day 3 (Oct.9,2015)
Community-Based Procurement
Lecture on Finance
Lecture & Workshop on Construction

How Interesting is KALAHI Workshop?

Women empowerment is one factor which was emphasized in every KALAHI projects.

Starting from the workshop, women-volunteers were able to identify their specializations before the actual work for concreting pathwalk or construction of school-building.

From procurement, finance and construction, volunteers identified the right steps or procedure for accomplishing their respective community projects.

Facilitators and trainers appreciated all the inputs given by the volunteers.

The KALAHI Team of Minalabac: Pictorial for posterity

Photo Source: Shiela Ailyn Buendia Batalla ,KALAHI-CIDSS-NCDDP Staff
Photo Source: Shiela Ailyn Buendia Batalla ,KALAHI-CIDSS-NCDDP Staff

KALAHI Volunteers for Life

The expectation doesn't end once the project is finished.

Participants of the training/workshop who were able to be motivated through volunteerism will be able to face the challenges in the community.

They will be able to hurdle difficulties in accomplishing such projects that will provide comfort among the residents as a whole.

KALAHI Mementos

After days of trainings and workshop, barangay officials and volunteers were communed to a unique awarding ceremonies.

Participants who are active or even passive listeners were awarded with unique titles, much to the delight of everyone.

Note: Personally, I was awarded as one of the better entertainer (err, karaoke singer) of the night.

The euphoria doesn't end during the closing ceremony. The actual satisfaction is at the community, accomplishing our chosen project which will benefit the majority of the residents in our barangay.

(Updated: Dec.29,2015) My apologies for my blunders.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • travel_man1971 profile imageAUTHOR

      Ireno Alcala 

      3 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      @MsDora: Thank you for always dropping by. I've been busy just of late, Ms. D! We are busy for the deadline of our chosen project which will be on March 2016.

    • travel_man1971 profile imageAUTHOR

      Ireno Alcala 

      3 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      @billybuc: Hello, Sir Bill! Thanks for dropping by and leaving positive comment on my hub., We've been busy for the documentation of our chosen project which is 1 unit of school building for kindergarten. And thanks for DSWD-KALAHI for that.

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Weithers 

      3 years ago from The Caribbean

      Great that you are involved in such an important national venture. Your first quote is very true; volunteers have such godly hearts. The workshop seems to very comprehensive. Keep up the good work!

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      3 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Bravo to you for attending. Thanks for sharing this workshop with us all. I'm of the belief that any social work is good social work...the more we build community the better off we all are.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)